linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
To: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>,
	Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>,
	Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>,
	Kevin Hilman <khilman@kernel.org>,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>, Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>,
	Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>,
	Yoshihiro Shimoda <yoshihiro.shimoda.uh@renesas.com>,
	Paul Kocialkowski <paul.kocialkowski@bootlin.com>,
	linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org, kernel-team@android.com,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-s390@vger.kernel.org, John Stultz <jstultz@google.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1] driver core: Extend deferred probe timeout on driver registration
Date: Mon, 23 May 2022 20:43:06 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAGETcx91_WgpmwEA7mBSvUdyJV0a8ymfaNKTmXq=mAJYAjzq1A@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YowHNo4sBjr9ijZr@dev-arch.thelio-3990X>

On Mon, May 23, 2022 at 3:14 PM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 23, 2022 at 01:04:03PM -0700, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > On Mon, May 23, 2022 at 8:17 AM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Fri, May 20, 2022 at 05:15:55PM -0700, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > > > On Fri, May 20, 2022 at 5:04 PM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Fri, May 20, 2022 at 04:49:48PM -0700, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > > > > > On Fri, May 20, 2022 at 4:30 PM Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Hi Saravana,
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Fri, Apr 29, 2022 at 03:09:32PM -0700, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> > > > > > > > The deferred probe timer that's used for this currently starts at
> > > > > > > > late_initcall and runs for driver_deferred_probe_timeout seconds. The
> > > > > > > > assumption being that all available drivers would be loaded and
> > > > > > > > registered before the timer expires. This means, the
> > > > > > > > driver_deferred_probe_timeout has to be pretty large for it to cover the
> > > > > > > > worst case. But if we set the default value for it to cover the worst
> > > > > > > > case, it would significantly slow down the average case. For this
> > > > > > > > reason, the default value is set to 0.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Also, with CONFIG_MODULES=y and the current default values of
> > > > > > > > driver_deferred_probe_timeout=0 and fw_devlink=on, devices with missing
> > > > > > > > drivers will cause their consumer devices to always defer their probes.
> > > > > > > > This is because device links created by fw_devlink defer the probe even
> > > > > > > > before the consumer driver's probe() is called.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Instead of a fixed timeout, if we extend an unexpired deferred probe
> > > > > > > > timer on every successful driver registration, with the expectation more
> > > > > > > > modules would be loaded in the near future, then the default value of
> > > > > > > > driver_deferred_probe_timeout only needs to be as long as the worst case
> > > > > > > > time difference between two consecutive module loads.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > So let's implement that and set the default value to 10 seconds when
> > > > > > > > CONFIG_MODULES=y.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@kernel.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Yoshihiro Shimoda <yoshihiro.shimoda.uh@renesas.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Paul Kocialkowski <paul.kocialkowski@bootlin.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org
> > > > > > > > Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
> > > > > > > > Cc: iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
> > > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I bisected a boot hang with ARCH=s390 defconfig in QEMU down to this
> > > > > > > change as commit 2b28a1a84a0e ("driver core: Extend deferred probe
> > > > > > > timeout on driver registration") in next-20220520 (bisect log below).
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > $ make -skj"$(nproc)" ARCH=s390 CROSS_COMPILE=s390x-linux-gnu- defconfig bzImage
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > $ timeout --foreground 15m stdbuf -oL -eL \
> > > > > > > qemu-system-s390x \
> > > > > > > -initrd ... \
> > > > > > > -M s390-ccw-virtio \
> > > > > > > -display none \
> > > > > > > -kernel arch/s390/boot/bzImage \
> > > > > > > -m 512m \
> > > > > > > -nodefaults \
> > > > > > > -serial mon:stdio
> > > > > > > ...
> > > > > > > [    2.077303] In-situ OAM (IOAM) with IPv6
> > > > > > > [    2.077639] NET: Registered PF_PACKET protocol family
> > > > > > > [    2.078063] bridge: filtering via arp/ip/ip6tables is no longer available by default. Update your scripts to load br_netfilter if you need this.
> > > > > > > [    2.078795] Key type dns_resolver registered
> > > > > > > [    2.079317] cio: Channel measurement facility initialized using format extended (mode autodetected)
> > > > > > > [    2.081494] Discipline DIAG cannot be used without z/VM
