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From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
To: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>,
	Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>,
	Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>,
	Andrew Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org" 
	<linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/64: Migrate error and IRQ exit work to C and remove old assembly code
Date: Wed, 19 Aug 2015 11:02:55 -0700
Message-ID: <CALCETrXKTq0yqJ6XiKOrc3ip7Xw0f_dmYf=Hzqr-JhNf=bhENw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20150819171811.GB21717@lerouge>

On Wed, Aug 19, 2015 at 10:18 AM, Frederic Weisbecker
<fweisbec@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 18, 2015 at 03:40:20PM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>
>> I sure hope not, unless it nests inside an NMI-like thing.  It's
>> conceivable that this might happen due to perf NMIs causing a failed
>> MSR read or similar.  We might need to relax the assertions to check
>> that we're either in kernel or NMI context.  If so, that's
>> straightforward.  Meanwhile no one has reported this happening.
>
> But we can still have #DB on entry code right? We blocked breakpoints on entry
> code (I still don't get why and it looks to me like an overkill) but we still
> have watchpoints.

The actual reason is buried in the many threads about NMIs.
Basically, we want to start using RET to return from exceptions to
contexts with IF=0, but we can't do that if we need RF to work
correctly, and we need RF to work correctly if we allow breakpoints in
entry asm (otherwise we risk random infinite loops).  So we're
disallowing breakpoints in entry asm.

> But an exception slow path based on static key would the most lightweight
> thing for context tracking off-case (which is 99.9999% of usecases) and we
> would keep it robust (ie: no need to enumerate all the fragile non-possibility
> for an exception in entry code to get it safe).
>

IRQs work more or less like this in -tip (restructured, but this gets the gist):

if (user_mode(regs)) {
  swapgs;
  enter_from_user_mode;
  do_IRQ;
  prepare_exit_to_usermode;
  swapgs;
  iret;
} else {
  do_IRQ;
  check for preemption;
  iret;
}

In 4.2 and before, the enter_from_user_mode wasn't there, and instead
of calling prepare_exit_to_usermode in a known context
(CONTEXT_KERNEL), we went through the maze of retint_user in an
unknown context.  That meant that we needed things like SCHEDULE_USER
(which had a bug at some point), do_notify_resume (probably had tons
of bugs), etc, and somehow we still needed to end up in CONTEXT_USER
at the end.

I think the new state of affairs is much nicer.  It means that we
finally actually know what state we're in throughout the entry asm.
The only real downsides that I can see are:

1. There's an unnecessary pair of branches due to rcu_irq_enter and
rcu_irq_exit when an IRQ hits user mode.

2. If user_exit is indeed much more expensive than rcu_irq_enter, then
we pay that cost.

If you have suggestions for how to make this faster without making it
uglier, please let me know. :)

--Andy

  reply index

Thread overview: 70+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2015-07-03 19:44 [PATCH v5 00/17] x86: Rewrite exit-to-userspace code Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 01/17] selftests/x86: Add a test for 32-bit fast syscall arg faults Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:49   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry, " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 02/17] x86/entry/64/compat: Fix bad fast syscall arg failure path Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:49   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 03/17] uml: Fix do_signal() prototype Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:49   ` [tip:x86/asm] um: " tip-bot for Ingo Molnar
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 04/17] context_tracking: Add ct_state and CT_WARN_ON Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:50   ` [tip:x86/asm] context_tracking: Add ct_state() and CT_WARN_ON() tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 05/17] notifiers: Assert that RCU is watching in notify_die Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:50   ` [tip:x86/asm] notifiers, RCU: Assert that RCU is watching in notify_die() tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 06/17] x86: Move C entry and exit code to arch/x86/entry/common.c Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:50   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry: Move C entry and exit code to arch/x86/ entry/common.c tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 07/17] x86/traps: Assert that we're in CONTEXT_KERNEL in exception entries Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:51   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/traps, context_tracking: Assert that we' re " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 08/17] x86/entry: Add enter_from_user_mode and use it in syscalls Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:51   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry: Add enter_from_user_mode() " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-14 23:00     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-07-14 23:04       ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-14 23:28         ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-12-21 20:50   ` [PATCH v5 08/17] x86/entry: Add enter_from_user_mode " Sasha Levin
2015-12-21 22:44     ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 09/17] x86/entry: Add new, comprehensible entry and exit hooks Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:51   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry: Add new, comprehensible entry and exit handlers written in C tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-14 23:07     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-07-15 19:56       ` Linus Torvalds
2015-07-15 20:46         ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-15 21:25           ` [PATCH] x86/entry: Fix _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY check in prepare_exit_to_usermode Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-18  3:25             ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 10/17] x86/entry/64: Really create an error-entry-from-usermode code path Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:52   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 11/17] x86/entry/64: Migrate 64-bit and compat syscalls to new exit hooks Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:52   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry/64: Migrate 64-bit and compat syscalls to the new exit handlers and remove old assembly code tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 12/17] x86/asm/entry/64: Save all regs on interrupt entry Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:52   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 13/17] x86/asm/entry/64: Simplify irq stack pt_regs handling Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:53   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/64: Simplify IRQ " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 14/17] x86/asm/entry/64: Migrate error and interrupt exit work to C Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:53   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/64: Migrate error and IRQ exit work to C and remove old assembly code tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-11 22:18     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-11 22:25       ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-11 22:49         ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-11 22:59           ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-12  1:02             ` Paul E. McKenney
2015-08-12 13:13             ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-11 22:38     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-11 22:51       ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-11 23:22         ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-11 23:33           ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-12 13:32             ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-12 14:59               ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-18 22:34                 ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-18 22:40                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-08-19 17:18                     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-08-19 18:02                       ` Andy Lutomirski [this message]
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 15/17] x86/entry: Remove exception_enter from most trap handlers Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:53   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry: Remove exception_enter() " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 16/17] x86/entry: Remove SCHEDULE_USER and asm/context-tracking.h Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:54   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry: Remove SCHEDULE_USER and asm/ context-tracking.h tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-03 19:44 ` [PATCH v5 17/17] x86/irq: Document how IRQ context tracking works and add an assertion Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 10:54   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/irq, context_tracking: Document how IRQ context tracking works and add an RCU assertion tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-14 23:26     ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-07-14 23:33       ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-18 13:23         ` Frederic Weisbecker
2015-07-18 14:10           ` Paul E. McKenney
2015-07-07 11:12 ` [PATCH v5 00/17] x86: Rewrite exit-to-userspace code Ingo Molnar
2015-07-07 16:03   ` Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-07 17:55     ` [PATCH] x86/entry/64: Fix warning on compat syscalls with CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL=n Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-08  9:57       ` [tip:x86/asm] x86/entry/64: Fix IRQ state confusion and related warning on compat syscalls with CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL =n tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
2015-07-08 19:12       ` tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski

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