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* [PATCH v2] tee: handle lookup of shm with reference count 0
@ 2021-12-15  9:25 Jens Wiklander
  2021-12-15 12:52 ` Greg KH
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Jens Wiklander @ 2021-12-15  9:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, op-tee
  Cc: Sumit Garg, Christian König, Rijo Thomas, Devaraj Rangasamy,
	Greg KH, Jens Wiklander, stable, Lars Persson, Patrik Lantz

Since the tee subsystem does not keep a strong reference to its idle
shared memory buffers, it races with other threads that try to destroy a
shared memory through a close of its dma-buf fd or by unmapping the
memory.

In tee_shm_get_from_id() when a lookup in teedev->idr has been
successful, it is possible that the tee_shm is in the dma-buf teardown
path, but that path is blocked by the teedev mutex. Since we don't have
an API to tell if the tee_shm is in the dma-buf teardown path or not we
must find another way of detecting this condition.

Fix this by doing the reference counting directly on the tee_shm using a
new refcount_t refcount field. dma-buf is replaced by using
anon_inode_getfd() instead, this separates the life-cycle of the
underlying file from the tee_shm. tee_shm_put() is updated to hold the
mutex when decreasing the refcount to 0 and then remove the tee_shm from
teedev->idr before releasing the mutex. This means that the tee_shm can
never be found unless it has a refcount larger than 0.

Fixes: 967c9cca2cc5 ("tee: generic TEE subsystem")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Lars Persson <larper@axis.com>
Reviewed-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
Reported-by: Patrik Lantz <patrik.lantz@axis.com>
Signed-off-by: Jens Wiklander <jens.wiklander@linaro.org>
---
v1->v2
* fix copyright years in drivers/tee/tee_shm.c
* update kerneldoc comment for struct tee_shm with the reference counter

 drivers/tee/tee_shm.c   | 174 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
 include/linux/tee_drv.h |   4 +-
 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 110 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tee/tee_shm.c b/drivers/tee/tee_shm.c
index 8a8deb95e918..499fccba3d74 100644
--- a/drivers/tee/tee_shm.c
+++ b/drivers/tee/tee_shm.c
@@ -1,20 +1,17 @@
 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
 /*
- * Copyright (c) 2015-2016, Linaro Limited
+ * Copyright (c) 2015-2017, 2019-2021 Linaro Limited
  */
+#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
 #include <linux/device.h>
-#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
-#include <linux/fdtable.h>
 #include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/tee_drv.h>
 #include <linux/uio.h>
-#include <linux/module.h>
 #include "tee_private.h"
 
-MODULE_IMPORT_NS(DMA_BUF);
-
 static void release_registered_pages(struct tee_shm *shm)
 {
 	if (shm->pages) {
@@ -31,16 +28,8 @@ static void release_registered_pages(struct tee_shm *shm)
 	}
 }
 
-static void tee_shm_release(struct tee_shm *shm)
+static void tee_shm_release(struct tee_device *teedev, struct tee_shm *shm)
 {
-	struct tee_device *teedev = shm->ctx->teedev;
-
-	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF) {
-		mutex_lock(&teedev->mutex);
-		idr_remove(&teedev->idr, shm->id);
-		mutex_unlock(&teedev->mutex);
-	}
-
 	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_POOL) {
 		struct tee_shm_pool_mgr *poolm;
 
@@ -67,45 +56,6 @@ static void tee_shm_release(struct tee_shm *shm)
 	tee_device_put(teedev);
 }
 
