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From: Dan Williams <dcbw@redhat.com>
To: Loic Poulain <loic.poulain@linaro.org>,
	gregkh@linuxfoundation.org, kuba@kernel.org, davem@davemloft.net
Cc: linux-arm-msm@vger.kernel.org, aleksander@aleksander.es,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, netdev@vger.kernel.org,
	bjorn.andersson@linaro.org, manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v9 1/2] net: Add a WWAN subsystem
Date: Wed, 07 Apr 2021 09:32:08 -0500
Message-ID: <ddc8cd0fd3212ccbba399b03a059bcf40abbc117.camel@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1617616369-27305-1-git-send-email-loic.poulain@linaro.org>

On Mon, 2021-04-05 at 11:52 +0200, Loic Poulain wrote:
> This change introduces initial support for a WWAN framework. Given
> the
> complexity and heterogeneity of existing WWAN hardwares and
> interfaces,
> there is no strict definition of what a WWAN device is and how it
> should
> be represented. It's often a collection of multiple devices that
> perform
> the global WWAN feature (netdev, tty, chardev, etc).

Great to see the continued work on this.

Were you intending to follow-up with functionality to group netdevs
with the control ports?  From my quick look at v9 here it only deals
with MHI control ports (diag, QMI, AT, etc) which is great, but not the
full story.

I think that was a big part of the discussion around Johannes' earlier
series since it's often protocol-specific to tie a particular netdev
with a given control port, but that's something that's really necessary
for a good abstract userspace.

Thoughts here? I'd love to see that functionality too.

Thanks!
Dan

> One usual way to expose modem controls and configuration is via high
> level protocols such as the well known AT command protocol, MBIM or
> QMI. The USB modems started to expose them as character devices, and
> user daemons such as ModemManager learnt to use them.
> 
> This initial version adds the concept of WWAN port, which is a
> logical
> pipe to a modem control protocol. The protocols are rawly exposed to
> user via character device, allowing straigthforward support in
> existing
> tools (ModemManager, ofono...). The WWAN core takes care of the
> generic
> part, including character device management, and relies on port
> driver
> operations to receive/submit protocol data.
> 
> Since the different devices exposing protocols for a same WWAN
> hardware
> do not necessarily know about each others (e.g. two different USB
> interfaces, PCI/MHI channel devices...) and can be created/removed in
> different orders, the WWAN core ensures that all WAN ports
> contributing
> to the 'whole' WWAN feature are grouped under the same virtual WWAN
> device, relying on the provided parent device (e.g. mhi controller,
> USB device). It's a 'trick' I copied from Johannes's earlier WWAN
> subsystem proposal.
> 
> This initial version is purposely minimalist, it's essentially moving
> the generic part of the previously proposed mhi_wwan_ctrl driver
> inside
> a common WWAN framework, but the implementation is open and flexible
> enough to allow extension for further drivers.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Loic Poulain <loic.poulain@linaro.org>
> ---
>  v2: not part of the series
>  v3: not part of the series
>  v4: Introduce WWAN framework/subsystem
>  v5: Specify WWAN_CORE module name in Kconfig
>  v6: - Move to unified wwan_core.c file
>      - Make wwan_port a device
>      - Get rid of useless various dev lists (use wwan class)
>      - Get rid of useless wwan dev usage counter and mutex
>      - do not expose wwan_create_device, it's indirectly called via
> create_port
>      - Increase minor count to the whole available minor range
>      - private_data as wwan_create_port parameter
>  v7: Fix change log (mixed up 1/2 and 2/2)
>  v8: - Move fops implementation in wwan_core
> (open/read/write/poll/release)
>      - Create wwan_port_ops
>      - Add wwan_port_rx, wwan_port_txoff and wwan_port_txon functions
>      - Fix code comments
>      - skb based TX/RX
>  v9: - Move wwan_port definition to wwan_core.c (private)
>      - Fix checkpatch + cocci(ERR_CAST) issues
>      - Reword commit message
> 
>  drivers/net/Kconfig          |   2 +
>  drivers/net/Makefile         |   1 +
>  drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig     |  23 ++
>  drivers/net/wwan/Makefile    |   7 +
>  drivers/net/wwan/wwan_core.c | 552
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/wwan.h         | 111 +++++++++
>  6 files changed, 696 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig
>  create mode 100644 drivers/net/wwan/Makefile
>  create mode 100644 drivers/net/wwan/wwan_core.c
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/wwan.h
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/Kconfig b/drivers/net/Kconfig
> index 5895905..74dc8e24 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/net/Kconfig
> @@ -502,6 +502,8 @@ source "drivers/net/wan/Kconfig"
>  
>  source "drivers/net/ieee802154/Kconfig"
>  
> +source "drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig"
> +
>  config XEN_NETDEV_FRONTEND
>         tristate "Xen network device frontend driver"
>         depends on XEN
> diff --git a/drivers/net/Makefile b/drivers/net/Makefile
> index 040e20b..7ffd2d0 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/net/Makefile
> @@ -68,6 +68,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SUNGEM_PHY) += sungem_phy.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_WAN) += wan/
>  obj-$(CONFIG_WLAN) += wireless/
>  obj-$(CONFIG_IEEE802154) += ieee802154/
> +obj-$(CONFIG_WWAN) += wwan/
>  
>  obj-$(CONFIG_VMXNET3) += vmxnet3/
>  obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_NETDEV_FRONTEND) += xen-netfront.o
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig b/drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..fc3f3a1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/net/wwan/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +#
> +# Wireless WAN device configuration
> +#
> +
> +menuconfig WWAN
> +       bool "Wireless WAN"
> +       help
> +         This section contains Wireless WAN configuration for WWAN
> framework
> +         and drivers.
> +
> +if WWAN
> +
> +config WWAN_CORE
> +       tristate "WWAN Driver Core"
> +       help
> +         Say Y here if you want to use the WWAN driver core. This
> driver
> +         provides a common framework for WWAN drivers.
> +
> +         To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> module will be
> +         called wwan.
> +
> +endif # WWAN
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wwan/Makefile b/drivers/net/wwan/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..934590b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/net/wwan/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#
> +# Makefile for the Linux WWAN device drivers.
> +#
> +
> +obj-$(CONFIG_WWAN_CORE) += wwan.o
> +wwan-objs += wwan_core.o
> diff --git a/drivers/net/wwan/wwan_core.c
> b/drivers/net/wwan/wwan_core.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..b618b79
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/net/wwan/wwan_core.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,552 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/* Copyright (c) 2021, Linaro Ltd <loic.poulain@linaro.org> */
> +
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/idr.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/wwan.h>
> +
> +#define WWAN_MAX_MINORS 256 /* 256 minors allowed with
> register_chrdev() */
> +
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(wwan_register_lock); /* WWAN device
> create|remove lock */
> +static DEFINE_IDA(minors); /* minors for WWAN port chardevs */
> +static DEFINE_IDA(wwan_dev_ids); /* for unique WWAN device IDs */
> +static struct class *wwan_class;
> +static int wwan_major;
> +
> +#define to_wwan_dev(d) container_of(d, struct wwan_device, dev)
> +#define to_wwan_port(d) container_of(d, struct wwan_port, dev)
> +
> +/* WWAN port flags */
> +#define WWAN_PORT_TX_OFF       BIT(0)
> +
> +/**
> + * struct wwan_device - The structure that defines a WWAN device
> + *
> + * @id: WWAN device unique ID.
> + * @dev: Underlying device.
> + * @port_id: Current available port ID to pick.
