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From: Josh Don <joshdon@google.com>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>,
	Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>
Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	Ben Segall <bsegall@google.com>, Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>,
	Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@redhat.com>,
	Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>, Oleg Rombakh <olegrom@google.com>,
	Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>,
	Steve Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>,
	Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>, Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Josh Don <joshdon@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] sched: adjust SCHED_IDLE interactions
Date: Thu, 29 Jul 2021 19:00:19 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210730020019.1487127-3-joshdon@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210730020019.1487127-1-joshdon@google.com>

This patch makes some behavioral changes when SCHED_IDLE entities are
competing with non SCHED_IDLE entities.

1) Ignore min_granularity for determining the sched_slide of a
SCHED_IDLE entity when it is competing with a non SCHED_IDLE entity.
This reduces the latency of getting a non SCHED_IDLE entity back on cpu,
at the expense of increased context switch frequency of SCHED_IDLE
entities.

In steady state competition between SCHED_IDLE/non-SCHED_IDLE,
preemption is driven by the tick, so SCHED_IDLE min_granularity is
approximately bounded on the low end by the tick HZ.

Example: on a machine with HZ=1000, spawned two threads, one of which is
SCHED_IDLE, and affined to one cpu. Without this patch, the SCHED_IDLE
thread runs for 4ms then waits for 1.4s. With this patch, it runs for
1ms and waits 340ms (as it round-robins with the other thread).

The benefit of this change is to reduce the round-robin latency for non
SCHED_IDLE entities when competing with a SCHED_IDLE entity.

2) Don't give sleeper credit to SCHED_IDLE entities when they wake onto
a cfs_rq with non SCHED_IDLE entities. As a result, newly woken
SCHED_IDLE entities will take longer to preempt non SCHED_IDLE entities.

Example: spawned four threads affined to one cpu, one of which was set
to SCHED_IDLE. Without this patch, wakeup latency for the SCHED_IDLE
thread was ~1-2ms, with the patch the wakeup latency was ~10ms.

The benefit of this change is to make it less likely that a newly woken
SCHED_IDLE entity will preempt a short-running non SCHED_IDLE entity
before it blocks.

Signed-off-by: Josh Don <joshdon@google.com>
---
 kernel/sched/fair.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index a7feae1cb0f0..24b2c6c057e6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -674,6 +674,7 @@ static u64 __sched_period(unsigned long nr_running)
 static u64 sched_slice(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 {
 	unsigned int nr_running = cfs_rq->nr_running;
+	struct sched_entity *init_se = se;
 	u64 slice;
 
 	if (sched_feat(ALT_PERIOD))
@@ -684,12 +685,13 @@ static u64 sched_slice(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 	for_each_sched_entity(se) {
 		struct load_weight *load;
 		struct load_weight lw;
+		struct cfs_rq *qcfs_rq;
 
-		cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
-		load = &cfs_rq->load;
+		qcfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
+		load = &qcfs_rq->load;
 
 		if (unlikely(!se->on_rq)) {
-			lw = cfs_rq->load;
+			lw = qcfs_rq->load;
 
 			update_load_add(&lw, se->load.weight);
 			load = &lw;
@@ -697,8 +699,18 @@ static u64 sched_slice(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 		slice = __calc_delta(slice, se->load.weight, load);
 	}
 
-	if (sched_feat(BASE_SLICE))
-		slice = max(slice, (u64)sysctl_sched_min_granularity);
+	if (sched_feat(BASE_SLICE)) {
+		/*
+		 * SCHED_IDLE entities are not subject to min_granularity if
+		 * they are competing with non SCHED_IDLE entities. As a result,
+		 * non SCHED_IDLE entities will have reduced latency to get back
+		 * on cpu, at the cost of increased context switch frequency of
+		 * SCHED_IDLE entities.
+		 */
+		if (!se_is_idle(init_se) ||
+		    cfs_rq->h_nr_running == cfs_rq->idle_h_nr_running)
+			slice = max(slice, (u64)sysctl_sched_min_granularity);
+	}
 
 	return slice;
 }
@@ -4216,7 +4228,15 @@ place_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int initial)
 		if (sched_feat(GENTLE_FAIR_SLEEPERS))
 			thresh >>= 1;
 
-		vruntime -= thresh;
+		/*
+		 * Don't give sleep credit to a SCHED_IDLE entity if we're
+		 * placing it onto a cfs_rq with non SCHED_IDLE entities.
+		 */
+		if (!se_is_idle(se) ||
+		    cfs_rq->h_nr_running == cfs_rq->idle_h_nr_running)
+			vruntime -= thresh;
+		else
+			vruntime += 1;
 	}
 
 	/* ensure we never gain time by being placed backwards. */
-- 
2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-07-30  2:06 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-30  2:00 [PATCH v2 0/2] SCHED_IDLE extensions Josh Don
2021-07-30  2:00 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] sched: cgroup SCHED_IDLE support Josh Don
2021-08-03  2:14   ` jun qian
2021-08-03 20:37     ` Josh Don
2021-08-05 10:18   ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-08-05 17:13     ` Tejun Heo
2021-08-05 23:54       ` Josh Don
2021-08-11 13:48   ` Vincent Guittot
2021-08-23  9:26   ` [tip: sched/core] sched: Cgroup " tip-bot2 for Josh Don
2021-07-30  2:00 ` Josh Don [this message]
2021-08-11 13:31   ` [PATCH 2/2] sched: adjust SCHED_IDLE interactions Vincent Guittot
2021-08-12 21:09     ` Josh Don
2021-08-13 12:43       ` Vincent Guittot
2021-08-13 23:55         ` Josh Don
2021-08-16 12:31       ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-08-17 23:48         ` Josh Don
2021-08-16 12:52     ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-08-16 12:56       ` Vincent Guittot
2021-08-17 23:40       ` Josh Don
2021-08-16 12:31   ` Peter Zijlstra

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