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* [PATCH v4] kdb: Get rid of custom debug heap allocator
@ 2021-07-14  5:56 Sumit Garg
  2021-07-30 10:06 ` Daniel Thompson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Sumit Garg @ 2021-07-14  5:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: kgdb-bugreport
  Cc: daniel.thompson, jason.wessel, dianders, linux-kernel, Sumit Garg

Currently the only user for debug heap is kdbnearsym() which can be
modified to rather use statically allocated buffer for symbol name as
per it's current usage. So do that and hence remove custom debug heap
allocator.

Note that this change puts a restriction on kdbnearsym() callers to
carefully use shared namebuf such that a caller should consume the symbol
returned immediately prior to another call to fetch a different symbol.

Also, this change uses standard KSYM_NAME_LEN macro for namebuf
allocation instead of local variable: knt1_size which should avoid any
conflicts caused by changes to KSYM_NAME_LEN macro value.

This change has been tested using kgdbtest on arm64 which doesn't show
any regressions.

Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
---

Changes in v4:
- Addressed minor comments from Doug.
- Picked up Doug's review tag.

Changes in v3:
- Rebased to tip of upstream master.
- Updated function header comment for kdbnearsym().

Changes in v2:
- Use single static buffer for symbol name in kdbnearsym() instead of
  per caller buffers allocated on stack.

 kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c |   1 -
 kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h  |   5 -
 kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c  | 329 +++-----------------------------
 3 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 307 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
index 0220afda3200..e91fc3e4edd5 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
@@ -140,7 +140,6 @@ int kdb_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks)
 	 */
 	kdb_common_deinit_state();
 	KDB_STATE_CLEAR(PAGER);
-	kdbnearsym_cleanup();
 	if (error == KDB_CMD_KGDB) {
 		if (KDB_STATE(DOING_KGDB))
 			KDB_STATE_CLEAR(DOING_KGDB);
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
index 170c69aedebb..8dbc840113c9 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
@@ -109,7 +109,6 @@ extern int kdbgetaddrarg(int, const char **, int*, unsigned long *,
 			 long *, char **);
 extern int kdbgetsymval(const char *, kdb_symtab_t *);
 extern int kdbnearsym(unsigned long, kdb_symtab_t *);
-extern void kdbnearsym_cleanup(void);
 extern char *kdb_strdup(const char *str, gfp_t type);
 extern void kdb_symbol_print(unsigned long, const kdb_symtab_t *, unsigned int);
 
@@ -233,10 +232,6 @@ extern struct task_struct *kdb_curr_task(int);
 
 #define GFP_KDB (in_dbg_master() ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL)
 
-extern void *debug_kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags);
-extern void debug_kfree(void *);
-extern void debug_kusage(void);
-
 extern struct task_struct *kdb_current_task;
 extern struct pt_regs *kdb_current_regs;
 
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
index 9f50d22d68e6..c605b17b2a0d 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
@@ -52,48 +52,48 @@ int kdbgetsymval(const char *symname, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(kdbgetsymval);
 
-static char *kdb_name_table[100];	/* arbitrary size */
-
-/*
- * kdbnearsym -	Return the name of the symbol with the nearest address
- *	less than 'addr'.
+/**
+ * kdbnearsym() - Return the name of the symbol with the nearest address
+ *                less than @addr.
+ * @addr: Address to check for near symbol
+ * @symtab: Structure to receive results
  *
- * Parameters:
- *	addr	Address to check for symbol near
- *	symtab  Structure to receive results
- * Returns:
- *	0	No sections contain this address, symtab zero filled
- *	1	Address mapped to module/symbol/section, data in symtab
- * Remarks:
- *	2.6 kallsyms has a "feature" where it unpacks the name into a
- *	string.  If that string is reused before the caller expects it
- *	then the caller sees its string change without warning.  To
- *	avoid cluttering up the main kdb code with lots of kdb_strdup,
- *	tests and kfree calls, kdbnearsym maintains an LRU list of the
- *	last few unique strings.  The list is sized large enough to
- *	hold active strings, no kdb caller of kdbnearsym makes more
- *	than ~20 later calls before using a saved value.
+ * WARNING: This function may return a pointer to a single statically
+ * allocated buffer (namebuf). kdb's unusual calling context (single
+ * threaded, all other CPUs halted) provides us sufficient locking for
+ * this to be safe. The only constraint imposed by the static buffer is
+ * that the caller must consume any previous reply prior to another call
+ * to lookup a new symbol.
+ *
+ * Note that, strictly speaking, some architectures may re-enter the kdb
+ * trap if the system turns out to be very badly damaged and this breaks
+ * the single-threaded assumption above. In these circumstances successful
+ * continuation and exit from the inner trap is unlikely to work and any
+ * user attempting this receives a prominent warning before being allowed
+ * to progress. In these circumstances we remain memory safe because
+ * namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN-1] will never change from '\0' although we do
+ * tolerate the possibility of garbled symbol display from the outer kdb
+ * trap.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * * 0 - No sections contain this address, symtab zero filled
+ * * 1 - Address mapped to module/symbol/section, data in symtab
  */
 int kdbnearsym(unsigned long addr, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
 {
 	int ret = 0;
 	unsigned long symbolsize = 0;
 	unsigned long offset = 0;
-#define knt1_size 128		/* must be >= kallsyms table size */
-	char *knt1 = NULL;
+	static char namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
 
