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From: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	linux-mm <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>,
	John Dias <joaodias@google.com>, Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Subject: [RFC] mm: introduce page pinner
Date: Mon,  6 Dec 2021 10:47:30 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20211206184730.858850-1-minchan@kernel.org> (raw)

The contiguous memory allocation fails if one of the pages in
requested range has unexpected elevated reference count since
VM couldn't migrate the page out. It's very common pattern for
CMA allocation failure. The temporal elevated page refcount
could happen from various places and it's really hard to chase
who held the temporal page refcount at that time, which is the
vital information to debug the allocation failure.

This patch introduces page pinner to keep track of Page Pinner
who caused the CMA allocation failure. How page pinner work is
once VM found the non-migrated page after trying migration
during contiguos allocation, it marks the page and every page-put
operation on the page since then will have event trace. Since
page-put is always with page-get, the page-put event trace helps
to deduce where the pair page-get originated from.

The reason why the feature tracks page-put instead of page-get
indirectly is that since VM couldn't expect when page migration
fails, it should keep track of every page-get for migratable page
to dump information at failure. Considering backtrace as vitial
information as well as page's get/put is one of hottest path,
it's too heavy approach. Thus, to minimize runtime overhead,
this feature adds a new PAGE_EXT_PINNER flag under PAGE_EXT
debugging option to indicate migration-failed page and only
tracks every page-put operation for the page since the failure.

usage:

trace_dir="/sys/kernel/tracing"
echo 1 > $trace_dir/events/page_pinner/enable
echo 1 > $trace_dir/options/stacktrace
..
run workload
..
..

cat $trace_dir/trace

           <...>-498     [006] .... 33306.301621: page_pinner_failure: pfn=0x9f0bb0 flags=uptodate|lru|swapbacked count=1 mapcount=0 mapping=00000000aec7812a mt=5
           <...>-498     [006] .... 33306.301625: <stack trace>
 => __page_pinner_failure
 => test_pages_isolated
 => alloc_contig_range
 => cma_alloc
 => cma_heap_allocate
 => dma_heap_ioctl
 => __arm64_sys_ioctl
 => el0_svc_common
 => do_el0_svc
 => el0_svc
 => el0_sync_handler
 => el0_sync
           <...>-24965   [001] .... 33306.392836: page_pinner_put: pfn=0x9f0bb0 flags=uptodate|lru|swapbacked count=0 mapcount=0 mapping=00000000aec7812a mt=5
           <...>-24965   [001] .... 33306.392846: <stack trace>
 => __page_pinner_put
 => release_pages
 => free_pages_and_swap_cache
 => tlb_flush_mmu_free
 => tlb_flush_mmu
 => zap_pte_range
 => unmap_page_range
 => unmap_vmas
 => exit_mmap
 => __mmput
 => mmput
 => exit_mm
 => do_exit
 => do_group_exit
 => get_signal
 => do_signal
 => do_notify_resume
 => work_pending

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
The PagePinner named after PageOwner since I wanted to keep track of
page refcount holder. Feel free to suggest better names.
Actually, I had alloc_contig_failure tracker as a candidate.

 include/linux/mm.h                 |  7 ++-
 include/linux/page_ext.h           |  3 +
 include/linux/page_pinner.h        | 47 ++++++++++++++++
 include/trace/events/page_pinner.h | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/Kconfig.debug                   | 13 +++++
 mm/Makefile                        |  1 +
 mm/page_alloc.c                    |  3 +
 mm/page_ext.c                      |  4 ++
 mm/page_isolation.c                |  3 +
 mm/page_pinner.c                   | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 10 files changed, 230 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/page_pinner.h
 create mode 100644 include/trace/events/page_pinner.h
 create mode 100644 mm/page_pinner.c

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 73a52aba448f..a640cae593f9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <linux/page-flags.h>
 #include <linux/page_ref.h>
+#include <linux/page_pinner.h>
 #include <linux/memremap.h>
 #include <linux/overflow.h>
 #include <linux/sizes.h>
@@ -744,8 +745,12 @@ struct inode;
  */
 static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page)
 {
+	int ret;
+
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page);
-	return page_ref_dec_and_test(page);
+	ret = page_ref_dec_and_test(page);
+	page_pinner_put(page);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/include/linux/page_ext.h b/include/linux/page_ext.h
index fabb2e1e087f..561d8458dc5a 100644
--- a/include/linux/page_ext.h
+++ b/include/linux/page_ext.h
@@ -23,6 +23,9 @@ enum page_ext_flags {
 	PAGE_EXT_YOUNG,
 	PAGE_EXT_IDLE,
 #endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_PAGE_PINNER)
+	PAGE_EXT_PINNER,
+#endif
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/include/linux/page_pinner.h b/include/linux/page_pinner.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3f93a753b8e0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/page_pinner.h
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __LINUX_PAGE_PINNER_H
+#define __LINUX_PAGE_PINNER_H
+
+#include <linux/jump_label.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_PINNER
+extern struct static_key_false page_pinner_inited;
+extern struct page_ext_operations page_pinner_ops;
+
+void __page_pinner_failure(struct page *page);
+void __page_pinner_put(struct page *page);
+void __reset_page_pinner(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
+
+static inline void reset_page_pinner(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
+{
+	if (static_branch_unlikely(&page_pinner_inited))
+		__reset_page_pinner(page, order);
+}
+
+static inline void page_pinner_failure(struct page *page)
+{
+	if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_pinner_inited))
+		return;
+
+	__page_pinner_failure(page);
+}
+
+static inline void page_pinner_put(struct page *page)
+{
+	if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_pinner_inited))
+		return;
+
+	__page_pinner_put(page);
+}
+#else
+static inline void reset_page_pinner(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
+{
+}
+static inline void page_pinner_failure(struct page *page)
+{
+}
+static inline void page_pinner_put(struct page *page)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_PINNER */
+#endif /* __LINUX_PAGE_PINNER_H */
diff --git a/include/trace/events/page_pinner.h b/include/trace/events/page_pinner.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..69ccd5c30f66
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/trace/events/page_pinner.h
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
+#define TRACE_SYSTEM page_pinner
+
+#if !defined(_TRACE_PAGE_PINNER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
+#define _TRACE_PAGE_PINNER_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
+#include <trace/events/mmflags.h>
+
+DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(page_pinner_template,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct page *page),
+
+	TP_ARGS(page),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__field(unsigned long, pfn)
+		__field(unsigned long, flags)
+		__field(int, count)
+		__field(int, mapcount)
+		__field(void *, mapping)
+		__field(int, mt)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+		__entry->flags = page->flags;
+		__entry->count = page_ref_count(page);
+		__entry->mapcount = page_mapcount(page);
+		__entry->mapping = page->mapping;
+		__entry->mt = get_pageblock_migratetype(page);
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("pfn=0x%lx flags=%s count=%d mapcount=%d mapping=%p mt=%d",
+		__entry->pfn,
+		show_page_flags(__entry->flags & ((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1)),
+		__entry->count,
+		__entry->mapcount, __entry->mapping, __entry->mt)
+);
+
+DEFINE_EVENT(page_pinner_template, page_pinner_failure,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct page *page),
+
+	TP_ARGS(page)
+);
+
+DEFINE_EVENT(page_pinner_template, page_pinner_put,
+
+	TP_PROTO(struct page *page),
+
+	TP_ARGS(page)
+);
+
+#endif /* _TRACE_PAGE_PINNER_H */
+
+/* This part must be outside protection */
+#include <trace/define_trace.h>
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig.debug b/mm/Kconfig.debug
index 1e73717802f8..0ad4a3b8f4eb 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/mm/Kconfig.debug
@@ -62,6 +62,19 @@ config PAGE_OWNER
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config PAGE_PINNER
+	bool "Track page pinner"
+	select PAGE_EXTENSION
+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && TRACEPOINTS
+	help
+	  This keeps track of what call chain is the pinner of a page, may
+	  help to find contiguos page allocation failure. Even if you include
+	  this feature in your build, it is disabled by default. You should
+	  pass "page_pinner=on" to boot parameter in order to enable it. Eats
+	  a fair amount of memory if enabled.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config PAGE_POISONING
 	bool "Poison pages after freeing"
 	help
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index fc60a40ce954..0c9b78b15070 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -102,6 +102,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK) += kmemleak.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA_TEST) += rodata_test.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE) += debug_vm_pgtable.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER) += page_owner.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_PINNER) += page_pinner.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CLEANCACHE) += cleancache.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION) += page_isolation.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ZPOOL)	+= zpool.o
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index f41a5e990ac0..6e3a6f875a40 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@
 #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
 #include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 #include <linux/page_owner.h>
+#include <linux/page_pinner.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
 #include <linux/ftrace.h>
@@ -1299,6 +1300,7 @@ static __always_inline bool free_pages_prepare(struct page *page,
 		if (memcg_kmem_enabled() && PageMemcgKmem(page))
 			__memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(page, order);
 		reset_page_owner(page, order);
+		reset_page_pinner(page, order);
 		return false;
 	}
 
