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From: Shakeel Butt <>
To: Johannes Weiner <>
Cc: "Roman Gushchin" <>,
	"Michael Larabel" <>,
	"Feng Tang" <>,
	"Michal Hocko" <>,
	"Hillf Danton" <>,
	"Michal Koutný" <>,
	"Andrew Morton" <>,
	"Linus Torvalds" <>,,,,
	"Shakeel Butt" <>
Subject: [PATCH] memcg: flush lruvec stats in the refault
Date: Wed, 22 Sep 2021 15:49:06 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

Prior to the commit 7e1c0d6f5820 ("memcg: switch lruvec stats to rstat")
and the commit aa48e47e3906 ("memcg: infrastructure to flush memcg
stats"), each lruvec memcg stats can be off by (nr_cgroups * nr_cpus *
32) at worst and for unbounded amount of time. The commit aa48e47e3906
moved the lruvec stats to rstat infrastructure and the commit
7e1c0d6f5820 bounded the error for all the lruvec stats to (nr_cpus *
32) at worst for at most 2 seconds. More specifically it decoupled the
number of stats and the number of cgroups from the error rate.

However this reduction in error comes with the cost of triggering the
slowpath of stats update more frequently. Previously in the slowpath the
kernel adds the stats up the memcg tree. After aa48e47e3906, the kernel
triggers the asyn lruvec stats flush through queue_work(). This causes
regression reports from 0day kernel bot [1] as well as from phoronix
test suite [2].

We tried two options to fix the regression:

1) Increase the threshold to trigger the slowpath in lruvec stats update
codepath from 32 to 512.

2) Remove the slowpath from lruvec stats update codepath and instead
flush the stats in the page refault codepath. The assumption is that the
kernel timely flush the stats, so, the update tree would be small in the
refault codepath to not cause the preformance impact.

Following are the results of will-it-scale/page_fault[1|2|3] benchmark
on four settings i.e. (1) 5.15-rc1 as baseline (2) 5.15-rc1 with
aa48e47e3906 and 7e1c0d6f5820 reverted (3) 5.15-rc1 with option-1
(4) 5.15-rc1 with option-2.

test	(1)	(2)		(3)		(4)
pg_f1	368563	406277 (10.23%)	399693 (8.44%)	416398 (12.97%)
pg_f2	338399	372133 (9.96%)	369180 (9.09%)	381024 (12.59%)
pg_f3	500853	575399 (14.88%)	570388 (13.88%)	576083 (15.02%)

From the above result, it seems like the option-2 not only solves the
regression but also improves the performance for at least these

Feng Tang (intel) ran the aim7 benchmark with these two options and
confirms that option-1 reduces the regression but option-2 removes the

Michael Larabel (phoronix) ran multiple benchmarks with these options
and reported the results at [3] and it shows for most benchmarks
option-2 removes the regression introduced by the commit aa48e47e3906
("memcg: infrastructure to flush memcg stats").

Based on the experiment results, this patch proposed the option-2 as the
solution to resolve the regression.


Fixes: aa48e47e3906 ("memcg: infrastructure to flush memcg stats")
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <>
 mm/memcontrol.c | 10 ----------
 mm/workingset.c |  1 +
 2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index b762215d73eb..6da5020a8656 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -106,9 +106,6 @@ static bool do_memsw_account(void)
 /* memcg and lruvec stats flushing */
 static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w);
 static DECLARE_DEFERRABLE_WORK(stats_flush_dwork, flush_memcg_stats_dwork);
-static void flush_memcg_stats_work(struct work_struct *w);
-static DECLARE_WORK(stats_flush_work, flush_memcg_stats_work);
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, stats_flush_threshold);
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(stats_flush_lock);
@@ -682,8 +679,6 @@ void __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx,
 	/* Update lruvec */
 	__this_cpu_add(pn->lruvec_stats_percpu->state[idx], val);
-	if (!(__this_cpu_inc_return(stats_flush_threshold) % MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH))
-		queue_work(system_unbound_wq, &stats_flush_work);
@@ -5361,11 +5356,6 @@ static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w)
 	queue_delayed_work(system_unbound_wq, &stats_flush_dwork, 2UL*HZ);
-static void flush_memcg_stats_work(struct work_struct *w)
-	mem_cgroup_flush_stats();
 static void mem_cgroup_css_rstat_flush(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, int cpu)
 	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index d4268d8e9a82..d5b81e4f4cbe 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow)
 	inc_lruvec_state(lruvec, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE + file);
+	mem_cgroup_flush_stats();
 	 * Compare the distance to the existing workingset size. We
 	 * don't activate pages that couldn't stay resident even if

             reply	other threads:[~2021-09-22 22:50 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-09-22 22:49 Shakeel Butt [this message]
2021-09-23 10:02 ` Michael Larabel
2021-09-23 17:12 ` Linus Torvalds

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