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From: Akira Tsukamoto <akira.tsukamoto@gmail.com>
To: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
Cc: akira.tsukamoto@gmail.com,
	Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>,
	linux@roeck-us.net, geert@linux-m68k.org,
	qiuwenbo@kylinos.com.cn, aou@eecs.berkeley.edu,
	linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/1] riscv: __asm_copy_to-from_user: Improve using word copy if size < 9*SZREG
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 18:03:19 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <468725dc-d110-5ede-e290-c7a97feacd43@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <mhng-f83b1d51-c006-4b01-830a-0f827f0c56a1@palmerdabbelt-glaptop>


On 8/17/2021 3:09 AM, Palmer Dabbelt wrote:
> On Fri, 30 Jul 2021 06:52:44 PDT (-0700), akira.tsukamoto@gmail.com wrote:
>> Reduce the number of slow byte_copy when the size is in between
>> 2*SZREG to 9*SZREG by using none unrolled word_copy.
>>
>> Without it any size smaller than 9*SZREG will be using slow byte_copy
>> instead of none unrolled word_copy.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Akira Tsukamoto <akira.tsukamoto@gmail.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/riscv/lib/uaccess.S | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>>  1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/riscv/lib/uaccess.S b/arch/riscv/lib/uaccess.S
>> index 63bc691cff91..6a80d5517afc 100644
>> --- a/arch/riscv/lib/uaccess.S
>> +++ b/arch/riscv/lib/uaccess.S
>> @@ -34,8 +34,10 @@ ENTRY(__asm_copy_from_user)
>>      /*
>>       * Use byte copy only if too small.
>>       * SZREG holds 4 for RV32 and 8 for RV64
>> +     * a3 - 2*SZREG is minimum size for word_copy
>> +     *      1*SZREG for aligning dst + 1*SZREG for word_copy
>>       */
>> -    li    a3, 9*SZREG /* size must be larger than size in word_copy */
>> +    li    a3, 2*SZREG
>>      bltu    a2, a3, .Lbyte_copy_tail
>>
>>      /*
>> @@ -66,9 +68,40 @@ ENTRY(__asm_copy_from_user)
>>      andi    a3, a1, SZREG-1
>>      bnez    a3, .Lshift_copy
>>
>> +.Lcheck_size_bulk:
>> +    /*
>> +     * Evaluate the size if possible to use unrolled.
>> +     * The word_copy_unlrolled requires larger than 8*SZREG
>> +     */
>> +    li    a3, 8*SZREG
>> +    add    a4, a0, a3
>> +    bltu    a4, t0, .Lword_copy_unlrolled
>> +
>>  .Lword_copy:
>> -        /*
>> -     * Both src and dst are aligned, unrolled word copy
>> +    /*
>> +     * Both src and dst are aligned
>> +     * None unrolled word copy with every 1*SZREG iteration
>> +     *
>> +     * a0 - start of aligned dst
>> +     * a1 - start of aligned src
>> +     * t0 - end of aligned dst
>> +     */
>> +    bgeu    a0, t0, .Lbyte_copy_tail /* check if end of copy */
>> +    addi    t0, t0, -(SZREG) /* not to over run */
>> +1:
>> +    REG_L    a5, 0(a1)
>> +    addi    a1, a1, SZREG
>> +    REG_S    a5, 0(a0)
>> +    addi    a0, a0, SZREG
>> +    bltu    a0, t0, 1b
>> +
>> +    addi    t0, t0, SZREG /* revert to original value */
>> +    j    .Lbyte_copy_tail
>> +
>> +.Lword_copy_unlrolled:
>> +    /*
>> +     * Both src and dst are aligned
>> +     * Unrolled word copy with every 8*SZREG iteration
>>       *
>>       * a0 - start of aligned dst
>>       * a1 - start of aligned src
>> @@ -97,7 +130,12 @@ ENTRY(__asm_copy_from_user)
>>      bltu    a0, t0, 2b
>>
>>      addi    t0, t0, 8*SZREG /* revert to original value */
>> -    j    .Lbyte_copy_tail
>> +
>> +    /*
>> +     * Remaining might large enough for word_copy to reduce slow byte
>> +     * copy
>> +     */
>> +    j    .Lcheck_size_bulk
>>
>>  .Lshift_copy:
> 
> I'm still not convinced that going all the way to such a large unrolling factor is a net win, but this at least provides a much smoother cost curve.

I would like to meet and discuss the unrolling factor at some events.
The assembler version of memset in arch/riscv/lib/memset.S had thirty two consequent unrolling loading and stores and initially I also thought it was too much unrolling and crazy. 

However, I could not beat it with the speed with any of my customization when reducing the
unrolling. I never thought such a large unrolling would have benefit, my initial thought was minimum two or three would be enough for five or so pipeline cores with in-order and single issue design.

