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From: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
To: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>,
	Anup Patel <anup@brainfault.org>, Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>,
	Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@csgroup.eu>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Fabiano Rosas <farosas@linux.ibm.com>,
	Gaosheng Cui <cuigaosheng1@huawei.com>,
	Gavin Shan <gshan@redhat.com>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>,
	"Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@zx2c4.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>,
	Michael Larabel <michael@michaellarabel.com>,
	Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>,
	Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>,
	Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>, Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>,
	Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Thomas Huth <thuth@redhat.com>, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Zenghui Yu <yuzenghui@huawei.com>,
	kvmarm@lists.linux.dev, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	linux-trace-kernel@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-mm@google.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH mm-unstable v2 04/10] kvm/arm64: make stage2 page tables RCU safe
Date: Sat, 27 May 2023 14:13:07 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAOUHufa74CufHziHSquO5bZwbFXz2MNssBzW+AH7=Xo5RCnQ0A@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <ZHJHJPBF6euzOFdw@linux.dev>

On Sat, May 27, 2023 at 12:08 PM Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev> wrote:
>
> Yu,
>
> On Fri, May 26, 2023 at 05:44:29PM -0600, Yu Zhao wrote:
> > Stage2 page tables are currently not RCU safe against unmapping or VM
> > destruction. The previous mmu_notifier_ops members rely on
> > kvm->mmu_lock to synchronize with those operations.
> >
> > However, the new mmu_notifier_ops member test_clear_young() provides
> > a fast path that does not take kvm->mmu_lock. To implement
> > kvm_arch_test_clear_young() for that path, unmapped page tables need
> > to be freed by RCU and kvm_free_stage2_pgd() needs to be after
> > mmu_notifier_unregister().
> >
> > Remapping, specifically stage2_free_removed_table(), is already RCU
> > safe.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
> > ---
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h |  2 ++
> >  arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c                 |  1 +
> >  arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c         |  8 ++++++--
> >  arch/arm64/kvm/mmu.c                 | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
> >  4 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> > index ff520598b62c..5cab52e3a35f 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> > @@ -153,6 +153,7 @@ static inline bool kvm_level_supports_block_mapping(u32 level)
> >   * @put_page:                        Decrement the refcount on a page. When the
> >   *                           refcount reaches 0 the page is automatically
> >   *                           freed.
> > + * @put_page_rcu:            RCU variant of the above.
>
> You don't need to add yet another hook to implement this. I was working
> on lock-free walks in a separate context and arrived at the following:
>
> commit f82d264a37745e07ee28e116c336f139f681fd7f
> Author: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>
> Date:   Mon May 1 08:53:37 2023 +0000
>
>     KVM: arm64: Consistently use free_removed_table() for stage-2
>
>     free_removed_table() is essential to the RCU-protected parallel walking
>     scheme, as behind the scenes the cleanup is deferred until an RCU grace
>     period. Nonetheless, the stage-2 unmap path calls put_page() directly,
>     which leads to table memory being freed inline with the table walk.
>
>     This is safe for the time being, as the stage-2 unmap walker is called
>     while holding the write lock. A future change to KVM will further relax
>     the locking mechanics around the stage-2 page tables to allow lock-free
>     walkers protected only by RCU. As such, switch to the RCU-safe mechanism
>     for freeing table memory.
>
>     Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> index 3d61bd3e591d..bfbebdcb4ef0 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
> @@ -1019,7 +1019,7 @@ static int stage2_unmap_walker(const struct kvm_pgtable_visit_ctx *ctx,
>                                                kvm_granule_size(ctx->level));
>
>         if (childp)
> -               mm_ops->put_page(childp);
> +               mm_ops->free_removed_table(childp, ctx->level);

Thanks, Oliver.

A couple of things I haven't had the chance to verify -- I'm hoping
you could help clarify:
1. For unmapping, with free_removed_table(), wouldn't we have to look
into the table we know it's empty unnecessarily?
2. For remapping and unmapping, how does free_removed_table() put the
final refcnt on the table passed in? (Previously we had
put_page(childp) in stage2_map_walk_table_post(). So I'm assuming we'd
have to do something equivalent with free_removed_table().)

  reply	other threads:[~2023-05-27 20:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 40+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2023-05-26 23:44 [PATCH mm-unstable v2 00/10] mm/kvm: locklessly clear the accessed bit Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 01/10] mm/kvm: add mmu_notifier_ops->test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-06  8:34   ` Tzung-Bi Shih
2023-06-09  1:00     ` Yu Zhao
     [not found]   ` <ZHedMX470b7EMwbe@ziepe.ca>
2023-06-09  9:04     ` Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-15 17:42   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-06-20  7:30   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 02/10] mm/kvm: use mmu_notifier_ops->test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 03/10] kvm/arm64: export stage2_try_set_pte() and macros Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 04/10] kvm/arm64: make stage2 page tables RCU safe Yu Zhao
2023-05-27 18:08   ` Oliver Upton
2023-05-27 20:13     ` Yu Zhao [this message]
2023-05-30 19:37       ` Oliver Upton
2023-05-30 20:06         ` Yu Zhao
     [not found]           ` <ZHef0VsZvZ1Vnz0u@linux.dev>
2023-05-31 23:10             ` Yu Zhao
2023-05-31 23:22               ` Oliver Upton
2023-05-31 23:41                 ` Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 05/10] kvm/arm64: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 06/10] kvm/powerpc: make radix page tables RCU safe Yu Zhao
2023-06-20  6:32   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-06-20  8:00     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-20 10:49       ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 07/10] kvm/powerpc: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-20  7:47   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-06-21  0:38     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-21  2:51       ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 08/10] kvm/x86: move tdp_mmu_enabled and shadow_accessed_mask Yu Zhao
2023-06-15 16:59   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 09/10] kvm/x86: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  9:06   ` Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-15 18:26   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 10/10] mm: multi-gen LRU: use mmu_notifier_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/arm64: Spark benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-09 13:04   ` Marc Zyngier
2023-06-18 20:11     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/powerpc: memcached benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/x86: multichase benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-18 19:19   ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  9:07 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 00/10] mm/kvm: locklessly clear the accessed bit Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-20  2:19   ` Yu Zhao

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