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From: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
To: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
Cc: Pratik Sampat <psampat@linux.ibm.com>, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>,
	Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>, <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	<linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, <pratik.r.sampat@gmail.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 0/6] percpu: partial chunk depopulation
Date: Fri, 16 Apr 2021 09:21:31 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YHm5i9/j+RiKcONf@carbon.dhcp.thefacebook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YHmcorqNE5NpAN3G@google.com>

On Fri, Apr 16, 2021 at 02:18:10PM +0000, Dennis Zhou wrote:
> Hello,
> 
> On Fri, Apr 16, 2021 at 06:26:15PM +0530, Pratik Sampat wrote:
> > Hello Roman,
> > 
> > I've tried the v3 patch series on a POWER9 and an x86 KVM setup.
> > 
> > My results of the percpu_test are as follows:
> > Intel KVM 4CPU:4G
> > Vanilla 5.12-rc6
> > # ./percpu_test.sh
> > Percpu:             1952 kB
> > Percpu:           219648 kB
> > Percpu:           219648 kB
> > 
> > 5.12-rc6 + with patchset applied
> > # ./percpu_test.sh
> > Percpu:             2080 kB
> > Percpu:           219712 kB
> > Percpu:            72672 kB
> > 
> > I'm able to see improvement comparable to that of what you're see too.
> > 
> > However, on POWERPC I'm unable to reproduce these improvements with the patchset in the same configuration
> > 
> > POWER9 KVM 4CPU:4G
> > Vanilla 5.12-rc6
> > # ./percpu_test.sh
> > Percpu:             5888 kB
> > Percpu:           118272 kB
> > Percpu:           118272 kB
> > 
> > 5.12-rc6 + with patchset applied
> > # ./percpu_test.sh
> > Percpu:             6144 kB
> > Percpu:           119040 kB
> > Percpu:           119040 kB
> > 
> > I'm wondering if there's any architectural specific code that needs plumbing
> > here?
> > 
> 
> There shouldn't be. Can you send me the percpu_stats debug output before
> and after?

Btw, sidelined chunks are not listed in the debug output. It was actually on my
to-do list, looks like I need to prioritize it a bit.

