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From: tip-bot for Joerg Roedel <tipbot@zytor.com>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: luto@kernel.org, dave.hansen@intel.com, aarcange@redhat.com,
	llong@redhat.com, peterz@infradead.org, eduval@amazon.com,
	brgerst@gmail.com, mingo@kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de,
	dvlasenk@redhat.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	jroedel@suse.de, bp@alien8.de, dhgutteridge@sympatico.ca,
	David.Laight@aculab.com, jkosina@suse.cz, pavel@ucw.cz,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org, gregkh@linuxfoundation.org,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, will.deacon@arm.com,
	jpoimboe@redhat.com, hpa@zytor.com, jgross@suse.com
Subject: [tip:x86/pti] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack
Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2018 16:23:35 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <tip-b92a165df17ee6e616e43107730f06bf6ecf5d8d@git.kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1531906876-13451-11-git-send-email-joro@8bytes.org>

Commit-ID:  b92a165df17ee6e616e43107730f06bf6ecf5d8d
Gitweb:     https://git.kernel.org/tip/b92a165df17ee6e616e43107730f06bf6ecf5d8d
Author:     Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
AuthorDate: Wed, 18 Jul 2018 11:40:47 +0200
Committer:  Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CommitDate: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 01:11:38 +0200

x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack

It is possible that the kernel is entered from kernel-mode and on the
entry-stack. The most common way this happens is when an exception is
triggered while loading the user-space segment registers on the
kernel-to-userspace exit path.

The segment loading needs to be done after the entry-stack switch, because
the stack-switch needs kernel %fs for per_cpu access.

When this happens, make sure to leave the kernel with the entry-stack
again, so that the interrupted code-path runs on the right stack when
switching to the user-cr3.

Detect this condition on kernel-entry by checking CS.RPL and %esp, and if
it happens, copy over the complete content of the entry stack to the
task-stack.  This needs to be done because once the exception handler is
entereed, the task might be scheduled out or even migrated to a different
CPU, so this cannot rely on the entry-stack contents. Leave a marker in the
stack-frame to detect this condition on the exit path.

On the exit path the copy is reversed, copy all of the remaining task-stack
back to the entry-stack and switch to it.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Waiman Long <llong@redhat.com>
Cc: "David H . Gutteridge" <dhgutteridge@sympatico.ca>
Cc: joro@8bytes.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531906876-13451-11-git-send-email-joro@8bytes.org

---
 arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 115 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
index 763592596727..9d6eceba0461 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
@@ -294,6 +294,9 @@
  * copied there. So allocate the stack-frame on the task-stack and
  * switch to it before we do any copying.
  */
+
+#define CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK	(1 << 31)
+
 .macro SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK
 
 	ALTERNATIVE     "", "jmp .Lend_\@", X86_FEATURE_XENPV
@@ -316,6 +319,16 @@
 	/* Load top of task-stack into %edi */
 	movl	TSS_entry2task_stack(%edi), %edi
 
+	/*
+	 * Clear unused upper bits of the dword containing the word-sized CS
+	 * slot in pt_regs in case hardware didn't clear it for us.
+	 */
+	andl	$(0x0000ffff), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/* Special case - entry from kernel mode via entry stack */
+	testl	$SEGMENT_RPL_MASK, PT_CS(%esp)
+	jz	.Lentry_from_kernel_\@
+
 	/* Bytes to copy */
 	movl	$PTREGS_SIZE, %ecx
 
@@ -329,8 +342,8 @@
 	 */
 	addl	$(4 * 4), %ecx
 
-.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:
 #endif
+.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:
 
 	/* Allocate frame on task-stack */
 	subl	%ecx, %edi
@@ -346,6 +359,56 @@
 	cld
 	rep movsl
 