 	kdb_dbg_printf(AR, "addr=0x%lx, symtab=%px\n", addr, symtab);
 	memset(symtab, 0, sizeof(*symtab));
 
 	if (addr < 4096)
 		goto out;
-	knt1 = debug_kmalloc(knt1_size, GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!knt1) {
-		kdb_func_printf("addr=0x%lx cannot kmalloc knt1\n", addr);
-		goto out;
-	}
+
 	symtab->sym_name = kallsyms_lookup(addr, &symbolsize , &offset,
-				(char **)(&symtab->mod_name), knt1);
+				(char **)(&symtab->mod_name), namebuf);
 	if (offset > 8*1024*1024) {
 		symtab->sym_name = NULL;
 		addr = offset = symbolsize = 0;
@@ -102,63 +102,14 @@ int kdbnearsym(unsigned long addr, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
 	symtab->sym_end = symtab->sym_start + symbolsize;
 	ret = symtab->sym_name != NULL && *(symtab->sym_name) != '\0';
 
-	if (ret) {
-		int i;
-		/* Another 2.6 kallsyms "feature".  Sometimes the sym_name is
-		 * set but the buffer passed into kallsyms_lookup is not used,
-		 * so it contains garbage.  The caller has to work out which
-		 * buffer needs to be saved.
-		 *
-		 * What was Rusty smoking when he wrote that code?
-		 */
-		if (symtab->sym_name != knt1) {
-			strncpy(knt1, symtab->sym_name, knt1_size);
-			knt1[knt1_size-1] = '\0';
-		}
-		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table); ++i) {
-			if (kdb_name_table[i] &&
-			    strcmp(kdb_name_table[i], knt1) == 0)
-				break;
-		}
-		if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)) {
-			debug_kfree(kdb_name_table[0]);
-			memmove(kdb_name_table, kdb_name_table+1,
-			       sizeof(kdb_name_table[0]) *
-			       (ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)-1));
-		} else {
-			debug_kfree(knt1);
-			knt1 = kdb_name_table[i];
-			memmove(kdb_name_table+i, kdb_name_table+i+1,
-			       sizeof(kdb_name_table[0]) *
-			       (ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)-i-1));
-		}
-		i = ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table) - 1;
-		kdb_name_table[i] = knt1;
-		symtab->sym_name = kdb_name_table[i];
-		knt1 = NULL;
-	}
-
 	if (symtab->mod_name == NULL)
 		symtab->mod_name = "kernel";
 	kdb_dbg_printf(AR, "returns %d symtab->sym_start=0x%lx, symtab->mod_name=%px, symtab->sym_name=%px (%s)\n",
 		       ret, symtab->sym_start, symtab->mod_name, symtab->sym_name, symtab->sym_name);
-
 out:
-	debug_kfree(knt1);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-void kdbnearsym_cleanup(void)
-{
-	int i;
-	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table); ++i) {
-		if (kdb_name_table[i]) {
-			debug_kfree(kdb_name_table[i]);
-			kdb_name_table[i] = NULL;
-		}
-	}
-}
-
 static char ks_namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN+1], ks_namebuf_prev[KSYM_NAME_LEN+1];
 
