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From: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
To: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Jisheng Zhang <Jisheng.Zhang@synaptics.com>,
	Kever Yang <kever.yang@rock-chips.com>,
	Android Kernel Team <kernel-team@android.com>,
	"open list:GPIO SUBSYSTEM" <linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-tegra@vger.kernel.org" <linux-tegra@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5] gpiolib: Bind gpio_device to a driver to enable fw_devlink=on by default
Date: Sun, 31 Jan 2021 13:28:11 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAGETcx_CYKczo+geD7yDo+T2+_-tgGYwtjR-2sMPQYHuz-wAgw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <544ad0e4-0954-274c-8e77-866aaa5661a8@gmail.com>

On Sat, Jan 30, 2021 at 9:39 AM Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> 22.01.2021 22:35, Saravana Kannan пишет:
> > There are multiple instances of GPIO device tree nodes of the form:
> >
> > foo {
> >       compatible = "acme,foo";
> >       ...
> >
> >       gpio0: gpio0@xxxxxxxx {
> >               compatible = "acme,bar";
> >               ...
> >               gpio-controller;
> >       };
> >
> >       gpio1: gpio1@xxxxxxxx {
> >               compatible = "acme,bar";
> >               ...
> >               gpio-controller;
> >       };
> >
> >       ...
> > }
> >
> > bazz {
> >       my-gpios = <&gpio0 ...>;
> > }
> >
> > Case 1: The driver for "foo" populates struct device for these gpio*
> > nodes and then probes them using a driver that binds with "acme,bar".
> > This driver for "acme,bar" then registers the gpio* nodes with gpiolib.
> > This lines up with how DT nodes with the "compatible" property are
> > typically converted to struct devices and then registered with driver
> > core to probe them. This also allows the gpio* devices to hook into all
> > the driver core capabilities like runtime PM, probe deferral,
> > suspend/resume ordering, device links, etc.
> >
> > Case 2: The driver for "foo" doesn't populate struct devices for these
> > gpio* nodes before registering them with gpiolib. Instead it just loops
> > through its child nodes and directly registers the gpio* nodes with
> > gpiolib.
> >
> > Drivers that follow case 2 cause problems with fw_devlink=on. This is
> > because fw_devlink will prevent bazz from probing until there's a struct
> > device that has gpio0 as its fwnode (because bazz lists gpio0 as a GPIO
> > supplier). Once the struct device is available, fw_devlink will create a
> > device link with gpio0 device as the supplier and bazz device as the
> > consumer. After this point, since the gpio0 device will never bind to a
> > driver, the device link will prevent bazz device from ever probing.
> >
> > Finding and refactoring all the instances of drivers that follow case 2
> > will cause a lot of code churn and it is not something that can be done
> > in one shot. In some instances it might not even be possible to refactor
> > them cleanly. Examples of such instances are [1] [2].
> >
> > This patch works around this problem and avoids all the code churn by
> > simply setting the fwnode of the gpio_device and creating a stub driver
> > to bind to the gpio_device. This allows all the consumers to continue
> > probing when the driver follows case 2.
> >
> > [1] - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201014191235.7f71fcb4@xhacker.debian/
> > [2] - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/e28e1f38d87c12a3c714a6573beba6e1@kernel.org/
> > Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Jisheng Zhang <Jisheng.Zhang@synaptics.com>
> > Cc: Kever Yang <kever.yang@rock-chips.com>
> > Fixes: e590474768f1 ("driver core: Set fw_devlink=on by default")
> > Signed-off-by: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>
> > ---
> > v1 -> v2:
> > - Fixed up compilation errors that were introduced accidentally
> > - Fixed a missing put_device()
> >
> > v2 -> v3:
> > - Changed chip_warn() to pr_warn()
> > - Changed some variable names
> >
> > v3 -> v4:
> > - Dropped the warning since it's not always valid
> > - This simplifies the code a lot
> > - Added comments and fixed up commit text
> >
> > v4 -> v5:
> > - Fixed the code to not mess up non-DT cases.
> > - Moved code into gpiolib-of.c
> >
> >  drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c | 11 +++++++++++
> >  drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.h |  5 +++++
> >  drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c    | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> >  3 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
> > index b4a71119a4b0..baf0153b7bca 100644
> > --- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
> > +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
> > @@ -1039,3 +1039,14 @@ void of_gpiochip_remove(struct gpio_chip *chip)
> >  {
> >       of_node_put(chip->of_node);
> >  }
> > +
> > +void of_gpio_dev_init(struct gpio_chip *gc, struct gpio_device *gdev)
> > +{
> > +     /* If the gpiochip has an assigned OF node this takes precedence */
> > +     if (gc->of_node)
> > +             gdev->dev.of_node = gc->of_node;
> > +     else
> > +             gc->of_node = gdev->dev.of_node;
> > +     if (gdev->dev.of_node)
> > +             gdev->dev.fwnode = of_fwnode_handle(gdev->dev.of_node);
> > +}
> > diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.h b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.h
> > index ed26664f1537..8af2bc899aab 100644
> > --- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.h
> > +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.h
> > @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ int of_gpiochip_add(struct gpio_chip *gc);
> >  void of_gpiochip_remove(struct gpio_chip *gc);
> >  int of_gpio_get_count(struct device *dev, const char *con_id);
> >  bool of_gpio_need_valid_mask(const struct gpio_chip *gc);
> > +void of_gpio_dev_init(struct gpio_chip *gc, struct gpio_device *gdev);
> >  #else
> >  static inline struct gpio_desc *of_find_gpio(struct device *dev,
> >                                            const char *con_id,
> > @@ -33,6 +34,10 @@ static inline bool of_gpio_need_valid_mask(const struct gpio_chip *gc)
> >  {
> >       return false;
> >  }
> > +static inline void of_gpio_dev_init(struct gpio_chip *gc,
> > +                                 struct gpio_device *gdev)
> > +{
> > +}
> >  #endif /* CONFIG_OF_GPIO */
> >
> >  extern struct notifier_block gpio_of_notifier;
> > diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
> > index b02cc2abd3b6..70fb15ae5d36 100644
> > --- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
> > +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
> > @@ -590,13 +590,7 @@ int gpiochip_add_data_with_key(struct gpio_chip *gc, void *data,
> >               gdev->dev.of_node = gc->parent->of_node;
> >       }
> >
> > -#ifdef CONFIG_OF_GPIO
> > -     /* If the gpiochip has an assigned OF node this takes precedence */
> > -     if (gc->of_node)
> > -             gdev->dev.of_node = gc->of_node;
> > -     else
> > -             gc->of_node = gdev->dev.of_node;
> > -#endif
> > +     of_gpio_dev_init(gc, gdev);
> >
> >       gdev->id = ida_alloc(&gpio_ida, GFP_KERNEL);
> >       if (gdev->id < 0) {
> > @@ -4202,6 +4196,29 @@ void gpiod_put_array(struct gpio_descs *descs)
> >  }
> >  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_put_array);
> >
> > +static int gpio_stub_drv_probe(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > +     /*
> > +      * The DT node of some GPIO chips have a "compatible" property, but
> > +      * never have a struct device added and probed by a driver to register
> > +      * the GPIO chip with gpiolib. In such cases, fw_devlink=on will cause
> > +      * the consumers of the GPIO chip to get probe deferred forever because
> > +      * they will be waiting for a device associated with the GPIO chip
> > +      * firmware node to get added and bound to a driver.
> > +      *
> > +      * To allow these consumers to probe, we associate the struct
> > +      * gpio_device of the GPIO chip with the firmware node and then simply
> > +      * bind it to this stub driver.
> > +      */
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct device_driver gpio_stub_drv = {
> > +     .name = "gpio_stub_drv",
> > +     .bus = &gpio_bus_type,
> > +     .probe = gpio_stub_drv_probe,
> > +};
> > +
> >  static int __init gpiolib_dev_init(void)
> >  {
> >       int ret;
> > @@ -4213,9 +4230,16 @@ static int __init gpiolib_dev_init(void)
> >               return ret;
> >       }
> >
> > +     if (driver_register(&gpio_stub_drv) < 0) {
> > +             pr_err("gpiolib: could not register GPIO stub driver\n");
> > +             bus_unregister(&gpio_bus_type);
> > +             return ret;
> > +     }
> > +
> >       ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&gpio_devt, 0, GPIO_DEV_MAX, GPIOCHIP_NAME);
> >       if (ret < 0) {
> >               pr_err("gpiolib: failed to allocate char dev region\n");
> > +             driver_unregister(&gpio_stub_drv);
> >               bus_unregister(&gpio_bus_type);
> >               return ret;
> >       }
> >
>
> Hi,
>
> This patch causes these new errors on NVIDIA Tegra30 Nexus 7 using recent linux-next:
>
>  gpio-1022 (cpu-pwr-req-hog): hogged as input
>  max77620-pinctrl max77620-pinctrl: pin gpio4 already requested by max77620-pinctrl; cannot claim for gpiochip1
>  max77620-pinctrl max77620-pinctrl: pin-4 (gpiochip1) status -22
>  max77620-pinctrl max77620-pinctrl: could not request pin 4 (gpio4) from group gpio4  on device max77620-pinctrl
>  gpio_stub_drv gpiochip1: Error applying setting, reverse things back
>  gpio_stub_drv: probe of gpiochip1 failed with error -22
>
> Please fix, thanks in advance.

