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From: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>
To: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>,
	Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] KVM: x86/mmu: Fix per-cpu counter corruption on 32-bit builds
Date: Wed, 4 Aug 2021 15:19:30 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CALMp9eSxuoLf4hopA_=y_FohCAnLRjQuQ_PeGKO325UJ5J+qLA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210804214609.1096003-1-seanjc@google.com>

On Wed, Aug 4, 2021 at 2:46 PM Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com> wrote:
>
> Take a signed 'long' instead of an 'unsigned long' for the number of
> pages to add/subtract to the total number of pages used by the MMU.  This
> fixes a zero-extension bug on 32-bit kernels that effectively corrupts
> the per-cpu counter used by the shrinker.
>
> Per-cpu counters take a signed 64-bit value on both 32-bit and 64-bit
> kernels, whereas kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages() takes an unsigned long and thus
> an unsigned 32-bit value on 32-bit kernels.  As a result, the value used
> to adjust the per-cpu counter is zero-extended (unsigned -> signed), not
> sign-extended (signed -> signed), and so KVM's intended -1 gets morphed to
> 4294967295 and effectively corrupts the counter.
>
> This was found by a staggering amount of sheer dumb luck when running
> kvm-unit-tests on a 32-bit KVM build.  The shrinker just happened to kick
> in while running tests and do_shrink_slab() logged an error about trying
> to free a negative number of objects.  The truly lucky part is that the
> kernel just happened to be a slightly stale build, as the shrinker no
> longer yells about negative objects as of commit 18bb473e5031 ("mm:
> vmscan: shrink deferred objects proportional to priority").
>
>  vmscan: shrink_slab: mmu_shrink_scan+0x0/0x210 [kvm] negative objects to delete nr=-858993460
>
> Fixes: bc8a3d8925a8 ("kvm: mmu: Fix overflow on kvm mmu page limit calculation")
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Ouch!

Reviewed-by: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-04 22:19 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-04 21:46 Sean Christopherson
2021-08-04 22:19 ` Jim Mattson [this message]
2021-08-05  7:33 ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-08-05 11:26 ` Maxim Levitsky

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