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From: David Hildenbrand <>
To: Ding Hui <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] mm/page_alloc: fix counting of free pages after take off from buddy
Date: Wed, 26 May 2021 09:58:15 +0200
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 26.05.21 09:52, Ding Hui wrote:
> Recently we found that there is a lot MemFree left in /proc/meminfo
> after do a lot of pages soft offline, it's not quite correct.
> Before Oscar rework soft offline for free pages [1], if we soft
> offline free pages, these pages are left in buddy with HWPoison
> flag, and NR_FREE_PAGES is not updated immediately. So the difference
> between NR_FREE_PAGES and real number of available free pages is
> also even big at the beginning.
> However, with the workload running, when we catch HWPoison page in
> any alloc functions subsequently, we will remove it from buddy,
> meanwhile update the NR_FREE_PAGES and try again, so the NR_FREE_PAGES
> will get more and more closer to the real number of available free pages.
> (regardless of unpoison_memory())
> Now, for offline free pages, after a successful call take_page_off_buddy(),
> the page is no longer belong to buddy allocator, and will not be
> used any more, but we missed accounting NR_FREE_PAGES in this situation,
> and there is no chance to be updated later.
> Do update in take_page_off_buddy() like rmqueue() does, but avoid
> double counting if some one already set_migratetype_isolate() on the
> page.
> [1]: commit 06be6ff3d2ec ("mm,hwpoison: rework soft offline for free pages")
> Suggested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <>
> Signed-off-by: Ding Hui <>
> ---
> v3:
> - as Naoya Horiguchi suggested, do update only when
>    is_migrate_isolate(migratetype)) is false
> - updated patch description
> v2:
> -
> - use __mod_zone_freepage_state instead of __mod_zone_page_state
>   mm/page_alloc.c | 2 ++
>   1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index aaa1655cf682..d1f5de1c1283 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -9158,6 +9158,8 @@ bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page)
>   			del_page_from_free_list(page_head, zone, page_order);
>   			break_down_buddy_pages(zone, page_head, page, 0,
>   						page_order, migratetype);
> +			if (!is_migrate_isolate(migratetype))
> +				__mod_zone_freepage_state(zone, -1, migratetype);
>   			ret = true;
>   			break;
>   		}

I guess if we'd actually be removing a page from the buddy while it's 
currently isolated by someone else (i.e., alloc_contig_range()), we 
might be in bigger trouble.

I think we should actually skip isolated pages completely. 
take_page_off_buddy() should not touch them.

Anyhow, different problem, so

Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <>


David / dhildenb

  reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-26  7:52 Ding Hui
2021-05-26  7:58 ` David Hildenbrand [this message]
2021-05-26 10:43   ` Oscar Salvador
2021-05-26 10:42 ` Oscar Salvador
2021-05-27  0:34 ` HORIGUCHI NAOYA(堀口 直也)

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