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From: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: Joe Korty <joe.korty@concurrent-rt.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Lee Jones <lee.jones@linaro.org>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Darren Hart <dvhart@infradead.org>,
	Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>
Subject: Re: [BUG] 4.4.262: infinite loop in futex_unlock_pi (EAGAIN loop)
Date: Wed, 28 Jul 2021 18:15:39 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YQGCqylzS6sTW7Nm@kroah.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210728135114.GA2453@zipoli.concurrent-rt.com>

On Wed, Jul 28, 2021 at 09:51:14AM -0400, Joe Korty wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 28, 2021 at 08:07:00AM +0200, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 27, 2021 at 06:19:50PM -0400, Joe Korty wrote:
> > > 
> > >  [ Added missing people to the cc: as listed in MAINTAINERS ]
> > > 
> > > On Thu, Jul 22, 2021 at 04:11:41PM +0200, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Jul 19, 2021 at 12:24:18PM -0400, Joe Korty wrote:
> > > > > [BUG] 4.4.262: infinite loop in futex_unlock_pi (EAGAIN loop)
> > > > > 
> > > > >    [ replicator, attached ]
> > > > >    [ workaround patch that crudely clears the loop, attached ]
> > > > >    [ 4.4.256 does _not_ have this problem, 4.4.262 is known to have it ]
> > > > > 
> > > > > When a certain, secure-site application is run on 4.4.262, it locks up and
> > > > > is unkillable.  Crash(8) and sysrq backtraces show that the application
> > > > > is looping in the kernel in futex_unlock_pi.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Between 4.4.256 and .257, 4.4 got this 4.12 patch backported into it:
> > > > > 
> > > > >    73d786b ("[PATCH] futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state")
> > > > > 
> > > > > This patch has the following comment:
> > > > > 
> > > > >    The only problem is that this breaks RT timeliness guarantees. That
> > > > >    is, consider the following scenario:
> > > > > 
> > > > >       T1 and T2 are both pinned to CPU0. prio(T2) > prio(T1)
> > > > > 
> > > > >         CPU0
> > > > > 
> > > > >         T1
> > > > >           lock_pi()
> > > > >           queue_me()  <- Waiter is visible
> > > > >    
> > > > >         preemption
> > > > > 
> > > > >         T2
> > > > >           unlock_pi()
> > > > >             loops with -EAGAIN forever
> > > > > 
> > > > >     Which is undesirable for PI primitives. Future patches will rectify
> > > > >     this.
> > > > > 
> > > > > This describes the situation exactly.  To prove, we developed a little
> > > > > kernel patch that, on loop detection, puts a message into the kernel log for
> > > > > just the first occurrence, keeps a count of the number of occurrences seen
> > > > > since boot, and tries to break out of the loop via usleep_range(1000,1000).
> > > > > Note that the patch is not really needed for replication.  It merely shows,
> > > > > by 'fixing' the problem, that it really is the EAGAIN loop that triggers
> > > > > the lockup.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Along with this patch, we submit a replicator.  Running this replicator
> > > > > with this patch, it can be seen that 4.4.256 does not have the problem.
> > > > > 4.4.267 and the latest 4.4, 4.4.275, do.  In addition, 4.9.274 (tested
> > > > > w/o the patch) does not have the problem.
> > > > > 
> > > > > >From this pattern there may be some futex fixup patch that was ported
> > > > > back into 4.9 but failed to make it to 4.4.
> > > > 
> > > > Odd, I can't seem to find anything that we missed.  Can you dig to see
> > > > if there is something that we need to do here so we can resolve this?
> > > > 
> > > > thanks,
> > > > greg k-h
> > > 
> > > 
> > > Hi Greg,
> > > 
> > > 4.12 has these apparently-original patches:
> > > 
> > >   73d786b  futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state
> > >   cfafcd1  futex: Rework futex_lock_pi() to use rt_mutex_*_proxy_lock()
> > > 
> > > I have verified that the first commit, 73d786b, introduces
> > > the futex_unlock_pi infinite loop bug into 4.12.  I have
> > > also verified that the last commit, cfafcd1, fixes the bug.
> > > 
> > > 4.9 has had both futex patches backported into it.
> > > Verified that 4.9.276 does not suffer from the bug.
> > > 
> > > 4.4 has had the first patch backported, as 394fc49, but
> > > not the last.  I have verified that building a kernel at
> > > 394fc49 and at v4.4.276, the bug is seen, and at 394fc49^,
> > > the bug is not present.
> > > 
> > > The missing commit, cfafcd1 in 4.12, is present in 4.9
> > > as 13c98b0.  A visual spot-check of 13c98b0, as a patch,
> > > with kernel/futex.c in 4.4.276 did not find any hunks of
> > > 13c98b0 present in 4.4.276's kernel/futex.c.
> > 
> > Ok, so what do you recommend be done to resolve this?
> > 
> > thanks,
> > greg k-h
> 
> I suppose we could either back out 394fc49 from 4.4, or
> backport 13c98b0 from 4.9 to 4.4.  At the time I wrote
> the above, I hadn't tried either approach yet.
> 
> Since then, I did a trial backport of 13c98b0 into 4.4.
> All the changes to kernel/futex.c applied, none of the
> changes to kernel/locking/rtmutex.c applied.  That implies
> to me that we have at least one other patch that needs
> finding-n-backporting before we can proceed.

Ok, let me know if there's anything I can apply here after you test
things.

greg k-h

      reply	other threads:[~2021-07-28 16:15 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-19 16:24 Joe Korty
2021-07-22 14:11 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-07-27 22:19   ` Joe Korty
2021-07-28  6:07     ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-07-28 13:51       ` Joe Korty
2021-07-28 16:15         ` Greg Kroah-Hartman [this message]

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