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From: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
To: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>,
	page-reclaim@google.com, Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>,
	Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
Subject: [PATCH v4 04/11] mm: multigenerational lru: groundwork
Date: Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:31:00 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210818063107.2696454-5-yuzhao@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210818063107.2696454-1-yuzhao@google.com>

For each lruvec, evictable pages are divided into multiple
generations. The youngest generation number is stored in
lrugen->max_seq for both anon and file types as they are aged on an
equal footing. The oldest generation numbers are stored in
lrugen->min_seq[2] separately for anon and file types as clean file
pages can be evicted regardless of swap and writeback constraints.
These three variables are monotonically increasing. Generation numbers
are truncated into order_base_2(MAX_NR_GENS+1) bits in order to fit
into page->flags. The sliding window technique is used to prevent
truncated generation numbers from overlapping. Each truncated
generation number is an index to
lrugen->lists[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES].

Each generation is then divided into multiple tiers. Tiers represent
levels of usage from file descriptors only. Pages accessed N times via
file descriptors belong to tier order_base_2(N). Each generation
contains at most MAX_NR_TIERS tiers, and they require additional
MAX_NR_TIERS-2 bits in page->flags. In contrast to moving across
generations which requires list operations, moving across tiers only
involves operations on page->flags and therefore has a negligible
cost. A feedback loop modeled after the PID controller monitors
refault rates of all tiers and decides when to protect pages from
which tiers.

The framework comprises two conceptually independent components: the
aging and the eviction, which can be invoked separately from user
space for the purpose of working set estimation and proactive reclaim.

The aging produces young generations. Given an lruvec, the aging
traverses lruvec_memcg()->mm_list and calls walk_page_range() to scan
PTEs for accessed pages (a mm_struct list is maintained for each
memcg). Upon finding one, the aging updates its generation number to
max_seq (modulo MAX_NR_GENS). After each round of traversal, the aging
increments max_seq. The aging is due when both min_seq[2] have caught
up with max_seq-1.

The eviction consumes old generations. Given an lruvec, the eviction
scans pages on lrugen->lists indexed by anon and file min_seq[2]
(modulo MAX_NR_GENS). It first tries to select a type based on the
values of min_seq[2]. If they are equal, it selects the type that has
a lower refault rate. The eviction sorts a page according to its
updated generation number if the aging has found this page accessed.
It also moves a page to the next generation if this page is from an
upper tier that has a higher refault rate than the base tier. The
eviction increments min_seq[2] of a selected type when it finds
lrugen->lists indexed by min_seq[2] of this selected type are empty.

Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Tested-by: Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
---
 fs/fuse/dev.c                     |   3 +-
 include/linux/cgroup.h            |  15 +-
 include/linux/mm.h                |   2 +
 include/linux/mm_inline.h         | 201 ++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mmzone.h            |  92 +++++++++
 include/linux/page-flags-layout.h |  19 +-
 include/linux/page-flags.h        |   4 +-
 kernel/bounds.c                   |   3 +
 kernel/cgroup/cgroup-internal.h   |   1 -
 mm/huge_memory.c                  |   3 +-
 mm/mm_init.c                      |   6 +-
 mm/mmzone.c                       |   2 +
 mm/swapfile.c                     |   2 +
 mm/vmscan.c                       | 329 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 14 files changed, 669 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index 1c8f79b3dd06..673d987652ee 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -785,7 +785,8 @@ static int fuse_check_page(struct page *page)
 	       1 << PG_active |
 	       1 << PG_workingset |
 	       1 << PG_reclaim |
-	       1 << PG_waiters))) {
+	       1 << PG_waiters |
+	       LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_USAGE_MASK))) {
 		dump_page(page, "fuse: trying to steal weird page");
 		return 1;
 	}
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup.h b/include/linux/cgroup.h
index 7bf60454a313..1ebc27c8fee7 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup.h
@@ -432,6 +432,18 @@ static inline void cgroup_put(struct cgroup *cgrp)
 	css_put(&cgrp->self);
 }
 
