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From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
To: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>,
	X86 ML <x86@kernel.org>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Neil Berrington <neil.berrington@datacore.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>,
	"Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] x86/mm/64: Fix vmapped stack syncing on very-large-memory 4-level systems
Date: Thu, 25 Jan 2018 14:00:22 -0800
Message-ID: <CALCETrVwJCL=QTRT70b8u3p8xOXUiC7_Mkz45Bi3M9-vYgXWtg@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <bd7c53c9-cec6-2db2-6ee6-5cc03ca6dd39@intel.com>

On Thu, Jan 25, 2018 at 1:49 PM, Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> wrote:
> On 01/25/2018 01:12 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>> Neil Berrington reported a double-fault on a VM with 768GB of RAM that
>> uses large amounts of vmalloc space with PTI enabled.
>>
>> The cause is that load_new_mm_cr3() was never fixed to take the
>> 5-level pgd folding code into account, so, on a 4-level kernel, the
>> pgd synchronization logic compiles away to exactly nothing.
>
> You don't mention it, but we can normally handle vmalloc() faults in the
> kernel that are due to unsynchronized page tables.  The thing that kills
> us here is that we have an unmapped stack and we try to use that stack
> when entering the page fault handler, which double faults.  The double
> fault handler gets a new stack and saves us enough to get an oops out.
>
> Right?

Exactly.

There are two special code paths that can't use vmalloc_fault(): this
one and switch_to().  The latter avoids explicit page table fiddling
and just touches the new stack before loading it into rsp.

>
>> +static void sync_current_stack_to_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
>> +{
>> +     unsigned long sp = current_stack_pointer;
>> +     pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(mm, sp);
>> +
>> +     if (CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4) {
>> +             if (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd))) {
>> +                     pgd_t *pgd_ref = pgd_offset_k(sp);
>> +
>> +                     set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_ref);
>> +             }
>> +     } else {
>> +             /*
>> +              * "pgd" is faked.  The top level entries are "p4d"s, so sync
>> +              * the p4d.  This compiles to approximately the same code as
>> +              * the 5-level case.
>> +              */
>> +             p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, sp);
>> +
>> +             if (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d))) {
>> +                     pgd_t *pgd_ref = pgd_offset_k(sp);
>> +                     p4d_t *p4d_ref = p4d_offset(pgd_ref, sp);
>> +
>> +                     set_p4d(p4d, *p4d_ref);
>> +             }
>> +     }
>> +}
>
> We keep having to add these.  It seems like a real deficiency in the
> mechanism that we're using for pgd folding.  Can't we get a warning or
> something when we try to do a set_pgd() that's (silently) not doing
> anything?  This exact same pattern bit me more than once with the
> KPTI/KAISER patches.

Hmm, maybe.

What I'd really like to see is an entirely different API.  Maybe:

typedef struct {
  opaque, but probably includes:
  int depth;  /* 0 is root */
  void *table;
} ptbl_ptr;

ptbl_ptr root_table = mm_root_ptbl(mm);

set_ptbl_entry(root_table, pa, prot);

/* walk tables */
ptbl_ptr pt = ...;
ptentry_ptr entry;
while (ptbl_has_children(pt)) {
  pt = pt_next(pt, addr);
}
entry = pt_entry_at(pt, addr);
/* do something with entry */

etc.

Now someone can add a sixth level without changing every code path in
the kernel that touches page tables.

--Andy

  reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-01-25 21:12 [PATCH v2 0/2] x86/mm/64: vmalloc pgd synchronization cleanups/fixes Andy Lutomirski
2018-01-25 21:12 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] x86/mm/64: Fix vmapped stack syncing on very-large-memory 4-level systems Andy Lutomirski
2018-01-25 21:49   ` Dave Hansen
2018-01-25 22:00     ` Andy Lutomirski [this message]
2018-01-26  9:30       ` Ingo Molnar
2018-01-26 18:54       ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-01-26 15:06   ` [tip:x86/urgent] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2018-01-26 18:51   ` [PATCH v2 1/2] " Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-01-26 19:02     ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-01-26 20:50       ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-01-25 21:12 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] x86/mm/64: Tighten up vmalloc_fault() sanity checks on 5-level kernels Andy Lutomirski
2018-01-26 15:07   ` [tip:x86/urgent] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski

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