 /*
@@ -656,230 +607,6 @@ unsigned long kdb_task_state(const struct task_struct *p, unsigned long mask)
 	return (mask & kdb_task_state_string(state)) != 0;
 }
 
-/* Last ditch allocator for debugging, so we can still debug even when
- * the GFP_ATOMIC pool has been exhausted.  The algorithms are tuned
- * for space usage, not for speed.  One smallish memory pool, the free
- * chain is always in ascending address order to allow coalescing,
- * allocations are done in brute force best fit.
- */
-
-struct debug_alloc_header {
-	u32 next;	/* offset of next header from start of pool */
-	u32 size;
-	void *caller;
-};
-
-/* The memory returned by this allocator must be aligned, which means
- * so must the header size.  Do not assume that sizeof(struct
- * debug_alloc_header) is a multiple of the alignment, explicitly
- * calculate the overhead of this header, including the alignment.
- * The rest of this code must not use sizeof() on any header or
- * pointer to a header.
- */
-#define dah_align 8
-#define dah_overhead ALIGN(sizeof(struct debug_alloc_header), dah_align)
-
-static u64 debug_alloc_pool_aligned[256*1024/dah_align];	/* 256K pool */
-static char *debug_alloc_pool = (char *)debug_alloc_pool_aligned;
-static u32 dah_first, dah_first_call = 1, dah_used, dah_used_max;
-
-/* Locking is awkward.  The debug code is called from all contexts,
- * including non maskable interrupts.  A normal spinlock is not safe
- * in NMI context.  Try to get the debug allocator lock, if it cannot
- * be obtained after a second then give up.  If the lock could not be
- * previously obtained on this cpu then only try once.
- *
- * sparse has no annotation for "this function _sometimes_ acquires a
- * lock", so fudge the acquire/release notation.
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dap_lock);
-static int get_dap_lock(void)
-	__acquires(dap_lock)
-{
-	static int dap_locked = -1;
-	int count;
-	if (dap_locked == smp_processor_id())
-		count = 1;
-	else
-		count = 1000;
-	while (1) {
-		if (spin_trylock(&dap_lock)) {
-			dap_locked = -1;
-			return 1;
-		}
-		if (!count--)
-			break;
-		udelay(1000);
-	}
-	dap_locked = smp_processor_id();
-	__acquire(dap_lock);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-void *debug_kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
-{
-	unsigned int rem, h_offset;
-	struct debug_alloc_header *best, *bestprev, *prev, *h;
-	void *p = NULL;
-	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
-		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
-		return NULL;
-	}
-	h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + dah_first);
-	if (dah_first_call) {
-		h->size = sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned) - dah_overhead;
-		dah_first_call = 0;
-	}
-	size = ALIGN(size, dah_align);
-	prev = best = bestprev = NULL;
-	while (1) {
-		if (h->size >= size && (!best || h->size < best->size)) {
-			best = h;
-			bestprev = prev;
-			if (h->size == size)
-				break;
-		}
-		if (!h->next)
-			break;
-		prev = h;
-		h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + h->next);
-	}
-	if (!best)
-		goto out;
-	rem = best->size - size;
-	/* The pool must always contain at least one header */
-	if (best->next == 0 && bestprev == NULL && rem < dah_overhead)
-		goto out;
-	if (rem >= dah_overhead) {
-		best->size = size;
-		h_offset = ((char *)best - debug_alloc_pool) +
-			   dah_overhead + best->size;
-		h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + h_offset);
-		h->size = rem - dah_overhead;
-		h->next = best->next;
-	} else
-		h_offset = best->next;
-	best->caller = __builtin_return_address(0);
-	dah_used += best->size;
-	dah_used_max = max(dah_used, dah_used_max);
-	if (bestprev)
-		bestprev->next = h_offset;
-	else
-		dah_first = h_offset;
-	p = (char *)best + dah_overhead;
-	memset(p, POISON_INUSE, best->size - 1);
-	*((char *)p + best->size - 1) = POISON_END;
-out:
-	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
-	return p;
-}
-
-void debug_kfree(void *p)
-{
-	struct debug_alloc_header *h;
-	unsigned int h_offset;
-	if (!p)
-		return;
-	if ((char *)p < debug_alloc_pool ||
