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From: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [CFT] kmem_cache_alloc_node
Date: Sat, 29 Nov 2003 17:21:40 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <3FC8C794.50005@colorfullife.com> (raw)

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 825 bytes --]

Hi,

I've written a prototype kmem_cache_alloc_node function: I'm not yet 
convinced that it's really necessary to guarantee that kmalloc and 
kmem_cache_alloc are strictly node-local (adds noticable costs to the 
hot paths, and many objects will be touched by multiple nodes anyway), 
but at least the cpu bound data structures should be allocated from the 
right node.
The attached patch adds a simple kmem_cache_alloc_node function and 
moves the cpu local structures within slab onto the right node.
One problem is the bootstrap: there is an 
alloc_pages_node(,,cpu_to_node()) during CPU_UP_PREPARE: Does that work, 
or is that too early?
Please test it, I don't have access to suitable hardware.

The patch also includes fixes for two accounting bugs in error paths, 
I'll send them seperately to Andrew.
--
    Manfred

[-- Attachment #2: patch-slab-nodelink --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 8914 bytes --]

// $Header$
// Kernel Version:
//  VERSION = 2
//  PATCHLEVEL = 6
//  SUBLEVEL = 0
//  EXTRAVERSION = -test11
--- 2.6/include/linux/slab.h	2003-10-25 20:44:55.000000000 +0200
+++ build-2.6/include/linux/slab.h	2003-11-29 15:42:59.000000000 +0100
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@
 extern int kmem_cache_destroy(kmem_cache_t *);
 extern int kmem_cache_shrink(kmem_cache_t *);
 extern void *kmem_cache_alloc(kmem_cache_t *, int);
+extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(kmem_cache_t *, int);
 extern void kmem_cache_free(kmem_cache_t *, void *);
 extern unsigned int kmem_cache_size(kmem_cache_t *);
 
--- 2.6/mm/slab.c	2003-11-29 09:46:35.000000000 +0100
+++ build-2.6/mm/slab.c	2003-11-29 17:11:46.000000000 +0100
@@ -578,12 +578,26 @@
 	}
 }
 
-/*
- * Note: if someone calls kmem_cache_alloc() on the new
- * cpu before the cpuup callback had a chance to allocate
- * the head arrays, it will oops.
- * Is CPU_ONLINE early enough?
- */
+static struct array_cache *alloc_arraycache(int cpu, int entries, int batchcount)
+{
+	int memsize = sizeof(void*)*entries+sizeof(struct array_cache);
+	struct array_cache *nc = NULL;
+
+	if (cpu != -1) {
+		nc = kmem_cache_alloc_node(kmem_find_general_cachep(memsize, GFP_KERNEL),
+					cpu_to_node(cpu));
+	}
+	if (!nc)
+		nc = kmalloc(memsize, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (nc) {
+		nc->avail = 0;
+		nc->limit = entries;
+		nc->batchcount = batchcount;
+		nc->touched = 0;
+	}
+	return nc;
+}
+
 static int __devinit cpuup_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
 				  unsigned long action,
 				  void *hcpu)
@@ -595,25 +609,18 @@
 	case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
 		down(&cache_chain_sem);
 		list_for_each(p, &cache_chain) {
-			int memsize;
+			kmem_cache_t* cachep = list_entry(p, kmem_cache_t, next);
 			struct array_cache *nc;
 
-			kmem_cache_t* cachep = list_entry(p, kmem_cache_t, next);
-			memsize = sizeof(void*)*cachep->limit+sizeof(struct array_cache);
-			nc = kmalloc(memsize, GFP_KERNEL);
+			nc = alloc_arraycache(cpu, cachep->limit, cachep->batchcount);
 			if (!nc)
 				goto bad;
-			nc->avail = 0;
-			nc->limit = cachep->limit;
-			nc->batchcount = cachep->batchcount;
-			nc->touched = 0;
 
 			spin_lock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
 			cachep->array[cpu] = nc;
 			cachep->free_limit = (1+num_online_cpus())*cachep->batchcount
 						+ cachep->num;
 			spin_unlock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
-
 		}
 		up(&cache_chain_sem);
 		break;
@@ -800,24 +807,27 @@
  * did not request dmaable memory, we might get it, but that
  * would be relatively rare and ignorable.
  */
-static inline void *kmem_getpages(kmem_cache_t *cachep, unsigned long flags)
+static void *kmem_getpages(kmem_cache_t *cachep, int flags, int nodeid)
 {
-	void *addr;
+	struct page *page;
 
