linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
To: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>,
	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>,
	Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH] KVM: x86/mmu: Fix per-cpu counter corruption on 32-bit builds
Date: Wed,  4 Aug 2021 14:46:09 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210804214609.1096003-1-seanjc@google.com> (raw)

Take a signed 'long' instead of an 'unsigned long' for the number of
pages to add/subtract to the total number of pages used by the MMU.  This
fixes a zero-extension bug on 32-bit kernels that effectively corrupts
the per-cpu counter used by the shrinker.

Per-cpu counters take a signed 64-bit value on both 32-bit and 64-bit
kernels, whereas kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages() takes an unsigned long and thus
an unsigned 32-bit value on 32-bit kernels.  As a result, the value used
to adjust the per-cpu counter is zero-extended (unsigned -> signed), not
sign-extended (signed -> signed), and so KVM's intended -1 gets morphed to
4294967295 and effectively corrupts the counter.

This was found by a staggering amount of sheer dumb luck when running
kvm-unit-tests on a 32-bit KVM build.  The shrinker just happened to kick
in while running tests and do_shrink_slab() logged an error about trying
to free a negative number of objects.  The truly lucky part is that the
kernel just happened to be a slightly stale build, as the shrinker no
longer yells about negative objects as of commit 18bb473e5031 ("mm:
vmscan: shrink deferred objects proportional to priority").

 vmscan: shrink_slab: mmu_shrink_scan+0x0/0x210 [kvm] negative objects to delete nr=-858993460

Fixes: bc8a3d8925a8 ("kvm: mmu: Fix overflow on kvm mmu page limit calculation")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
index b4b65c21b2ca..082a0ba79edd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
@@ -1700,7 +1700,7 @@ static int is_empty_shadow_page(u64 *spt)
  * aggregate version in order to make the slab shrinker
  * faster
  */
-static inline void kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long nr)
+static inline void kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm, long nr)
 {
 	kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages += nr;
 	percpu_counter_add(&kvm_total_used_mmu_pages, nr);
-- 
2.32.0.554.ge1b32706d8-goog


             reply	other threads:[~2021-08-04 21:46 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-04 21:46 Sean Christopherson [this message]
2021-08-04 22:19 ` Jim Mattson
2021-08-05  7:33 ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-08-05 11:26 ` Maxim Levitsky

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20210804214609.1096003-1-seanjc@google.com \
    --to=seanjc@google.com \
    --cc=bgardon@google.com \
    --cc=jmattson@google.com \
    --cc=joro@8bytes.org \
    --cc=kvm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=pbonzini@redhat.com \
    --cc=vkuznets@redhat.com \
    --cc=wanpengli@tencent.com \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH] KVM: x86/mmu: Fix per-cpu counter corruption on 32-bit builds' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
on how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox