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From: tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner <tipbot@zytor.com>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: bhelgaas@google.com, bigeasy@linutronix.de, peterz@infradead.org,
	rostedt@goodmis.org, mingo@kernel.org, hpa@zytor.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de
Subject: [tip:smp/hotplug] PCI: Use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus()
Date: Thu, 20 Apr 2017 04:27:00 -0700
Message-ID: <tip-b4d1673371196dd9aebdd2f61d946165c777b931@git.kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170418170553.806707929@linutronix.de>

Commit-ID:  b4d1673371196dd9aebdd2f61d946165c777b931
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/b4d1673371196dd9aebdd2f61d946165c777b931
Author:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
AuthorDate: Tue, 18 Apr 2017 19:04:59 +0200
Committer:  Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CommitDate: Thu, 20 Apr 2017 13:08:55 +0200

PCI: Use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus()

Converting the hotplug locking, i.e. get_online_cpus(), to a percpu rwsem
unearthed a circular lock dependency which was hidden from lockdep due to
the lockdep annotation of get_online_cpus() which prevents lockdep from
creating full dependency chains. There are several variants of this. And
example is:

Chain exists of:

cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem --> drm_global_mutex --> &item->mutex

CPU0                    CPU1
----                    ----
lock(&item->mutex);
                        lock(drm_global_mutex);
                        lock(&item->mutex);
lock(cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);

because there are dependencies through workqueues. The call chain is:

	get_online_cpus
	apply_workqueue_attrs
	__alloc_workqueue_key
	ttm_mem_global_init
	ast_ttm_mem_global_init
	drm_global_item_ref
	ast_mm_init
	ast_driver_load
	drm_dev_register
	drm_get_pci_dev
	ast_pci_probe
	local_pci_probe
	work_for_cpu_fn
	process_one_work
	worker_thread

This is not a problem of get_online_cpus() recursion, it's a possible
deadlock undetected by lockdep so far.

The cure is to use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus() to
protect the PCI probing.

There is a side effect to this: cpu_hotplug_disable() makes a concurrent
cpu hotplug attempt via the sysfs interfaces fail with -EBUSY, but PCI
probing usually happens during the boot process where no interaction is
possible. Any later invocations are infrequent enough and concurrent
hotplug attempts are so unlikely that the danger of user space visible
regressions is very close to zero. Anyway, thats preferrable over a real
deadlock.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Sebastian Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170418170553.806707929@linutronix.de
---
 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index afa7271..f00e4d9 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -349,13 +349,13 @@ static int pci_call_probe(struct pci_driver *drv, struct pci_dev *dev,
 	if (node >= 0 && node != numa_node_id()) {
 		int cpu;
 
-		get_online_cpus();
+		cpu_hotplug_disable();
 		cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpumask_of_node(node), cpu_online_mask);
 		if (cpu < nr_cpu_ids)
 			error = work_on_cpu(cpu, local_pci_probe, &ddi);
 		else
 			error = local_pci_probe(&ddi);
-		put_online_cpus();
+		cpu_hotplug_enable();
 	} else
 		error = local_pci_probe(&ddi);
 

  reply index

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-04-18 17:04 [patch V2 00/24] cpu/hotplug: Convert get_online_cpus() to a percpu_rwsem Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 01/24] cpu/hotplug: Provide cpuhp_setup/remove_state[_nocalls]_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:18   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 02/24] stop_machine: Provide stop_machine_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:19   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 03/24] padata: Make padata_alloc() static Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:19   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 04/24] padata: Avoid nested calls to get_online_cpus() in pcrypt_init_padata() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:20   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 05/24] x86/mtrr: Remove get_online_cpus() from mtrr_save_state() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:20   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 06/24] cpufreq: Use cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:21   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 07/24] KVM/PPC/Book3S HV: " Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:21   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 08/24] hwtracing/coresight-etm3x: " Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:22   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-20 15:14   ` [patch V2 08/24] " Mathieu Poirier
2017-04-20 15:32   ` Mathieu Poirier
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 09/24] hwtracing/coresight-etm4x: " Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:22   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 10/24] perf/x86/intel/cqm: Use cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:23   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 11/24] ARM/hw_breakpoint: " Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-19 17:54   ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-19 18:20     ` Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:23   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 12/24] s390/kernel: Use stop_machine_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:24   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 13/24] powerpc/powernv: " Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:24   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 14/24] cpu/hotplug: Use stop_machine_cpuslocked() in takedown_cpu() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:25   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 15/24] x86/perf: Drop EXPORT of perf_check_microcode Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:25   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 16/24] perf/x86/intel: Drop get_online_cpus() in intel_snb_check_microcode() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:26   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
2017-04-18 17:04 ` [patch V2 17/24] PCI: Use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:27   ` tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner [this message]
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 18/24] PCI: Replace the racy recursion prevention Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:27   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 19/24] ACPI/processor: Use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:28   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 20/24] perf/core: Remove redundant get_online_cpus() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:28   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 21/24] jump_label: Pull get_online_cpus() into generic code Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 22/24] jump_label: Provide static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked() Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 23/24] perf: Avoid cpu_hotplug_lock r-r recursion Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-18 17:05 ` [patch V2 24/24] cpu/hotplug: Convert hotplug locking to percpu rwsem Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-20 11:30   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-05-10  4:59   ` [patch V2 24/24] " Michael Ellerman
2017-05-10  8:49     ` Thomas Gleixner
2017-05-10 16:30       ` Steven Rostedt
2017-05-10 17:15         ` Steven Rostedt
2017-05-11  5:49       ` Michael Ellerman
2017-04-25 16:10 ` [patch V2 00/24] cpu/hotplug: Convert get_online_cpus() to a percpu_rwsem Mark Rutland
2017-04-25 17:28   ` Sebastian Siewior
2017-04-26  8:59     ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-26  9:40       ` Suzuki K Poulose
2017-04-26 10:32         ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-27  8:27           ` Sebastian Siewior
2017-04-27  9:57             ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-27 10:01               ` Thomas Gleixner
2017-04-27 12:30                 ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-27 15:48                   ` [PATCH] arm64: cpufeature: use static_branch_enable_cpuslocked() (was: Re: [patch V2 00/24] cpu/hotplug: Convert get_online_cpus() to a percpu_rwsem) Mark Rutland
2017-04-27 16:35                     ` Suzuki K Poulose
2017-04-27 17:03                       ` [PATCH] arm64: cpufeature: use static_branch_enable_cpuslocked() Suzuki K Poulose
2017-04-27 17:17                         ` Mark Rutland
2017-04-28 14:24 ` [RFC PATCH] trace/perf: cure locking issue in perf_event_open() error path Sebastian Siewior
2017-04-28 14:27   ` Sebastian Siewior
2017-05-01 12:57   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] perf: Reorder cpu hotplug rwsem against cred_guard_mutex tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-05-01 12:58   ` [tip:smp/hotplug] perf: Push hotplug protection down to callers tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2017-05-24  8:15 [patch V3 20/32] PCI: Use cpu_hotplug_disable() instead of get_online_cpus() Thomas Gleixner
2017-05-26  8:42 ` [tip:smp/hotplug] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner

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