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From: Philippe Proulx via lttng-dev <lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org>
To: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: lttng-dev <lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org>,
	Jeremie Galarneau <jgalar@efficios.com>,
	linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [lttng-dev] Usage example of libbabeltrace (babeltrace2) to read CTF traces from a GUI
Date: Fri, 18 Jun 2021 23:42:01 -0400 (EDT)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1743432091.13845.1624074121104.JavaMail.zimbra@efficios.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210615115738.46818ace@oasis.local.home>

----- Original Message -----
> From: "Steven Rostedt" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> To: "Philippe Proulx" <pproulx@efficios.com>
> Cc: "Mathieu Desnoyers" <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>, "Jeremie Galarneau" <jgalar@efficios.com>, "lttng-dev"
> <lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org>, linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org
> Sent: Tuesday, 15 June, 2021 11:57:38
> Subject: Re: [lttng-dev] Usage example of libbabeltrace (babeltrace2) to read CTF traces from a GUI

> [ Adding linux-trace-devel too ]
> 
> On Tue, 15 Jun 2021 11:13:41 -0400
> Philippe Proulx <pproulx@efficios.com> wrote:
> 
>> I can cook a minimal working example in the following days.
> 
> That would be great, thanks!

Here you go (Pastebin: <https://pastebin.com/0MFQkiAw>):

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <babeltrace2/babeltrace.h>

/*
 * Shared data between our relay sink component and the
 * bt_graph_run_once() call site.
 */
struct relay_data {
	bt_message_array_const msgs;
	uint64_t msg_count;
};

/*
 * Consumer method of our relay sink component class.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-graph.html#ga301a677396bd8f5bd8b920fd5fa60418>.
 */
static bt_graph_simple_sink_component_consume_func_status relay_consume(
		bt_message_iterator * const msg_iter,
		void * const user_data)
{
	struct relay_data * const relay_data =
		(struct relay_data *) user_data;
	bt_message_iterator_next_status msg_iter_next_status;
	bt_graph_simple_sink_component_consume_func_status status =
		BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_OK;

	/* Consume the next messages, storing them in `*relay_data` */
	msg_iter_next_status = bt_message_iterator_next(msg_iter,
		&relay_data->msgs, &relay_data->msg_count);
	switch (msg_iter_next_status) {
	case BT_MESSAGE_ITERATOR_NEXT_STATUS_END:
		status = BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_END;
		break;
	case BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_MEMORY_ERROR:
		status = BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_MEMORY_ERROR;
		break;
	case BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_ERROR:
		status = BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_ERROR;
		break;
	default:
		assert(status ==
			BT_GRAPH_SIMPLE_SINK_COMPONENT_CONSUME_FUNC_STATUS_OK);
		break;
	}

	return status;
}

/*
 * Adds our own sink component named `relay` to the trace processing
 * graph `graph`.
 *
 * On success, `*comp` is the added sink component.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-graph.html#api-graph-lc-add-ss>.
 */
static bt_graph_add_component_status add_relay_comp(bt_graph * const graph,
		struct relay_data * const relay_data,
		const bt_component_sink ** const comp)
{
	return bt_graph_add_simple_sink_component(graph, "relay", NULL,
		relay_consume, NULL, relay_data, comp);
}

/*
 * Creates and returns the parameters to initialize the `src.ctf.fs`
 * component with the trace directory `trace_dir`.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-val.html>.
 */
static bt_value *create_ctf_fs_comp_params(const char * const trace_dir)
{
	bt_value *params;
	bt_value *inputs = NULL;
	bt_value_map_insert_entry_status insert_entry_status;
	bt_value_array_append_element_status append_elem_status;

	/* Create an empty map value */
	params = bt_value_map_create();
	if (!params) {
		goto error;
	}

	/*
	 * Insert an empty array value having the key `inputs`.
	 *
	 * `inputs` is a borrowed value object here, _not_ our
	 * reference.
	 */
	insert_entry_status = bt_value_map_insert_empty_array_entry(params,
		"inputs", &inputs);
	if (insert_entry_status != BT_VALUE_MAP_INSERT_ENTRY_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Append the trace directory to the `inputs` array value */
	append_elem_status = bt_value_array_append_string_element(inputs,
		trace_dir);
	if (append_elem_status != BT_VALUE_ARRAY_APPEND_ELEMENT_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	goto end;

error:
	BT_VALUE_PUT_REF_AND_RESET(params);

end:
	return params;
}

/*
 * Adds a `src.ctf.fs` component named `ctf` to read the trace directory
 * `trace_dir` to the trace processing graph `graph`.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/man7/babeltrace2-source.ctf.fs.7/>.
 *
 * On success, `*comp` is the added source component.
 */
static bt_graph_add_component_status add_ctf_fs_comp(bt_graph * const graph,
		const char * const trace_dir,
		const bt_component_source ** const comp)
{
	const bt_plugin *plugin;
	bt_plugin_find_status plugin_find_status;
	const bt_component_class_source *comp_cls;
	bt_value *params = NULL;
	bt_graph_add_component_status add_comp_status;

	/* Find the `ctf` plugin */
	plugin_find_status = bt_plugin_find("ctf", BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE,
		BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE, &plugin);
	if (plugin_find_status != BT_PLUGIN_FIND_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Borrow the `fs` source component class within the `ctf` plugin */
	comp_cls = bt_plugin_borrow_source_component_class_by_name_const(
		plugin, "fs");
	if (!comp_cls) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Create the parameters to initialize the source component */
	params = create_ctf_fs_comp_params(trace_dir);
	if (!params) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Add the source component to the graph */
	add_comp_status = bt_graph_add_source_component(graph, comp_cls,
		"ctf", params, BT_LOGGING_LEVEL_NONE, comp);
	goto end;

error:
	add_comp_status = BT_GRAPH_ADD_COMPONENT_STATUS_ERROR;

end:
	bt_plugin_put_ref(plugin);
	bt_value_put_ref(params);
	return add_comp_status;
}

