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From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
To: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com, dave.jiang@intel.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, willy@infradead.org,
	davem@davemloft.net, yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com,
	khalid.aziz@oracle.com, rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com, vbabka@suse.cz,
	sparclinux@vger.kernel.org, dan.j.williams@intel.com,
	ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com, mgorman@techsingularity.net,
	mingo@kernel.org, kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [mm PATCH v3 4/6] mm: Move hot-plug specific memory init into separate functions and optimize
Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2018 08:26:20 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <d9011108-4099-58dc-8b8c-110c5f2a3674@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181017091824.GL18839@dhcp22.suse.cz>

On 10/17/2018 2:18 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Mon 15-10-18 13:27:16, Alexander Duyck wrote:
>> This patch is going through and combining the bits in memmap_init_zone and
>> memmap_init_zone_device that are related to hotplug into a single function
>> called __memmap_init_hotplug.
>>
>> I also took the opportunity to integrate __init_single_page's functionality
>> into this function. In doing so I can get rid of some of the redundancy
>> such as the LRU pointers versus the pgmap.
> 
> This patch depends on [1] which I've had some concerns about. It adds
> more code on top. I am still not convinced this is the right direction.
> 
> [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180925202053.3576.66039.stgit@localhost.localdomain

I wouldn't say this patch depends on it. The fact is I could easily make 
this patch work with the code as it was before that change. This was 
actually something I had started on first and then decided to move until 
later since I knew this was more invasive than the 
memmap_init_zone_device function was.

With that said I am also wondering if a possible solution to the 
complaints you had would be to look at just exporting the 
__init_pageblock function later and moving the call to 
memmap_init_zone_device out to the memremap or hotplug code when Dan 
gets the refactoring for HMM and memremap all sorted out.

