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From: Aaron Lu <aaron.lwe@gmail.com>
To: Alexander Duyck <alexander.duyck@gmail.com>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: rkrcmar@redhat.com, alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com,
	x86@kernel.org, mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de, hpa@zytor.com,
	pbonzini@redhat.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 4/4] mm: Add merge page notifier
Date: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 14:40:50 +0800
Message-ID: <5e6d22b2-0f14-43eb-846b-a940e629c02b@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190204181558.12095.83484.stgit@localhost.localdomain>

On 2019/2/5 2:15, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> 
> Because the implementation was limiting itself to only providing hints on
> pages huge TLB order sized or larger we introduced the possibility for free
> pages to slip past us because they are freed as something less then
> huge TLB in size and aggregated with buddies later.
> 
> To address that I am adding a new call arch_merge_page which is called
> after __free_one_page has merged a pair of pages to create a higher order
> page. By doing this I am able to fill the gap and provide full coverage for
> all of the pages huge TLB order or larger.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/page.h |   12 ++++++++++++
>  arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c       |   28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/gfp.h         |    4 ++++
>  mm/page_alloc.c             |    2 ++
>  4 files changed, 46 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> index 4487ad7a3385..9540a97c9997 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page.h
> @@ -29,6 +29,18 @@ static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
>  	if (static_branch_unlikely(&pv_free_page_hint_enabled))
>  		__arch_free_page(page, order);
>  }
> +
> +struct zone;
> +
> +#define HAVE_ARCH_MERGE_PAGE
> +void __arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> +		       unsigned int order);
> +static inline void arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> +				   unsigned int order)
> +{
> +	if (static_branch_unlikely(&pv_free_page_hint_enabled))
> +		__arch_merge_page(zone, page, order);
> +}
>  #endif
>  
>  #include <linux/range.h>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> index 09c91641c36c..957bb4f427bb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> @@ -785,6 +785,34 @@ void __arch_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
>  		       PAGE_SIZE << order);
>  }
>  
> +void __arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
> +		       unsigned int order)
> +{
> +	/*
> +	 * The merging logic has merged a set of buddies up to the
> +	 * KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER. Since that is the case, take
> +	 * advantage of this moment to notify the hypervisor of the free
> +	 * memory.
> +	 */
> +	if (order != KVM_PV_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT_MIN_ORDER)
> +		return;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Drop zone lock while processing the hypercall. This
> +	 * should be safe as the page has not yet been added
> +	 * to the buddy list as of yet and all the pages that
> +	 * were merged have had their buddy/guard flags cleared
> +	 * and their order reset to 0.
> +	 */
> +	spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
> +
> +	kvm_hypercall2(KVM_HC_UNUSED_PAGE_HINT, page_to_phys(page),
> +		       PAGE_SIZE << order);
> +
> +	/* reacquire lock and resume freeing memory */
> +	spin_lock(&zone->lock);
> +}
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
>  
>  /* Kick a cpu by its apicid. Used to wake up a halted vcpu */
> diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
> index fdab7de7490d..4746d5560193 100644
> --- a/include/linux/gfp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
> @@ -459,6 +459,10 @@ static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags)
>  #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE
>  static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { }
>  #endif
> +#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_MERGE_PAGE
> +static inline void
> +arch_merge_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page, int order) { }
> +#endif
>  #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_PAGE
>  static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { }
>  #endif
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index c954f8c1fbc4..7a1309b0b7c5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -913,6 +913,8 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
>  		page = page + (combined_pfn - pfn);
>  		pfn = combined_pfn;
>  		order++;
> +
> +		arch_merge_page(zone, page, order);

Not a proper place AFAICS.

Assume we have an order-8 page being sent here for merge and its order-8
buddy is also free, then order++ became 9 and arch_merge_page() will do
the hint to host on this page as an order-9 page, no problem so far.
Then the next round, assume the now order-9 page's buddy is also free,
order++ will become 10 and arch_merge_page() will again hint to host on
this page as an order-10 page. The first hint to host became redundant.

I think the proper place is after the done_merging tag.

BTW, with arch_merge_page() at the proper place, I don't think patch3/4
is necessary - any freed page will go through merge anyway, we won't
lose any hint opportunity. Or do I miss anything?

>  	}
>  	if (max_order < MAX_ORDER) {
>  		/* If we are here, it means order is >= pageblock_order.
> 

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 55+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-02-04 18:15 [RFC PATCH 0/4] kvm: Report unused guest pages to host Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 18:15 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] madvise: Expose ability to set dontneed from kernel Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 18:15 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] kvm: Add host side support for free memory hints Alexander Duyck
2019-02-10  0:44   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 17:34     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-11 17:36       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 17:41     ` Dave Hansen
2019-02-11 17:48       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 18:30         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-11 19:24           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-04 18:15 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] kvm: Add guest " Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 19:44   ` Dave Hansen
2019-02-04 20:42     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 23:00   ` Nadav Amit
2019-02-04 23:37     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-05  0:03       ` Nadav Amit
2019-02-05  0:16         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-05  1:46           ` Nadav Amit
2019-02-05 18:09             ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-07 18:21   ` Luiz Capitulino
2019-02-07 18:44     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-07 20:02       ` Luiz Capitulino
2019-02-08 21:05       ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-08 21:31         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-10  0:49   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 16:31     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-11 17:36       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 18:10         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-11 19:54           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 21:00             ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-11 22:52               ` Michael S. Tsirkin
     [not found]                 ` <94462313ccd927d25675f69de459456cf066c1a2.camel@linux.intel.com>
2019-02-12  0:34                   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 17:48     ` Dave Hansen
2019-02-11 17:58       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 18:19         ` Dave Hansen
2019-02-11 19:56           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-04 18:15 ` [RFC PATCH 4/4] mm: Add merge page notifier Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 19:40   ` Dave Hansen
2019-02-04 19:51     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-10  0:57   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 13:30     ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-11 14:17       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 16:24         ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-11 17:41           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-02-11 18:09             ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-11  6:40   ` Aaron Lu [this message]
2019-02-11 15:58     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-12  2:09       ` Aaron Lu
2019-02-12 17:20         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-04 18:19 ` [RFC PATCH QEMU] i386/kvm: Enable paravirtual unused page hint mechanism Alexander Duyck
2019-02-05 17:25 ` [RFC PATCH 0/4] kvm: Report unused guest pages to host Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-05 18:43   ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-07 14:48 ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-02-07 16:56   ` Alexander Duyck
2019-02-10  0:51 ` Michael S. Tsirkin

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