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From: "Sa, Nuno" <Nuno.Sa@analog.com>
To: Liam Beguin <liambeguin@gmail.com>,
	"lars@metafoo.de" <lars@metafoo.de>,
	"Hennerich, Michael" <Michael.Hennerich@analog.com>,
	"jic23@kernel.org" <jic23@kernel.org>,
	"charles-antoine.couret@essensium.com" 
	<charles-antoine.couret@essensium.com>
Cc: "linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-iio@vger.kernel.org" <linux-iio@vger.kernel.org>,
	"devicetree@vger.kernel.org" <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	"robh+dt@kernel.org" <robh+dt@kernel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH v1 2/4] iio: adc: ad7949: fix spi messages on non 14-bit controllers
Date: Fri, 9 Jul 2021 08:19:47 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <PH0PR03MB63662890FF4545AAF45E026199189@PH0PR03MB6366.namprd03.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210708235618.1541335-3-liambeguin@gmail.com>



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Liam Beguin <liambeguin@gmail.com>
> Sent: Friday, July 9, 2021 1:56 AM
> To: liambeguin@gmail.com; lars@metafoo.de; Hennerich, Michael
> <Michael.Hennerich@analog.com>; jic23@kernel.org; charles-
> antoine.couret@essensium.com
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; linux-iio@vger.kernel.org;
> devicetree@vger.kernel.org; robh+dt@kernel.org
> Subject: [PATCH v1 2/4] iio: adc: ad7949: fix spi messages on non 14-bit
> controllers
> 
> [External]
> 
> From: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>
> 
> This driver supports devices with 14-bit and 16-bit sample sizes.
> This is not always handled properly by spi controllers and can fail. To
> work around this limitation, pad samples to 16-bit and split the sample
> into two 8-bit messages in the event that only 8-bit messages are
> supported by the controller.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>
> ---
>  drivers/iio/adc/ad7949.c | 67
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>  1 file changed, 58 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7949.c b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7949.c
> index 93aacf4f680b..bbc6b56330a3 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7949.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7949.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
>  #include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> 
>  #define AD7949_MASK_TOTAL		GENMASK(13, 0)
>  #define AD7949_CFG_REG_SIZE_BITS	14
> @@ -57,6 +58,7 @@ static const struct ad7949_adc_spec
> ad7949_adc_spec[] = {
>   * @indio_dev: reference to iio structure
>   * @spi: reference to spi structure
>   * @resolution: resolution of the chip
> + * @bits_per_word: number of bits per SPI word
>   * @cfg: copy of the configuration register
>   * @current_channel: current channel in use
>   * @buffer: buffer to send / receive data to / from device
> @@ -67,28 +69,59 @@ struct ad7949_adc_chip {
>  	struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
>  	struct spi_device *spi;
>  	u8 resolution;
> +	u8 bits_per_word;
>  	u16 cfg;
>  	unsigned int current_channel;
> -	u16 buffer ____cacheline_aligned;
> +	union {
> +		__be16 buffer;
> +		u8 buf8[2];
> +	} ____cacheline_aligned;
>  };
> 
> +static void ad7949_set_bits_per_word(struct ad7949_adc_chip
> *ad7949_adc)
> +{
> +	u32 adc_mask = SPI_BPW_MASK(ad7949_adc->resolution);
> +	u32 bpw = adc_mask & ad7949_adc->spi->controller-
> >bits_per_word_mask;
> +
> +	if (bpw == adc_mask)
> +		ad7949_adc->bits_per_word = ad7949_adc-
> >resolution;
> +	else if (bpw == SPI_BPW_MASK(16))
> +		ad7949_adc->bits_per_word = 16;
> +	else
> +		ad7949_adc->bits_per_word = 8;
> +}
> +
>  static int ad7949_spi_write_cfg(struct ad7949_adc_chip *ad7949_adc,
> u16 val,
>  				u16 mask)
>  {
>  	int ret;
> -	int bits_per_word = ad7949_adc->resolution;
> -	int shift = bits_per_word - AD7949_CFG_REG_SIZE_BITS;
>  	struct spi_message msg;
>  	struct spi_transfer tx[] = {
>  		{
>  			.tx_buf = &ad7949_adc->buffer,
>  			.len = 2,
> -			.bits_per_word = bits_per_word,
> +			.bits_per_word = ad7949_adc->bits_per_word,
>  		},
>  	};
> 
> +	ad7949_adc->buffer = 0;
>  	ad7949_adc->cfg = (val & mask) | (ad7949_adc->cfg & ~mask);
> -	ad7949_adc->buffer = ad7949_adc->cfg << shift;
> +
> +	switch (ad7949_adc->bits_per_word) {
> +	case 16:
> +		ad7949_adc->buffer = ad7949_adc->cfg << 2;
> +		break;
> +	case 14:
> +		ad7949_adc->buffer = ad7949_adc->cfg;
> +		break;
> +	case 8:
> +		/* Pack 14-bit value into 2 bytes, MSB first */
> +		ad7949_adc->buf8[0] = FIELD_GET(GENMASK(13, 6),
> ad7949_adc->cfg);
> +		ad7949_adc->buf8[1] = FIELD_GET(GENMASK(5, 0),
> ad7949_adc->cfg);
> +		ad7949_adc->buf8[1] = ad7949_adc->buf8[1] << 2;
> +		break;
> +	}