+extern struct mutex cgroup_mutex;
+
+static inline void cgroup_lock(void)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex);
+}
+
+static inline void cgroup_unlock(void)
+{
+	mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex);
+}
+
 /**
  * task_css_set_check - obtain a task's css_set with extra access conditions
  * @task: the task to obtain css_set for
@@ -446,7 +458,6 @@ static inline void cgroup_put(struct cgroup *cgrp)
  * as locks used during the cgroup_subsys::attach() methods.
  */
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
-extern struct mutex cgroup_mutex;
 extern spinlock_t css_set_lock;
 #define task_css_set_check(task, __c)					\
 	rcu_dereference_check((task)->cgroups,				\
@@ -707,6 +718,8 @@ struct cgroup;
 static inline u64 cgroup_id(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { return 1; }
 static inline void css_get(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) {}
 static inline void css_put(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) {}
+static inline void cgroup_lock(void) {}
+static inline void cgroup_unlock(void) {}
 static inline int cgroup_attach_task_all(struct task_struct *from,
 					 struct task_struct *t) { return 0; }
 static inline int cgroupstats_build(struct cgroupstats *stats,
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 7ca22e6e694a..159b7c94e067 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1092,6 +1092,8 @@ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf);
 #define ZONES_PGOFF		(NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH)
 #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF	(ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH)
 #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF		(LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH)
+#define LRU_GEN_PGOFF		(KASAN_TAG_PGOFF - LRU_GEN_WIDTH)
+#define LRU_USAGE_PGOFF		(LRU_GEN_PGOFF - LRU_USAGE_WIDTH)
 
