linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>, Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>,
	Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] x86: Add a test for AMD SEV-ES #VC handling
Date: Mon, 31 May 2021 19:27:07 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210531172707.7909-1-varad.gautam@suse.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210531125035.21105-1-varad.gautam@suse.com>

Some vmexits on a SEV-ES guest need special handling within the guest
before exiting to the hypervisor. This must happen within the guest's
\#VC exception handler, triggered on every non automatic exit.

Add a KUnit based test to validate Linux's VC handling. The test:
1. installs a kretprobe on the #VC handler (sev_es_ghcb_hv_call, to
   access GHCB before/after the resulting VMGEXIT).
2. tiggers an NAE.
3. checks that the kretprobe was hit with the right exit_code available
   in GHCB.

Since relying on kprobes, the test does not cover NMI contexts.

Signed-off-by: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
---
v2: Add a testcase for MMIO read/write.

 arch/x86/Kconfig              |   9 ++
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile      |   5 ++
 arch/x86/kernel/sev-test-vc.c | 155 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 169 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/sev-test-vc.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 0045e1b441902..0a3c3f31813f1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1543,6 +1543,15 @@ config AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_ACTIVE_BY_DEFAULT
 	  If set to N, then the encryption of system memory can be
 	  activated with the mem_encrypt=on command line option.
 
+config AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_TEST_VC
+	bool "Test for AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) support"
+	depends on AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
+	select KUNIT
+	select FUNCTION_TRACER
+	help
+	  Enable KUnit-based testing for the encryption of system memory
+	  using AMD SEV-ES. Currently only tests #VC handling.
+
 # Common NUMA Features
 config NUMA
 	bool "NUMA Memory Allocation and Scheduler Support"
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 0f66682ac02a6..360c5d33580ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -23,6 +23,10 @@ CFLAGS_REMOVE_head64.o = -pg
 CFLAGS_REMOVE_sev.o = -pg
 endif
 
+ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_TEST_VC
+CFLAGS_sev.o	+= -fno-ipa-sra
+endif
+
 KASAN_SANITIZE_head$(BITS).o				:= n
 KASAN_SANITIZE_dumpstack.o				:= n
 KASAN_SANITIZE_dumpstack_$(BITS).o			:= n
@@ -149,6 +153,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER)	+= unwind_frame.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_GUESS)		+= unwind_guess.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT)		+= sev.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_TEST_VC)	+= sev-test-vc.o
 ###
 # 64 bit specific files
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_64),y)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-test-vc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-test-vc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..2475270b844e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-test-vc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,155 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 SUSE
+ *
+ * Author: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
+ */
+
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/debugreg.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/sev-common.h>
+#include <asm/svm.h>
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+
+static struct kretprobe hv_call_krp;
+
+static int hv_call_krp_entry(struct kretprobe_instance *krpi,
+				    struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	unsigned long ghcb_vaddr = regs_get_kernel_argument(regs, 0);
+	*((unsigned long *) krpi->data) = ghcb_vaddr;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int hv_call_krp_ret(struct kretprobe_instance *krpi,
+				    struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	unsigned long ghcb_vaddr = *((unsigned long *) krpi->data);
+	struct ghcb *ghcb = (struct ghcb *) ghcb_vaddr;
+	struct kunit *test = current->kunit_test;
+
+	if (test && strstr(test->name, "sev_es_") && test->priv)
+		cmpxchg((unsigned long *) test->priv, ghcb->save.sw_exit_code, 1);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int sev_test_vc_init(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!sev_es_active()) {
+		pr_err("Not a SEV-ES guest. Skipping.");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	memset(&hv_call_krp, 0, sizeof(hv_call_krp));
+	hv_call_krp.entry_handler = hv_call_krp_entry;
+	hv_call_krp.handler = hv_call_krp_ret;
+	hv_call_krp.maxactive = 100;
+	hv_call_krp.data_size = sizeof(unsigned long);
+	hv_call_krp.kp.symbol_name = "sev_es_ghcb_hv_call";
+	hv_call_krp.kp.addr = 0;
+
+	ret = register_kretprobe(&hv_call_krp);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		pr_err("Could not register kretprobe. Skipping.");
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	test->priv = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!test->priv) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		pr_err("Could not allocate. Skipping.");
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+void sev_test_vc_exit(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	if (test->priv)
+		kunit_kfree(test, test->priv);
+
+	if (hv_call_krp.kp.addr)
+		unregister_kretprobe(&hv_call_krp);
+}
+
+#define guarded_op(kt, ec, op)				\
+do {							\
+	struct kunit *t = (struct kunit *) kt;		\
+	smp_store_release((typeof(ec) *) t->priv, ec);	\
+	op;						\
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(t, (typeof(ec)) 1, 		\
+		(typeof(ec)) smp_load_acquire((typeof(ec) *) t->priv));	\
+} while(0)
+
+static void sev_es_nae_cpuid(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	unsigned int cpuid_fn = 0x8000001f;
+
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_CPUID, native_cpuid_eax(cpuid_fn));
+}
+
+static void sev_es_nae_wbinvd(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_WBINVD, wbinvd());
+}
+
+static void sev_es_nae_msr(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_MSR, __rdmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC));
+}
+
+static void sev_es_nae_dr7_rw(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_WRITE_DR7,
+		   native_set_debugreg(7, native_get_debugreg(7)));
+}
+
+static void sev_es_nae_ioio(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	unsigned long port = 0x80;
+	char val = 0;
+
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_IOIO, val = inb(port));
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_IOIO, outb(val, port));
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_IOIO, insb(port, &val, sizeof(val)));
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_EXIT_IOIO, outsb(port, &val, sizeof(val)));
+}
+
+static void sev_es_nae_mmio(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	unsigned long lapic_ver_pa = 0xfee00030; /* APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE + APIC_LVR */
+	unsigned __iomem *lapic = ioremap(lapic_ver_pa, 0x4);
+	unsigned lapic_version = 0;
+
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_VMGEXIT_MMIO_READ, lapic_version = *lapic);
+	guarded_op(test, SVM_VMGEXIT_MMIO_WRITE, *lapic = lapic_version);
+
+	iounmap(lapic);
+}
+
+static struct kunit_case sev_test_vc_testcases[] = {
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_cpuid),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_wbinvd),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_msr),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_dr7_rw),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_ioio),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sev_es_nae_mmio),
+	{}
+};
+
+static struct kunit_suite sev_vc_test_suite = {
+	.name = "sev_test_vc",
+	.init = sev_test_vc_init,
+	.exit = sev_test_vc_exit,
+	.test_cases = sev_test_vc_testcases,
+};
+kunit_test_suite(sev_vc_test_suite);
-- 
2.30.2


  reply	other threads:[~2021-05-31 17:27 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-31 12:50 [PATCH] " Varad Gautam
2021-05-31 17:27 ` Varad Gautam [this message]
2021-06-01 16:41   ` [PATCH v2] " Tom Lendacky
2021-06-01 17:02     ` Borislav Petkov
2021-06-02 10:24     ` Varad Gautam
2021-06-02 10:23 ` [PATCH v3] x86: Add a test for AMD SEV-ES guest " Varad Gautam
2021-06-02 14:14 ` Varad Gautam
2021-06-09 14:50   ` Joerg Roedel
2021-06-16  9:16     ` Varad Gautam
2021-06-16  9:15 ` [PATCH v4] x86: Add a test for AMD SEV-ES " Varad Gautam
2021-06-24 10:36   ` Borislav Petkov

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20210531172707.7909-1-varad.gautam@suse.com \
    --to=varad.gautam@suse.com \
    --cc=bp@alien8.de \
    --cc=jroedel@suse.de \
    --cc=kvm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=thomas.lendacky@amd.com \
    --cc=x86@kernel.org \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v2] x86: Add a test for AMD SEV-ES #VC handling' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).