 	flags |= cachep->gfpflags;
-	if (cachep->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
-		atomic_add(1<<cachep->gfporder, &slab_reclaim_pages);
-	addr = (void*)__get_free_pages(flags, cachep->gfporder);
-	if (addr) {
+	page = alloc_pages_node(nodeid, flags, cachep->gfporder);
+	if (page) {
 		int i = (1 << cachep->gfporder);
-		struct page *page = virt_to_page(addr);
+		void *ptr;
 
+		add_page_state(nr_slab, i);
+		if (cachep->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
+			atomic_add(i, &slab_reclaim_pages);
+		ptr = page_address(page);
 		while (i--) {
 			SetPageSlab(page);
 			page++;
 		}
+		return ptr;
 	}
-	return addr;
+	return NULL;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1539,6 +1549,21 @@
 	}
 }
 
+static void set_slab_attr(kmem_cache_t *cachep, struct slab *slabp, void *objp)
+{
+	int i;
+	struct page *page;
+
+	/* Nasty!!!!!! I hope this is OK. */
+	i = 1 << cachep->gfporder;
+	page = virt_to_page(objp);
+	do {
+		SET_PAGE_CACHE(page, cachep);
+		SET_PAGE_SLAB(page, slabp);
+		page++;
+	} while (--i);
+}
+
 /*
  * Grow (by 1) the number of slabs within a cache.  This is called by
  * kmem_cache_alloc() when there are no active objs left in a cache.
@@ -1546,10 +1571,9 @@
 static int cache_grow (kmem_cache_t * cachep, int flags)
 {
 	struct slab	*slabp;
-	struct page	*page;
 	void		*objp;
 	size_t		 offset;
-	unsigned int	 i, local_flags;
+	int		 local_flags;
 	unsigned long	 ctor_flags;
 
 	/* Be lazy and only check for valid flags here,
@@ -1593,25 +1617,15 @@
 	 */
 	kmem_flagcheck(cachep, flags);
 
-
 	/* Get mem for the objs. */
-	if (!(objp = kmem_getpages(cachep, flags)))
+	if (!(objp = kmem_getpages(cachep, flags, numa_node_id())))
 		goto failed;
 
 	/* Get slab management. */
 	if (!(slabp = alloc_slabmgmt(cachep, objp, offset, local_flags)))
 		goto opps1;
 
-	/* Nasty!!!!!! I hope this is OK. */
-	i = 1 << cachep->gfporder;
-	page = virt_to_page(objp);
-	do {
-		SET_PAGE_CACHE(page, cachep);
-		SET_PAGE_SLAB(page, slabp);
-		inc_page_state(nr_slab);
-		page++;
-	} while (--i);
-
+	set_slab_attr(cachep, slabp, objp);
 	cache_init_objs(cachep, slabp, ctor_flags);
 
 	if (local_flags & __GFP_WAIT)
@@ -2074,6 +2088,82 @@
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc);
 