-	    (char *)p >= debug_alloc_pool + sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned)) {
-		kfree(p);
-		return;
-	}
-	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
-		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
-		return;		/* memory leak, cannot be helped */
-	}
-	h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)((char *)p - dah_overhead);
-	memset(p, POISON_FREE, h->size - 1);
-	*((char *)p + h->size - 1) = POISON_END;
-	h->caller = NULL;
-	dah_used -= h->size;
-	h_offset = (char *)h - debug_alloc_pool;
-	if (h_offset < dah_first) {
-		h->next = dah_first;
-		dah_first = h_offset;
-	} else {
-		struct debug_alloc_header *prev;
-		unsigned int prev_offset;
-		prev = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool +
-						     dah_first);
-		while (1) {
-			if (!prev->next || prev->next > h_offset)
-				break;
-			prev = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
-				(debug_alloc_pool + prev->next);
-		}
-		prev_offset = (char *)prev - debug_alloc_pool;
-		if (prev_offset + dah_overhead + prev->size == h_offset) {
-			prev->size += dah_overhead + h->size;
-			memset(h, POISON_FREE, dah_overhead - 1);
-			*((char *)h + dah_overhead - 1) = POISON_END;
-			h = prev;
-			h_offset = prev_offset;
-		} else {
-			h->next = prev->next;
-			prev->next = h_offset;
-		}
-	}
-	if (h_offset + dah_overhead + h->size == h->next) {
-		struct debug_alloc_header *next;
-		next = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
-			(debug_alloc_pool + h->next);
-		h->size += dah_overhead + next->size;
-		h->next = next->next;
-		memset(next, POISON_FREE, dah_overhead - 1);
-		*((char *)next + dah_overhead - 1) = POISON_END;
-	}
-	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
-}
-
-void debug_kusage(void)
-{
-	struct debug_alloc_header *h_free, *h_used;
-#ifdef	CONFIG_IA64
-	/* FIXME: using dah for ia64 unwind always results in a memory leak.
-	 * Fix that memory leak first, then set debug_kusage_one_time = 1 for
-	 * all architectures.
-	 */
-	static int debug_kusage_one_time;
-#else
-	static int debug_kusage_one_time = 1;
-#endif
-	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
-		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
-		return;
-	}
-	h_free = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + dah_first);
-	if (dah_first == 0 &&
-	    (h_free->size == sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned) - dah_overhead ||
-	     dah_first_call))
-		goto out;
-	if (!debug_kusage_one_time)
-		goto out;
-	debug_kusage_one_time = 0;
-	kdb_func_printf("debug_kmalloc memory leak dah_first %d\n", dah_first);
-	if (dah_first) {
-		h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)debug_alloc_pool;
-		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d\n", h_used, h_used->size);
-	}
-	do {
-		h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
-			  ((char *)h_free + dah_overhead + h_free->size);
-		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d caller %px\n",
-				h_used, h_used->size, h_used->caller);
-		h_free = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
-			  (debug_alloc_pool + h_free->next);
-	} while (h_free->next);
-	h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
-		  ((char *)h_free + dah_overhead + h_free->size);
-	if ((char *)h_used - debug_alloc_pool !=
-	    sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned))
-		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d caller %px\n",
-				h_used, h_used->size, h_used->caller);
-out:
-	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
-}
-
 /* Maintain a small stack of kdb_flags to allow recursion without disturbing
  * the global kdb state.
  */
-- 
2.25.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4] kdb: Get rid of custom debug heap allocator
  2021-07-14  5:56 [PATCH v4] kdb: Get rid of custom debug heap allocator Sumit Garg
@ 2021-07-30 10:06 ` Daniel Thompson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Daniel Thompson @ 2021-07-30 10:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Sumit Garg; +Cc: kgdb-bugreport, jason.wessel, dianders, linux-kernel

