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From: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
To: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>, Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>,
	Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	John Hubbard <john.hubbard@gmail.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Linux MM <linux-mm@kvack.org>, <tom@talpey.com>,
	Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>, <benve@cisco.com>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>,
	Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com>,
	"Dalessandro, Dennis" <dennis.dalessandro@intel.com>,
	Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>, Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>,
	<mike.marciniszyn@intel.com>, <rcampbell@nvidia.com>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] mm: introduce put_user_page*(), placeholder versions
Date: Tue, 18 Dec 2018 15:29:34 -0800
Message-ID: <9f43d124-2386-7bfd-d90b-4d0417f51ccd@nvidia.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181218093017.GB18032@quack2.suse.cz>

On 12/18/18 1:30 AM, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Mon 17-12-18 10:34:43, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
>> On Mon, Dec 17, 2018 at 01:11:50PM -0500, Jerome Glisse wrote:
>>> On Mon, Dec 17, 2018 at 08:58:19AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
>>>> Sure, that's a possibility, but that doesn't close off any race
>>>> conditions because there can be DMA into the page in progress while
>>>> the page is being bounced, right? AFAICT this ext3+DIF/DIX case is
>>>> different in that there is no 3rd-party access to the page while it
>>>> is under IO (ext3 arbitrates all access to it's metadata), and so
>>>> nothing can actually race for modification of the page between
>>>> submission and bouncing at the block layer.
>>>>
>>>> In this case, the moment the page is unlocked, anyone else can map
>>>> it and start (R)DMA on it, and that can happen before the bio is
>>>> bounced by the block layer. So AFAICT, block layer bouncing doesn't
>>>> solve the problem of racing writeback and DMA direct to the page we
>>>> are doing IO on. Yes, it reduces the race window substantially, but
>>>> it doesn't get rid of it.
>>>
>>> So the event flow is:
>>>     - userspace create object that match a range of virtual address
>>>       against a given kernel sub-system (let's say infiniband) and
>>>       let's assume that the range is an mmap() of a regular file
>>>     - device driver do GUP on the range (let's assume it is a write
>>>       GUP) so if the page is not already map with write permission
>>>       in the page table than a page fault is trigger and page_mkwrite
>>>       happens
>>>     - Once GUP return the page to the device driver and once the
>>>       device driver as updated the hardware states to allow access
>>>       to this page then from that point on hardware can write to the
>>>       page at _any_ time, it is fully disconnected from any fs event
>>>       like write back, it fully ignore things like page_mkclean
>>>
>>> This is how it is to day, we allowed people to push upstream such
>>> users of GUP. This is a fact we have to live with, we can not stop
>>> hardware access to the page, we can not force the hardware to follow
>>> page_mkclean and force a page_mkwrite once write back ends. This is
>>> the situation we are inheriting (and i am personnaly not happy with
>>> that).
>>>
>>> >From my point of view we are left with 2 choices:
>>>     [C1] break all drivers that do not abide by the page_mkclean and
>>>          page_mkwrite
>>>     [C2] mitigate as much as possible the issue
>>>
>>> For [C2] the idea is to keep track of GUP per page so we know if we
>>> can expect the page to be written to at any time. Here is the event
>>> flow:
>>>     - driver GUP the page and program the hardware, page is mark as
>>>       GUPed
>>>     ...
>>>     - write back kicks in on the dirty page, lock the page and every
>>>       thing as usual , sees it is GUPed and inform the block layer to
>>>       use a bounce page
>>
>> No.  The solution John, Dan & I have been looking at is to take the
>> dirty page off the LRU while it is pinned by GUP.  It will never be
>> found for writeback.
>>
>> That's not the end of the story though.  Other parts of the kernel (eg
>> msync) also need to be taught to stay away from pages which are pinned
>> by GUP.  But the idea is that no page gets written back to storage while
>> it's pinned by GUP.  Only when the last GUP ends is the page returned
>> to the list of dirty pages.
> 
> We've been through this in:
> 
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180709194740.rymbt2fzohbdmpye@quack2.suse.cz/
> 
> back in July. You cannot just skip pages for fsync(2). So as I wrote above -
> memory cleaning writeback can skip pinned pages. Data integrity writeback
> must be able to write pinned pages. And bouncing is one reasonable way how
> to do that.
> 
> This writeback decision is pretty much independent from the mechanism by
> which we are going to identify pinned pages. Whether that's going to be
> separate counter in struct page, using page->_mapcount, or separately
> allocated data structure as you know promote.
> 
> I currently like the most the _mapcount suggestion from Jerome but I'm not
> really attached to any solution as long as it performs reasonably and
> someone can make it working :) as I don't have time to implement it at
> least till January.
> 

OK, so let's take another look at Jerome's _mapcount idea all by itself (using
*only* the tracking pinned pages aspect), given that it is the lightest weight
solution for that.  