 /*
  * Define the bit shifts to access each section.  For non-existent
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_inline.h b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
index 355ea1ee32bd..19e722ec7cf3 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_inline.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
@@ -79,11 +79,206 @@ static __always_inline enum lru_list page_lru(struct page *page)
 	return lru;
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN_ENABLED
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(lru_gen_static_key);
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_enabled(void)
+{
+	return static_branch_likely(&lru_gen_static_key);
+}
+#else
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(lru_gen_static_key);
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_enabled(void)
+{
+	return static_branch_unlikely(&lru_gen_static_key);
+}
+#endif
+
+/* Return an index within the sliding window that tracks MAX_NR_GENS generations. */
+static inline int lru_gen_from_seq(unsigned long seq)
+{
+	return seq % MAX_NR_GENS;
+}
+
+/* Return a proper index regardless whether we keep a full history of stats. */
+static inline int lru_hist_from_seq(int seq)
+{
+	return seq % NR_STAT_GENS;
+}
+
+/* Convert the level of usage to a tier. See the comment on MAX_NR_TIERS. */
+static inline int lru_tier_from_usage(int usage)
+{
+	VM_BUG_ON(usage > BIT(LRU_USAGE_WIDTH));
+
+	return order_base_2(usage + 1);
+}
+
+/* The youngest and the second youngest generations are counted as active. */
+static inline bool lru_gen_is_active(struct lruvec *lruvec, int gen)
+{
+	unsigned long max_seq = READ_ONCE(lruvec->evictable.max_seq);
+
+	VM_BUG_ON(!max_seq);
+	VM_BUG_ON(gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+
+	return gen == lru_gen_from_seq(max_seq) || gen == lru_gen_from_seq(max_seq - 1);
+}
+
+/* Update the sizes of the multigenerational lru lists. */
+static inline void lru_gen_update_size(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
+				       int old_gen, int new_gen)
+{
+	int type = page_is_file_lru(page);
+	int zone = page_zonenum(page);
+	int delta = thp_nr_pages(page);
+	enum lru_list lru = type * LRU_FILE;
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+	lockdep_assert_held(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+	VM_BUG_ON(old_gen != -1 && old_gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+	VM_BUG_ON(new_gen != -1 && new_gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+	VM_BUG_ON(old_gen == -1 && new_gen == -1);
+
+	if (old_gen >= 0)
+		WRITE_ONCE(lrugen->sizes[old_gen][type][zone],
+			   lrugen->sizes[old_gen][type][zone] - delta);
+	if (new_gen >= 0)
+		WRITE_ONCE(lrugen->sizes[new_gen][type][zone],
+			   lrugen->sizes[new_gen][type][zone] + delta);
+
+	if (old_gen < 0) {
+		if (lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, new_gen))
+			lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
+		update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zone, delta);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (new_gen < 0) {
+		if (lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, old_gen))
+			lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
+		update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zone, -delta);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (!lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, old_gen) && lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, new_gen)) {
+		update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zone, -delta);
+		update_lru_size(lruvec, lru + LRU_ACTIVE, zone, delta);
+	}
+
+	VM_BUG_ON(lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, old_gen) && !lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, new_gen));
+}
+
+/* Add a page to one of the multigenerational lru lists. Return true on success. */
+static inline bool lru_gen_add_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, bool reclaiming)
+{
+	int gen;
+	unsigned long old_flags, new_flags;
+	int type = page_is_file_lru(page);
+	int zone = page_zonenum(page);
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+	if (PageUnevictable(page) || !lrugen->enabled[type])
+		return false;
+	/*
+	 * If a page shouldn't be considered for eviction, i.e., a page mapped
+	 * upon fault during which the accessed bit is set, add it to the
+	 * youngest generation.
+	 *
+	 * If a page can't be evicted immediately, i.e., an anon page not in
+	 * swap cache or a dirty page pending writeback, add it to the second
+	 * oldest generation.
+	 *
+	 * If a page could be evicted immediately, e.g., a clean page, add it to
+	 * the oldest generation.
+	 */
+	if (PageActive(page))
+		gen = lru_gen_from_seq(lrugen->max_seq);
+	else if ((!type && !PageSwapCache(page)) ||
+		 (PageReclaim(page) && (PageDirty(page) || PageWriteback(page))))
+		gen = lru_gen_from_seq(lrugen->min_seq[type] + 1);
+	else
+		gen = lru_gen_from_seq(lrugen->min_seq[type]);
+
+	do {
+		new_flags = old_flags = READ_ONCE(page->flags);
+		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(new_flags & LRU_GEN_MASK, page);
+
+		new_flags &= ~(LRU_GEN_MASK | BIT(PG_active));
+		new_flags |= (gen + 1UL) << LRU_GEN_PGOFF;
+	} while (cmpxchg(&page->flags, old_flags, new_flags) != old_flags);
+
+	lru_gen_update_size(page, lruvec, -1, gen);
+	if (reclaiming)
+		list_add_tail(&page->lru, &lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+	else
+		list_add(&page->lru, &lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+/* Delete a page from one of the multigenerational lru lists. Return true on success. */
+static inline bool lru_gen_del_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, bool reclaiming)
+{
+	int gen;
+	unsigned long old_flags, new_flags;
+
+	do {
+		new_flags = old_flags = READ_ONCE(page->flags);
+		if (!(new_flags & LRU_GEN_MASK))
+			return false;
+
+		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page);
+		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageUnevictable(page), page);
+
+		gen = ((new_flags & LRU_GEN_MASK) >> LRU_GEN_PGOFF) - 1;
+
+		new_flags &= ~LRU_GEN_MASK;
+		if ((new_flags & LRU_TIER_FLAGS) != LRU_TIER_FLAGS)
+			new_flags &= ~(LRU_USAGE_MASK | LRU_TIER_FLAGS);
+		/* see the comment on PageReferenced()/PageReclaim() in shrink_page_list() */
+		if (reclaiming)
+			new_flags &= ~(BIT(PG_referenced) | BIT(PG_reclaim));
+		else if (lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, gen))
+			new_flags |= BIT(PG_active);
+	} while (cmpxchg(&page->flags, old_flags, new_flags) != old_flags);
+
+	lru_gen_update_size(page, lruvec, gen, -1);
+	list_del(&page->lru);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_enabled(void)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_add_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, bool reclaiming)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_del_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, bool reclaiming)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
 static __always_inline void add_page_to_lru_list(struct page *page,
 				struct lruvec *lruvec)
 {
 	enum lru_list lru = page_lru(page);
 
+	if (lru_gen_add_page(page, lruvec, false))
+		return;
+
 	update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), thp_nr_pages(page));
 	list_add(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]);
 }
@@ -93,6 +288,9 @@ static __always_inline void add_page_to_lru_list_tail(struct page *page,
 {
 	enum lru_list lru = page_lru(page);
 
+	if (lru_gen_add_page(page, lruvec, true))
+		return;
+
 	update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, page_zonenum(page), thp_nr_pages(page));
 	list_add_tail(&page->lru, &lruvec->lists[lru]);
 }
@@ -100,6 +298,9 @@ static __always_inline void add_page_to_lru_list_tail(struct page *page,
 static __always_inline void del_page_from_lru_list(struct page *page,
 				struct lruvec *lruvec)
 {
+	if (lru_gen_del_page(page, lruvec, false))
+		return;
+
 	list_del(&page->lru);
 	update_lru_size(lruvec, page_lru(page), page_zonenum(page),
 			-thp_nr_pages(page));
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index fcb535560028..d6c2c3a4ba43 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -294,6 +294,94 @@ enum lruvec_flags {
 					 */
 };
 
