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From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
To: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	"linux-mm@kvack.org" <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>,
	linux-nvdimm <linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig() (Re: PMEM error-handling forces SIGKILL causes kernel panic)
Date: Wed, 16 Jan 2019 08:55:52 -0800
Message-ID: <CAPcyv4jnHqDp7s1SdqHePms2Z-8d0zk-+6meqKeMQUNArxHb_w@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190116093046.GA29835@hori1.linux.bs1.fc.nec.co.jp>

On Wed, Jan 16, 2019 at 1:33 AM Naoya Horiguchi
<n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> wrote:
>
> [ CCed Andrew and linux-mm ]
>
> On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 08:14:02AM +0000, Horiguchi Naoya(堀口 直也) wrote:
> > Hi Dan, Jane,
> >
> > Thanks for the report.
> >
> > On Wed, Jan 09, 2019 at 03:49:32PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> > > [ switch to text mail, add lkml and Naoya ]
> > >
> > > On Wed, Jan 9, 2019 at 12:19 PM Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> wrote:
> > ...
> > > > 3. The hardware consists the latest revision CPU and Intel NVDIMM, we suspected
> > > >    the CPU faulty because it generated MCE over PMEM UE in a unlikely high
> > > >    rate for any reasonable NVDIMM (like a few per 24hours).
> > > >
> > > > After swapping the CPU, the problem stopped reproducing.
> > > >
> > > > But one could argue that perhaps the faulty CPU exposed a small race window
> > > > from collect_procs() to unmap_mapping_range() and to kill_procs(), hence
> > > > caught the kernel  PMEM error handler off guard.
> > >
> > > There's definitely a race, and the implementation is buggy as can be
> > > seen in __exit_signal:
> > >
> > >         sighand = rcu_dereference_check(tsk->sighand,
> > >                                         lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held());
> > >         spin_lock(&sighand->siglock);
> > >
> > > ...the memory-failure path needs to hold the proper locks before it
> > > can assume that de-referencing tsk->sighand is valid.
> > >
> > > > Also note, the same workload on the same faulty CPU were run on Linux prior to
> > > > the 4.19 PMEM error handling and did not encounter kernel crash, probably because
> > > > the prior HWPOISON handler did not force SIGKILL?
> > >
> > > Before 4.19 this test should result in a machine-check reboot, not
> > > much better than a kernel crash.
> > >
> > > > Should we not to force the SIGKILL, or find a way to close the race window?
> > >
> > > The race should be closed by holding the proper tasklist and rcu read lock(s).
> >
> > This reasoning and proposal sound right to me. I'm trying to reproduce
> > this race (for non-pmem case,) but no luck for now. I'll investigate more.
>
> I wrote/tested a patch for this issue.
> I think that switching signal API effectively does proper locking.
>
> Thanks,
> Naoya Horiguchi
> ---
> From 16dbf6105ff4831f73276d79d5df238ab467de76 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
> Date: Wed, 16 Jan 2019 16:59:27 +0900
> Subject: [PATCH] mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()
>
> Currently memory_failure() is racy against process's exiting,
> which results in kernel crash by null pointer dereference.
>
> The root cause is that memory_failure() uses force_sig() to forcibly
> kill asynchronous (meaning not in the current context) processes.  As
> discussed in thread https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/6/8/236 years ago for
> OOM fixes, this is not a right thing to do.  OOM solves this issue by
> using do_send_sig_info() as done in commit d2d393099de2 ("signal:
> oom_kill_task: use SEND_SIG_FORCED instead of force_sig()"), so this
> patch is suggesting to do the same for hwpoison.  do_send_sig_info()
> properly accesses to siglock with lock_task_sighand(), so is free from
> the reported race.
>
> I confirmed that the reported bug reproduces with inserting some delay
> in kill_procs(), and it never reproduces with this patch.
>
> Note that memory_failure() can send another type of signal using
> force_sig_mceerr(), and the reported race shouldn't happen on it
> because force_sig_mceerr() is called only for synchronous processes
> (i.e. BUS_MCEERR_AR happens only when some process accesses to the
> corrupted memory.)
>
> Reported-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
> ---

Looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

...but it would still be good to get a Tested-by from Jane.

  reply index

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <e3c4c0e0-1434-4353-b893-2973c04e7ff7@oracle.com>
2019-01-09 23:49 ` PMEM error-handling forces SIGKILL causes kernel panic Dan Williams
2019-01-11  8:14   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-01-16  9:30     ` [PATCH] mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig() (Re: PMEM error-handling forces SIGKILL causes kernel panic) Naoya Horiguchi
2019-01-16 16:55       ` Dan Williams [this message]
     [not found]       ` <97e179e1-8a3a-5acb-78c1-a4b06b33db4c@oracle.com>
2019-01-16 23:32         ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-01-17  1:07           ` Jane Chu
2019-01-17  9:44             ` William Kucharski

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