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From: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>
To: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>,
	Anup Patel <anup@brainfault.org>, Ben Gardon <bgardon@google.com>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>,
	Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@csgroup.eu>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Fabiano Rosas <farosas@linux.ibm.com>,
	Gaosheng Cui <cuigaosheng1@huawei.com>,
	Gavin Shan <gshan@redhat.com>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>,
	"Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@zx2c4.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>,
	Michael Larabel <michael@michaellarabel.com>,
	Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>,
	Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>,
	Paul Mackerras <paulus@ozlabs.org>, Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>,
	Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Thomas Huth <thuth@redhat.com>, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Zenghui Yu <yuzenghui@huawei.com>,
	kvmarm@lists.linux.dev, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	linux-trace-kernel@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-mm@google.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH mm-unstable v2 04/10] kvm/arm64: make stage2 page tables RCU safe
Date: Sat, 27 May 2023 18:08:36 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <ZHJHJPBF6euzOFdw@linux.dev> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20230526234435.662652-5-yuzhao@google.com>

Yu,

On Fri, May 26, 2023 at 05:44:29PM -0600, Yu Zhao wrote:
> Stage2 page tables are currently not RCU safe against unmapping or VM
> destruction. The previous mmu_notifier_ops members rely on
> kvm->mmu_lock to synchronize with those operations.
> 
> However, the new mmu_notifier_ops member test_clear_young() provides
> a fast path that does not take kvm->mmu_lock. To implement
> kvm_arch_test_clear_young() for that path, unmapped page tables need
> to be freed by RCU and kvm_free_stage2_pgd() needs to be after
> mmu_notifier_unregister().
> 
> Remapping, specifically stage2_free_removed_table(), is already RCU
> safe.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h |  2 ++
>  arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c                 |  1 +
>  arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c         |  8 ++++++--
>  arch/arm64/kvm/mmu.c                 | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
>  4 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> index ff520598b62c..5cab52e3a35f 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
> @@ -153,6 +153,7 @@ static inline bool kvm_level_supports_block_mapping(u32 level)
>   * @put_page:			Decrement the refcount on a page. When the
>   *				refcount reaches 0 the page is automatically
>   *				freed.
> + * @put_page_rcu:		RCU variant of the above.

You don't need to add yet another hook to implement this. I was working
on lock-free walks in a separate context and arrived at the following:

commit f82d264a37745e07ee28e116c336f139f681fd7f
Author: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>
Date:   Mon May 1 08:53:37 2023 +0000

    KVM: arm64: Consistently use free_removed_table() for stage-2
    
    free_removed_table() is essential to the RCU-protected parallel walking
    scheme, as behind the scenes the cleanup is deferred until an RCU grace
    period. Nonetheless, the stage-2 unmap path calls put_page() directly,
    which leads to table memory being freed inline with the table walk.
    
    This is safe for the time being, as the stage-2 unmap walker is called
    while holding the write lock. A future change to KVM will further relax
    the locking mechanics around the stage-2 page tables to allow lock-free
    walkers protected only by RCU. As such, switch to the RCU-safe mechanism
    for freeing table memory.
    
    Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oliver.upton@linux.dev>

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
index 3d61bd3e591d..bfbebdcb4ef0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
@@ -1019,7 +1019,7 @@ static int stage2_unmap_walker(const struct kvm_pgtable_visit_ctx *ctx,
 					       kvm_granule_size(ctx->level));
 
 	if (childp)
-		mm_ops->put_page(childp);
+		mm_ops->free_removed_table(childp, ctx->level);
 
 	return 0;
 }

-- 
Thanks,
Oliver

  reply	other threads:[~2023-05-27 18:08 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 40+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2023-05-26 23:44 [PATCH mm-unstable v2 00/10] mm/kvm: locklessly clear the accessed bit Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 01/10] mm/kvm: add mmu_notifier_ops->test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-06  8:34   ` Tzung-Bi Shih
2023-06-09  1:00     ` Yu Zhao
     [not found]   ` <ZHedMX470b7EMwbe@ziepe.ca>
2023-06-09  9:04     ` Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-15 17:42   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-06-20  7:30   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 02/10] mm/kvm: use mmu_notifier_ops->test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 03/10] kvm/arm64: export stage2_try_set_pte() and macros Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 04/10] kvm/arm64: make stage2 page tables RCU safe Yu Zhao
2023-05-27 18:08   ` Oliver Upton [this message]
2023-05-27 20:13     ` Yu Zhao
2023-05-30 19:37       ` Oliver Upton
2023-05-30 20:06         ` Yu Zhao
     [not found]           ` <ZHef0VsZvZ1Vnz0u@linux.dev>
2023-05-31 23:10             ` Yu Zhao
2023-05-31 23:22               ` Oliver Upton
2023-05-31 23:41                 ` Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 05/10] kvm/arm64: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 06/10] kvm/powerpc: make radix page tables RCU safe Yu Zhao
2023-06-20  6:32   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-06-20  8:00     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-20 10:49       ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 07/10] kvm/powerpc: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-20  7:47   ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-06-21  0:38     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-21  2:51       ` Nicholas Piggin
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 08/10] kvm/x86: move tdp_mmu_enabled and shadow_accessed_mask Yu Zhao
2023-06-15 16:59   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 09/10] kvm/x86: add kvm_arch_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  9:06   ` Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-15 18:26   ` Sean Christopherson
2023-05-26 23:44 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 10/10] mm: multi-gen LRU: use mmu_notifier_test_clear_young() Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/arm64: Spark benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-09 13:04   ` Marc Zyngier
2023-06-18 20:11     ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/powerpc: memcached benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  0:59 ` kvm/x86: multichase benchmark Yu Zhao
2023-06-18 19:19   ` Yu Zhao
2023-06-09  9:07 ` [PATCH mm-unstable v2 00/10] mm/kvm: locklessly clear the accessed bit Paolo Bonzini
2023-06-20  2:19   ` Yu Zhao

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