> > > > > > > [  260.626363] random: crng init done
> > > > > > > qemu-system-s390x: terminating on signal 15 from pid 3815762 (timeout)
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > We have a simple rootfs available if necessary:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/boot-utils/raw/bc0d17785eb67f1edd0ee0a134970a807895f741/images/s390/rootfs.cpio.zst
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > If there is any other information I can provide, please let me know!
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Hmm... strange. Can you please try the following command line options
> > > > > > and tell me which of these has the issue and which don't?
> > > > >
> > > > > Sure thing!
> > > > >
> > > > > > 1) deferred_probe_timeout=0
> > > > >
> > > > > No issue.
> > > > >
> > > > > > 2) deferred_probe_timeout=1
> > > > > > 3) deferred_probe_timeout=300
> > > > >
> > > > > Both of these appear to hang in the same way, I let each sit for five
> > > > > minutes.
> > > >
> > > > Strange that a sufficiently large timeout isn't helping. Is it trying
> > > > to boot off a network mount? I'll continue looking into this next
> > > > week.
> > >
> > > I don't think so, it seems like doing that requires some extra flags
> > > that we do not have:
> > >
> > > https://wiki.qemu.org/Features/S390xNetworkBoot
> > >
> > > If you need any additional information or want something tested, please
> > > let me know!
> >
> > I'll try to get qemu going on my end, but I'm not too confident I'll
> > be able to get to it in a timely fashion. So if you can help figure
> > out where this boot process is hanging, that'd be very much
> > appreciated.
>
> Sure thing! Information included below, I am more than happy to continue
> to test and debug as you need.
>
> > Couple of suggestions for debugging:
> >
> > Can you add a log to "wait_for_device_probe()" and see if that's
> > getting called right before the boot process hangs? If it does, can
> > you get a stacktrace (I just add a WARN_ON(1) when I need a stack
> > trace)? It's unlikely this is the case because
> > deferred_probe_timeout=1 still causes an issue for you, but I'd be
> > good to rule out.
>
> If I add a pr_info() call at the top of wait_for_device_probe(), I see
> it right before the process hangs. Adding WARN_ON(1) right below that
> reveals dasd_eckd_init() in drivers/s390/block/dasd_eckd.c calls
> wait_for_device_probe():
>
> [    4.610397] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [    4.610520] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 1 at drivers/base/dd.c:742 wait_for_device_probe+0x28/0x110
> [    4.611134] Modules linked in:
> [    4.611593] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.18.0-next-20220523-dirty #1
> [    4.611830] Hardware name: QEMU 8561 QEMU (KVM/Linux)
> [    4.612017] Krnl PSW : 0704c00180000000 0000000000ce4b3c (wait_for_device_probe+0x2c/0x110)
> [    4.612258]            R:0 T:1 IO:1 EX:1 Key:0 M:1 W:0 P:0 AS:3 CC:0 PM:0 RI:0 EA:3
> [    4.612387] Krnl GPRS: 80000000fffff071 0000000000000027 000000000000000c 00000000017f91d8
> [    4.612457]            00000000fffff071 00000000017f9218 0000000001a655a0 0000000000000006
> [    4.612521]            0000000000000002 0000000001965810 00000000019d51a0 0000000000000000
> [    4.612585]            0000000002218000 000000000125bcc8 0000000000ce4b38 000003800000bc80
> [    4.614814] Krnl Code: 0000000000ce4b2c: e3e0f0980024        stg     %r14,152(%r15)
> [    4.614814]            0000000000ce4b32: c0e5ffff94cb        brasl   %r14,0000000000cd74c8
> [    4.614814]           #0000000000ce4b38: af000000            mc      0,0
> [    4.614814]           >0000000000ce4b3c: c0100054d1fa        larl    %r1,000000000177ef30
> [    4.614814]            0000000000ce4b42: e31010000012        lt      %r1,0(%r1)
> [    4.614814]            0000000000ce4b48: a784002d            brc     8,0000000000ce4ba2
> [    4.614814]            0000000000ce4b4c: d727f0a0f0a0        xc      160(40,%r15),160(%r15)
> [    4.614814]            0000000000ce4b52: 41b0f0a0            la      %r11,160(%r15)
> [    4.615698] Call Trace:
> [    4.616559]  [<0000000000ce4b3c>] wait_for_device_probe+0x2c/0x110
> [    4.616744] ([<0000000000ce4b38>] wait_for_device_probe+0x28/0x110)
> [    4.616841]  [<000000000196593e>] dasd_eckd_init+0x12e/0x178
> [    4.616913]  [<0000000000100936>] do_one_initcall+0x46/0x1e8
> [    4.616983]  [<0000000001920706>] do_initcalls+0x126/0x150
> [    4.617046]  [<000000000192095e>] kernel_init_freeable+0x1ae/0x1f0
> [    4.617110]  [<0000000000ce85a6>] kernel_init+0x2e/0x168
> [    4.617171]  [<0000000000103320>] __ret_from_fork+0x40/0x58
> [    4.617233]  [<0000000000cf5eaa>] ret_from_fork+0xa/0x40
> [    4.617352] Last Breaking-Event-Address:
> [    4.617393]  [<0000000000e0e098>] __s390_indirect_jump_r14+0x0/0xc
> [    4.617481] ---[ end trace 0000000000000000 ]---
>
> > Let's try to rule out if deferred_probe_extend_timeout() is causing
> > some issues. So, without my patch, what happens if you set:
> > deferred_probe_timeout=1
> > deferred_probe_timeout=300
>
> At commit 6ee60e9c9f2f ("MAINTAINERS: add Russ Weight as a firmware
> loader maintainer"), both deferred_probe_timeout=1 and
> deferred_probe_timeout=300 hang the boot.

