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From: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@Huawei.com>
To: "Sa, Nuno" <Nuno.Sa@analog.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>,
	"Miclaus, Antoniu" <Antoniu.Miclaus@analog.com>,
	"linux-iio@vger.kernel.org" <linux-iio@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"devicetree@vger.kernel.org" <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	"robh+dt@kernel.org" <robh+dt@kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for ADRF6780
Date: Tue, 6 Jul 2021 10:04:05 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210706100405.00001507@Huawei.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <PH0PR03MB63667CCA2691D4A43F28041E991C9@PH0PR03MB6366.namprd03.prod.outlook.com>

On Mon, 5 Jul 2021 10:18:51 +0000
"Sa, Nuno" <Nuno.Sa@analog.com> wrote:

> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
> > Sent: Saturday, July 3, 2021 6:57 PM
> > To: Miclaus, Antoniu <Antoniu.Miclaus@analog.com>
> > Cc: linux-iio@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > devicetree@vger.kernel.org; robh+dt@kernel.org
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for
> > ADRF6780
> > 
> > On Fri, 2 Jul 2021 14:12:38 +0300
> > Antoniu Miclaus <antoniu.miclaus@analog.com> wrote:
> >   
> > > The ADRF6780 is a silicon germanium (SiGe) design, wideband,
> > > microwave upconverter optimized for point to point microwave
> > > radio designs operating in the 5.9 GHz to 23.6 GHz frequency
> > > range.
> > >
> > > Datasheet:
> > > https://www.analog.com/media/en/technical-documentation/data-  
> > sheets/ADRF6780.pdf  
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Antoniu Miclaus <antoniu.miclaus@analog.com>  
> > 
> > Hi Antoniu,
> > 
> > Frequency drivers are fairly unusual so if you could add a listing of
> > the attributes in sysfs that would be great (it's nice practice anyway but
> > I don't insist on it!)
> > 
> > Various fairly minor comments inline.
> > 
> > Thanks,
> > 
> > Jonathan
> > 
> >   
> > > ---
> > >  changes in v4:
> > >   - change license to: GPL-2.0-only
> > >  drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig    |  13 +
> > >  drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile   |   1 +
> > >  drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c | 498  
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++  
> > >  3 files changed, 512 insertions(+)
> > >  create mode 100644 drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig  
> > b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig  
> > > index 240b81502512..fc9751c48f59 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> > > @@ -49,5 +49,18 @@ config ADF4371
> > >
> > >  	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > >  	  module will be called adf4371.
> > > +
> > > +config ADRF6780
> > > +        tristate "Analog Devices ADRF6780 Microwave Upconverter"
> > > +        depends on SPI
> > > +        depends on COMMON_CLK
> > > +        depends on OF  
> > 
> > Why?  Pretty much everything seems to have defaults if not provided
> > via OF.
> > I've asked for the generic firmware functions anyway, so you can drop
> > this
> > for that reason if nothing else!
> >   
> > > +        help
> > > +          Say yes here to build support for Analog Devices ADRF6780
> > > +          5.9 GHz to 23.6 GHz, Wideband, Microwave Upconverter.
> > > +
> > > +          To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > > +          module will be called adrf6780.
> > > +
> > >  endmenu
> > >  endmenu
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile  
> > b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile  
> > > index 518b1e50caef..ae3136c79202 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> > > @@ -7,3 +7,4 @@
> > >  obj-$(CONFIG_AD9523) += ad9523.o
> > >  obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4350) += adf4350.o
> > >  obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4371) += adf4371.o
> > > +obj-$(CONFIG_ADRF6780) += adrf6780.o
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c  
> > b/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c  
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..472a66f90c7f
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/adrf6780.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,498 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> > > +/*
> > > + * ADRF6780 driver
> > > + *
> > > + * Copyright 2021 Analog Devices Inc.
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> > > +#include <linux/bits.h>
> > > +#include <linux/clk.h>
> > > +#include <linux/clkdev.h>
> > > +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> > > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> > > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > > +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> > > +#include <linux/module.h>  
> > 
> > #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> >   
> > > +#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780 Register Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_CONTROL			0x00
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_READBACK		0x01
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_MASKS		0x02
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ENABLE			0x03
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_LINEARIZE			0x04
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_LO_PATH			0x05
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ADC_CONTROL		0x06
> > > +#define ADRF6780_REG_ADC_OUTPUT			0x0C
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_CONTROL Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_EN_MSK			BIT(15)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_PARITY_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET_MSK			BIT(14)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_SOFT_RESET_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_ID_MSK			GENMASK(11, 4)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_ID			0xA
> > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION_MSK		GENMASK(3, 0)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_CHIP_REVISION_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ALARM_READBACK Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR_MSK		BIT(15)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_PARITY_ERROR_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS_MSK		BIT(14)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_TOO_FEW_ERRORS_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS_MSK		BIT(13)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_TOO_MANY_ERRORS_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR_MSK	BIT(12)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADDRESS_RANGE_ERROR_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ENABLE Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN_MSK		BIT(8)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_VGA_BUFFER_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN_MSK		BIT(7)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_DETECTOR_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN_MSK		BIT(6)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_BUFFER_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN_MSK			BIT(5)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_IF_MODE_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN_MSK			BIT(4)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_IQ_MODE_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN_MSK			BIT(3)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_X2_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN_MSK			BIT(2)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_PPF_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_EN_MSK			BIT(1)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN_MSK			BIT(0)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_UC_BIAS_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_LINEARIZE Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE_MSK		GENMASK(7, 0)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_RDAC_LINEARIZE_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_LO_PATH Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND_MSK		BIT(10)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_LO_SIDEBAND_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK  
> > 	GENMASK(7, 4)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_Q_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK  
> > 	GENMASK(3, 0)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_I_PATH_PHASE_ACCURACY_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ADC_CONTROL Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT_MSK		BIT(3)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_VDET_OUTPUT_SELECT_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_START_MSK			BIT(2)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_START(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_START_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_EN_MSK			BIT(1)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN_MSK		BIT(0)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_CLOCK_EN_MSK, x)  
> > > +
> > > +/* ADRF6780_REG_ADC_OUTPUT Map */
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS_MSK			BIT(8)
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_STATUS_MSK, x)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE_MSK  
> > 	GENMASK(7, 0)  
> > > +#define ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE(x)  
> > 	FIELD_PREP(ADRF6780_ADC_VALUE_MSK, x)
> > 
> > Not used.  In general, just use FIELD_PREP / FIELD_GET inline rather
> > than having extra
> > macros like these. That approach is simpler for reviewers to follow.
> >   
> > > +
> > > +struct adrf6780_dev {
> > > +	struct spi_device	*spi;
> > > +	struct clk		*clkin;
> > > +	/* Protect against concurrent accesses to the device */
> > > +	struct mutex		lock;
> > > +	bool			vga_buff_en;
> > > +	bool			lo_buff_en;
> > > +	bool			if_mode_en;
> > > +	bool			iq_mode_en;
> > > +	bool			lo_x2_en;
> > > +	bool			lo_ppf_en;
> > > +	bool			lo_en;
> > > +	bool			uc_bias_en;
> > > +	bool			lo_sideband;
> > > +	bool			vdet_out_en;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static int adrf6780_spi_read(struct adrf6780_dev *dev, unsigned int  
> > reg,  
> > > +			      unsigned int *val)
> > > +{
> > > +	int ret;
> > > +	unsigned int temp;
> > > +	struct spi_transfer t = {0};
> > > +	u8 data[3];
> > > +
> > > +	data[0] = 0x80 | (reg << 1);
> > > +	data[1] = 0x0;
> > > +	data[2] = 0x0;
> > > +
> > > +	t.rx_buf = &data[0];
> > > +	t.tx_buf = &data[0];
> > > +	t.len = 3;
> > > +
> > > +	ret = spi_sync_transfer(dev->spi, &t, 1);  
> > 
> > data needs to be dma safe.
> >   
> > > +	if (ret < 0)
> > > +		return ret;
> > > +
> > > +	temp = ((data[0] | 0x80 | (reg << 1)) << 16) |
> > > +		(data[1] << 8) | data[2];  
> > 
> > Ouch. That's a bit nasty, but why are you writing the reg into
> > it?  Looks like a get_unaligned_be24() >> 1 and a 16bit mask.
> > (use GENMASK(15, 0) for that to make it apparent what is happening.
> >   
> > > +
> > > +	*val = (temp >> 1) & 0xFFFF;
> > > +
> > > +	return ret;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int adrf6780_spi_write(struct adrf6780_dev *dev,
> > > +				      unsigned int reg,
> > > +				      unsigned int val)
> > > +{
> > > +	u8 data[3];
> > > +
> > > +	val = (val << 1);
> > > +
> > > +	data[0] = (reg << 1) | (val >> 16);
> > > +	data[1] = val >> 8;
> > > +	data[2] = val;  
> > 
> > An opportunity for
> > put_unaligned_be24() with a value of (I think)
> > 
> > (val << 1) | (reg << 17)
> > 
> >   
> > > +
> > > +	return spi_write(dev->spi, &data[0], 3);  
> > 
> > Needs a dma safe buffer, which basically means it can't be on the
> > stack.
> > Lots of ways of handling that, but look for __cacheline_aligned in IIO
> > drivers
> > to see the one we probably use mostly commonly in IIO drivers.  
> 
> Hi Jonathan,
> 
> This is something I wanted to ask for some time so I will take the opportunity here :).
> Is this something you prefer just not to risk at all and make it an hard requirement
> (which is fair)? ...