> + */
> +struct wwan_device {
> +       unsigned int id;
> +       struct device dev;
> +       atomic_t port_id;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct wwan_port - The structure that defines a WWAN port
> + * @type: Port type
> + * @start_count: Port start counter
> + * @flags: Store port state and capabilities
> + * @ops: Pointer to WWAN port operations
> + * @ops_lock: Protect port ops
> + * @dev: Underlying device
> + * @rxq: Buffer inbound queue
> + * @waitqueue: The waitqueue for port fops (read/write/poll)
> + */
> +struct wwan_port {
> +       enum wwan_port_type type;
> +       unsigned int start_count;
> +       unsigned long flags;
> +       const struct wwan_port_ops *ops;
> +       struct mutex ops_lock; /* Serialize ops + protect against
> removal */
> +       struct device dev;
> +       struct sk_buff_head rxq;
> +       wait_queue_head_t waitqueue;
> +};
> +
> +static void wwan_dev_destroy(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_device *wwandev = to_wwan_dev(dev);
> +
> +       ida_free(&wwan_dev_ids, wwandev->id);
> +       kfree(wwandev);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct device_type wwan_dev_type = {
> +       .name    = "wwan_dev",
> +       .release = wwan_dev_destroy,
> +};
> +
> +static int wwan_dev_parent_match(struct device *dev, const void
> *parent)
> +{
> +       return (dev->type == &wwan_dev_type && dev->parent ==
> parent);
> +}
> +
> +static struct wwan_device *wwan_dev_get_by_parent(struct device
> *parent)
> +{
> +       struct device *dev;
> +
> +       dev = class_find_device(wwan_class, NULL, parent,
> wwan_dev_parent_match);
> +       if (!dev)
> +               return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
> +
> +       return to_wwan_dev(dev);
> +}
> +
> +/* This function allocates and registers a new WWAN device OR if a
> WWAN device
> + * already exist for the given parent, it gets a reference and
> return it.
> + * This function is not exported (for now), it is called indirectly
> via
> + * wwan_create_port().
> + */
> +static struct wwan_device *wwan_create_dev(struct device *parent)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_device *wwandev;
> +       int err, id;
> +
> +       /* The 'find-alloc-register' operation must be protected
> against
> +        * concurrent execution, a WWAN device is possibly shared
> between
> +        * multiple callers or concurrently unregistered from
> wwan_remove_dev().
> +        */
> +       mutex_lock(&wwan_register_lock);
> +
> +       /* If wwandev already exists, return it */
> +       wwandev = wwan_dev_get_by_parent(parent);
> +       if (!IS_ERR(wwandev))
> +               goto done_unlock;
> +
> +       id = ida_alloc(&wwan_dev_ids, GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (id < 0)
> +               goto done_unlock;
> +
> +       wwandev = kzalloc(sizeof(*wwandev), GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!wwandev) {
> +               ida_free(&wwan_dev_ids, id);
> +               goto done_unlock;
> +       }
> +
> +       wwandev->dev.parent = parent;
> +       wwandev->dev.class = wwan_class;
> +       wwandev->dev.type = &wwan_dev_type;
> +       wwandev->id = id;
> +       dev_set_name(&wwandev->dev, "wwan%d", wwandev->id);
> +
> +       err = device_register(&wwandev->dev);
> +       if (err) {
> +               put_device(&wwandev->dev);
> +               wwandev = NULL;
> +       }
> +
> +done_unlock:
> +       mutex_unlock(&wwan_register_lock);
> +
> +       return wwandev;
> +}
> +
> +static int is_wwan_child(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> +       return dev->class == wwan_class;
> +}
> +
> +static void wwan_remove_dev(struct wwan_device *wwandev)
> +{
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       /* Prevent concurrent picking from wwan_create_dev */
> +       mutex_lock(&wwan_register_lock);
> +
> +       /* WWAN device is created and registered (get+add) along with
> its first
> +        * child port, and subsequent port registrations only grab a
> reference
> +        * (get). The WWAN device must then be unregistered (del+put)
> along with
> +        * its latest port, and reference simply dropped (put)
> otherwise.
