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From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
To: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: "linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>,
	Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	Daniel Mack <daniel@zonque.org>,
	David Drysdale <drysdale@google.com>,
	"David S . Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>,
	James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>, Paul Moore <pmoore@redhat.com>,
	Sargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org>,
	"kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com" 
	<kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	LSM List <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	Network Development <netdev@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC v2 00/10] Landlock LSM: Unprivileged sandboxing
Date: Sat, 27 Aug 2016 00:40:14 -0700
Message-ID: <CALCETrWhzk4ukY7-Ynr5Hb9wHGTpcHUe2TvkVRxgvoU0-esDAA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1472121165-29071-1-git-send-email-mic@digikod.net>

On Thu, Aug 25, 2016 at 3:32 AM, Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> This series is a proof of concept to fill some missing part of seccomp as the
> ability to check syscall argument pointers or creating more dynamic security
> policies. The goal of this new stackable Linux Security Module (LSM) called
> Landlock is to allow any process, including unprivileged ones, to create
> powerful security sandboxes comparable to the Seatbelt/XNU Sandbox or the
> OpenBSD Pledge. This kind of sandbox help to mitigate the security impact of
> bugs or unexpected/malicious behaviors in userland applications.
>
> The first RFC [1] was focused on extending seccomp while staying at the syscall
> level. This brought a working PoC but with some (mitigated) ToCToU race
> conditions due to the seccomp ptrace hole (now fixed) and the non-atomic
> syscall argument evaluation (hence the LSM hooks).
>
>
> # Landlock LSM
>
> This second RFC is a fresh revamp of the code while keeping some working ideas.
> This series is mainly focused on LSM hooks, while keeping the possibility to
> tied them to syscalls. This new code removes all race conditions by design. It
> now use eBPF instead of a subset of cBPF (as used by seccomp-bpf). This allow
> to remove the previous stacked cBPF hack to do complex access checks thanks to
> dedicated eBPF functions. An eBPF program is still very limited (i.e. can only
> call a whitelist of functions) and can not do a denial of service (i.e. no
> loop). The other major improvement is the replacement of the previous custom
> checker groups of syscall arguments with a new dedicated eBPF map to collect
> and compare Landlock handles with system resources (e.g. files or network
> connections).
>
> The approach taken is to add the minimum amount of code while still allowing
> the userland to create quite complex access rules. A dedicated security policy
> language such as used by SELinux, AppArmor and other major LSMs is a lot of
> code and dedicated to a trusted process (i.e. root/administrator).
>

I think there might be a problem with the current design.  If I add a
seccomp filter that uses RET_LANDLOCK and some landlock filters, what
happens if a second seccomp filter *also* uses RET_LANDLOCK?  I think
they'll interfere with each other.  It might end up being necessary to
require only one landlock seccomp layer at a time or to find a way to
stick all the filters in a layer together with the LSM callbacks or
maybe to just drop RET_LANDLOCK and let the callbacks look at the
syscall args.

BTW, what happens if an LSM hook is called outside a syscall context,
e.g. from a page fault?

>
>
> # Sandbox example with conditional access control depending on cgroup
>
>   $ mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/sandboxed
>   $ ls /home
>   user1
>   $ LANDLOCK_CGROUPS='/sys/fs/cgroup/sandboxed' \
>       LANDLOCK_ALLOWED='/bin:/lib:/usr:/tmp:/proc/self/fd/0' \
>       ./sandbox /bin/sh -i
>   $ ls /home
>   user1
>   $ echo $$ > /sys/fs/cgroup/sandboxed/cgroup.procs
>   $ ls /home
>   ls: cannot open directory '/home': Permission denied
>

Something occurs to me that isn't strictly relevant to landlock but
may be relevant to unprivileged cgroups: can you cause trouble by
setting up a nastily-configured cgroup and running a setuid program in
it?

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 66+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-08-25 10:32 Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 01/10] landlock: Add Kconfig Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 02/10] bpf: Move u64_to_ptr() to BPF headers and inline it Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 03/10] bpf,landlock: Add a new arraymap type to deal with (Landlock) handles Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 04/10] seccomp: Split put_seccomp_filter() with put_seccomp() Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 05/10] seccomp: Handle Landlock Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 06/10] landlock: Add LSM hooks Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 18:56   ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-30 20:10     ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 20:18       ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-30 20:27         ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 07/10] landlock: Add errno check Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 11:13   ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 08/10] landlock: Handle file system comparisons Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 11:12   ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-25 14:10     ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-26 14:57       ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-27 13:45         ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 09/10] landlock: Handle cgroups Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 11:09   ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-25 14:44     ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-26 12:55       ` Tejun Heo
2016-08-26 14:20       ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-26 15:50         ` Tejun Heo
2016-08-26  2:14   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-26 15:10     ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-26 23:05       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27  7:30         ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-27 18:11           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-28  8:14             ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-27 14:06         ` [RFC v2 09/10] landlock: Handle cgroups (performance) Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 18:06           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27 19:35             ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 20:43               ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27 21:14                 ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-28  8:13                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-28  9:42                     ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 18:55                       ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-30 20:20                         ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 20:23                           ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-30 20:33                             ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 20:55                               ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-30 21:45                                 ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-31  1:36                                   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-31  3:29                                     ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-27 14:19         ` [RFC v2 09/10] landlock: Handle cgroups (netfilter match) Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 18:32           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27 14:34         ` [RFC v2 09/10] landlock: Handle cgroups (program types) Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 18:19           ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27 19:55             ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 20:56               ` Alexei Starovoitov
2016-08-27 21:18                 ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 10:32 ` [RFC v2 10/10] samples/landlock: Add sandbox example Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-25 11:05 ` [RFC v2 00/10] Landlock LSM: Unprivileged sandboxing Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-25 13:57   ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27  7:40 ` Andy Lutomirski [this message]
2016-08-27 15:10   ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-27 15:21     ` [RFC v2 00/10] Landlock LSM: Unprivileged sandboxing (cgroup delegation) Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 16:06 ` [RFC v2 00/10] Landlock LSM: Unprivileged sandboxing Andy Lutomirski
2016-08-30 19:51   ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-08-30 19:55     ` Andy Lutomirski
2016-09-15  9:19 ` Pavel Machek
2016-09-20 17:08   ` Mickaël Salaün
2016-09-24  7:45     ` Pavel Machek
2016-10-03 22:56     ` Kees Cook
2016-10-05 20:30       ` Mickaël Salaün

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