 /**
+ * kmem_cache_alloc_node - Allocate an object on the specified node
+ * @cachep: The cache to allocate from.
+ * @flags: See kmalloc().
+ * @nodeid: node number of the target node.
+ *
+ * Identical to kmem_cache_alloc, except that this function is slow
+ * and can sleep. And it will allocate memory on the given node, which
+ * can improve the performance for cpu bound structures.
+ */
+void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(kmem_cache_t *cachep, int nodeid)
+{
+	size_t offset;
+	void *objp;
+	struct slab *slabp;
+	kmem_bufctl_t next;
+
+	/* The main algorithms are not node aware, thus we have to cheat:
+	 * We bypass all caches and allocate a new slab.
+	 * The following code is a streamlined copy of cache_grow().
+	 */
+
+	/* Get colour for the slab, and update the next value. */
+	spin_lock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
+	offset = cachep->colour_next;
+	cachep->colour_next++;
+	if (cachep->colour_next >= cachep->colour)
+		cachep->colour_next = 0;
+	offset *= cachep->colour_off;
+	spin_unlock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
+
+	/* Get mem for the objs. */
+	if (!(objp = kmem_getpages(cachep, GFP_KERNEL, nodeid)))
+		goto failed;
+
+	/* Get slab management. */
+	if (!(slabp = alloc_slabmgmt(cachep, objp, offset, GFP_KERNEL)))
+		goto opps1;
+
+	set_slab_attr(cachep, slabp, objp);
+	cache_init_objs(cachep, slabp, SLAB_CTOR_CONSTRUCTOR);
+
+	/* The first object is ours: */
+	objp = slabp->s_mem + slabp->free*cachep->objsize;
+	slabp->inuse++;
+	next = slab_bufctl(slabp)[slabp->free];
+#if DEBUG
+	slab_bufctl(slabp)[slabp->free] = BUFCTL_FREE;
+#endif
+	slabp->free = next;
+
+	/* add the remaining objects into the cache */
+	spin_lock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
+	check_slabp(cachep, slabp);
+	STATS_INC_GROWN(cachep);
+	/* Make slab active. */
+	if (slabp->free == BUFCTL_END) {
+		list_add_tail(&slabp->list, &(list3_data(cachep)->slabs_full));
+	} else {
+		list_add_tail(&slabp->list, &(list3_data(cachep)->slabs_partial));
+		list3_data(cachep)->free_objects += cachep->num-1;
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
+	objp = cache_alloc_debugcheck_after(cachep, GFP_KERNEL, objp, __builtin_return_address(0));
+	return objp;
+
+	return objp;
+opps1:
+	kmem_freepages(cachep, objp);
+failed:
+	return NULL;
+
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_node);
+
+/**
  * kmalloc - allocate memory
  * @size: how many bytes of memory are required.
  * @flags: the type of memory to allocate.
@@ -2267,7 +2357,6 @@
 	new->new[smp_processor_id()] = old;
 }
 
-
 static int do_tune_cpucache (kmem_cache_t* cachep, int limit, int batchcount, int shared)
 {
 	struct ccupdate_struct new;
@@ -2276,19 +2365,11 @@
 
 	memset(&new.new,0,sizeof(new.new));
 	for (i = 0; i < NR_CPUS; i++) {
-		struct array_cache *ccnew;
-
-		ccnew = kmalloc(sizeof(void*)*limit+
-				sizeof(struct array_cache), GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!ccnew) {
+		new.new[i] = alloc_arraycache(i, limit, batchcount);
+		if (!new.new[i]) {
 			for (i--; i >= 0; i--) kfree(new.new[i]);
 			return -ENOMEM;
 		}
-		ccnew->avail = 0;
-		ccnew->limit = limit;
-		ccnew->batchcount = batchcount;
-		ccnew->touched = 0;
-		new.new[i] = ccnew;
 	}
 	new.cachep = cachep;
 
@@ -2310,14 +2391,9 @@
 		spin_unlock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
 		kfree(ccold);
 	}
-	new_shared = kmalloc(sizeof(void*)*batchcount*shared+
-				sizeof(struct array_cache), GFP_KERNEL);
+	new_shared = alloc_arraycache(-1, batchcount*shared, 0xbaadf00d);
 	if (new_shared) {
 		struct array_cache *old;
-		new_shared->avail = 0;
-		new_shared->limit = batchcount*shared;
-		new_shared->batchcount = 0xbaadf00d;
-		new_shared->touched = 0;
 
 		spin_lock_irq(&cachep->spinlock);
 		old = cachep->lists.shared;
--- 2.6/include/linux/page-flags.h	2003-10-25 20:44:06.000000000 +0200
+++ build-2.6/include/linux/page-flags.h	2003-11-29 14:45:57.000000000 +0100
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@
 
 #define inc_page_state(member)	mod_page_state(member, 1UL)
 #define dec_page_state(member)	mod_page_state(member, 0UL - 1)
+#define add_page_state(member,delta) mod_page_state(member, (delta))
 #define sub_page_state(member,delta) mod_page_state(member, 0UL - (delta))
 
 

             reply	other threads:[~2003-11-29 16:21 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2003-11-29 16:21 Manfred Spraul [this message]
2003-11-29 17:12 ` [CFT] kmem_cache_alloc_node Zwane Mwaikambo

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