+struct lruvec;
+
+#define LRU_GEN_MASK		((BIT(LRU_GEN_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_GEN_PGOFF)
+#define LRU_USAGE_MASK		((BIT(LRU_USAGE_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_USAGE_PGOFF)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+/*
+ * For each lruvec, evictable pages are divided into multiple generations. The
+ * youngest and the oldest generation numbers, AKA max_seq and min_seq, are
+ * monotonically increasing. The sliding window technique is used to track at
+ * most MAX_NR_GENS and at least MIN_NR_GENS generations. An offset within the
+ * window, AKA gen, indexes an array of per-type and per-zone lists for the
+ * corresponding generation. The counter in page->flags stores gen+1 while a
+ * page is on one of the multigenerational lru lists. Otherwise, it stores 0.
+ */
+#define MAX_NR_GENS		((unsigned int)CONFIG_NR_LRU_GENS)
+
+/*
+ * Each generation is then divided into multiple tiers. Tiers represent levels
+ * of usage from file descriptors, i.e., mark_page_accessed(). In contrast to
+ * moving across generations which requires the lru lock, moving across tiers
+ * only involves an atomic operation on page->flags and therefore has a
+ * negligible cost.
+ *
+ * The purposes of tiers are to:
+ *   1) estimate whether pages accessed multiple times via file descriptors are
+ *   more active than pages accessed only via page tables by separating the two
+ *   access types into upper tiers and the base tier and comparing refault rates
+ *   across tiers.
+ *   2) improve buffered io performance by deferring the protection of pages
+ *   accessed multiple times until the eviction. That is the protection happens
+ *   in the reclaim path, not the access path.
+ *
+ * Pages accessed N times via file descriptors belong to tier order_base_2(N).
+ * The base tier may be marked by PageReferenced(). All upper tiers are marked
+ * by PageReferenced() && PageWorkingset(). Additional bits from page->flags are
+ * used to support more than one upper tier.
+ */
+#define MAX_NR_TIERS		((unsigned int)CONFIG_TIERS_PER_GEN)
+#define LRU_TIER_FLAGS		(BIT(PG_referenced) | BIT(PG_workingset))
+
+/* Whether to keep historical stats for each generation. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN_STATS
+#define NR_STAT_GENS		((unsigned int)CONFIG_NR_LRU_GENS)
+#else
+#define NR_STAT_GENS		1U
+#endif
+
+struct lrugen {
+	/* the aging increments the max generation number */
+	unsigned long max_seq;
+	/* the eviction increments the min generation numbers */
+	unsigned long min_seq[ANON_AND_FILE];
+	/* the birth time of each generation in jiffies */
+	unsigned long timestamps[MAX_NR_GENS];
+	/* the multigenerational lru lists */
+	struct list_head lists[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES];
+	/* the sizes of the multigenerational lru lists in pages */
+	unsigned long sizes[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES];
+	/* to determine which type and its tiers to evict */
+	atomic_long_t refaulted[NR_STAT_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS];
+	atomic_long_t evicted[NR_STAT_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS];
+	/* the base tier isn't protected, hence the minus one */
+	unsigned long protected[NR_STAT_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS - 1];
+	/* the exponential moving average of refaulted */
+	unsigned long avg_refaulted[ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS];
+	/* the exponential moving average of evicted+protected */
+	unsigned long avg_total[ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS];
+	/* whether the multigenerational lru is enabled */
+	bool enabled[ANON_AND_FILE];
+};
+
+void lru_gen_init_lrugen(struct lruvec *lruvec);
+void lru_gen_set_state(bool enable, bool main, bool swap);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
+static inline void lru_gen_init_lrugen(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void lru_gen_set_state(bool enable, bool main, bool swap)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
 struct lruvec {
 	struct list_head		lists[NR_LRU_LISTS];
 	/* per lruvec lru_lock for memcg */
@@ -311,6 +399,10 @@ struct lruvec {
 	unsigned long			refaults[ANON_AND_FILE];
 	/* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */
 	unsigned long			flags;
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+	/* unevictable pages are on LRU_UNEVICTABLE */
+	struct lrugen			evictable;
+#endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
 	struct pglist_data *pgdat;
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h b/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
index ef1e3e736e14..ce8d5732a3aa 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
@@ -26,6 +26,14 @@
 