+	jmp .Lend_\@
+
+.Lentry_from_kernel_\@:
+
+	/*
+	 * This handles the case when we enter the kernel from
+	 * kernel-mode and %esp points to the entry-stack. When this
+	 * happens we need to switch to the task-stack to run C code,
+	 * but switch back to the entry-stack again when we approach
+	 * iret and return to the interrupted code-path. This usually
+	 * happens when we hit an exception while restoring user-space
+	 * segment registers on the way back to user-space.
+	 *
+	 * When we switch to the task-stack here, we can't trust the
+	 * contents of the entry-stack anymore, as the exception handler
+	 * might be scheduled out or moved to another CPU. Therefore we
+	 * copy the complete entry-stack to the task-stack and set a
+	 * marker in the iret-frame (bit 31 of the CS dword) to detect
+	 * what we've done on the iret path.
+	 *
+	 * On the iret path we copy everything back and switch to the
+	 * entry-stack, so that the interrupted kernel code-path
+	 * continues on the same stack it was interrupted with.
+	 *
+	 * Be aware that an NMI can happen anytime in this code.
+	 *
+	 * %esi: Entry-Stack pointer (same as %esp)
+	 * %edi: Top of the task stack
+	 */
+
+	/* Calculate number of bytes on the entry stack in %ecx */
+	movl	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* %ecx to the top of entry-stack */
+	andl	$(MASK_entry_stack), %ecx
+	addl	$(SIZEOF_entry_stack), %ecx
+
+	/* Number of bytes on the entry stack to %ecx */
+	sub	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* Mark stackframe as coming from entry stack */
+	orl	$CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/*
+	 * %esi and %edi are unchanged, %ecx contains the number of
+	 * bytes to copy. The code at .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@ will allocate
+	 * the stack-frame on task-stack and copy everything over
+	 */
+	jmp .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@
+
 .Lend_\@:
 .endm
 
@@ -403,6 +466,56 @@
 .Lend_\@:
 .endm
 
+/*
+ * This macro handles the case when we return to kernel-mode on the iret
+ * path and have to switch back to the entry stack.
+ *
+ * See the comments below the .Lentry_from_kernel_\@ label in the
+ * SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK macro for more details.
+ */
+.macro PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
+
+	/*
+	 * Test if we entered the kernel with the entry-stack. Most
+	 * likely we did not, because this code only runs on the
+	 * return-to-kernel path.
+	 */
+	testl	$CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+	jz	.Lend_\@
+
+	/* Unlikely slow-path */
+
+	/* Clear marker from stack-frame */
+	andl	$(~CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/* Copy the remaining task-stack contents to entry-stack */
+	movl	%esp, %esi
+	movl	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp0), %edi
+
+	/* Bytes on the task-stack to ecx */
+	movl	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp1), %ecx
+	subl	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* Allocate stack-frame on entry-stack */
+	subl	%ecx, %edi
+
+	/*
+	 * Save future stack-pointer, we must not switch until the
+	 * copy is done, otherwise the NMI handler could destroy the
+	 * contents of the task-stack we are about to copy.
+	 */
+	movl	%edi, %ebx
+
+	/* Do the copy */
+	shrl	$2, %ecx
+	cld
+	rep movsl
+
+	/* Safe to switch to entry-stack now */
+	movl	%ebx, %esp
+
+.Lend_\@:
+.endm
 /*
  * %eax: prev task
  * %edx: next task
@@ -764,6 +877,7 @@ restore_all:
 
 restore_all_kernel:
 	TRACE_IRQS_IRET
+	PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
 	RESTORE_REGS 4
 	jmp	.Lirq_return
 