> 
> > I will also look through the code to find the reason why POWER isn't
> > depopulating pages.
> > 
> > Thank you,
> > Pratik
> > 
> > On 08/04/21 9:27 am, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> > > In our production experience the percpu memory allocator is sometimes struggling
> > > with returning the memory to the system. A typical example is a creation of
> > > several thousands memory cgroups (each has several chunks of the percpu data
> > > used for vmstats, vmevents, ref counters etc). Deletion and complete releasing
> > > of these cgroups doesn't always lead to a shrinkage of the percpu memory,
> > > so that sometimes there are several GB's of memory wasted.
> > > 
> > > The underlying problem is the fragmentation: to release an underlying chunk
> > > all percpu allocations should be released first. The percpu allocator tends
> > > to top up chunks to improve the utilization. It means new small-ish allocations
> > > (e.g. percpu ref counters) are placed onto almost filled old-ish chunks,
> > > effectively pinning them in memory.
> > > 
> > > This patchset solves this problem by implementing a partial depopulation
> > > of percpu chunks: chunks with many empty pages are being asynchronously
> > > depopulated and the pages are returned to the system.
> > > 
> > > To illustrate the problem the following script can be used:
> > > 
> > > --
> > > #!/bin/bash
> > > 
> > > cd /sys/fs/cgroup
> > > 
> > > mkdir percpu_test
> > > echo "+memory" > percpu_test/cgroup.subtree_control
> > > 
> > > cat /proc/meminfo | grep Percpu
> > > 
> > > for i in `seq 1 1000`; do
> > >      mkdir percpu_test/cg_"${i}"
> > >      for j in `seq 1 10`; do
> > > 	mkdir percpu_test/cg_"${i}"_"${j}"
> > >      done
> > > done
> > > 
> > > cat /proc/meminfo | grep Percpu
> > > 
> > > for i in `seq 1 1000`; do
> > >      for j in `seq 1 10`; do
> > > 	rmdir percpu_test/cg_"${i}"_"${j}"
> > >      done
> > > done
> > > 
> > > sleep 10
> > > 
> > > cat /proc/meminfo | grep Percpu
> > > 
> > > for i in `seq 1 1000`; do
> > >      rmdir percpu_test/cg_"${i}"
> > > done
> > > 
> > > rmdir percpu_test
> > > --
> > > 
> > > It creates 11000 memory cgroups and removes every 10 out of 11.
> > > It prints the initial size of the percpu memory, the size after
> > > creating all cgroups and the size after deleting most of them.
> > > 
> > > Results:
> > >    vanilla:
> > >      ./percpu_test.sh
> > >      Percpu:             7488 kB
> > >      Percpu:           481152 kB
> > >      Percpu:           481152 kB
> > > 
> > >    with this patchset applied:
> > >      ./percpu_test.sh
> > >      Percpu:             7488 kB
> > >      Percpu:           481408 kB
> > >      Percpu:           135552 kB
> > > 
> > > So the total size of the percpu memory was reduced by more than 3.5 times.
> > > 
> > > v3:
> > >    - introduced pcpu_check_chunk_hint()
> > >    - fixed a bug related to the hint check
> > >    - minor cosmetic changes
> > >    - s/pretends/fixes (cc Vlastimil)
> > > 
> > > v2:
> > >    - depopulated chunks are sidelined
> > >    - depopulation happens in the reverse order
> > >    - depopulate list made per-chunk type
> > >    - better results due to better heuristics
> > > 
> > > v1:
> > >    - depopulation heuristics changed and optimized
> > >    - chunks are put into a separate list, depopulation scan this list
> > >    - chunk->isolated is introduced, chunk->depopulate is dropped
> > >    - rearranged patches a bit
> > >    - fixed a panic discovered by krobot
> > >    - made pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages per chunk type
> > >    - minor fixes
> > > 
> > > rfc:
> > >    https://lwn.net/Articles/850508/ 
> > > 
> > > 
> > > Roman Gushchin (6):
> > >    percpu: fix a comment about the chunks ordering
> > >    percpu: split __pcpu_balance_workfn()
> > >    percpu: make pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages per chunk type
> > >    percpu: generalize pcpu_balance_populated()
> > >    percpu: factor out pcpu_check_chunk_hint()
> > >    percpu: implement partial chunk depopulation
> > > 
> > >   mm/percpu-internal.h |   4 +-
> > >   mm/percpu-stats.c    |   9 +-
> > >   mm/percpu.c          | 306 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> > >   3 files changed, 261 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)
> > > 
> > 
> 
> Roman, sorry for the delay. I'm looking to apply this today to for-5.14.

Great, thanks!

      parent reply	other threads:[~2021-04-16 16:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-08  3:57 Roman Gushchin
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 1/6] percpu: fix a comment about the chunks ordering Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 21:06   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 2/6] percpu: split __pcpu_balance_workfn() Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 21:06   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 3/6] percpu: make pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages per chunk type Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 21:08   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 4/6] percpu: generalize pcpu_balance_populated() Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 21:09   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 5/6] percpu: factor out pcpu_check_chunk_hint() Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 21:15   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-08  3:57 ` [PATCH v3 6/6] percpu: implement partial chunk depopulation Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 12:56 ` [PATCH v3 0/6] percpu: " Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 14:18   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-16 15:28     ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 17:13       ` Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 18:27         ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 18:34           ` Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 18:41             ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 19:09               ` Roman Gushchin
2021-04-16 19:44                 ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 20:03                   ` Roman Gushchin
2021-04-17  7:08                     ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 21:47                   ` Dennis Zhou
2021-04-17  7:14                     ` Pratik Sampat
2021-04-16 16:21     ` Roman Gushchin [this message]

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