> +        */
> +       ret = device_for_each_child(&wwandev->dev, NULL,
> is_wwan_child);
> +       if (!ret)
> +               device_unregister(&wwandev->dev);
> +       else
> +               put_device(&wwandev->dev);
> +
> +       mutex_unlock(&wwan_register_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/* ------- WWAN port management ------- */
> +
> +static void wwan_port_destroy(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port = to_wwan_port(dev);
> +
> +       ida_free(&minors, MINOR(port->dev.devt));
> +       skb_queue_purge(&port->rxq);
> +       mutex_destroy(&port->ops_lock);
> +       kfree(port);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct device_type wwan_port_dev_type = {
> +       .name = "wwan_port",
> +       .release = wwan_port_destroy,
> +};
> +
> +static int wwan_port_minor_match(struct device *dev, const void
> *minor)
> +{
> +       return (dev->type == &wwan_port_dev_type &&
> +               MINOR(dev->devt) == *(unsigned int *)minor);
> +}
> +
> +static struct wwan_port *wwan_port_get_by_minor(unsigned int minor)
> +{
> +       struct device *dev;
> +
> +       dev = class_find_device(wwan_class, NULL, &minor,
> wwan_port_minor_match);
> +       if (!dev)
> +               return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
> +
> +       return to_wwan_port(dev);
> +}
> +
> +/* Keep aligned with wwan_port_type enum */
> +static const char * const wwan_port_type_str[] = {
> +       "AT",
> +       "MBIM",
> +       "QMI",
> +       "QCDM",
> +       "FIREHOSE"
> +};
> +
> +struct wwan_port *wwan_create_port(struct device *parent,
> +                                  enum wwan_port_type type,
> +                                  const struct wwan_port_ops *ops,
> +                                  void *drvdata)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_device *wwandev;
> +       struct wwan_port *port;
> +       int minor, err = -ENOMEM;
> +
> +       if (type >= WWAN_PORT_MAX || !ops)
> +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> +       /* A port is always a child of a WWAN device, retrieve
> (allocate or
> +        * pick) the WWAN device based on the provided parent device.
> +        */
> +       wwandev = wwan_create_dev(parent);
> +       if (IS_ERR(wwandev))
> +               return ERR_CAST(wwandev);
> +
> +       /* A port is exposed as character device, get a minor */
> +       minor = ida_alloc_range(&minors, 0, WWAN_MAX_MINORS - 1,
> GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (minor < 0)
> +               goto error_wwandev_remove;
> +
> +       port = kzalloc(sizeof(*port), GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!port) {
> +               ida_free(&minors, minor);
> +               goto error_wwandev_remove;
> +       }
> +
> +       port->type = type;
> +       port->ops = ops;
> +       mutex_init(&port->ops_lock);
> +       skb_queue_head_init(&port->rxq);
> +       init_waitqueue_head(&port->waitqueue);
> +
> +       port->dev.parent = &wwandev->dev;
> +       port->dev.class = wwan_class;
> +       port->dev.type = &wwan_port_dev_type;
> +       port->dev.devt = MKDEV(wwan_major, minor);
> +       dev_set_drvdata(&port->dev, drvdata);
> +
> +       /* create unique name based on wwan device id, port index and
> type */
> +       dev_set_name(&port->dev, "wwan%up%u%s", wwandev->id,
> +                    atomic_inc_return(&wwandev->port_id),
> +                    wwan_port_type_str[port->type]);
> +
> +       err = device_register(&port->dev);
> +       if (err)
> +               goto error_put_device;
> +
> +       return port;
> +
> +error_put_device:
> +       put_device(&port->dev);
> +error_wwandev_remove:
> +       wwan_remove_dev(wwandev);
> +
> +       return ERR_PTR(err);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_create_port);
> +
> +void wwan_remove_port(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_device *wwandev = to_wwan_dev(port->dev.parent);
> +
> +       mutex_lock(&port->ops_lock);
> +       if (port->start_count)
> +               port->ops->stop(port);
> +       port->ops = NULL; /* Prevent any new port operations (e.g.