  reply	other threads:[~2018-07-19 23:24 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 96+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-07-18  9:40 [PATCH 00/39 v8] PTI support for x86-32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 01/39] x86/asm-offsets: Move TSS_sp0 and TSS_sp1 to asm-offsets.c Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:18   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 02/39] x86/entry/32: Rename TSS_sysenter_sp0 to TSS_entry2task_stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:19   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 03/39] x86/entry/32: Load task stack from x86_tss.sp1 in SYSENTER handler Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:19   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 04/39] x86/entry/32: Put ESPFIX code into a macro Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:20   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 05/39] x86/entry/32: Unshare NMI return path Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:21   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 06/39] x86/entry/32: Split off return-to-kernel path Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:21   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 07/39] x86/entry/32: Enter the kernel via trampoline stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18 18:09   ` Brian Gerst
2018-07-19 20:52     ` Thomas Gleixner
2018-07-19 23:22   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 08/39] x86/entry/32: Leave " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:22   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 09/39] x86/entry/32: Introduce SAVE_ALL_NMI and RESTORE_ALL_NMI Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:23   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 10/39] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:23   ` tip-bot for Joerg Roedel [this message]
2018-10-12 18:29   ` Jan Kiszka
2018-10-13  9:54     ` [PATCH] x86/entry/32: Fix setup of CS high bits Jan Kiszka
2018-10-13 15:12       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-10-15 13:08         ` Jan Kiszka
2018-10-15 13:14           ` David Laight
2018-10-15 13:18             ` Jan Kiszka
2018-10-15 13:29               ` David Laight
2018-10-15  9:10       ` Joerg Roedel
2018-10-15 14:09       ` [PATCH v2] " Jan Kiszka
2018-10-15 15:09         ` [tip:x86/urgent] x86/entry/32: Clear the " tip-bot for Jan Kiszka
2018-10-18  6:21         ` tip-bot for Jan Kiszka
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 11/39] x86/entry/32: Simplify debug entry point Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:24   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 12/39] x86/entry/32: Add PTI cr3 switch to non-NMI entry/exit points Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:24   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 13/39] x86/entry/32: Add PTI cr3 switches to NMI handler code Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:25   ` [tip:x86/pti] x86/entry/32: Add PTI CR3 " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 14/39] x86/entry: Rename update_sp0 to update_task_stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:25   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 15/39] x86/pgtable: Rename pti_set_user_pgd to pti_set_user_pgtbl Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:26   ` [tip:x86/pti] x86/pgtable: Rename pti_set_user_pgd() to pti_set_user_pgtbl() tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 16/39] x86/pgtable/pae: Unshare kernel PMDs when PTI is enabled Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:26   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 17/39] x86/pgtable/32: Allocate 8k page-tables " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:27   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 18/39] x86/pgtable: Move pgdp kernel/user conversion functions to pgtable.h Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:27   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 19/39] x86/pgtable: Move pti_set_user_pgtbl() " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:28   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 20/39] x86/pgtable: Move two more functions from pgtable_64.h " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:28   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 21/39] x86/mm/pae: Populate valid user PGD entries Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:29   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 22/39] x86/mm/pae: Populate the user page-table with user pgd's Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:30   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 23/39] x86/mm/legacy: " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:30   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 24/39] x86/mm/pti: Add an overflow check to pti_clone_pmds() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:31   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 25/39] x86/mm/pti: Define X86_CR3_PTI_PCID_USER_BIT on x86_32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:31   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 26/39] x86/mm/pti: Clone CPU_ENTRY_AREA on PMD level " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:32   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 27/39] x86/mm/pti: Make pti_clone_kernel_text() compile on 32 bit Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:32   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 28/39] x86/mm/pti: Keep permissions when cloning kernel text in pti_clone_kernel_text() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:33   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 29/39] x86/mm/pti: Introduce pti_finalize() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:33   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 30/39] x86/mm/pti: Clone entry-text again in pti_finalize() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:34   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 31/39] x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Define INIT_PGD Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:34   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 32/39] x86/pgtable/pae: Use separate kernel PMDs for user page-table Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:35   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-10-05 14:06   ` [PATCH 32/39] " Arnd Bergmann
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 33/39] x86/ldt: Reserve address-space range on 32 bit for the LDT Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:35   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 34/39] x86/ldt: Define LDT_END_ADDR Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:36   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 35/39] x86/ldt: Split out sanity check in map_ldt_struct() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:36   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 36/39] x86/ldt: Enable LDT user-mapping for PAE Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:37   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 37/39] x86/pti: Allow CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION for x86_32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:37   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 38/39] x86/mm/pti: Add Warning when booting on a PCID capable CPU Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:38   ` [tip:x86/pti] " tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:41 ` [PATCH 39/39] x86/entry/32: Add debug code to check entry/exit cr3 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-19 23:38   ` [tip:x86/pti] x86/entry/32: Add debug code to check entry/exit CR3 tip-bot for Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18 11:59 ` [PATCH 00/39 v8] PTI support for x86-32 Pavel Machek
2018-07-19 23:21 ` Thomas Gleixner
2018-07-20  7:59   ` Joerg Roedel

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