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From: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
To: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>,
	Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@google.com>,
	Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>,
	Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Alexander Graf <graf@amazon.com>,
	Atish Patra <atish.patra@wdc.com>,
	Alistair Francis <Alistair.Francis@wdc.com>,
	Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>,
	Anup Patel <anup@brainfault.org>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, kvm-riscv@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v19 16/17] RISC-V: KVM: Document RISC-V specific parts of KVM API
Date: Tue, 27 Jul 2021 11:24:49 +0530	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210727055450.2742868-17-anup.patel@wdc.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210727055450.2742868-1-anup.patel@wdc.com>

Document RISC-V specific parts of the KVM API, such as:
 - The interrupt numbers passed to the KVM_INTERRUPT ioctl.
 - The states supported by the KVM_{GET,SET}_MP_STATE ioctls.
 - The registers supported by the KVM_{GET,SET}_ONE_REG interface
   and the encoding of those register ids.
 - The exit reason KVM_EXIT_RISCV_SBI for SBI calls forwarded to
   userspace tool.

CC: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
CC: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
---
 Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 193 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 184 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
index c7b165ca70b6..6510ca68ed73 100644
--- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
+++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
@@ -532,7 +532,7 @@ translation mode.
 ------------------
 
 :Capability: basic
-:Architectures: x86, ppc, mips
+:Architectures: x86, ppc, mips, riscv
 :Type: vcpu ioctl
 :Parameters: struct kvm_interrupt (in)
 :Returns: 0 on success, negative on failure.
@@ -601,6 +601,23 @@ interrupt number dequeues the interrupt.
 
 This is an asynchronous vcpu ioctl and can be invoked from any thread.
 
+RISC-V:
+^^^^^^^
+
+Queues an external interrupt to be injected into the virutal CPU. This ioctl
+is overloaded with 2 different irq values:
+
+a) KVM_INTERRUPT_SET
+
+   This sets external interrupt for a virtual CPU and it will receive
+   once it is ready.
+
+b) KVM_INTERRUPT_UNSET
+
+   This clears pending external interrupt for a virtual CPU.
+
+This is an asynchronous vcpu ioctl and can be invoked from any thread.
+
 
 4.17 KVM_DEBUG_GUEST
 --------------------
@@ -1399,7 +1416,7 @@ for vm-wide capabilities.
 ---------------------
 
 :Capability: KVM_CAP_MP_STATE
-:Architectures: x86, s390, arm, arm64
+:Architectures: x86, s390, arm, arm64, riscv
 :Type: vcpu ioctl
 :Parameters: struct kvm_mp_state (out)
 :Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
@@ -1416,7 +1433,8 @@ uniprocessor guests).
 Possible values are:
 
    ==========================    ===============================================
-   KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE         the vcpu is currently running [x86,arm/arm64]
+   KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE         the vcpu is currently running
+                                 [x86,arm/arm64,riscv]
    KVM_MP_STATE_UNINITIALIZED    the vcpu is an application processor (AP)
                                  which has not yet received an INIT signal [x86]
    KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED    the vcpu has received an INIT signal, and is
@@ -1425,7 +1443,7 @@ Possible values are:
                                  is waiting for an interrupt [x86]
    KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED    the vcpu has just received a SIPI (vector
                                  accessible via KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS) [x86]
-   KVM_MP_STATE_STOPPED          the vcpu is stopped [s390,arm/arm64]
+   KVM_MP_STATE_STOPPED          the vcpu is stopped [s390,arm/arm64,riscv]
    KVM_MP_STATE_CHECK_STOP       the vcpu is in a special error state [s390]
    KVM_MP_STATE_OPERATING        the vcpu is operating (running or halted)
                                  [s390]
@@ -1437,8 +1455,8 @@ On x86, this ioctl is only useful after KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. Without an
 in-kernel irqchip, the multiprocessing state must be maintained by userspace on
 these architectures.
 
