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From: "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@kernel.org>
To: Baokun Li <libaokun1@huawei.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	boqun.feng@gmail.com, david@fromorbit.com,
	kent.overstreet@linux.dev, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	ming.lei@redhat.com, will@kernel.org, yi.zhang@redhat.com,
	yangerkun <yangerkun@huawei.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] locking/atomic: scripts: fix fallback ifdeffery
Date: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 07:22:01 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20230920142201.GG348037@frogsfrogsfrogs> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <8cef9531-e44d-04de-f789-cb77c63ecf4f@huawei.com>

On Wed, Sep 20, 2023 at 10:08:02AM +0800, Baokun Li wrote:
> On 2023/9/20 1:14, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > Since commit:
> > 
> >    9257959a6e5b4fca ("locking/atomic: scripts: restructure fallback ifdeffery")
> > 
> > The ordering fallbacks for atomic*_read_acquire() and
> > atomic*_set_release() erroneously fall back to the implictly relaxed
> > atomic*_read() and atomic*_set() variants respectively, without any
> > additional barriers. This loses the ACQUIRE and RELEASE ordering
> > semantics, which can result in a wide variety of problems, even on
> > strongly-ordered architectures where the implementation of
> > atomic*_read() and/or atomic*_set() allows the compiler to reorder those
> > relative to other accesses.
> > 
> > In practice this has been observed to break bit spinlocks on arm64,
> > resulting in dentry cache corruption.
> > 
> > The fallback logic was intended to allow ACQUIRE/RELEASE/RELAXED ops to
> > be defined in terms of FULL ops, but where an op had RELAXED ordering by
> > default, this unintentionally permitted the ACQUIRE/RELEASE ops to be
> > defined in terms of the implicitly RELAXED default.
> > 
> > This patch corrects the logic to avoid falling back to implicitly
> > RELAXED ops, resulting in the same behaviour as prior to commit
> > 9257959a6e5b4fca.
> > 
> > I've verified the resulting assembly on arm64 by generating outlined
> > wrappers of the atomics. Prior to this patch the compiler generates
> > sequences using relaxed load (LDR) and store (STR) instructions, e.g.
> > 
> > | <outlined_atomic64_read_acquire>:
> > |         ldr     x0, [x0]
> > |         ret
> > |
> > | <outlined_atomic64_set_release>:
> > |         str     x1, [x0]
> > |         ret
> > 
> > With this patch applied the compiler generates sequences using the
> > intended load-acquire (LDAR) and store-release (STLR) instructions, e.g.
> > 
> > | <outlined_atomic64_read_acquire>:
> > |         ldar    x0, [x0]
> > |         ret
> > |
> > | <outlined_atomic64_set_release>:
> > |         stlr    x1, [x0]
> > |         ret
> > 
> > To make sure that there were no other victims of the ifdeffery rewrite,
> > I generated outlined copies of all of the {atomic,atomic64,atomic_long}
> > atomic operations before and after commit 9257959a6e5b4fca. A diff of
> > the generated assembly on arm64 shows that only the read_acquire() and
> > set_release() operations were changed, and only lost their intended
> > ordering:
> > 
> > | [mark@lakrids:~/src/linux]% diff -u \
> > | 	<(aarch64-linux-gnu-objdump -d before-9257959a6e5b4fca.o)
> > | 	<(aarch64-linux-gnu-objdump -d after-9257959a6e5b4fca.o)
> > | --- /proc/self/fd/11    2023-09-19 16:51:51.114779415 +0100
> > | +++ /proc/self/fd/16    2023-09-19 16:51:51.114779415 +0100
> > | @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
> > |
> > | -before-9257959a6e5b4fca.o:     file format elf64-littleaarch64
> > | +after-9257959a6e5b4fca.o:     file format elf64-littleaarch64
> > |
> > |
> > |  Disassembly of section .text:
> > | @@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
> > |         4:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000000008 <outlined_atomic_read_acquire>:
> > | -       8:      88dffc00        ldar    w0, [x0]
> > | +       8:      b9400000        ldr     w0, [x0]
> > |         c:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000000010 <outlined_atomic_set>:
> > | @@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
> > |        14:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000000018 <outlined_atomic_set_release>:
> > | -      18:      889ffc01        stlr    w1, [x0]
> > | +      18:      b9000001        str     w1, [x0]
> > |        1c:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000000020 <outlined_atomic_add>:
> > | @@ -1230,7 +1230,7 @@
> > |      1070:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000001074 <outlined_atomic64_read_acquire>:
> > | -    1074:      c8dffc00        ldar    x0, [x0]
> > | +    1074:      f9400000        ldr     x0, [x0]
> > |      1078:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  000000000000107c <outlined_atomic64_set>:
> > | @@ -1238,7 +1238,7 @@
> > |      1080:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000001084 <outlined_atomic64_set_release>:
> > | -    1084:      c89ffc01        stlr    x1, [x0]
> > | +    1084:      f9000001        str     x1, [x0]
> > |      1088:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  000000000000108c <outlined_atomic64_add>:
> > | @@ -2427,7 +2427,7 @@
> > |      207c:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000002080 <outlined_atomic_long_read_acquire>:
> > | -    2080:      c8dffc00        ldar    x0, [x0]
> > | +    2080:      f9400000        ldr     x0, [x0]
> > |      2084:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000002088 <outlined_atomic_long_set>:
> > | @@ -2435,7 +2435,7 @@
> > |      208c:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000002090 <outlined_atomic_long_set_release>:
> > | -    2090:      c89ffc01        stlr    x1, [x0]
> > | +    2090:      f9000001        str     x1, [x0]
> > |      2094:      d65f03c0        ret
> > |
> > |  0000000000002098 <outlined_atomic_long_add>:
> > 
> > I've build tested this with a variety of configs for alpha, arm, arm64,
> > csky, i386, m68k, microblaze, mips, nios2, openrisc, powerpc, riscv,
> > s390, sh, sparc, x86_64, and xtensa, for which I've seen no issues. I
> > was unable to build test for ia64 and parisc due to existing build
> > breakage in v6.6-rc2.
> > 
> > Fixes: 9257959a6e5b4fca ("locking/atomic: scripts: restructure fallback ifdeffery")
> > Reported-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
> > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/all/ZOWFtqA2om0w5Vmz@fedora/
> > Reported-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@kernel.org>

