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From: "Sjur Brændeland" <sjurbren@gmail.com>
To: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, "Guzman Lugo,
	Fernadndo" <fernando.lugo@ti.com>,
	virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org,
	Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] virtio: Don't access device data after unregistration.
Date: Tue, 4 Sep 2012 14:12:33 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAJK669ZVHOZVEw+1UeLU5KyxZexGfWC0VPnrK5XZd9x935PznQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20120903201847.GC6181@redhat.com>

Hi Michael,

>> >> Fix panic in virtio.c when CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set.
>> >
>> > What's the root cause of the panic?
>>
>> I believe the cause of the panic is calling
>> ida_simple_remove(&virtio_index_ida, dev->index);
>> when the dev structure is "poisoned" after kfree.
>> It might be the "BUG_ON((int)id < 0)" that bites...
>>
>> >> Use device_del() and put_device() instead of
>> >> device_unregister(), and access device data before
>> >> calling put_device().
>>
>> > Why does this help? Does device_unregister free the
>> > device so dev->index access crashes?
>>
>> Yes, if device ref-count is one when calling unregister
>> the device is freed.
>
> Interesting. Where exactly?...

I was wrong here, the reason is not related to ref-count being
above one. The reason this issue do not show up in virtio_pci
is that the release function is a dummy:

[snip]
static void virtio_pci_release_dev(struct device *_d)
{
	/*
	 * No need for a release method as we allocate/free
	 * all devices together with the pci devices.
	 * Provide an empty one to avoid getting a warning from core.
	 */
}

The device structure uses a kref for reference counting the device.
In virtio_pci() the release function virtio_pci_release_dev()
will be called when the device is unregistered, but because the
release function is dummy, data isn't freed or reset at this point.
So for virtio devices created from virtio_pci my patch is not
currently needed.

However, empty release functions are not the preferred way, e.g look at
https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/4/3/301

[Greg K.H:]
> > > > +static void hsi_port_release(struct device *dev __maybe_unused)
> > > > +{
> > > > +}
> > >
> > > As per the documentation in the kernel tree, I get to mock you
> > > mercilessly for doing something as foolish as this.  You are not smarter
> > > than the kernel and don't think that you got rid of the kernel warning
> > > properly by doing this.  Do you think that I wrote that code for no good
> > > reason?  The kernel was being nice and telling you what you did wrong,
> > > don't try to fake it out, it's smarter than you are here.

But remoteproc frees the device memory in the release function
rproc_vdev_release() and needs this patch.

Regards,
Sjur

  reply	other threads:[~2012-09-04 12:12 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2012-09-03 13:50 sjur.brandeland
2012-09-03 14:14 ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2012-09-03 14:50   ` Sjur Brændeland
2012-09-03 20:18     ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2012-09-04 12:12       ` Sjur Brændeland [this message]
2012-09-04 14:13         ` Michael S. Tsirkin

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