 #define ZONES_WIDTH		ZONES_SHIFT
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+/* LRU_GEN_WIDTH is generated from order_base_2(CONFIG_NR_LRU_GENS + 1). */
+#define LRU_USAGE_WIDTH		(CONFIG_TIERS_PER_GEN - 2)
+#else
+#define LRU_GEN_WIDTH		0
+#define LRU_USAGE_WIDTH		0
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
 #include <asm/sparsemem.h>
 #define SECTIONS_SHIFT	(MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS - SECTION_SIZE_BITS)
@@ -55,7 +63,8 @@
 #define SECTIONS_WIDTH		0
 #endif
 
-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_SHIFT <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + LRU_USAGE_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_SHIFT \
+	<= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
 #define NODES_WIDTH		NODES_SHIFT
 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
 #error "Vmemmap: No space for nodes field in page flags"
@@ -89,8 +98,8 @@
 #define LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT 0
 #endif
 
-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT \
-	<= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + LRU_USAGE_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + \
+	KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
 #define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT
 #else
 #define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH 0
@@ -100,8 +109,8 @@
 #define LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
 #endif
 
-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH \
-	> BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + LRU_USAGE_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + \
+	KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH > BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
 #error "Not enough bits in page flags"
 #endif
 
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 5922031ffab6..0156ac5f08f0 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -848,7 +848,7 @@ static inline void ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page)
 	 1UL << PG_private	| 1UL << PG_private_2	|	\
 	 1UL << PG_writeback	| 1UL << PG_reserved	|	\
 	 1UL << PG_slab		| 1UL << PG_active 	|	\
-	 1UL << PG_unevictable	| __PG_MLOCKED)
+	 1UL << PG_unevictable	| __PG_MLOCKED | LRU_GEN_MASK)
 
 /*
  * Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator.
@@ -859,7 +859,7 @@ static inline void ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page)
  * alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page.
  */
 #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP	\
-	(((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) & ~__PG_HWPOISON)
+	((((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) & ~__PG_HWPOISON) | LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_USAGE_MASK)
 
 #define PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE				\
 	(1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2)
diff --git a/kernel/bounds.c b/kernel/bounds.c
index 9795d75b09b2..aba13aa7336c 100644
--- a/kernel/bounds.c
+++ b/kernel/bounds.c
@@ -22,6 +22,9 @@ int main(void)
 	DEFINE(NR_CPUS_BITS, ilog2(CONFIG_NR_CPUS));
 #endif
 	DEFINE(SPINLOCK_SIZE, sizeof(spinlock_t));
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+	DEFINE(LRU_GEN_WIDTH, order_base_2(CONFIG_NR_LRU_GENS + 1));
+#endif
 	/* End of constants */
 
 	return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup/cgroup-internal.h b/kernel/cgroup/cgroup-internal.h
index bfbeabc17a9d..bec59189e206 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup/cgroup-internal.h
+++ b/kernel/cgroup/cgroup-internal.h
@@ -146,7 +146,6 @@ struct cgroup_mgctx {
 #define DEFINE_CGROUP_MGCTX(name)						\
 	struct cgroup_mgctx name = CGROUP_MGCTX_INIT(name)
 
-extern struct mutex cgroup_mutex;
 extern spinlock_t css_set_lock;
 extern struct cgroup_subsys *cgroup_subsys[];
 extern struct list_head cgroup_roots;
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index afff3ac87067..d5ccbfb50352 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -2390,7 +2390,8 @@ static void __split_huge_page_tail(struct page *head, int tail,
 #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
 			 (1L << PG_arch_2) |
 #endif
-			 (1L << PG_dirty)));
+			 (1L << PG_dirty) |
+			 LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_USAGE_MASK));
 