The dentry crashes on fstests on arm64 have gone away, so I feel
confident in saying:

Tested-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@kernel.org>

--D

> > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20230912173026.GA3389127@frogsfrogsfrogs/
> > Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> 
> Thank you  for the patch that fixes this issue!
> 
> I tested the patch and confirmed that hlist_bl_lock now provides the
> guarantees it should.
> 
> Tested-by: Baokun Li <libaokun1@huawei.com>
> 
> 
> Cheers!
> Baokun Li
> > Cc: Baokun Li <libaokun1@huawei.com>
> > Cc: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
> > Cc: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@linux.dev>
> > Cc: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Yi Zhang <yi.zhang@redhat.com>
> > Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> > ---
> >   include/linux/atomic/atomic-arch-fallback.h | 10 +---------
> >   scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh       |  2 +-
> >   2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> > 
> > Peter, are you happy to queue this in the tip tree? It's a pretty nasty
> > regresssion in v6.5, and I'd like to get this in as a fix for v6.6 ASAP.
> > 
> > Thanks,
> > Mark.
> > 
> > diff --git a/include/linux/atomic/atomic-arch-fallback.h b/include/linux/atomic/atomic-arch-fallback.h
> > index 18f5744dfb5d8..b83ef19da13de 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/atomic/atomic-arch-fallback.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/atomic/atomic-arch-fallback.h
> > @@ -459,8 +459,6 @@ raw_atomic_read_acquire(const atomic_t *v)
> >   {
> >   #if defined(arch_atomic_read_acquire)
> >   	return arch_atomic_read_acquire(v);
> > -#elif defined(arch_atomic_read)
> > -	return arch_atomic_read(v);
> >   #else
> >   	int ret;
> > @@ -508,8 +506,6 @@ raw_atomic_set_release(atomic_t *v, int i)
> >   {
> >   #if defined(arch_atomic_set_release)
> >   	arch_atomic_set_release(v, i);
> > -#elif defined(arch_atomic_set)
> > -	arch_atomic_set(v, i);
> >   #else
> >   	if (__native_word(atomic_t)) {
> >   		smp_store_release(&(v)->counter, i);
> > @@ -2575,8 +2571,6 @@ raw_atomic64_read_acquire(const atomic64_t *v)
> >   {
> >   #if defined(arch_atomic64_read_acquire)
> >   	return arch_atomic64_read_acquire(v);
> > -#elif defined(arch_atomic64_read)
> > -	return arch_atomic64_read(v);
> >   #else
> >   	s64 ret;
> > @@ -2624,8 +2618,6 @@ raw_atomic64_set_release(atomic64_t *v, s64 i)
> >   {
> >   #if defined(arch_atomic64_set_release)
> >   	arch_atomic64_set_release(v, i);
> > -#elif defined(arch_atomic64_set)
> > -	arch_atomic64_set(v, i);
> >   #else
> >   	if (__native_word(atomic64_t)) {
> >   		smp_store_release(&(v)->counter, i);
> > @@ -4657,4 +4649,4 @@ raw_atomic64_dec_if_positive(atomic64_t *v)
> >   }
> >   #endif /* _LINUX_ATOMIC_FALLBACK_H */
> > -// 202b45c7db600ce36198eb1f1fc2c2d5268ace2d
> > +// 2fdd6702823fa842f9cea57a002e6e4476ae780c
> > diff --git a/scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh b/scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh
> > index c0c8a85d7c81b..a45154cefa487 100755
> > --- a/scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh
> > +++ b/scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh
> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ gen_proto_order_variant()
> >   	fi
> >   	# Allow ACQUIRE/RELEASE/RELAXED ops to be defined in terms of FULL ops
> > -	if [ ! -z "${order}" ]; then
> > +	if [ ! -z "${order}" ] && ! meta_is_implicitly_relaxed "${meta}"; then
> >   		printf "#elif defined(arch_${basename})\n"
> >   		printf "\t${retstmt}arch_${basename}(${args});\n"
> >   	fi
> 
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2023-09-20 14:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2023-09-19 17:14 [PATCH] locking/atomic: scripts: fix fallback ifdeffery Mark Rutland
2023-09-19 17:27 ` Darrick J. Wong
2023-09-19 18:59 ` Peter Zijlstra
2023-09-20  2:08 ` Baokun Li
2023-09-20 14:22   ` Darrick J. Wong [this message]
2023-09-20  7:44 ` [tip: locking/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Mark Rutland

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