Thanks for all the help. I think I know what's going on.

If you revert the following commit, then you'll see that your device
no longer hangs with my changes.
35a672363ab3 driver core: Ensure wait_for_device_probe() waits until
the deferred_probe_timeout fires

That commit was made to make sure NFS mounts continue to work even
when deferred_probe_timeout is set to a value greater than the IP auto
config timeout (I think that's 12 seconds). While that definitely
helps the NFS mount case, unfortunately wait_for_device_probe() is
used in some initcalls that happen before late_initcall(). This causes
a deadlock -- earlier initcalls wait for
late_initcall(deferred_probe_initcall) to run but we can't get to
late_initcall() if earlier initcalls don't finish.

Even if wait_for_device_probe() is used only in late_initcalls(), it
can still hang the kernel boot based on the link order of the .c
files as that determined the call order between late_initcalls().

It looks like all the existing users of wait_for_device_probe() seem
to try and "wait for currently probing devices to finish probing", but
the commit mentioned above changes the semantics to "wait until every
device that'll eventually probe finishes probing". I think the
solution is to revert the commit and then do this additional waiting
just in ip_auto_config(). I'll need to think about this a bit before
I'm sure the solution makes sense.

Thanks for all the help so far.

-Saravana




-Saravana



>
> > If deferred_probe_timeout=1 causes an issue even without my patch,
> > then in addition, can you try commenting out the call to
> > fw_devlink_drivers_done() inside deferred_probe_timeout_work_func()
> > and try again?
>
> Sure, that does not appear to make a difference with
> deferred_probe_timeout=1.
>
> Cheers,
> Nathan

  reply	other threads:[~2022-05-24  3:43 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-04-29 22:09 [PATCH v1] driver core: Extend deferred probe timeout on driver registration Saravana Kannan
2022-05-13 12:48 ` Mark Brown
2022-05-13 13:58 ` Rob Herring
2022-05-13 17:25   ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-16 13:49     ` Rob Herring
2022-05-20 23:30 ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-20 23:49   ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-21  0:04     ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-21  0:15       ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-23 15:17         ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-23 20:04           ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-23 22:14             ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-24  3:43               ` Saravana Kannan [this message]
2022-05-24 16:41                 ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2022-05-24 17:46                   ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-25  7:11                     ` Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2022-05-25 19:49                       ` Saravana Kannan
2022-05-29  8:34                         ` Niklas Cassel
2022-05-30  4:59                           ` Saravana Kannan

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to='CAGETcx91_WgpmwEA7mBSvUdyJV0a8ymfaNKTmXq=mAJYAjzq1A@mail.gmail.com' \
    --to=saravanak@google.com \
    --cc=broonie@kernel.org \
    --cc=corbet@lwn.net \
    --cc=geert@linux-m68k.org \
    --cc=gregkh@linuxfoundation.org \
    --cc=iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=jstultz@google.com \
    --cc=kernel-team@android.com \
    --cc=khilman@kernel.org \
    --cc=linus.walleij@linaro.org \
    --cc=linux-doc@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-pm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-s390@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=nathan@kernel.org \
    --cc=paul.kocialkowski@bootlin.com \
    --cc=pavel@ucw.cz \
    --cc=rafael@kernel.org \
    --cc=rjw@rjwysocki.net \
    --cc=robh@kernel.org \
    --cc=treding@nvidia.com \
    --cc=ulf.hansson@linaro.org \
    --cc=will@kernel.org \
    --cc=yoshihiro.shimoda.uh@renesas.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link
Be sure your reply has a Subject: header at the top and a blank line before the message body.
This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).