Yes, I think we need to keep this as a hard requirement.
There are drivers out there which we missed this on in the past, and I'm not necessarily
going to take the time to go through them all as this can be hard to spot, but lets not
introduce any more potential problems.

> 
> I'm asking this because, tbh, I would be very surprised if any spi/i2c controller out there
> is using dma for a 3byte transfer. I guess the overhead of setting it up is probably not
> worth it...

There are (I believe) a few i2c and spi controllers out there that don't do anything other
than DMA.  Wolfram mentioned one of those in his talk on adding DMA support to i2c.

Also, the reference in the file below to the wonderful case of USB to i2c bridges that always
require DMA safe buffers.

> 
> For instance, in i2c [1], the "educated guess" is around 8byte (to start using dma safe buffers).
> 
> [1]: https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/Documentation/i2c/dma-considerations.rst#L15
> 
> - Nuno Sá
> 


  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-06  9:04 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-02 11:12 [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for ADRF6780 Antoniu Miclaus
2021-07-02 11:12 ` [PATCH v4 2/2] dt-bindings: iio: frequency: add adrf6780 doc Antoniu Miclaus
2021-07-14 22:56   ` Rob Herring
2021-07-03 16:57 ` [PATCH v4 1/2] iio: frequency: adrf6780: add support for ADRF6780 Jonathan Cameron
2021-07-05 10:18   ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-06  9:04     ` Jonathan Cameron [this message]
2021-07-06 10:22       ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-07  8:26         ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-07  8:56           ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-07-07 11:11             ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-10 17:57               ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-07-12  7:17                 ` Sa, Nuno

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