-For arm/arm64:
-^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+For arm/arm64/riscv:
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 
 The only states that are valid are KVM_MP_STATE_STOPPED and
 KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE which reflect if the vcpu is paused or not.
@@ -1447,7 +1465,7 @@ KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE which reflect if the vcpu is paused or not.
 ---------------------
 
 :Capability: KVM_CAP_MP_STATE
-:Architectures: x86, s390, arm, arm64
+:Architectures: x86, s390, arm, arm64, riscv
 :Type: vcpu ioctl
 :Parameters: struct kvm_mp_state (in)
 :Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
@@ -1459,8 +1477,8 @@ On x86, this ioctl is only useful after KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. Without an
 in-kernel irqchip, the multiprocessing state must be maintained by userspace on
 these architectures.
 
-For arm/arm64:
-^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+For arm/arm64/riscv:
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 
 The only states that are valid are KVM_MP_STATE_STOPPED and
 KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE which reflect if the vcpu should be paused or not.
@@ -2577,6 +2595,144 @@ following id bit patterns::
 
   0x7020 0000 0003 02 <0:3> <reg:5>
 
+RISC-V registers are mapped using the lower 32 bits. The upper 8 bits of
+that is the register group type.
+
+RISC-V config registers are meant for configuring a Guest VCPU and it has
+the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8020 0000 01 <index into the kvm_riscv_config struct:24> (32bit Host)
+  0x8030 0000 01 <index into the kvm_riscv_config struct:24> (64bit Host)
+
+Following are the RISC-V config registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x80x0 0000 0100 0000 isa       ISA feature bitmap of Guest VCPU
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
+The isa config register can be read anytime but can only be written before
+a Guest VCPU runs. It will have ISA feature bits matching underlying host
+set by default.
+
+RISC-V core registers represent the general excution state of a Guest VCPU
+and it has the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8020 0000 02 <index into the kvm_riscv_core struct:24> (32bit Host)
+  0x8030 0000 02 <index into the kvm_riscv_core struct:24> (64bit Host)
+
+Following are the RISC-V core registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0000 regs.pc   Program counter
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0001 regs.ra   Return address
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0002 regs.sp   Stack pointer
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0003 regs.gp   Global pointer
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0004 regs.tp   Task pointer
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0005 regs.t0   Caller saved register 0
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0006 regs.t1   Caller saved register 1
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0007 regs.t2   Caller saved register 2
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0008 regs.s0   Callee saved register 0
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0009 regs.s1   Callee saved register 1
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000a regs.a0   Function argument (or return value) 0
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000b regs.a1   Function argument (or return value) 1
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000c regs.a2   Function argument 2
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000d regs.a3   Function argument 3
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000e regs.a4   Function argument 4
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 000f regs.a5   Function argument 5
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0010 regs.a6   Function argument 6
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0011 regs.a7   Function argument 7
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0012 regs.s2   Callee saved register 2
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0013 regs.s3   Callee saved register 3
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0014 regs.s4   Callee saved register 4
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0015 regs.s5   Callee saved register 5
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0016 regs.s6   Callee saved register 6
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0017 regs.s7   Callee saved register 7
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0018 regs.s8   Callee saved register 8
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0019 regs.s9   Callee saved register 9
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001a regs.s10  Callee saved register 10
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001b regs.s11  Callee saved register 11
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001c regs.t3   Caller saved register 3
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001d regs.t4   Caller saved register 4
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001e regs.t5   Caller saved register 5
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 001f regs.t6   Caller saved register 6
+  0x80x0 0000 0200 0020 mode      Privilege mode (1 = S-mode or 0 = U-mode)
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
+RISC-V csr registers represent the supervisor mode control/status registers
+of a Guest VCPU and it has the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8020 0000 03 <index into the kvm_riscv_csr struct:24> (32bit Host)
+  0x8030 0000 03 <index into the kvm_riscv_csr struct:24> (64bit Host)
+
+Following are the RISC-V csr registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0000 sstatus   Supervisor status
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0001 sie       Supervisor interrupt enable
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0002 stvec     Supervisor trap vector base
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0003 sscratch  Supervisor scratch register
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0004 sepc      Supervisor exception program counter
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0005 scause    Supervisor trap cause
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0006 stval     Supervisor bad address or instruction
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0007 sip       Supervisor interrupt pending
+  0x80x0 0000 0300 0008 satp      Supervisor address translation and protection
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
+RISC-V timer registers represent the timer state of a Guest VCPU and it has
+the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8030 0000 04 <index into the kvm_riscv_timer struct:24>
+
+Following are the RISC-V timer registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x8030 0000 0400 0000 frequency Time base frequency (read-only)
+  0x8030 0000 0400 0001 time      Time value visible to Guest
+  0x8030 0000 0400 0002 compare   Time compare programmed by Guest
+  0x8030 0000 0400 0003 state     Time compare state (1 = ON or 0 = OFF)
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
+RISC-V F-extension registers represent the single precision floating point
+state of a Guest VCPU and it has the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8020 0000 05 <index into the __riscv_f_ext_state struct:24>
+
+Following are the RISC-V F-extension registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x8020 0000 0500 0000 f[0]      Floating point register 0
+  ...
+  0x8020 0000 0500 001f f[31]     Floating point register 31
+  0x8020 0000 0500 0020 fcsr      Floating point control and status register
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
+RISC-V D-extension registers represent the double precision floating point
+state of a Guest VCPU and it has the following id bit patterns::
+
+  0x8020 0000 06 <index into the __riscv_d_ext_state struct:24> (fcsr)
+  0x8030 0000 06 <index into the __riscv_d_ext_state struct:24> (non-fcsr)
+
+Following are the RISC-V D-extension registers:
+
+======================= ========= =============================================
+    Encoding            Register  Description
+======================= ========= =============================================
+  0x8030 0000 0600 0000 f[0]      Floating point register 0
+  ...
+  0x8030 0000 0600 001f f[31]     Floating point register 31
+  0x8020 0000 0600 0020 fcsr      Floating point control and status register
+======================= ========= =============================================
+
 