 	/* ->mapping in first tail page is compound_mapcount */
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(tail > 2 && page_tail->mapping != TAIL_MAPPING,
diff --git a/mm/mm_init.c b/mm/mm_init.c
index 9ddaf0e1b0ab..ef0deadb90a7 100644
--- a/mm/mm_init.c
+++ b/mm/mm_init.c
@@ -65,14 +65,16 @@ void __init mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void)
 
 	shift = 8 * sizeof(unsigned long);
 	width = shift - SECTIONS_WIDTH - NODES_WIDTH - ZONES_WIDTH
-		- LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH;
+		- LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH - LRU_GEN_WIDTH - LRU_USAGE_WIDTH;
 	mminit_dprintk(MMINIT_TRACE, "pageflags_layout_widths",
-		"Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d Flags %d\n",
+		"Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d Gen %d Tier %d Flags %d\n",
 		SECTIONS_WIDTH,
 		NODES_WIDTH,
 		ZONES_WIDTH,
 		LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH,
 		KASAN_TAG_WIDTH,
+		LRU_GEN_WIDTH,
+		LRU_USAGE_WIDTH,
 		NR_PAGEFLAGS);
 	mminit_dprintk(MMINIT_TRACE, "pageflags_layout_shifts",
 		"Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d\n",
diff --git a/mm/mmzone.c b/mm/mmzone.c
index eb89d6e018e2..2055d66a7f22 100644
--- a/mm/mmzone.c
+++ b/mm/mmzone.c
@@ -81,6 +81,8 @@ void lruvec_init(struct lruvec *lruvec)
 
 	for_each_lru(lru)
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lruvec->lists[lru]);
+
+	lru_gen_init_lrugen(lruvec);
 }
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING) && !defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS)
diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
index 1e07d1c776f2..19dacc4ae35e 100644
--- a/mm/swapfile.c
+++ b/mm/swapfile.c
@@ -2688,6 +2688,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
 	err = 0;
 	atomic_inc(&proc_poll_event);
 	wake_up_interruptible(&proc_poll_wait);
+	lru_gen_set_state(false, false, true);
 
 out_dput:
 	filp_close(victim, NULL);
@@ -3343,6 +3344,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, const char __user *, specialfile, int, swap_flags)
 	mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
 	atomic_inc(&proc_poll_event);
 	wake_up_interruptible(&proc_poll_wait);
+	lru_gen_set_state(true, false, true);
 
 	error = 0;
 	goto out;
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index b6d14880bd76..a02b5ff37e31 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
 #include <linux/printk.h>
 #include <linux/dax.h>
 #include <linux/psi.h>
+#include <linux/memory.h>
 