At the same time I experienced in the past some x86’s in-order cores would benefit from large unrolling, so I decided to go which was faster after the measurement.
The speed of the memset is critical for clearing the entire 4KiB page. 

The biggest down size is that the large unrolling will increase the binary size, and most of out-of-order cores are able to compensate without large unrolling by reordering instructions internally, so when I am able to rewrite the function with inline assembler, I would like to
switch with #ifdef of choosing the portion of unrolling between in-order cores and out-of cores in the future. Currently all physical risc-v cores are in-order design but probably out-of-order cores are coming some time and could benefit from reducing the binary size and relaxing the required memory bandwidth.

> 
> That said, this is causing my 32-bit configs to hang.  There were a few conflicts so I may have messed something up, but nothing is jumping out at me.  I've put what I ended up with on a branch, if you have time to look that'd be great but if not then I'll take another shot at this when I get back around to it.
> 
>    https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/palmer/linux.git/commit/?h=wip-word_user_copy
> 
> Here's the backtrace, though that's probably not all that useful:
> 
> [    0.703694] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 000005a8
> [    0.704194] Oops [#1]
> [    0.704301] Modules linked in:[    0.704463] CPU: 2 PID: 1 Comm: init Not tainted 5.14.0-rc1-00016-g59461ddb9dbd #5
> [    0.704660] Hardware name: riscv-virtio,qemu (DT)
> [    0.704802] epc : walk_stackframe+0xac/0xc2[    0.704941]  ra : dump_backtrace+0x1a/0x22
> [    0.705074] epc : c0004558 ra : c0004588 sp : c1c5fe10
> [    0.705216]  gp : c18b41c8 tp : c1cd8000 t0 : 00000000[    0.705357]  t1 : ffffffff t2 : 00000000 s0 : c1c5fe40
> [    0.705506]  s1 : c11313dc a0 : 00000000 a1 : 00000000
> [    0.705647]  a2 : c06fd2c2 a3 : c11313dc a4 : c084292d[    0.705787]  a5 : 00000000 a6 : c1864cb8 a7 : 3fffffff
> [    0.705926]  s2 : 00000000 s3 : c1123e88 s4 : 00000000
> [    0.706066]  s5 : c11313dc s6 : c06fd2c2 s7 : 00000001[    0.706206]  s8 : 00000000 s9 : 95af6e28 s10: 00000000
> [    0.706345]  s11: 00000001 t3 : 00000000 t4 : 00000000
> [    0.706482]  t5 : 00000001 t6 : 00000000[    0.706594] status: 00000100 badaddr: 000005a8 cause: 0000000d
> [    0.706809] [<c0004558>] walk_stackframe+0xac/0xc2
> [    0.707019] [<c0004588>] dump_backtrace+0x1a/0x22[    0.707149] [<c06fd312>] show_stack+0x2c/0x38
> [    0.707271] [<c06ffba4>] dump_stack_lvl+0x40/0x58
> [    0.707400] [<c06ffbce>] dump_stack+0x12/0x1a[    0.707521] [<c06fd4f6>] panic+0xfa/0x2a6
> [    0.707632] [<c000e2f4>] do_exit+0x7a8/0x7ac
> [    0.707749] [<c000eefa>] do_group_exit+0x2a/0x7e[    0.707872] [<c000ef60>] __wake_up_parent+0x0/0x20
> [    0.707999] [<c0003020>] ret_from_syscall+0x0/0x2
> [    0.708385] ---[ end trace 260976561a3770d1 ]---

I am suspecting the error above might be the same cause as Qiu have mentioning at the other thread.

Akira

  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-17  9:03 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-30 13:50 [PATCH 0/1] __asm_copy_to-from_user: Reduce more byte_copy Akira Tsukamoto
2021-07-30 13:52 ` [PATCH 1/1] riscv: __asm_copy_to-from_user: Improve using word copy if size < 9*SZREG Akira Tsukamoto
2021-08-12 13:41   ` Guenter Roeck
2021-08-15  6:51   ` Andreas Schwab
2021-08-16 18:09   ` Palmer Dabbelt
2021-08-16 19:00     ` Andreas Schwab
2021-08-20  6:42       ` Akira Tsukamoto
2021-08-17  9:03     ` Akira Tsukamoto [this message]
2021-08-12 11:01 ` [PATCH 0/1] __asm_copy_to-from_user: Reduce more byte_copy Akira Tsukamoto
     [not found]   ` <61187c37.1c69fb81.ed9bd.cc45SMTPIN_ADDED_BROKEN@mx.google.com>
2021-08-16  6:24     ` Akira Tsukamoto
     [not found]       ` <611a33ac.1c69fb81.12aae.89a5SMTPIN_ADDED_BROKEN@mx.google.com>
2021-08-17  7:32         ` Akira Tsukamoto

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