So as I understand it, this would use page->_mapcount to store both the real
mapcount, and the dma pinned count (simply added together), but only do so for
file-backed (non-anonymous) pages:


__get_user_pages()
{
	...
	get_page(page);

	if (!PageAnon)
		atomic_inc(page->_mapcount);
	...
}

put_user_page(struct page *page)
{
	...
	if (!PageAnon)
		atomic_dec(&page->_mapcount);

	put_page(page);
	...
}

...and then in the various consumers of the DMA pinned count, we use page_mapped(page)
to see if any mapcount remains, and if so, we treat it as DMA pinned. Is that what you 
had in mind?


-- 
thanks,
John Hubbard
NVIDIA

  reply index

Thread overview: 179+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-12-04  0:17 [PATCH 0/2] put_user_page*(): start converting the call sites john.hubbard
2018-12-04  0:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] mm: introduce put_user_page*(), placeholder versions john.hubbard
2018-12-04  7:53   ` Mike Rapoport
2018-12-05  1:40     ` John Hubbard
2018-12-04 20:28   ` Dan Williams
2018-12-04 21:56     ` John Hubbard
2018-12-04 23:03       ` Dan Williams
2018-12-05  0:36         ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-05  0:40           ` Dan Williams
2018-12-05  0:59             ` John Hubbard
2018-12-05  0:58         ` John Hubbard
2018-12-05  1:00           ` Dan Williams
2018-12-05  1:15           ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-05  1:44             ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-05  1:57               ` John Hubbard
2018-12-07  2:45                 ` John Hubbard
2018-12-07 19:16                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-07 19:26                     ` Dan Williams
2018-12-07 19:40                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-08  0:52                     ` John Hubbard
2018-12-08  2:24                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-10 10:28                         ` Jan Kara
2018-12-12 15:03                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 16:27                             ` Dan Williams
2018-12-12 17:02                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 17:49                                 ` Dan Williams
2018-12-12 19:07                                   ` John Hubbard
2018-12-12 21:30                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 21:40                                 ` Dan Williams
2018-12-12 21:53                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 22:11                                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-12 22:16                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 23:37                                     ` Jason Gunthorpe
2018-12-12 23:46                                       ` John Hubbard
2018-12-12 23:54                                       ` Dan Williams
2018-12-13  0:01                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13  0:18                                         ` Dan Williams
2018-12-13  0:44                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13  3:26                                             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2018-12-13  3:20                                         ` Jason Gunthorpe
2018-12-13 12:43                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13 13:40                                             ` Tom Talpey
2018-12-13 14:18                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13 14:51                                                 ` Tom Talpey
2018-12-13 15:18                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13 18:12                                                     ` Tom Talpey
2018-12-13 19:18                                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-14 10:41                                             ` Jan Kara
2018-12-14 15:25                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 21:56                                 ` John Hubbard
2018-12-12 22:04                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 22:11                                     ` John Hubbard
2018-12-12 22:14                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-12 22:17                                         ` John Hubbard
2018-12-12 21:46                             ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-12 21:59                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13  0:51                                 ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-13  2:02                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-13 15:56                                     ` Christopher Lameter
2018-12-13 16:02                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-14  6:00                                     ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-14 15:13                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-14  3:52                                   ` John Hubbard
2018-12-14  5:21                                     ` Dan Williams
2018-12-14  6:11                                       ` John Hubbard
2018-12-14 15:20                                         ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-14 19:38                                         ` Dan Williams
2018-12-14 19:48                                           ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-14 19:53                                             ` Dave Hansen
2018-12-14 20:03                                               ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-14 20:17                                                 ` Dan Williams
2018-12-14 20:29                                                   ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-15  0:41                                                 ` John Hubbard
2018-12-17  8:56                                           ` Jan Kara
2018-12-17 18:28                                             ` Dan Williams
2018-12-14 15:43                               ` Jan Kara
2018-12-16 21:58                                 ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-17 18:11                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-17 18:34                                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-17 19:48                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-17 19:51                                         ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-17 19:54                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-17 19:59                                             ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-17 20:55                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-17 21:03                                                 ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-17 21:15                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-18  1:09                                       ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-18  6:12                                       ` Darrick J. Wong
2018-12-18  9:30                                       ` Jan Kara
2018-12-18 23:29                                         ` John Hubbard [this message]
2018-12-19  2:07                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-19 11:08                                             ` Jan Kara
2018-12-20 10:54                                               ` John Hubbard
2018-12-20 16:50                                                 ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-20 16:57                                                   ` Dan Williams