On Wed, Jul 14, 2021 at 11:26:20AM +0530, Sumit Garg wrote:
> Currently the only user for debug heap is kdbnearsym() which can be
> modified to rather use statically allocated buffer for symbol name as
> per it's current usage. So do that and hence remove custom debug heap
> allocator.
> 
> Note that this change puts a restriction on kdbnearsym() callers to
> carefully use shared namebuf such that a caller should consume the symbol
> returned immediately prior to another call to fetch a different symbol.
> 
> Also, this change uses standard KSYM_NAME_LEN macro for namebuf
> allocation instead of local variable: knt1_size which should avoid any
> conflicts caused by changes to KSYM_NAME_LEN macro value.
> 
> This change has been tested using kgdbtest on arm64 which doesn't show
> any regressions.
> 
> Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
> Reviewed-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>

Applied, thanks!


> ---
> 
> Changes in v4:
> - Addressed minor comments from Doug.
> - Picked up Doug's review tag.
> 
> Changes in v3:
> - Rebased to tip of upstream master.
> - Updated function header comment for kdbnearsym().
> 
> Changes in v2:
> - Use single static buffer for symbol name in kdbnearsym() instead of
>   per caller buffers allocated on stack.
> 
>  kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c |   1 -
>  kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h  |   5 -
>  kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c  | 329 +++-----------------------------
>  3 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 307 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
> index 0220afda3200..e91fc3e4edd5 100644
> --- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
> +++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_debugger.c
> @@ -140,7 +140,6 @@ int kdb_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks)
>  	 */
>  	kdb_common_deinit_state();
>  	KDB_STATE_CLEAR(PAGER);
> -	kdbnearsym_cleanup();
>  	if (error == KDB_CMD_KGDB) {
>  		if (KDB_STATE(DOING_KGDB))
>  			KDB_STATE_CLEAR(DOING_KGDB);
> diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
> index 170c69aedebb..8dbc840113c9 100644
> --- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
> +++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_private.h
> @@ -109,7 +109,6 @@ extern int kdbgetaddrarg(int, const char **, int*, unsigned long *,
>  			 long *, char **);
>  extern int kdbgetsymval(const char *, kdb_symtab_t *);
>  extern int kdbnearsym(unsigned long, kdb_symtab_t *);
> -extern void kdbnearsym_cleanup(void);
>  extern char *kdb_strdup(const char *str, gfp_t type);
>  extern void kdb_symbol_print(unsigned long, const kdb_symtab_t *, unsigned int);
>  
> @@ -233,10 +232,6 @@ extern struct task_struct *kdb_curr_task(int);
>  
>  #define GFP_KDB (in_dbg_master() ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL)
>  
> -extern void *debug_kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags);
> -extern void debug_kfree(void *);
> -extern void debug_kusage(void);
> -
>  extern struct task_struct *kdb_current_task;
>  extern struct pt_regs *kdb_current_regs;
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
> index 9f50d22d68e6..c605b17b2a0d 100644
> --- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
> +++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_support.c
> @@ -52,48 +52,48 @@ int kdbgetsymval(const char *symname, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(kdbgetsymval);
>  
> -static char *kdb_name_table[100];	/* arbitrary size */
> -
> -/*
> - * kdbnearsym -	Return the name of the symbol with the nearest address
> - *	less than 'addr'.
> +/**
> + * kdbnearsym() - Return the name of the symbol with the nearest address
> + *                less than @addr.
> + * @addr: Address to check for near symbol
> + * @symtab: Structure to receive results
>   *
> - * Parameters:
> - *	addr	Address to check for symbol near
> - *	symtab  Structure to receive results
> - * Returns:
> - *	0	No sections contain this address, symtab zero filled
> - *	1	Address mapped to module/symbol/section, data in symtab
> - * Remarks:
> - *	2.6 kallsyms has a "feature" where it unpacks the name into a
> - *	string.  If that string is reused before the caller expects it
> - *	then the caller sees its string change without warning.  To