I have a partial guess on why this is happening. So can you try this patch?

Thanks,
Saravana

--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
@@ -4213,6 +4213,8 @@ static int gpio_stub_drv_probe(struct device *dev)
         * gpio_device of the GPIO chip with the firmware node and then simply
         * bind it to this stub driver.
         */
+       if (dev->fwnode && dev->fwnode->dev != dev)
+               return -EBUSY;
        return 0;
 }

  reply	other threads:[~2021-01-31 21:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-22 19:35 [PATCH v5] gpiolib: Bind gpio_device to a driver to enable fw_devlink=on by default Saravana Kannan
2021-01-23 22:52 ` Linus Walleij
2021-01-24  2:53   ` Saravana Kannan
2021-01-24 22:48     ` Linus Walleij
2021-01-26  8:14       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
     [not found] ` <CAHp75VfKiuVd7JO-0nwCuvy7tgPZScOpKX8Q4+oT+JSBR+d=ew@mail.gmail.com>
2021-01-26 18:16   ` [PATCH v2] " Saravana Kannan
2021-01-26 18:32     ` Andy Shevchenko
2021-01-27 14:22 ` [PATCH v5] " Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-01-27 14:31   ` Bartosz Golaszewski
2021-01-27 15:04     ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-01-30 17:39 ` Dmitry Osipenko
2021-01-31 21:28   ` Saravana Kannan [this message]
2021-02-01 16:49     ` Dmitry Osipenko
2021-02-01 20:15       ` Saravana Kannan
2021-02-01 21:15         ` Dmitry Osipenko

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