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From: David Lechner <david@lechnology.com>
To: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>, Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	esploit@protonmail.ch, jejb@linux.ibm.com, dgilbert@interlog.com,
	martin.petersen@oracle.com, joeypabalinas@gmail.com,
	linux-mm <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] rbtree: fix the red root
Date: Sun, 13 Jan 2019 20:20:12 -0600
Message-ID: <864d6b85-3336-4040-7c95-7d9615873777@lechnology.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CANN689G0zbk7sMbQ+p9NQGQ=NWq-Q0mQOOjeFkLp19YrTfgcLg@mail.gmail.com>

On 1/11/19 8:58 PM, Michel Lespinasse wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 3:47 PM David Lechner <david@lechnology.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 1/11/19 2:58 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
>>> A GPF was reported,
>>>
>>> kasan: CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled
>>> kasan: GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access
>>> general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN
>>>           kasan_die_handler.cold.22+0x11/0x31
>>>           notifier_call_chain+0x17b/0x390
>>>           atomic_notifier_call_chain+0xa7/0x1b0
>>>           notify_die+0x1be/0x2e0
>>>           do_general_protection+0x13e/0x330
>>>           general_protection+0x1e/0x30
>>>           rb_insert_color+0x189/0x1480
>>>           create_object+0x785/0xca0
>>>           kmemleak_alloc+0x2f/0x50
>>>           kmem_cache_alloc+0x1b9/0x3c0
>>>           getname_flags+0xdb/0x5d0
>>>           getname+0x1e/0x20
>>>           do_sys_open+0x3a1/0x7d0
>>>           __x64_sys_open+0x7e/0xc0
>>>           do_syscall_64+0x1b3/0x820
>>>           entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
>>>
>>> It turned out,
>>>
>>> gparent = rb_red_parent(parent);
>>> tmp = gparent->rb_right; <-- GPF was triggered here.
>>>
>>> Apparently, "gparent" is NULL which indicates "parent" is rbtree's root
>>> which is red. Otherwise, it will be treated properly a few lines above.
>>>
>>> /*
>>>    * If there is a black parent, we are done.
>>>    * Otherwise, take some corrective action as,
>>>    * per 4), we don't want a red root or two
>>>    * consecutive red nodes.
>>>    */
>>> if(rb_is_black(parent))
>>>        break;
>>>
>>> Hence, it violates the rule #1 (the root can't be red) and need a fix
>>> up, and also add a regression test for it. This looks like was
>>> introduced by 6d58452dc06 where it no longer always paint the root as
>>> black.
>>>
>>> Fixes: 6d58452dc06 (rbtree: adjust root color in rb_insert_color() only
>>> when necessary)
>>> Reported-by: Esme <esploit@protonmail.ch>
>>> Tested-by: Joey Pabalinas <joeypabalinas@gmail.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
>>> ---
>>
>> Tested-by: David Lechner <david@lechnology.com>
>> FWIW, this fixed the following crash for me:
>>
>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000004
> 
> Just to clarify, do you have a way to reproduce this crash without the fix ?

I am starting to suspect that my crash was caused by some new code
in the drm-misc-next tree that might be causing a memory corruption.
It threw me off that the stack trace didn't contain anything related
to drm.

See: https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/patch/276719/

> 
> I don't think the fix is correct, because it just silently ignores a
> corrupted rbtree (red root node). But the code that creates this
> situation certainly needs to be fixed - having a reproduceable test
> case would certainly help here.
> 
> Regarding 6d58452dc06, the reasoning was that this code expects to be
> called after inserting a new (red) leaf into an rbtree that had all of
> its data structure invariants satisfied. So in this context, it should
> not be necessary to always reset the root to black, as this should
> already be the case...
> 


  reply index

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <YrcPMrGmYbPe_xgNEV6Q0jqc5XuPYmL2AFSyeNmg1gW531bgZnBGfEUK5_ktqDBaNW37b-NP2VXvlliM7_PsBRhSfB649MaW1Ne7zT9lHc=@protonmail.ch>
2019-01-11 16:51 ` [PATCH] " Qian Cai
2019-01-11 17:17   ` Joey Pabalinas
2019-01-11 17:31   ` Matthew Wilcox
2019-01-11 17:53     ` Joey Pabalinas
2019-01-11 18:12     ` Qian Cai
2019-01-11 18:16       ` Matthew Wilcox
2019-01-11 20:58         ` [PATCH v2] " Qian Cai
2019-01-11 23:16           ` Matthew Wilcox
2019-01-12  0:18             ` Qian Cai
2019-01-12  0:39               ` Esme
2019-01-11 23:47           ` David Lechner
2019-01-12  2:58             ` Michel Lespinasse
2019-01-14  2:20               ` David Lechner [this message]
2019-01-14  2:33                 ` Qian Cai
2019-01-14  3:07                   ` Esme
2019-01-14  3:52                     ` Douglas Gilbert
2019-01-14  3:59                       ` Esme
2019-01-14  4:52                         ` Douglas Gilbert
2019-01-14  6:23                           ` Esme
2019-01-14 15:45                             ` Qian Cai
2019-01-14 15:51                               ` Esme
2019-01-14 17:58                                 ` Qian Cai
2019-01-14 18:26                                   ` Douglas Gilbert
2019-01-15  5:31                             ` Qian Cai
2019-01-16 14:37                               ` Esme
2019-01-18 17:10                                 ` Qian Cai

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