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From: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
To: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>, Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-i2c@vger.kernel.org, devicetree@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/2] i2c: mux: pca954x: Support multiple devices on a single reset line
Date: Wed, 4 Aug 2021 09:50:11 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <209d9f68-e6c4-68c9-d495-d7e3f5050440@axentia.se> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <29d72be98ebe3e5761f4c3da7b4daf2f05fbbf3b.camel@linux.ibm.com>

On 2021-08-02 23:51, Eddie James wrote:
> On Mon, 2021-08-02 at 14:46 -0600, Rob Herring wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 27, 2021 at 11:03:15AM -0500, Eddie James wrote:
>>> Some systems connect several PCA954x devices to a single reset
>>> GPIO. For
>>> these devices to get out of reset and probe successfully, each
>>> device must
>>> defer the probe until the GPIO has been hogged. Accomplish this by
>>> attempting to grab a new "reset-shared-hogged" devicetree property,
>>> but
>>> expect it to fail with EPROBE_DEFER or EBUSY.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c | 46 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> ------
>>>  1 file changed, 37 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c
>>> b/drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c
>>> index 4ad665757dd8..376b54ffb590 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c
>>> @@ -434,15 +434,43 @@ static int pca954x_probe(struct i2c_client
>>> *client,
>>>  	i2c_set_clientdata(client, muxc);
>>>  	data->client = client;
>>>  
>>> -	/* Reset the mux if a reset GPIO is specified. */
>>> -	gpio = devm_gpiod_get_optional(dev, "reset", GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
>>> -	if (IS_ERR(gpio))
>>> -		return PTR_ERR(gpio);
>>> -	if (gpio) {
>>> -		udelay(1);
>>> -		gpiod_set_value_cansleep(gpio, 0);
>>> -		/* Give the chip some time to recover. */
>>> -		udelay(1);
>>> +	/*
>>> +	 * Grab the shared, hogged gpio that controls the mux reset. We
>>> expect
>>> +	 * this to fail with either EPROBE_DEFER or EBUSY. The only
>>> purpose of
>>> +	 * trying to get it is to make sure the gpio controller has
>>> probed up
>>> +	 * and hogged the line to take the mux out of reset, meaning
>>> that the
>>> +	 * mux is ready to be probed up. Don't try and set the line any
>>> way; in
>>> +	 * the event we actually successfully get the line (if it
>>> wasn't
>>> +	 * hogged) then we immediately release it, since there is no
>>> way to
>>> +	 * sync up the line between muxes.
>>> +	 */
>>> +	gpio = gpiod_get_optional(dev, "reset-shared-hogged", 0);
>>> +	if (IS_ERR(gpio)) {
>>> +		ret = PTR_ERR(gpio);
>>> +		if (ret != -EBUSY)
>>> +			return ret;
>>
>> Why can't you just do this with the existing 'reset-gpios' property? 
>> What's the usecase where you'd want to fail probe because EBUSY
>> other 
>> than an error in your DT.
> 
> Hi, thanks for the reply.
> 
> Are you suggesting I use "reset-gpios" and change the driver to ignore
> EBUSY? I don't know any other usecase, I just didn't think it would be
> acceptable to ignore EBUSY on that, but perhaps it is a better
> solution.

Hi!

From a device-tree point of view that might seem simple. But it becomes
a mess when several driver instances need to coordinate. If one instance
is grabbing the reset line but is then stalled while other instances
race ahead, they might be clobbered by a late reset from the stalled
first instance.

And while it might be possible to arrange the code such that those dragons
are dodged and that the reset is properly coordinated, what if the gpio is
supposed to be shared with some other totally unrelated driver? It might
seem to work when everything is normal, but as soon as anything out of the
ordinary happens, all bets are off. I expect subtle problems in the
furture.

I see no simple solution to this, and I also expect that if gpios need
to be shared, there will eventually need to be some kind of layer that
helps with coordination such that it becomes explicit rather than
implicit and fragile.

Cheers,
Peter

> Thanks,
> Eddie
> 
>>
>>> +	} else {
>>> +		if (gpio) {
>>> +			/* This is really a problem since now we don't
>>> know the
>>> +			 * state of the gpio. Log a warning and keep
>>> trying to
>>> +			 * probe the mux just in case it works.
>>> +			 */
>>> +			dev_warn(dev, "got hogged reset line, expect
>>> error\n");
>>> +			gpiod_put(gpio);
>>> +		} else {
>>> +			/* Reset the mux if a reset GPIO is specified.
>>> */
>>> +			gpio = devm_gpiod_get_optional(dev, "reset",
>>> +						       GPIOD_OUT_HIGH);
>>> +			if (IS_ERR(gpio))
>>> +				return PTR_ERR(gpio);
>>> +
>>> +			if (gpio) {
>>> +				udelay(1);
>>> +				gpiod_set_value_cansleep(gpio, 0);
>>> +				/* Give the chip some time to recover.
>>> */
>>> +				udelay(1);
>>> +			}
>>> +		}
>>>  	}
>>>  
>>>  	data->chip = device_get_match_data(dev);
>>> -- 
>>> 2.27.0
>>>
>>>
> 

-- 
Peter Rosin
+46 730 746 224
Axentia Technologies AB

  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-04  7:50 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-27 16:03 [PATCH v2 0/2] " Eddie James
2021-07-27 16:03 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] dt-bindings: i2c: i2c-mux-pca954x: Define the reset-shared-hogged gpio Eddie James
2021-07-27 16:03 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] i2c: mux: pca954x: Support multiple devices on a single reset line Eddie James
2021-08-02 20:46   ` Rob Herring
2021-08-02 21:51     ` Eddie James
2021-08-02 22:35       ` Rob Herring
2021-08-04  7:50       ` Peter Rosin [this message]
2021-08-04 13:28         ` Rob Herring
2021-08-04 15:12           ` Eddie James
2021-08-04 16:35             ` Rob Herring

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