>>
>> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
>>   mm/page_alloc.c |  232 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
>>   1 file changed, 159 insertions(+), 73 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
>> index 20e9eb35d75d..92375e7867ba 100644
>> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
>> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
>> @@ -1192,6 +1192,94 @@ static void __meminit __init_single_page(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn,
>>   #endif
>>   }
>>   
>> +static void __meminit __init_pageblock(unsigned long start_pfn,
>> +				       unsigned long nr_pages,
>> +				       unsigned long zone, int nid,
>> +				       struct dev_pagemap *pgmap,
>> +				       bool is_reserved)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long nr_pgmask = pageblock_nr_pages - 1;
>> +	struct page *start_page = pfn_to_page(start_pfn);
>> +	unsigned long pfn = start_pfn + nr_pages - 1;
>> +#ifdef WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL
>> +	bool is_highmem = is_highmem_idx(zone);
>> +#endif
>> +	struct page *page;
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Enforce the following requirements:
>> +	 * size > 0
>> +	 * size < pageblock_nr_pages
>> +	 * start_pfn -> pfn does not cross pageblock_nr_pages boundary
>> +	 */
>> +	VM_BUG_ON(((start_pfn ^ pfn) | (nr_pages - 1)) > nr_pgmask);
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Work from highest page to lowest, this way we will still be
>> +	 * warm in the cache when we call set_pageblock_migratetype
>> +	 * below.
>> +	 *
>> +	 * The loop is based around the page pointer as the main index
>> +	 * instead of the pfn because pfn is not used inside the loop if
>> +	 * the section number is not in page flags and WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL
>> +	 * is not defined.
>> +	 */
>> +	for (page = start_page + nr_pages; page-- != start_page; pfn--) {
>> +		mm_zero_struct_page(page);
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * We use the start_pfn instead of pfn in the set_page_links
>> +		 * call because of the fact that the pfn number is used to
>> +		 * get the section_nr and this function should not be
>> +		 * spanning more than a single section.
>> +		 */
>> +		set_page_links(page, zone, nid, start_pfn);
>> +		init_page_count(page);
>> +		page_mapcount_reset(page);
>> +		page_cpupid_reset_last(page);
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * We can use the non-atomic __set_bit operation for setting
>> +		 * the flag as we are still initializing the pages.
>> +		 */
>> +		if (is_reserved)
>> +			__SetPageReserved(page);
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * ZONE_DEVICE pages union ->lru with a ->pgmap back
>> +		 * pointer and hmm_data.  It is a bug if a ZONE_DEVICE
>> +		 * page is ever freed or placed on a driver-private list.
>> +		 */
>> +		page->pgmap = pgmap;
>> +		if (!pgmap)
>> +			INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);
>> +
>> +#ifdef WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL
>> +		/* The shift won't overflow because ZONE_NORMAL is below 4G. */
>> +		if (!is_highmem)
>> +			set_page_address(page, __va(pfn << PAGE_SHIFT));
>> +#endif
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Mark the block movable so that blocks are reserved for
>> +	 * movable at startup. This will force kernel allocations
>> +	 * to reserve their blocks rather than leaking throughout
>> +	 * the address space during boot when many long-lived
>> +	 * kernel allocations are made.
>> +	 *
>> +	 * bitmap is created for zone's valid pfn range. but memmap
>> +	 * can be created for invalid pages (for alignment)
>> +	 * check here not to call set_pageblock_migratetype() against
>> +	 * pfn out of zone.
>> +	 *
>> +	 * Please note that MEMMAP_HOTPLUG path doesn't clear memmap
>> +	 * because this is done early in sparse_add_one_section
>> +	 */
>> +	if (!(start_pfn & nr_pgmask))
>> +		set_pageblock_migratetype(start_page, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
>> +}
>> +
>>   #ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
>>   static void __meminit init_reserved_page(unsigned long pfn)
>>   {
>> @@ -5513,6 +5601,36 @@ void __ref build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat)
>>   	return false;
>>   }
>>   
>> +static void __meminit __memmap_init_hotplug(unsigned long size, int nid,
>> +					    unsigned long zone,
>> +					    unsigned long start_pfn,
>> +					    struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long pfn = start_pfn + size;
>> +
>> +	while (pfn != start_pfn) {
>> +		unsigned long stride = pfn;
>> +
>> +		pfn = max(ALIGN_DOWN(pfn - 1, pageblock_nr_pages), start_pfn);
>> +		stride -= pfn;
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * The last argument of __init_pageblock is a boolean
>> +		 * value indicating if the page will be marked as reserved.
>> +		 *
>> +		 * Mark page reserved as it will need to wait for onlining
>> +		 * phase for it to be fully associated with a zone.
>> +		 *
>> +		 * Under certain circumstances ZONE_DEVICE pages may not
>> +		 * need to be marked as reserved, however there is still
>> +		 * code that is depending on this being set for now.
>> +		 */
>> +		__init_pageblock(pfn, stride, zone, nid, pgmap, true);
>> +
>> +		cond_resched();
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>>   /*
>>    * Initially all pages are reserved - free ones are freed
>>    * up by memblock_free_all() once the early boot process is
>> @@ -5523,51 +5641,61 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
>>   		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
>>   {
>>   	unsigned long pfn, end_pfn = start_pfn + size;
>> -	struct page *page;
>>   
>>   	if (highest_memmap_pfn < end_pfn - 1)
>>   		highest_memmap_pfn = end_pfn - 1;
>>   
>> +	if (context == MEMMAP_HOTPLUG) {
>>   #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
>> -	/*
>> -	 * Honor reservation requested by the driver for this ZONE_DEVICE
>> -	 * memory. We limit the total number of pages to initialize to just
>> -	 * those that might contain the memory mapping. We will defer the
>> -	 * ZONE_DEVICE page initialization until after we have released
>> -	 * the hotplug lock.
>> -	 */
>> -	if (zone == ZONE_DEVICE) {
>> -		if (!altmap)
>> -			return;
>> +		/*
>> +		 * Honor reservation requested by the driver for this
>> +		 * ZONE_DEVICE memory. We limit the total number of pages to
>> +		 * initialize to just those that might contain the memory
>> +		 * mapping. We will defer the ZONE_DEVICE page initialization
>> +		 * until after we have released the hotplug lock.
>> +		 */
>> +		if (zone == ZONE_DEVICE) {
>> +			if (!altmap)
>> +				return;
>> +
>> +			if (start_pfn == altmap->base_pfn)
>> +				start_pfn += altmap->reserve;
>> +			end_pfn = altmap->base_pfn +
>> +				  vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