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 #include <asm/div64.h>
@@ -2731,6 +2732,334 @@ static void get_scan_count(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc,
 	}
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+/*
+ * After a page is faulted in, the aging must scan it twice before the eviction
+ * can consider it. The first scan clears the accessed bit set during the
+ * initial fault. And the second scan makes sure it hasn't been used since the
+ * first scan.
+ */
+#define MIN_NR_GENS	2
+
+#define MAX_BATCH_SIZE	8192
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ *                          shorthand helpers
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+#define DEFINE_MAX_SEQ(lruvec)						\
+	unsigned long max_seq = READ_ONCE((lruvec)->evictable.max_seq)
+
+#define DEFINE_MIN_SEQ(lruvec)						\
+	unsigned long min_seq[ANON_AND_FILE] = {			\
+		READ_ONCE((lruvec)->evictable.min_seq[0]),		\
+		READ_ONCE((lruvec)->evictable.min_seq[1]),		\
+	}
+
+#define for_each_type_zone(type, zone)					\
+	for ((type) = 0; (type) < ANON_AND_FILE; (type)++)		\
+		for ((zone) = 0; (zone) < MAX_NR_ZONES; (zone)++)
+
+#define for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone)				\
+	for ((gen) = 0; (gen) < MAX_NR_GENS; (gen)++)			\
+		for ((type) = 0; (type) < ANON_AND_FILE; (type)++)	\
+			for ((zone) = 0; (zone) < MAX_NR_ZONES; (zone)++)
+
+static int page_lru_gen(struct page *page)
+{
+	unsigned long flags = READ_ONCE(page->flags);
+
+	return ((flags & LRU_GEN_MASK) >> LRU_GEN_PGOFF) - 1;
+}
+
+static int page_lru_tier(struct page *page)
+{
+	int usage;
+	unsigned long flags = READ_ONCE(page->flags);
+
+	usage = (flags & LRU_TIER_FLAGS) == LRU_TIER_FLAGS ?
+		((flags & LRU_USAGE_MASK) >> LRU_USAGE_PGOFF) + 1 : 0;
+
+	return lru_tier_from_usage(usage);
+}
+
+static int get_lo_wmark(unsigned long max_seq, unsigned long *min_seq, int swappiness)
+{
+	return max_seq - max(min_seq[!swappiness], min_seq[1]) + 1;
+}
+
+static int get_hi_wmark(unsigned long max_seq, unsigned long *min_seq, int swappiness)
+{
+	return max_seq - min(min_seq[!swappiness], min_seq[1]) + 1;
+}
+
+static int get_nr_gens(struct lruvec *lruvec, int type)
+{
+	return lruvec->evictable.max_seq - lruvec->evictable.min_seq[type] + 1;
+}
+
+static int get_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	return mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(memcg) >= (long)SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX ?
+	       mem_cgroup_swappiness(memcg) : 0;
+}
+
+static bool __maybe_unused seq_is_valid(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+	return get_nr_gens(lruvec, 0) >= MIN_NR_GENS &&
+	       get_nr_gens(lruvec, 0) <= MAX_NR_GENS &&
+	       get_nr_gens(lruvec, 1) >= MIN_NR_GENS &&
+	       get_nr_gens(lruvec, 1) <= MAX_NR_GENS;
+}
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ *                          state change
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN_ENABLED
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(lru_gen_static_key);
+#else
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(lru_gen_static_key);
+#endif
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(lru_gen_state_mutex);
+static int lru_gen_nr_swapfiles;
+
+static bool __maybe_unused state_is_valid(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+	int gen, type, zone;
+	enum lru_list lru;
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+	for_each_evictable_lru(lru) {
+		type = is_file_lru(lru);
+
+		if (lrugen->enabled[type] && !list_empty(&lruvec->lists[lru]))
+			return false;
+	}
+
+	for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone) {
+		if (!lrugen->enabled[type] && !list_empty(&lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]))
+			return false;
+
+		VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!lrugen->enabled[type] && lrugen->sizes[gen][type][zone]);
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static bool fill_lists(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+	enum lru_list lru;
+	int remaining = MAX_BATCH_SIZE;
+
+	for_each_evictable_lru(lru) {
+		int type = is_file_lru(lru);
+		bool active = is_active_lru(lru);
+		struct list_head *head = &lruvec->lists[lru];
+
+		if (!lruvec->evictable.enabled[type])
+			continue;
+
+		while (!list_empty(head)) {
+			bool success;
+			struct page *page = lru_to_page(head);
+
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageUnevictable(page), page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page) != active, page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_is_file_lru(page) != type, page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_lru_gen(page) >= 0, page);
+
+			prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, head, flags);
+
+			del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec);
+			success = lru_gen_add_page(page, lruvec, false);
+			VM_BUG_ON(!success);
+
+			if (!--remaining)
+				return false;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static bool drain_lists(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+	int gen, type, zone;
+	int remaining = MAX_BATCH_SIZE;
+
+	for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone) {
+		struct list_head *head = &lruvec->evictable.lists[gen][type][zone];
+
+		if (lruvec->evictable.enabled[type])
+			continue;
+
+		while (!list_empty(head)) {
+			bool success;
+			struct page *page = lru_to_page(head);
+
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageUnevictable(page), page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_is_file_lru(page) != type, page);
+			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_zonenum(page) != zone, page);
+
+			prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, head, flags);
+
+			success = lru_gen_del_page(page, lruvec, false);
+			VM_BUG_ON(!success);
+			add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec);
+
+			if (!--remaining)