@@ -1338,6 +1340,7 @@ static __always_inline bool free_pages_prepare(struct page *page,
 	page_cpupid_reset_last(page);
 	page->flags &= ~PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP;
 	reset_page_owner(page, order);
+	reset_page_pinner(page, order);
 
 	if (!PageHighMem(page)) {
 		debug_check_no_locks_freed(page_address(page),
diff --git a/mm/page_ext.c b/mm/page_ext.c
index 2a52fd9ed464..0dafe968b212 100644
--- a/mm/page_ext.c
+++ b/mm/page_ext.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
 #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
 #include <linux/page_owner.h>
 #include <linux/page_idle.h>
+#include <linux/page_pinner.h>
 
 /*
  * struct page extension
@@ -75,6 +76,9 @@ static struct page_ext_operations *page_ext_ops[] = {
 #if defined(CONFIG_PAGE_IDLE_FLAG) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
 	&page_idle_ops,
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_PINNER
+	&page_pinner_ops,
+#endif
 };
 
 unsigned long page_ext_size = sizeof(struct page_ext);
diff --git a/mm/page_isolation.c b/mm/page_isolation.c
index a95c2c6562d0..a9ddea1c9166 100644
--- a/mm/page_isolation.c
+++ b/mm/page_isolation.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
 #include <linux/memory.h>
 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
 #include <linux/page_owner.h>
+#include <linux/page_pinner.h>
 #include <linux/migrate.h>
 #include "internal.h"
 
@@ -310,6 +311,8 @@ int test_pages_isolated(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
 
 out:
 	trace_test_pages_isolated(start_pfn, end_pfn, pfn);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		page_pinner_failure(pfn_to_page(pfn));
 
 	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/mm/page_pinner.c b/mm/page_pinner.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..300a90647557
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/page_pinner.c
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/page_pinner.h>
+
+#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+#include <trace/events/page_pinner.h>
+
+static bool page_pinner_enabled;
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(page_pinner_inited);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_pinner_inited);
+
+static int __init early_page_pinner_param(char *buf)
+{
+	return kstrtobool(buf, &page_pinner_enabled);
+}
+early_param("page_pinner", early_page_pinner_param);
+
+static bool need_page_pinner(void)
+{
+	return page_pinner_enabled;
+}
+
+static void init_page_pinner(void)
+{
+	if (!page_pinner_enabled)
+		return;
+
+	static_branch_enable(&page_pinner_inited);
+}
+
+struct page_ext_operations page_pinner_ops = {
+	.need = need_page_pinner,
+	.init = init_page_pinner,
+};
+
+void __reset_page_pinner(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
+{
+	struct page_ext *page_ext;
+	int i;
+
+	page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
+	if (unlikely(!page_ext))
+		return;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); i++) {
+		if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_PINNER, &page_ext->flags))
+			break;
+
+		clear_bit(PAGE_EXT_PINNER, &page_ext->flags);
+		page_ext = page_ext_next(page_ext);
+	}
+}
+
+void __page_pinner_failure(struct page *page)
+{
+	struct page_ext *page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
+
+	if (unlikely(!page_ext))
+		return;
+
+	trace_page_pinner_failure(page);
+	test_and_set_bit(PAGE_EXT_PINNER, &page_ext->flags);
+}
+
+void __page_pinner_put(struct page *page)
+{
+	struct page_ext *page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
+
+	if (unlikely(!page_ext))
+		return;
+
+	if (!test_bit(PAGE_EXT_PINNER, &page_ext->flags))
+		return;
+
+	trace_page_pinner_put(page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_pinner_put);
+
+
+static int __init page_pinner_init(void)
+{
+	if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_pinner_inited)) {
+		pr_info("page_pinner is disabled\n");
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("page_pinner is enabled\n");
+	return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(page_pinner_init)
-- 
2.34.1.400.ga245620fadb-goog


             reply	other threads:[~2021-12-06 18:47 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-12-06 18:47 Minchan Kim [this message]
2021-12-08 11:54 ` 胡玮文
2021-12-08 14:24   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-12-08 18:42   ` Minchan Kim
     [not found]     ` <TYCP286MB2066003B2045AD6ABE4C0295C0719@TYCP286MB2066.JPNP286.PROD.OUTLOOK.COM>
2021-12-12  7:21       ` John Hubbard
2021-12-13 22:58       ` Minchan Kim
2021-12-13  1:56 ` John Hubbard
2021-12-13 23:10   ` Minchan Kim
2021-12-14 18:27     ` John Hubbard

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