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From: Liam Beguin <liambeguin@gmail.com>
To: liambeguin@gmail.com, peda@axentia.se, jic23@kernel.org,
	lars@metafoo.de, pmeerw@pmeerw.net
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-iio@vger.kernel.org,
	devicetree@vger.kernel.org, robh+dt@kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v7 13/13] dt-bindings: iio: afe: add bindings for temperature transducers
Date: Sun,  1 Aug 2021 15:40:00 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210801194000.3646303-14-liambeguin@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210801194000.3646303-1-liambeguin@gmail.com>

From: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>

An ADC is often used to measure other quantities indirectly.
This binding describe one case, the measurement of a temperature
through a temperature transducer (either voltage or current).

Signed-off-by: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>
Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
---
 .../iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml       | 114 ++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 114 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cfbf5350db27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause)
+%YAML 1.2
+---
+$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/iio/afe/temperature-transducer.yaml#
+$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
+
+title: Temperature Transducer
+
+maintainers:
+  - Liam Beguin <liambeguin@gmail.com>
+
+description: |
+  A temperature transducer is a device that converts a thermal quantity
+  into any other physical quantity. This binding applies to temperature to
+  voltage (like the LTC2997), and temperature to current (like the AD590)
+  linear transducers.
+  In both cases these are assumed to be connected to a voltage ADC.
+
+  When an io-channel measures the output voltage of a temperature analog front
+  end such as a temperature transducer, the interesting measurement is almost
+  always the corresponding temperature, not the voltage output. This binding
+  describes such a circuit.
+
+  The general transfer function here is (using SI units)
+    V(T) = Rsense * Isense(T)
+    T = (Isense(T) / alpha) + offset
+    T = 1 / (Rsense * alpha) * (V + offset * Rsense * alpha)
+
+  When using a temperature to voltage transducer, Rsense is set to 1.
+
+  The following circuits show a temperature to current and a temperature to
+  voltage transducer that can be used with this binding.
+
+           VCC
+          -----
+            |
+        +---+---+
+        | AD590 |                               VCC
+        +---+---+                              -----
+            |                                    |
+            V proportional to T             +----+----+
+            |                          D+ --+         |
+            +---- Vout                      | LTC2997 +--- Vout
+            |                          D- --+         |
+        +---+----+                          +---------+
+        | Rsense |                               |
+        +---+----+                             -----
+            |                                   GND
+          -----
+           GND
+
+properties:
+  compatible:
+    const: temperature-transducer
+
+  io-channels:
+    maxItems: 1
+    description: |
+      Channel node of a voltage io-channel.
+
+  '#io-channel-cells':
+    const: 0
+
+  sense-offset-millicelsius:
+    description: |
+      Temperature offset.
+      This offset is commonly used to convert from Kelvins to degrees Celsius.
+      In that case, sense-offset-millicelsius would be set to <(-273150)>.
+    default: 0
+
+  sense-resistor-ohms:
+    description: |
+      The sense resistor.
+      By default sense-resistor-ohms cancels out the resistor making the
+      circuit behave like a temperature transducer.
+    default: 1
+
+  alpha-ppm-per-celsius:
+    description: |
+      Sometimes referred to as output gain, slope, or temperature coefficient.
+
+      alpha is expressed in parts per million which can be micro-amps per
+      degrees Celsius or micro-volts per degrees Celsius. The is the main
+      characteristic of a temperature transducer and should be stated in the
+      datasheet.
+
+additionalProperties: false
+
+required:
+  - compatible
+  - io-channels
+  - alpha-ppm-per-celsius
+
+examples:
+  - |
+    ad950: temperature-sensor-0 {
+        compatible = "temperature-transducer";
+        #io-channel-cells = <0>;
+        io-channels = <&temp_adc 3>;
+
+        sense-offset-millicelsius = <(-273150)>; /* Kelvin to degrees Celsius */
+        sense-resistor-ohms = <8060>;
+        alpha-ppm-per-celsius = <1>; /* 1 uA/K */
+    };
+  - |
+    znq_tmp: temperature-sensor-1 {
+        compatible = "temperature-transducer";
+        #io-channel-cells = <0>;
+        io-channels = <&temp_adc 2>;
+
+        sense-offset-millicelsius = <(-273150)>; /* Kelvin to degrees Celsius */
+        alpha-ppm-per-celsius = <4000>; /* 4 mV/K */
+    };
+...
-- 
2.30.1.489.g328c10930387


      parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-01 19:40 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-01 19:39 [PATCH v7 00/13] iio: afe: add temperature rescaling support Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 01/13] iio: inkern: apply consumer scale on IIO_VAL_INT cases Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 02/13] iio: inkern: apply consumer scale when no channel scale is available Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 03/13] iio: inkern: make a best effort on offset calculation Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 04/13] iio: afe: rescale: expose scale processing function Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 05/13] iio: afe: rescale: add INT_PLUS_{MICRO,NANO} support Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 06/13] iio: afe: rescale: add offset support Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 07/13] iio: afe: rescale: reduce risk of integer overflow Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 08/13] iio: afe: rescale: fix precision on fractional log scale Liam Beguin
2021-08-02  9:17   ` Peter Rosin
2021-08-15 22:14     ` Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 09/13] iio: test: add basic tests for the iio-rescale driver Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 10/13] iio: afe: rescale: add RTD temperature sensor support Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 11/13] iio: afe: rescale: add temperature transducers Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:39 ` [PATCH v7 12/13] dt-bindings: iio: afe: add bindings for temperature-sense-rtd Liam Beguin
2021-08-01 19:40 ` Liam Beguin [this message]

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