+				return false;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For file page tracking, we enable/disable it according to the main switch.
+ * For anon page tracking, we only enabled it when the main switch is on and
+ * there is at least one swapfile; we disable it when there are no swapfiles
+ * regardless of the value of the main switch. Otherwise, we will eventually
+ * reach the max size of the sliding window and have to call inc_min_seq().
+ */
+void lru_gen_set_state(bool enable, bool main, bool swap)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+
+	mem_hotplug_begin();
+	mutex_lock(&lru_gen_state_mutex);
+	cgroup_lock();
+
+	if (swap) {
+		if (enable)
+			swap = !lru_gen_nr_swapfiles++;
+		else
+			swap = !--lru_gen_nr_swapfiles;
+	}
+
+	if (main && enable != lru_gen_enabled()) {
+		if (enable)
+			static_branch_enable(&lru_gen_static_key);
+		else
+			static_branch_disable(&lru_gen_static_key);
+	} else if (!swap || !lru_gen_enabled())
+		goto unlock;
+
+	memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	do {
+		int nid;
+
+		for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) {
+			struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, NODE_DATA(nid));
+			struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+			spin_lock_irq(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+
+			VM_BUG_ON(!seq_is_valid(lruvec));
+			VM_BUG_ON(!state_is_valid(lruvec));
+
+			lrugen->enabled[0] = lru_gen_enabled() && lru_gen_nr_swapfiles;
+			lrugen->enabled[1] = lru_gen_enabled();
+
+			while (!(enable ? fill_lists(lruvec) : drain_lists(lruvec))) {
+				spin_unlock_irq(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+				cond_resched();
+				spin_lock_irq(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+			}
+
+			spin_unlock_irq(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+		}
+
+		cond_resched();
+	} while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL)));
+unlock:
+	cgroup_unlock();
+	mutex_unlock(&lru_gen_state_mutex);
+	mem_hotplug_done();
+}
+
+static int __meminit __maybe_unused mem_notifier(struct notifier_block *self,
+						 unsigned long action, void *arg)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+	struct pglist_data *pgdat;
+	struct memory_notify *mn = arg;
+	int nid = mn->status_change_nid;
+
+	if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE)
+		return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+	pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
+
+	if (action != MEM_GOING_ONLINE)
+		return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+	mutex_lock(&lru_gen_state_mutex);
+	cgroup_lock();
+
+	memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	do {
+		struct lruvec *lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, pgdat);
+		struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+		VM_BUG_ON(!seq_is_valid(lruvec));
+		VM_BUG_ON(!state_is_valid(lruvec));
+
+		lrugen->enabled[0] = lru_gen_enabled() && lru_gen_nr_swapfiles;
+		lrugen->enabled[1] = lru_gen_enabled();
+	} while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL)));
+
+	cgroup_unlock();
+	mutex_unlock(&lru_gen_state_mutex);
+
+	return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ *                          initialization
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+void lru_gen_init_lrugen(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+	int i;
+	int gen, type, zone;
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+
+	lrugen->max_seq = MIN_NR_GENS + 1;
+	lrugen->enabled[0] = lru_gen_enabled() && lru_gen_nr_swapfiles;
+	lrugen->enabled[1] = lru_gen_enabled();
+
+	for (i = 0; i <= MIN_NR_GENS + 1; i++)
+		lrugen->timestamps[i] = jiffies;
+
+	for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone)
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+}
+
+static int __init init_lru_gen(void)
+{
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(MIN_NR_GENS + 1 >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(BIT(LRU_GEN_WIDTH) <= MAX_NR_GENS);
+
+	if (hotplug_memory_notifier(mem_notifier, 0))
+		pr_err("lru_gen: failed to subscribe hotplug notifications\n");
+
+	return 0;
+};
+/*
+ * We want to run as early as possible because debug code may call mm_alloc()
+ * and mmput(). Our only dependency mm_kobj is initialized one stage earlier.
+ */
+arch_initcall(init_lru_gen);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
 static void shrink_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc)
 {
 	unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS];
-- 
2.33.0.rc1.237.g0d66db33f3-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-18  6:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-18  6:30 [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 01/11] mm: x86, arm64: add arch_has_hw_pte_young() Yu Zhao
2021-08-19  9:19   ` Will Deacon
2021-08-19 21:23     ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 02/11] mm: x86: add CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 03/11] mm/vmscan.c: refactor shrink_node() Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` Yu Zhao [this message]
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 05/11] mm: multigenerational lru: protection Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 06/11] mm: multigenerational lru: mm_struct list Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 07/11] mm: multigenerational lru: aging Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 08/11] mm: multigenerational lru: eviction Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 09/11] mm: multigenerational lru: user interface Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 10/11] mm: multigenerational lru: Kconfig Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 11/11] mm: multigenerational lru: documentation Yu Zhao
2021-10-09  5:43 ` [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework bot
2021-10-21 19:41 ` bot
2021-11-02  0:20 ` bot
2021-11-09  2:13 ` bot

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