 4.69 KVM_GET_ONE_REG
 --------------------
@@ -5824,6 +5980,25 @@ Valid values for 'type' are:
     Userspace is expected to place the hypercall result into the appropriate
     field before invoking KVM_RUN again.
 
+::
+
+		/* KVM_EXIT_RISCV_SBI */
+		struct {
+			unsigned long extension_id;
+			unsigned long function_id;
+			unsigned long args[6];
+			unsigned long ret[2];
+		} riscv_sbi;
+If exit reason is KVM_EXIT_RISCV_SBI then it indicates that the VCPU has
+done a SBI call which is not handled by KVM RISC-V kernel module. The details
+of the SBI call are available in 'riscv_sbi' member of kvm_run structure. The
+'extension_id' field of 'riscv_sbi' represents SBI extension ID whereas the
+'function_id' field represents function ID of given SBI extension. The 'args'
+array field of 'riscv_sbi' represents parameters for the SBI call and 'ret'
+array field represents return values. The userspace should update the return
+values of SBI call before resuming the VCPU. For more details on RISC-V SBI
+spec refer, https://github.com/riscv/riscv-sbi-doc.
+
 ::
 
 		/* Fix the size of the union. */
-- 
2.25.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-07-27  5:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-27  5:54 [PATCH v19 00/17] KVM RISC-V Support Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 01/17] RISC-V: Add hypervisor extension related CSR defines Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 02/17] RISC-V: Add initial skeletal KVM support Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 03/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement VCPU create, init and destroy functions Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 04/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement VCPU interrupts and requests handling Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 05/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement KVM_GET_ONE_REG/KVM_SET_ONE_REG ioctls Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 06/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement VCPU world-switch Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 07/17] RISC-V: KVM: Handle MMIO exits for VCPU Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 08/17] RISC-V: KVM: Handle WFI " Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 09/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement VMID allocator Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 10/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement stage2 page table programming Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 11/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement MMU notifiers Anup Patel
2021-08-03 13:19   ` limingwang (A)
2021-08-04  7:16     ` Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 12/17] RISC-V: KVM: Add timer functionality Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 13/17] RISC-V: KVM: FP lazy save/restore Anup Patel
2021-09-13  4:30   ` Vincent Chen
2021-09-13  5:04     ` Anup Patel
2021-09-13  7:11       ` Vincent Chen
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 14/17] RISC-V: KVM: Implement ONE REG interface for FP registers Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 15/17] RISC-V: KVM: Add SBI v0.1 support Anup Patel
2021-07-27  5:54 ` Anup Patel [this message]
2021-07-27  5:54 ` [PATCH v19 17/17] RISC-V: KVM: Add MAINTAINERS entry Anup Patel

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