> from fops) */
> +       mutex_unlock(&port->ops_lock);
> +
> +       wake_up_interruptible(&port->waitqueue);
> +
> +       skb_queue_purge(&port->rxq);
> +       dev_set_drvdata(&port->dev, NULL);
> +       device_unregister(&port->dev);
> +
> +       /* Release related wwan device */
> +       wwan_remove_dev(wwandev);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_remove_port);
> +
> +void wwan_port_rx(struct wwan_port *port, struct sk_buff *skb)
> +{
> +       skb_queue_tail(&port->rxq, skb);
> +       wake_up_interruptible(&port->waitqueue);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_port_rx);
> +
> +void wwan_port_txon(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       clear_bit(WWAN_PORT_TX_OFF, &port->flags);
> +       wake_up_interruptible(&port->waitqueue);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_port_txon);
> +
> +void wwan_port_txoff(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       set_bit(WWAN_PORT_TX_OFF, &port->flags);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_port_txoff);
> +
> +void *wwan_port_get_drvdata(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       return dev_get_drvdata(&port->dev);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wwan_port_get_drvdata);
> +
> +static int wwan_port_op_start(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       int ret = 0;
> +
> +       mutex_lock(&port->ops_lock);
> +       if (!port->ops) { /* Port got unplugged */
> +               ret = -ENODEV;
> +               goto out_unlock;
> +       }
> +
> +       /* If port is already started, don't start again */
> +       if (!port->start_count)
> +               ret = port->ops->start(port);
> +
> +       if (!ret)
> +               port->start_count++;
> +
> +out_unlock:
> +       mutex_unlock(&port->ops_lock);
> +
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void wwan_port_op_stop(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       mutex_lock(&port->ops_lock);
> +       port->start_count--;
> +       if (port->ops && !port->start_count)
> +               port->ops->stop(port);
> +       mutex_unlock(&port->ops_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int wwan_port_op_tx(struct wwan_port *port, struct sk_buff
> *skb)
> +{
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       mutex_lock(&port->ops_lock);
> +       if (!port->ops) { /* Port got unplugged */
> +               ret = -ENODEV;
> +               goto out_unlock;
> +       }
> +
> +       ret = port->ops->tx(port, skb);
> +
> +out_unlock:
> +       mutex_unlock(&port->ops_lock);
> +
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static bool is_read_blocked(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       return skb_queue_empty(&port->rxq) && port->ops;
> +}
> +
> +static bool is_write_blocked(struct wwan_port *port)
> +{
> +       return test_bit(WWAN_PORT_TX_OFF, &port->flags) && port->ops;
> +}
> +
> +static int wwan_wait_rx(struct wwan_port *port, bool nonblock)
> +{
> +       if (!is_read_blocked(port))
> +               return 0;
> +
> +       if (nonblock)
> +               return -EAGAIN;
> +
> +       if (wait_event_interruptible(port->waitqueue,
> !is_read_blocked(port)))
> +               return -ERESTARTSYS;
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int wwan_wait_tx(struct wwan_port *port, bool nonblock)
> +{
> +       if (!is_write_blocked(port))
> +               return 0;
> +
> +       if (nonblock)
> +               return -EAGAIN;
> +
> +       if (wait_event_interruptible(port->waitqueue,
> !is_write_blocked(port)))
> +               return -ERESTARTSYS;
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int wwan_port_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file
> *file)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port;
> +       int err = 0;
> +
> +       port = wwan_port_get_by_minor(iminor(inode));
> +       if (IS_ERR(port))
> +               return PTR_ERR(port);
> +
> +       file->private_data = port;
> +       stream_open(inode, file);
> +
> +       err = wwan_port_op_start(port);
> +       if (err)
> +               put_device(&port->dev);
> +
> +       return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int wwan_port_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file
> *filp)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port = filp->private_data;
> +
> +       wwan_port_op_stop(port);
> +       put_device(&port->dev);
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t wwan_port_fops_read(struct file *filp, char __user
> *buf,
> +                                  size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port = filp->private_data;