2018-12-20 16:49                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-03  1:55                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-03  3:27                                                 ` John Hubbard
2019-01-03 14:57                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-03  9:26                                                 ` Jan Kara
2019-01-03 14:44                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-11  2:59                                                     ` John Hubbard
2019-01-11 16:51                                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-12  1:04                                                         ` John Hubbard
2019-01-12  2:02                                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-12  2:38                                                             ` John Hubbard
2019-01-12  2:46                                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-12  3:06                                                                 ` John Hubbard
2019-01-12  3:25                                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-12 20:46                                                                     ` John Hubbard
2019-01-14 14:54                                                                   ` Jan Kara
2019-01-14 17:21                                                                     ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-14 19:09                                                                       ` John Hubbard
2019-01-15  8:34                                                                         ` Jan Kara
2019-01-15 21:39                                                                           ` John Hubbard
2019-01-15  8:07                                                                       ` Jan Kara
2019-01-15 17:15                                                                         ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-15 21:56                                                                           ` John Hubbard
2019-01-15 22:12                                                                             ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-16  0:44                                                                               ` John Hubbard
2019-01-16  1:56                                                                                 ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-16  2:01                                                                                   ` Dan Williams
2019-01-16  2:23                                                                                     ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-16  4:34                                                                                       ` Dave Chinner
2019-01-16 14:50                                                                                         ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-16 22:51                                                                                           ` Dave Chinner
2019-01-16 11:38                                                                         ` Jan Kara
2019-01-16 13:08                                                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-17  5:42                                                                             ` John Hubbard
2019-01-17 15:21                                                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-18  0:16                                                                                 ` Dave Chinner
2019-01-18  1:59                                                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-17  9:30                                                                             ` Jan Kara
2019-01-17 15:17                                                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-22 15:24                                                                                 ` Jan Kara
2019-01-22 16:46                                                                                   ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-23 18:02                                                                                     ` Jan Kara
2019-01-23 19:04                                                                                       ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-29  0:22                                                                                         ` John Hubbard
2019-01-29  1:23                                                                                           ` Jerome Glisse
2019-01-29  6:41                                                                                             ` John Hubbard
2019-01-29 10:12                                                                                               ` Jan Kara
2019-01-30  2:21                                                                                                 ` John Hubbard
2019-01-17  5:25                                                                         ` John Hubbard
2019-01-17  9:04                                                                           ` Jan Kara
2019-01-12  3:14                                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-18 10:33                                   ` Jan Kara
2018-12-18 23:42                                     ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-19  3:03                                       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2018-12-19  5:26                                         ` Dan Williams
2018-12-19 11:19                                           ` Jan Kara
2018-12-19 10:28                                         ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-19 11:35                                           ` Jan Kara
2018-12-19 16:56                                             ` Jason Gunthorpe
2018-12-19 22:33                                             ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-20  9:07                                               ` Jan Kara
2018-12-20 16:54                                               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-19 13:24                                       ` Jan Kara
2018-12-08  5:18                       ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-12-12 19:13                         ` John Hubbard
2018-12-08  7:16                       ` Dan Williams
2018-12-08 16:33                         ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-08 16:48                           ` Christoph Hellwig
2018-12-08 17:47                             ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-08 18:26                               ` Christoph Hellwig
2018-12-08 18:45                                 ` Jerome Glisse
2018-12-08 18:09                             ` Dan Williams
2018-12-08 18:12                               ` Christoph Hellwig
2018-12-11  6:18                               ` Dave Chinner
2018-12-05  5:52             ` Dan Williams
2018-12-05 11:16       ` Jan Kara
2018-12-04  0:17 ` [PATCH 2/2] infiniband/mm: convert put_page() to put_user_page*() john.hubbard
2018-12-04 17:10 ` [PATCH 0/2] put_user_page*(): start converting the call sites David Laight
2018-12-05  1:05   ` John Hubbard
2018-12-05 14:08     ` David Laight
2018-12-28  8:37       ` Pavel Machek
2019-02-08  7:56 [PATCH 0/2] mm: put_user_page() call site conversion first john.hubbard
2019-02-08  7:56 ` [PATCH 1/2] mm: introduce put_user_page*(), placeholder versions john.hubbard
2019-02-08 10:32   ` Mike Rapoport
2019-02-08 20:44     ` John Hubbard

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