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From: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
To: ira.weiny@intel.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org,
	"Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	"Theodore Y. Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>,
	Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>,
	linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-api@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH V11.1] Documentation/dax: Update Usage section
Date: Tue, 28 Apr 2020 19:21:18 -0700
Message-ID: <28f97c0b-6c7f-7496-b57d-0342a4dcc0af@infradead.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200428222145.409961-1-ira.weiny@intel.com>

On 4/28/20 3:21 PM, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
> functionality.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> ---
> Changes from V11:
> 	Minor changes from Darrick
> 
> Changes from V10:
> 	Clarifications from Dave
> 	Add '-c' to xfs_io examples
> 
> Changes from V9:
> 	Fix missing ')'
> 	Fix trialing '"'

trailing

> 
> Changes from V8:
> 	Updates from Darrick
> 
> Changes from V7:
> 	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan
> 
> Changes from V6:
> 	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
> 	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/
> 
> Changes from V5:
> 	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 139 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> index 679729442fd2..dc1c1aa36cc2 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> @@ -17,11 +17,147 @@ For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
>  Usage
>  -----
>  
> -If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
> +If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
>  on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
>  size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
> -size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
> -option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
> +size when creating the file system.
> +
> +Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them

Why "file system" in the first paragraph when "filesystem" is used here and below?

> +is different.
> +
> +Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
> +-----------------------------
> +
> +When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
> +add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
> +within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
> +
> +
> +Enabling DAX on xfs
> +-------------------
> +
> +Summary
> +-------
> +
> + 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
> +    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
> +    about this access mode.
> +
> + 2. There exists a persistent flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can be applied to regular
> +    files and directories. This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
> +    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
> +
> + 3. If the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag is set on a directory, this flag will
> +    be inherited by all regular files and subdirectories that are subsequently
> +    created in this directory. Files and subdirectories that exist at the time
> +    this flag is set or cleared on the parent directory are not modified by
> +    this modification of the parent directory.
> +
> + 4. There exists dax mount options which can override FS_XFLAG_DAX in the

             exist

> +    setting of the S_DAX flag.  Given underlying storage which supports DAX the
> +    following hold:
> +
> +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> +
> +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax"        is a legacy option which is an alias for "dax=always".
> +		    This may be removed in the future so "-o dax=always" is
> +		    the preferred method for specifying this behavior.
> +
> +    NOTE: Modifications to and the inheritance behavior of FS_XFLAG_DAX remain
> +    the same even when the file system is mounted with a dax option.  However,
> +    in-core inode state (S_DAX) will be overridden until the file system is

                                     "file system" (2 times above)

> +    remounted with dax=inode and the inode is evicted from kernel memory.
> +
> + 5. The S_DAX policy can be changed via:
> +
> +    a) Setting the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX as needed before files are
> +       created
> +
> +    b) Setting the appropriate dax="foo" mount option
> +
> +    c) Changing the FS_XFLAG_DAX on existing regular files and directories.

                       FS_XFLAGS_DAX flag on

> +       This has runtime constraints and limitations that are described in 6)
> +       below.
> +
> + 6. When changing the S_DAX policy via toggling the persistent FS_XFLAG_DAX flag,
> +    the change in behaviour for existing regular files may not occur
> +    immediately.  If the change must take effect immediately, the administrator
> +    needs to:
> +
> +    a) stop the application so there are no active references to the data set
> +       the policy change will affect
> +
> +    b) evict the data set from kernel caches so it will be re-instantiated when
> +       the application is restarted. This can be achieved by:
> +
> +       i. drop-caches
> +       ii. a filesystem unmount and mount cycle

filesystem

> +       iii. a system reboot
> +
> +
> +Details
> +-------
> +
> +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a persistent inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> +and the other is a volatile flag indicating the active state of the feature
> +(S_DAX).
> +
> +FS_XFLAG_DAX is preserved within the file system.  This persistent config

file system

> +setting can be set, cleared and/or queried using the FS_IOC_FS[GS]ETXATTR ioctl
> +(see ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr(2)) or an utility such as 'xfs_io'.
> +
> +New files and directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from
> +their parent directory _when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at
> +directory creation time can be used to set a default behavior for an entire
> +sub-tree.
> +
> +To clarify inheritance, here are 3 examples:
> +
> +Example A:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +mkdir a/e
> +
> +	dax: a,e
> +	no dax: b,c,d
> +
> +Example B:
> +
> +mkdir a
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: a,b,c,d
> +	no dax:
> +
> +Example C:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' c
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: c,d
> +	no dax: a,b
> +
> +
> +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is instantiated in
> +memory by the kernel.  It is set based on the underlying media support, the
> +value of FS_XFLAG_DAX and the file system's dax mount option.
> +
> +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that only regular files will ever have
> +S_DAX set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on
> +directories.
> +
> +Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs even if

           the FS_XFLAG_DAX flag

> +the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is overridden

file system

Just be consistent, please.

> +with a mount option.
> +
>  
>  
>  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> 

thanks.
-- 
~Randy


  reply index

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-28  0:21 [PATCH V11 00/11] XFS - Enable per-file/per-directory DAX operations V11 ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 01/11] fs/xfs: Remove unnecessary initialization of i_rwsem ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 02/11] fs: Remove unneeded IS_DAX() check in io_is_direct() ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 03/11] fs/stat: Define DAX statx attribute ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 04/11] Documentation/dax: Update Usage section ira.weiny
2020-04-28 20:27   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-04-28 20:53     ` Ira Weiny
2020-04-28 21:12       ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-04-28 22:21   ` [PATCH V11.1] " ira.weiny
2020-04-29  2:21     ` Randy Dunlap [this message]
2020-04-29  4:30       ` Ira Weiny
2020-04-29  4:33     ` [PATCH V11.2] " ira.weiny
2020-04-29  5:47       ` Randy Dunlap
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 05/11] fs/xfs: Change XFS_MOUNT_DAX to XFS_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 06/11] fs/xfs: Make DAX mount option a tri-state ira.weiny
2020-04-28 20:08   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 07/11] fs/xfs: Create function xfs_inode_should_enable_dax() ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 08/11] fs/xfs: Combine xfs_diflags_to_linux() and xfs_diflags_to_iflags() ira.weiny
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 09/11] fs: Lift XFS_IDONTCACHE to the VFS layer ira.weiny
2020-04-28 20:06   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 10/11] fs: Introduce DCACHE_DONTCACHE ira.weiny
2020-04-28 13:04   ` Jan Kara
2020-04-28 20:09   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-04-28  0:21 ` [PATCH V11 11/11] fs/xfs: Update xfs_ioctl_setattr_dax_invalidate() ira.weiny
2020-04-28 20:11   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-06-02 17:23     ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-06-02 23:15       ` Ira Weiny
2020-06-03 10:10       ` Jan Kara
2020-06-03 17:03         ` Darrick J. Wong
     [not found] <'20200428002142.404144-5-ira.weiny@intel.com'>
2020-04-28 22:19 ` [PATCH V11.1] Documentation/dax: Update Usage section ira.weiny
2020-04-28 22:23   ` Ira Weiny

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