>> +		}
>> +#endif
>> +		/*
>> +		 * For these ZONE_DEVICE pages we don't need to record the
>> +		 * pgmap as they should represent only those pages used to
>> +		 * store the memory map. The actual ZONE_DEVICE pages will
>> +		 * be initialized later.
>> +		 */
>> +		__memmap_init_hotplug(end_pfn - start_pfn, nid, zone,
>> +				      start_pfn, NULL);
>>   
>> -		if (start_pfn == altmap->base_pfn)
>> -			start_pfn += altmap->reserve;
>> -		end_pfn = altmap->base_pfn + vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
>> +		return;
>>   	}
>> -#endif
>>   
>>   	for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn++) {
>> +		struct page *page;
>> +
>>   		/*
>>   		 * There can be holes in boot-time mem_map[]s handed to this
>>   		 * function.  They do not exist on hotplugged memory.
>>   		 */
>> -		if (context == MEMMAP_EARLY) {
>> -			if (!early_pfn_valid(pfn)) {
>> -				pfn = next_valid_pfn(pfn) - 1;
>> -				continue;
>> -			}
>> -			if (!early_pfn_in_nid(pfn, nid))
>> -				continue;
>> -			if (overlap_memmap_init(zone, &pfn))
>> -				continue;
>> -			if (defer_init(nid, pfn, end_pfn))
>> -				break;
>> +		if (!early_pfn_valid(pfn)) {
>> +			pfn = next_valid_pfn(pfn) - 1;
>> +			continue;
>>   		}
>> +		if (!early_pfn_in_nid(pfn, nid))
>> +			continue;
>> +		if (overlap_memmap_init(zone, &pfn))
>> +			continue;
>> +		if (defer_init(nid, pfn, end_pfn))
>> +			break;
>>   
>>   		page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
>>   		__init_single_page(page, pfn, zone, nid);
>> -		if (context == MEMMAP_HOTPLUG)
>> -			__SetPageReserved(page);
>>   
>>   		/*
>>   		 * Mark the block movable so that blocks are reserved for
>> @@ -5594,14 +5722,12 @@ void __ref memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *zone,
>>   				   unsigned long size,
>>   				   struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
>>   {
>> -	unsigned long pfn, end_pfn = start_pfn + size;
>>   	struct pglist_data *pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
>>   	unsigned long zone_idx = zone_idx(zone);
>>   	unsigned long start = jiffies;
>>   	int nid = pgdat->node_id;
>>   
>> -	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pgmap || !is_dev_zone(zone)))
>> -		return;
>> +	VM_BUG_ON(!is_dev_zone(zone));
>>   
>>   	/*
>>   	 * The call to memmap_init_zone should have already taken care
>> @@ -5610,53 +5736,13 @@ void __ref memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *zone,
>>   	 */
>>   	if (pgmap->altmap_valid) {
>>   		struct vmem_altmap *altmap = &pgmap->altmap;
>> +		unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + size;
>>   
>>   		start_pfn = altmap->base_pfn + vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
>>   		size = end_pfn - start_pfn;
>>   	}
>>   
>> -	for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn++) {
>> -		struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
>> -
>> -		__init_single_page(page, pfn, zone_idx, nid);
>> -
>> -		/*
>> -		 * Mark page reserved as it will need to wait for onlining
>> -		 * phase for it to be fully associated with a zone.
>> -		 *
>> -		 * We can use the non-atomic __set_bit operation for setting
>> -		 * the flag as we are still initializing the pages.
>> -		 */
>> -		__SetPageReserved(page);
>> -
>> -		/*
>> -		 * ZONE_DEVICE pages union ->lru with a ->pgmap back
>> -		 * pointer and hmm_data.  It is a bug if a ZONE_DEVICE
>> -		 * page is ever freed or placed on a driver-private list.
>> -		 */
>> -		page->pgmap = pgmap;
>> -		page->hmm_data = 0;
>> -
>> -		/*
>> -		 * Mark the block movable so that blocks are reserved for
>> -		 * movable at startup. This will force kernel allocations
>> -		 * to reserve their blocks rather than leaking throughout
>> -		 * the address space during boot when many long-lived
>> -		 * kernel allocations are made.
>> -		 *
>> -		 * bitmap is created for zone's valid pfn range. but memmap
>> -		 * can be created for invalid pages (for alignment)
>> -		 * check here not to call set_pageblock_migratetype() against
>> -		 * pfn out of zone.
>> -		 *
>> -		 * Please note that MEMMAP_HOTPLUG path doesn't clear memmap
>> -		 * because this is done early in sparse_add_one_section
>> -		 */
>> -		if (!(pfn & (pageblock_nr_pages - 1))) {
>> -			set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
>> -			cond_resched();
>> -		}
>> -	}
>> +	__memmap_init_hotplug(size, nid, zone_idx, start_pfn, pgmap);
>>   
>>   	pr_info("%s initialised, %lu pages in %ums\n", dev_name(pgmap->dev),
>>   		size, jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start));
>>
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2018-10-17 15:26 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-10-15 20:26 [mm PATCH v3 0/6] Deferred page init improvements Alexander Duyck
2018-10-15 20:26 ` [mm PATCH v3 1/6] mm: Use mm_zero_struct_page from SPARC on all 64b architectures Alexander Duyck
2018-10-16 19:01   ` Pavel Tatashin
2018-10-17  7:30     ` Mike Rapoport
2018-10-17 14:52       ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17  8:47   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-17 15:07     ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17 15:12       ` Pavel Tatashin
2018-10-17 15:40         ` David Laight
2018-10-17 16:31           ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17 17:08             ` Pavel Tatashin
2018-10-17 16:34       ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-15 20:27 ` [mm PATCH v3 2/6] mm: Drop meminit_pfn_in_nid as it is redundant Alexander Duyck
2018-10-16 20:33   ` Pavel Tatashin
2018-10-16 20:49     ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-16 21:06       ` Pavel Tatashin
2018-10-17  9:04   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-15 20:27 ` [mm PATCH v3 3/6] mm: Use memblock/zone specific iterator for handling deferred page init Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17  9:11   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-17 15:17     ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17 16:42   ` Mike Rapoport
2018-10-15 20:27 ` [mm PATCH v3 4/6] mm: Move hot-plug specific memory init into separate functions and optimize Alexander Duyck
2018-10-17  9:18   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-17 15:26     ` Alexander Duyck [this message]
2018-10-24 12:36       ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-24 15:08         ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-24 15:27           ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-24 17:35             ` Alexander Duyck
2018-10-25 12:41               ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-15 20:27 ` [mm PATCH v3 5/6] mm: Use common iterator for deferred_init_pages and deferred_free_pages Alexander Duyck
2018-10-15 20:27 ` [mm PATCH v3 6/6] mm: Add reserved flag setting to set_page_links Alexander Duyck

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