-static struct sg_table *tee_shm_op_map_dma_buf(struct dma_buf_attachment
-			*attach, enum dma_data_direction dir)
-{
-	return NULL;
-}
-
-static void tee_shm_op_unmap_dma_buf(struct dma_buf_attachment *attach,
-				     struct sg_table *table,
-				     enum dma_data_direction dir)
-{
-}
-
-static void tee_shm_op_release(struct dma_buf *dmabuf)
-{
-	struct tee_shm *shm = dmabuf->priv;
-
-	tee_shm_release(shm);
-}
-
-static int tee_shm_op_mmap(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
-{
-	struct tee_shm *shm = dmabuf->priv;
-	size_t size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
-
-	/* Refuse sharing shared memory provided by application */
-	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_USER_MAPPED)
-		return -EINVAL;
-
-	return remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, shm->paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-			       size, vma->vm_page_prot);
-}
-
-static const struct dma_buf_ops tee_shm_dma_buf_ops = {
-	.map_dma_buf = tee_shm_op_map_dma_buf,
-	.unmap_dma_buf = tee_shm_op_unmap_dma_buf,
-	.release = tee_shm_op_release,
-	.mmap = tee_shm_op_mmap,
-};
-
 struct tee_shm *tee_shm_alloc(struct tee_context *ctx, size_t size, u32 flags)
 {
 	struct tee_device *teedev = ctx->teedev;
@@ -140,6 +90,7 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_alloc(struct tee_context *ctx, size_t size, u32 flags)
 		goto err_dev_put;
 	}
 
+	refcount_set(&shm->refcount, 1);
 	shm->flags = flags | TEE_SHM_POOL;
 	shm->ctx = ctx;
 	if (flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF)
@@ -153,10 +104,7 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_alloc(struct tee_context *ctx, size_t size, u32 flags)
 		goto err_kfree;
 	}
 
-
 	if (flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF) {
-		DEFINE_DMA_BUF_EXPORT_INFO(exp_info);
-
 		mutex_lock(&teedev->mutex);
 		shm->id = idr_alloc(&teedev->idr, shm, 1, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
 		mutex_unlock(&teedev->mutex);
@@ -164,28 +112,11 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_alloc(struct tee_context *ctx, size_t size, u32 flags)
 			ret = ERR_PTR(shm->id);
 			goto err_pool_free;
 		}
-
-		exp_info.ops = &tee_shm_dma_buf_ops;
-		exp_info.size = shm->size;
-		exp_info.flags = O_RDWR;
-		exp_info.priv = shm;
-
-		shm->dmabuf = dma_buf_export(&exp_info);
-		if (IS_ERR(shm->dmabuf)) {
-			ret = ERR_CAST(shm->dmabuf);
-			goto err_rem;
-		}
 	}
 
 	teedev_ctx_get(ctx);
 
 	return shm;
-err_rem:
-	if (flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF) {
-		mutex_lock(&teedev->mutex);
-		idr_remove(&teedev->idr, shm->id);
-		mutex_unlock(&teedev->mutex);
-	}
 err_pool_free:
 	poolm->ops->free(poolm, shm);
 err_kfree:
@@ -246,6 +177,7 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_register(struct tee_context *ctx, unsigned long addr,
 		goto err;
 	}
 
+	refcount_set(&shm->refcount, 1);
 	shm->flags = flags | TEE_SHM_REGISTER;
 	shm->ctx = ctx;
 	shm->id = -1;
@@ -306,22 +238,6 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_register(struct tee_context *ctx, unsigned long addr,
 		goto err;
 	}
 
-	if (flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF) {
-		DEFINE_DMA_BUF_EXPORT_INFO(exp_info);
-
-		exp_info.ops = &tee_shm_dma_buf_ops;
-		exp_info.size = shm->size;
-		exp_info.flags = O_RDWR;
-		exp_info.priv = shm;
-
-		shm->dmabuf = dma_buf_export(&exp_info);
-		if (IS_ERR(shm->dmabuf)) {
-			ret = ERR_CAST(shm->dmabuf);
-			teedev->desc->ops->shm_unregister(ctx, shm);
-			goto err;
-		}
-	}
-
 	return shm;
 err:
 	if (shm) {
@@ -339,6 +255,35 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_register(struct tee_context *ctx, unsigned long addr,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tee_shm_register);
 