> +       struct sk_buff *skb;
> +       size_t copied;
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       ret = wwan_wait_rx(port, !!(filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK));
> +       if (ret)
> +               return ret;
> +
> +       skb = skb_dequeue(&port->rxq);
> +       if (!skb)
> +               return -EIO;
> +
> +       copied = min_t(size_t, count, skb->len);
> +       if (copy_to_user(buf, skb->data, copied)) {
> +               kfree_skb(skb);
> +               return -EFAULT;
> +       }
> +       skb_pull(skb, copied);
> +
> +       /* skb is not fully consumed, keep it in the queue */
> +       if (skb->len)
> +               skb_queue_head(&port->rxq, skb);
> +       else
> +               consume_skb(skb);
> +
> +       return copied;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t wwan_port_fops_write(struct file *filp, const char
> __user *buf,
> +                                   size_t count, loff_t *offp)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port = filp->private_data;
> +       struct sk_buff *skb;
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       ret = wwan_wait_tx(port, !!(filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK));
> +       if (ret)
> +               return ret;
> +
> +       skb = alloc_skb(count, GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!skb)
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +       if (copy_from_user(skb_put(skb, count), buf, count)) {
> +               kfree_skb(skb);
> +               return -EFAULT;
> +       }
> +
> +       ret = wwan_port_op_tx(port, skb);
> +       if (ret) {
> +               kfree_skb(skb);
> +               return ret;
> +       }
> +
> +       return count;
> +}
> +
> +static __poll_t wwan_port_fops_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table
> *wait)
> +{
> +       struct wwan_port *port = filp->private_data;
> +       __poll_t mask = 0;
> +
> +       poll_wait(filp, &port->waitqueue, wait);
> +
> +       if (!is_write_blocked(port))
> +               mask |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM;
> +       if (!is_read_blocked(port))
> +               mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
> +
> +       return mask;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations wwan_port_fops = {
> +       .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +       .open = wwan_port_fops_open,
> +       .release = wwan_port_fops_release,
> +       .read = wwan_port_fops_read,
> +       .write = wwan_port_fops_write,
> +       .poll = wwan_port_fops_poll,
> +       .llseek = noop_llseek,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init wwan_init(void)
> +{
> +       wwan_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "wwan");
> +       if (IS_ERR(wwan_class))
> +               return PTR_ERR(wwan_class);
> +
> +       /* chrdev used for wwan ports */
> +       wwan_major = register_chrdev(0, "wwan_port",
> &wwan_port_fops);
> +       if (wwan_major < 0) {
> +               class_destroy(wwan_class);
> +               return wwan_major;
> +       }
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit wwan_exit(void)
> +{
> +       unregister_chrdev(wwan_major, "wwan_port");
> +       class_destroy(wwan_class);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(wwan_init);
> +module_exit(wwan_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Loic Poulain <loic.poulain@linaro.org>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("WWAN core");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/include/linux/wwan.h b/include/linux/wwan.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..f3f3f94
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/wwan.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/* Copyright (c) 2021, Linaro Ltd <loic.poulain@linaro.org> */
> +
> +#ifndef __WWAN_H
> +#define __WWAN_H
> +
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * enum wwan_port_type - WWAN port types
> + * @WWAN_PORT_AT: AT commands
> + * @WWAN_PORT_MBIM: Mobile Broadband Interface Model control
> + * @WWAN_PORT_QMI: Qcom modem/MSM interface for modem control
> + * @WWAN_PORT_QCDM: Qcom Modem diagnostic interface
> + * @WWAN_PORT_FIREHOSE: XML based command protocol
> + * @WWAN_PORT_MAX
> + */
> +enum wwan_port_type {
> +       WWAN_PORT_AT,
> +       WWAN_PORT_MBIM,
> +       WWAN_PORT_QMI,
> +       WWAN_PORT_QCDM,
> +       WWAN_PORT_FIREHOSE,
> +       WWAN_PORT_MAX,
> +};
> +
> +struct wwan_port;
> +
> +/** struct wwan_port_ops - The WWAN port operations
> + * @start: The routine for starting the WWAN port device.