> - *	avoid cluttering up the main kdb code with lots of kdb_strdup,
> - *	tests and kfree calls, kdbnearsym maintains an LRU list of the
> - *	last few unique strings.  The list is sized large enough to
> - *	hold active strings, no kdb caller of kdbnearsym makes more
> - *	than ~20 later calls before using a saved value.
> + * WARNING: This function may return a pointer to a single statically
> + * allocated buffer (namebuf). kdb's unusual calling context (single
> + * threaded, all other CPUs halted) provides us sufficient locking for
> + * this to be safe. The only constraint imposed by the static buffer is
> + * that the caller must consume any previous reply prior to another call
> + * to lookup a new symbol.
> + *
> + * Note that, strictly speaking, some architectures may re-enter the kdb
> + * trap if the system turns out to be very badly damaged and this breaks
> + * the single-threaded assumption above. In these circumstances successful
> + * continuation and exit from the inner trap is unlikely to work and any
> + * user attempting this receives a prominent warning before being allowed
> + * to progress. In these circumstances we remain memory safe because
> + * namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN-1] will never change from '\0' although we do
> + * tolerate the possibility of garbled symbol display from the outer kdb
> + * trap.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + * * 0 - No sections contain this address, symtab zero filled
> + * * 1 - Address mapped to module/symbol/section, data in symtab
>   */
>  int kdbnearsym(unsigned long addr, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
>  {
>  	int ret = 0;
>  	unsigned long symbolsize = 0;
>  	unsigned long offset = 0;
> -#define knt1_size 128		/* must be >= kallsyms table size */
> -	char *knt1 = NULL;
> +	static char namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
>  
>  	kdb_dbg_printf(AR, "addr=0x%lx, symtab=%px\n", addr, symtab);
>  	memset(symtab, 0, sizeof(*symtab));
>  
>  	if (addr < 4096)
>  		goto out;
> -	knt1 = debug_kmalloc(knt1_size, GFP_ATOMIC);
> -	if (!knt1) {
> -		kdb_func_printf("addr=0x%lx cannot kmalloc knt1\n", addr);
> -		goto out;
> -	}
> +
>  	symtab->sym_name = kallsyms_lookup(addr, &symbolsize , &offset,
> -				(char **)(&symtab->mod_name), knt1);
> +				(char **)(&symtab->mod_name), namebuf);
>  	if (offset > 8*1024*1024) {
>  		symtab->sym_name = NULL;
>  		addr = offset = symbolsize = 0;
> @@ -102,63 +102,14 @@ int kdbnearsym(unsigned long addr, kdb_symtab_t *symtab)
>  	symtab->sym_end = symtab->sym_start + symbolsize;
>  	ret = symtab->sym_name != NULL && *(symtab->sym_name) != '\0';
>  
> -	if (ret) {
> -		int i;
> -		/* Another 2.6 kallsyms "feature".  Sometimes the sym_name is
> -		 * set but the buffer passed into kallsyms_lookup is not used,
> -		 * so it contains garbage.  The caller has to work out which
> -		 * buffer needs to be saved.
> -		 *
> -		 * What was Rusty smoking when he wrote that code?
> -		 */
> -		if (symtab->sym_name != knt1) {
> -			strncpy(knt1, symtab->sym_name, knt1_size);
> -			knt1[knt1_size-1] = '\0';
> -		}
> -		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table); ++i) {
> -			if (kdb_name_table[i] &&
> -			    strcmp(kdb_name_table[i], knt1) == 0)
> -				break;
> -		}
> -		if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)) {
> -			debug_kfree(kdb_name_table[0]);
> -			memmove(kdb_name_table, kdb_name_table+1,
> -			       sizeof(kdb_name_table[0]) *
> -			       (ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)-1));
> -		} else {
> -			debug_kfree(knt1);
> -			knt1 = kdb_name_table[i];
> -			memmove(kdb_name_table+i, kdb_name_table+i+1,
> -			       sizeof(kdb_name_table[0]) *
> -			       (ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table)-i-1));
> -		}
> -		i = ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table) - 1;
> -		kdb_name_table[i] = knt1;
> -		symtab->sym_name = kdb_name_table[i];
> -		knt1 = NULL;
> -	}
> -
>  	if (symtab->mod_name == NULL)
>  		symtab->mod_name = "kernel";
>  	kdb_dbg_printf(AR, "returns %d symtab->sym_start=0x%lx, symtab->mod_name=%px, symtab->sym_name=%px (%s)\n",
>  		       ret, symtab->sym_start, symtab->mod_name, symtab->sym_name, symtab->sym_name);
> -
>  out:
> -	debug_kfree(knt1);
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> -void kdbnearsym_cleanup(void)
> -{
> -	int i;
> -	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kdb_name_table); ++i) {
> -		if (kdb_name_table[i]) {
> -			debug_kfree(kdb_name_table[i]);
> -			kdb_name_table[i] = NULL;
> -		}
> -	}
> -}
> -
>  static char ks_namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN+1], ks_namebuf_prev[KSYM_NAME_LEN+1];
>  
>  /*
> @@ -656,230 +607,6 @@ unsigned long kdb_task_state(const struct task_struct *p, unsigned long mask)
>  	return (mask & kdb_task_state_string(state)) != 0;
>  }
>  
> -/* Last ditch allocator for debugging, so we can still debug even when
> - * the GFP_ATOMIC pool has been exhausted.  The algorithms are tuned
> - * for space usage, not for speed.  One smallish memory pool, the free
> - * chain is always in ascending address order to allow coalescing,
> - * allocations are done in brute force best fit.
> - */
> -
> -struct debug_alloc_header {
> -	u32 next;	/* offset of next header from start of pool */
> -	u32 size;
> -	void *caller;
> -};
> -
> -/* The memory returned by this allocator must be aligned, which means
> - * so must the header size.  Do not assume that sizeof(struct
> - * debug_alloc_header) is a multiple of the alignment, explicitly
> - * calculate the overhead of this header, including the alignment.
> - * The rest of this code must not use sizeof() on any header or
> - * pointer to a header.
> - */
> -#define dah_align 8
> -#define dah_overhead ALIGN(sizeof(struct debug_alloc_header), dah_align)
> -
> -static u64 debug_alloc_pool_aligned[256*1024/dah_align];	/* 256K pool */
> -static char *debug_alloc_pool = (char *)debug_alloc_pool_aligned;
> -static u32 dah_first, dah_first_call = 1, dah_used, dah_used_max;
> -
> -/* Locking is awkward.  The debug code is called from all contexts,
> - * including non maskable interrupts.  A normal spinlock is not safe
> - * in NMI context.  Try to get the debug allocator lock, if it cannot
> - * be obtained after a second then give up.  If the lock could not be
> - * previously obtained on this cpu then only try once.
> - *
> - * sparse has no annotation for "this function _sometimes_ acquires a
> - * lock", so fudge the acquire/release notation.
> - */
> -static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dap_lock);
> -static int get_dap_lock(void)
> -	__acquires(dap_lock)
> -{
> -	static int dap_locked = -1;
> -	int count;
> -	if (dap_locked == smp_processor_id())
> -		count = 1;
> -	else
> -		count = 1000;
> -	while (1) {
> -		if (spin_trylock(&dap_lock)) {
> -			dap_locked = -1;
> -			return 1;
> -		}
> -		if (!count--)
> -			break;
> -		udelay(1000);
> -	}
> -	dap_locked = smp_processor_id();
> -	__acquire(dap_lock);
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
> -void *debug_kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
> -{
> -	unsigned int rem, h_offset;
> -	struct debug_alloc_header *best, *bestprev, *prev, *h;
> -	void *p = NULL;
> -	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
> -		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
> -		return NULL;
> -	}
> -	h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + dah_first);
> -	if (dah_first_call) {
> -		h->size = sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned) - dah_overhead;
> -		dah_first_call = 0;
> -	}
> -	size = ALIGN(size, dah_align);
> -	prev = best = bestprev = NULL;
> -	while (1) {
> -		if (h->size >= size && (!best || h->size < best->size)) {
> -			best = h;
> -			bestprev = prev;
> -			if (h->size == size)
> -				break;
> -		}
> -		if (!h->next)
> -			break;
> -		prev = h;
> -		h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + h->next);
> -	}
> -	if (!best)
> -		goto out;
> -	rem = best->size - size;
> -	/* The pool must always contain at least one header */
> -	if (best->next == 0 && bestprev == NULL && rem < dah_overhead)
> -		goto out;
> -	if (rem >= dah_overhead) {
> -		best->size = size;
> -		h_offset = ((char *)best - debug_alloc_pool) +
> -			   dah_overhead + best->size;
> -		h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + h_offset);
> -		h->size = rem - dah_overhead;
> -		h->next = best->next;
> -	} else
> -		h_offset = best->next;
> -	best->caller = __builtin_return_address(0);
> -	dah_used += best->size;
> -	dah_used_max = max(dah_used, dah_used_max);
> -	if (bestprev)
> -		bestprev->next = h_offset;
> -	else
> -		dah_first = h_offset;