+static int tee_shm_fop_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+	tee_shm_put(filp->private_data);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int tee_shm_fop_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	struct tee_shm *shm = filp->private_data;
+	size_t size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+
+	/* Refuse sharing shared memory provided by application */
+	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_USER_MAPPED)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* check for overflowing the buffer's size */
+	if (vma->vm_pgoff + vma_pages(vma) > shm->size >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, shm->paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+			       size, vma->vm_page_prot);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations tee_shm_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.release = tee_shm_fop_release,
+	.mmap = tee_shm_fop_mmap,
+};
+
 /**
  * tee_shm_get_fd() - Increase reference count and return file descriptor
  * @shm:	Shared memory handle
@@ -351,10 +296,11 @@ int tee_shm_get_fd(struct tee_shm *shm)
 	if (!(shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	get_dma_buf(shm->dmabuf);
-	fd = dma_buf_fd(shm->dmabuf, O_CLOEXEC);
+	/* matched by tee_shm_put() in tee_shm_op_release() */
+	refcount_inc(&shm->refcount);
+	fd = anon_inode_getfd("tee_shm", &tee_shm_fops, shm, O_RDWR);
 	if (fd < 0)
-		dma_buf_put(shm->dmabuf);
+		tee_shm_put(shm);
 	return fd;
 }
 
@@ -364,17 +310,7 @@ int tee_shm_get_fd(struct tee_shm *shm)
  */
 void tee_shm_free(struct tee_shm *shm)
 {
-	/*
-	 * dma_buf_put() decreases the dmabuf reference counter and will
-	 * call tee_shm_release() when the last reference is gone.
-	 *
-	 * In the case of driver private memory we call tee_shm_release
-	 * directly instead as it doesn't have a reference counter.
-	 */
-	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF)
-		dma_buf_put(shm->dmabuf);
-	else
-		tee_shm_release(shm);
+	tee_shm_put(shm);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tee_shm_free);
 
@@ -481,10 +417,15 @@ struct tee_shm *tee_shm_get_from_id(struct tee_context *ctx, int id)
 	teedev = ctx->teedev;
 	mutex_lock(&teedev->mutex);
 	shm = idr_find(&teedev->idr, id);
+	/*
+	 * If the tee_shm was found in the IDR it must have a refcount
+	 * larger than 0 due to the guarantee in tee_shm_put() below. So
+	 * it's safe to use refcount_inc().
+	 */
 	if (!shm || shm->ctx != ctx)
 		shm = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
-	else if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF)
-		get_dma_buf(shm->dmabuf);
+	else
+		refcount_inc(&shm->refcount);
 	mutex_unlock(&teedev->mutex);
 	return shm;
 }
@@ -496,7 +437,24 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tee_shm_get_from_id);
  */
 void tee_shm_put(struct tee_shm *shm)
 {
-	if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF)
-		dma_buf_put(shm->dmabuf);
+	struct tee_device *teedev = shm->ctx->teedev;
+	bool do_release = false;
+
+	mutex_lock(&teedev->mutex);
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&shm->refcount)) {
+		/*
+		 * refcount has reached 0, we must now remove it from the
+		 * IDR before releasing the mutex. This will guarantee that
+		 * the refcount_inc() in tee_shm_get_from_id() never starts
+		 * from 0.
+		 */
+		if (shm->flags & TEE_SHM_DMA_BUF)
+			idr_remove(&teedev->idr, shm->id);
+		do_release = true;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&teedev->mutex);
+
+	if (do_release)
+		tee_shm_release(teedev, shm);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tee_shm_put);
diff --git a/include/linux/tee_drv.h b/include/linux/tee_drv.h
index a1f03461369b..cf5999626e28 100644
--- a/include/linux/tee_drv.h
+++ b/include/linux/tee_drv.h
@@ -195,7 +195,7 @@ int tee_session_calc_client_uuid(uuid_t *uuid, u32 connection_method,
  * @offset:	offset of buffer in user space
  * @pages:	locked pages from userspace
  * @num_pages:	number of locked pages
- * @dmabuf:	dmabuf used to for exporting to user space
+ * @refcount:	reference counter
  * @flags:	defined by TEE_SHM_* in tee_drv.h
  * @id:		unique id of a shared memory object on this device, shared
  *		with user space
@@ -214,7 +214,7 @@ struct tee_shm {
 	unsigned int offset;
 	struct page **pages;
 	size_t num_pages;
-	struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
+	refcount_t refcount;
 	u32 flags;
 	int id;
 	u64 sec_world_id;
-- 
2.31.1


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2021-12-15  9:25 [PATCH v2] tee: handle lookup of shm with reference count 0 Jens Wiklander
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2021-12-16 14:56   ` Jens Wiklander

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