> + * @stop: The routine for stopping the WWAN port device.
> + * @tx: The routine that sends WWAN port protocol data to the
> device.
> + *
> + * The wwan_port_ops structure contains a list of low-level
> operations
> + * that control a WWAN port device. All functions are mandatory.
> + */
> +struct wwan_port_ops {
> +       int (*start)(struct wwan_port *port);
> +       void (*stop)(struct wwan_port *port);
> +       int (*tx)(struct wwan_port *port, struct sk_buff *skb);
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_create_port - Add a new WWAN port
> + * @parent: Device to use as parent and shared by all WWAN ports
> + * @type: WWAN port type
> + * @ops: WWAN port operations
> + * @drvdata: Pointer to caller driver data
> + *
> + * Allocate and register a new WWAN port. The port will be
> automatically exposed
> + * to user as a character device and attached to the right virtual
> WWAN device,
> + * based on the parent pointer. The parent pointer is the device
> shared by all
> + * components of a same WWAN modem (e.g. USB dev, PCI dev, MHI
> controller...).
> + *
> + * drvdata will be placed in the WWAN port device driver data and
> can be
> + * retrieved with wwan_port_get_drvdata().
> + *
> + * This function must be balanced with a call to wwan_remove_port().
> + *
> + * Returns a valid pointer to wwan_port on success or PTR_ERR on
> failure
> + */
> +struct wwan_port *wwan_create_port(struct device *parent,
> +                                  enum wwan_port_type type,
> +                                  const struct wwan_port_ops *ops,
> +                                  void *drvdata);
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_remove_port - Remove a WWAN port
> + * @port: WWAN port to remove
> + *
> + * Remove a previously created port.
> + */
> +void wwan_remove_port(struct wwan_port *port);
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_port_rx - Receive data from the WWAN port
> + * @port: WWAN port for which data is received
> + * @skb: Pointer to the rx buffer
> + *
> + * A port driver calls this function upon data reception (MBIM,
> AT...).
> + */
> +void wwan_port_rx(struct wwan_port *port, struct sk_buff *skb);
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_port_txoff - Stop TX on WWAN port
> + * @port: WWAN port for which TX must be stopped
> + *
> + * Used for TX flow control, a port driver calls this function to
> indicate TX
> + * is temporary unavailable (e.g. due to ring buffer fullness).
> + */
> +void wwan_port_txoff(struct wwan_port *port);
> +
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_port_txon - Restart TX on WWAN port
> + * @port: WWAN port for which TX must be restarted
> + *
> + * Used for TX flow control, a port driver calls this function to
> indicate TX
> + * is available again.
> + */
> +void wwan_port_txon(struct wwan_port *port);
> +
> +/**
> + * wwan_port_get_drvdata - Retrieve driver data from a WWAN port
> + * @port: Related WWAN port
> + */
> +void *wwan_port_get_drvdata(struct wwan_port *port);
> +
> +#endif /* __WWAN_H */



  parent reply index

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-05  9:52 Loic Poulain
2021-04-05  9:52 ` [PATCH net-next v9 2/2] net: Add Qcom WWAN control driver Loic Poulain
2021-04-05 10:30   ` Loic Poulain
2021-04-05 13:12   ` [PATCH] net: fix odd_ptr_err.cocci warnings kernel test robot
2021-04-07 14:32 ` Dan Williams [this message]
2021-04-08  8:56   ` [PATCH net-next v9 1/2] net: Add a WWAN subsystem Loic Poulain
2021-04-08 20:05     ` Aleksander Morgado

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