> -	p = (char *)best + dah_overhead;
> -	memset(p, POISON_INUSE, best->size - 1);
> -	*((char *)p + best->size - 1) = POISON_END;
> -out:
> -	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
> -	return p;
> -}
> -
> -void debug_kfree(void *p)
> -{
> -	struct debug_alloc_header *h;
> -	unsigned int h_offset;
> -	if (!p)
> -		return;
> -	if ((char *)p < debug_alloc_pool ||
> -	    (char *)p >= debug_alloc_pool + sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned)) {
> -		kfree(p);
> -		return;
> -	}
> -	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
> -		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
> -		return;		/* memory leak, cannot be helped */
> -	}
> -	h = (struct debug_alloc_header *)((char *)p - dah_overhead);
> -	memset(p, POISON_FREE, h->size - 1);
> -	*((char *)p + h->size - 1) = POISON_END;
> -	h->caller = NULL;
> -	dah_used -= h->size;
> -	h_offset = (char *)h - debug_alloc_pool;
> -	if (h_offset < dah_first) {
> -		h->next = dah_first;
> -		dah_first = h_offset;
> -	} else {
> -		struct debug_alloc_header *prev;
> -		unsigned int prev_offset;
> -		prev = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool +
> -						     dah_first);
> -		while (1) {
> -			if (!prev->next || prev->next > h_offset)
> -				break;
> -			prev = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
> -				(debug_alloc_pool + prev->next);
> -		}
> -		prev_offset = (char *)prev - debug_alloc_pool;
> -		if (prev_offset + dah_overhead + prev->size == h_offset) {
> -			prev->size += dah_overhead + h->size;
> -			memset(h, POISON_FREE, dah_overhead - 1);
> -			*((char *)h + dah_overhead - 1) = POISON_END;
> -			h = prev;
> -			h_offset = prev_offset;
> -		} else {
> -			h->next = prev->next;
> -			prev->next = h_offset;
> -		}
> -	}
> -	if (h_offset + dah_overhead + h->size == h->next) {
> -		struct debug_alloc_header *next;
> -		next = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
> -			(debug_alloc_pool + h->next);
> -		h->size += dah_overhead + next->size;
> -		h->next = next->next;
> -		memset(next, POISON_FREE, dah_overhead - 1);
> -		*((char *)next + dah_overhead - 1) = POISON_END;
> -	}
> -	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
> -}
> -
> -void debug_kusage(void)
> -{
> -	struct debug_alloc_header *h_free, *h_used;
> -#ifdef	CONFIG_IA64
> -	/* FIXME: using dah for ia64 unwind always results in a memory leak.
> -	 * Fix that memory leak first, then set debug_kusage_one_time = 1 for
> -	 * all architectures.
> -	 */
> -	static int debug_kusage_one_time;
> -#else
> -	static int debug_kusage_one_time = 1;
> -#endif
> -	if (!get_dap_lock()) {
> -		__release(dap_lock);	/* we never actually got it */
> -		return;
> -	}
> -	h_free = (struct debug_alloc_header *)(debug_alloc_pool + dah_first);
> -	if (dah_first == 0 &&
> -	    (h_free->size == sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned) - dah_overhead ||
> -	     dah_first_call))
> -		goto out;
> -	if (!debug_kusage_one_time)
> -		goto out;
> -	debug_kusage_one_time = 0;
> -	kdb_func_printf("debug_kmalloc memory leak dah_first %d\n", dah_first);
> -	if (dah_first) {
> -		h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)debug_alloc_pool;
> -		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d\n", h_used, h_used->size);
> -	}
> -	do {
> -		h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
> -			  ((char *)h_free + dah_overhead + h_free->size);
> -		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d caller %px\n",
> -				h_used, h_used->size, h_used->caller);
> -		h_free = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
> -			  (debug_alloc_pool + h_free->next);
> -	} while (h_free->next);
> -	h_used = (struct debug_alloc_header *)
> -		  ((char *)h_free + dah_overhead + h_free->size);
> -	if ((char *)h_used - debug_alloc_pool !=
> -	    sizeof(debug_alloc_pool_aligned))
> -		kdb_func_printf("h_used %px size %d caller %px\n",
> -				h_used, h_used->size, h_used->caller);
> -out:
> -	spin_unlock(&dap_lock);
> -}
> -
>  /* Maintain a small stack of kdb_flags to allow recursion without disturbing
>   * the global kdb state.
>   */
> -- 
> 2.25.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

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2021-07-14  5:56 [PATCH v4] kdb: Get rid of custom debug heap allocator Sumit Garg
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