Honestly I didn't went through the driver but just a question... Are we
sure that 'ad7949_adc->resolution' will have something valid (8, 14, 16)?
A default statement is always a nice to have :).
 
>  	spi_message_init_with_transfers(&msg, tx, 1);
>  	ret = spi_sync(ad7949_adc->spi, &msg);
> 
> @@ -105,14 +138,12 @@ static int ad7949_spi_read_channel(struct
> ad7949_adc_chip *ad7949_adc, int *val,
>  {
>  	int ret;
>  	int i;
> -	int bits_per_word = ad7949_adc->resolution;
> -	int mask = GENMASK(ad7949_adc->resolution - 1, 0);
>  	struct spi_message msg;
>  	struct spi_transfer tx[] = {
>  		{
>  			.rx_buf = &ad7949_adc->buffer,
>  			.len = 2,
> -			.bits_per_word = bits_per_word,
> +			.bits_per_word = ad7949_adc->bits_per_word,
>  		},
>  	};
> 
> @@ -147,7 +178,24 @@ static int ad7949_spi_read_channel(struct
> ad7949_adc_chip *ad7949_adc, int *val,
> 
>  	ad7949_adc->current_channel = channel;
> 
> -	*val = ad7949_adc->buffer & mask;
> +	switch (ad7949_adc->bits_per_word) {
> +	case 16:
> +		*val = ad7949_adc->buffer;
> +		/* Shift-out padding bits */
> +		if (ad7949_adc->resolution == 14)
> +			*val = *val >> 2;
> +		break;
> +	case 14:
> +		*val = ad7949_adc->buffer & GENMASK(13, 0);
> +		break;
> +	case 8:
> +		/* Convert byte array to u16, MSB first */
> +		*val = (ad7949_adc->buf8[0] << 8) | ad7949_adc-
> >buf8[1];
> +		/* Shift-out padding bits */
> +		if (ad7949_adc->resolution == 14)
> +			*val = *val >> 2;
> +		break;
> +	}
> 
>  	return 0;
>  }
> @@ -280,6 +328,7 @@ static int ad7949_spi_probe(struct spi_device
> *spi)
>  	spec = &ad7949_adc_spec[spi_get_device_id(spi)-
> >driver_data];
>  	indio_dev->num_channels = spec->num_channels;
>  	ad7949_adc->resolution = spec->resolution;
> +	ad7949_set_bits_per_word(ad7949_adc);
> 
>  	ad7949_adc->vref = devm_regulator_get(dev, "vref");
>  	if (IS_ERR(ad7949_adc->vref)) {
> --
> 2.30.1.489.g328c10930387


  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-09  8:20 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-08 23:56 [PATCH v1 0/4] AD7949 Fixes Liam Beguin
2021-07-08 23:56 ` [PATCH v1 1/4] iio: adc: ad7949: define and use bitfield names Liam Beguin
2021-07-08 23:56 ` [PATCH v1 2/4] iio: adc: ad7949: fix spi messages on non 14-bit controllers Liam Beguin
2021-07-09  8:19   ` Sa, Nuno [this message]
2021-07-09 14:25     ` Liam Beguin
2021-07-08 23:56 ` [PATCH v1 3/4] iio: adc: ad7949: add support for internal vref Liam Beguin
2021-07-09  8:23   ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-09 14:49     ` Liam Beguin
2021-07-08 23:56 ` [PATCH v1 4/4] dt-bindings: iio: adc: ad7949: add adi,reference-source Liam Beguin
2021-07-09  8:15   ` Sa, Nuno
2021-07-09 14:19     ` Liam Beguin
2021-07-09 14:28     ` Liam Beguin
2021-07-09  8:12 ` [PATCH v1 0/4] AD7949 Fixes Sa, Nuno

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