/*
 * Adds a `flt.utils.muxer` component named `muxer` to the trace
 * processing graph `graph`.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/man7/babeltrace2-filter.utils.muxer.7/>.
 *
 * On success, `*comp` is the added filter component.
 */
static bt_graph_add_component_status add_muxer_comp(bt_graph * const graph,
		const bt_component_filter ** const comp)
{
	const bt_plugin *plugin;
	bt_plugin_find_status plugin_find_status;
	const bt_component_class_filter *comp_cls;
	bt_graph_add_component_status add_comp_status;

	/* Find the `utils` plugin */
	plugin_find_status = bt_plugin_find("utils", BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE,
		BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE, BT_TRUE, &plugin);
	if (plugin_find_status != BT_PLUGIN_FIND_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Borrow the `muxer` filter comp. class within the `utils` plugin */
	comp_cls = bt_plugin_borrow_filter_component_class_by_name_const(
		plugin, "muxer");
	if (!comp_cls) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Add the filter component to the graph (no init. parameters) */
	add_comp_status = bt_graph_add_filter_component(graph, comp_cls,
		"muxer", NULL, BT_LOGGING_LEVEL_NONE, comp);
	goto end;

error:
	add_comp_status = BT_GRAPH_ADD_COMPONENT_STATUS_ERROR;

end:
	bt_plugin_put_ref(plugin);
	return add_comp_status;
}

/*
 * Creates a trace processing graph having this layout:
 *
 *     +------------+    +-----------------+    +--------------+
 *     | src.ctf.fs |    | flt.utils.muxer |    | Our own sink |
 *     |    [ctf]   |    |     [muxer]     |    |    [relay]   |
 *     |            |    |                 |    |              |
 *     |    stream0 @--->@ in0         out @--->@ in           |
 *     |    stream1 @--->@ in1             |    +--------------+
 *     |    stream2 @--->@ in2             |
 *     |    stream3 @--->@ in3             |
 *     +------------+    @ in4             |
 *                       +-----------------+
 *
 * In the example above, the `src.ctf.fs` component reads a CTF trace
 * having four data streams. The `trace_dir` parameter is the directory
 * containing the CTF trace to read.
 *
 * Our own relay sink component, of which the consuming method is
 * relay_consume(), consumes messages from the `flt.utils.muxer`
 * component, storing them to a structure (`*relay_data`) shared with
 * the bt_graph_run_once() call site.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-graph.html>.
 */
static bt_graph *create_graph(const char * const trace_dir,
		struct relay_data * const relay_data)
{
	bt_graph *graph;
	const bt_component_source *ctf_fs_comp;
	const bt_component_filter *muxer_comp;
	const bt_component_sink *relay_comp;
	bt_graph_add_component_status add_comp_status;
	bt_graph_connect_ports_status connect_ports_status;
	uint64_t i;

	/* Create an empty trace processing graph */
	graph = bt_graph_create(0);
	if (!graph) {
		goto error;
	}

	/* Create and add the three required components to `graph` */
	add_comp_status = add_ctf_fs_comp(graph, trace_dir, &ctf_fs_comp);
	if (add_comp_status != BT_GRAPH_ADD_COMPONENT_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	add_comp_status = add_muxer_comp(graph, &muxer_comp);
	if (add_comp_status != BT_GRAPH_ADD_COMPONENT_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	add_comp_status = add_relay_comp(graph, relay_data, &relay_comp);
	if (add_comp_status != BT_GRAPH_ADD_COMPONENT_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	/*
	 * Connect all the output ports of the `ctf` source component to
	 * the input ports of the `muxer` filter component.
	 *
	 * An `flt.utils.muxer` component adds an input port every time
	 * you connect one, making one always available.
	 *
	 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/man7/babeltrace2-filter.utils.muxer.7/#doc-_input>.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < bt_component_source_get_output_port_count(ctf_fs_comp);
			i++) {
		const bt_port_output * const out_port =
			bt_component_source_borrow_output_port_by_index_const(
				ctf_fs_comp, i);
		const bt_port_input * const in_port =
			bt_component_filter_borrow_input_port_by_index_const(
				muxer_comp, i);

		/* Connect ports */
		connect_ports_status = bt_graph_connect_ports(graph,
			out_port, in_port, NULL);

		if (connect_ports_status != BT_GRAPH_CONNECT_PORTS_STATUS_OK) {
			goto error;
		}
	}

	/* Connect the `muxer` output port to the `relay` input port */
	connect_ports_status = bt_graph_connect_ports(graph,
		bt_component_filter_borrow_output_port_by_index_const(
			muxer_comp, 0),
		bt_component_sink_borrow_input_port_by_index_const(
			relay_comp, 0), NULL);
	if (connect_ports_status != BT_GRAPH_CONNECT_PORTS_STATUS_OK) {
		goto error;
	}

	goto end;

error:
	BT_GRAPH_PUT_REF_AND_RESET(graph);

end:
	return graph;
}

/*
 * Handles a single message `msg`, printing its name if it's an event
 * message.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-msg.html>.
 */
static void handle_msg(const bt_message * const msg)
{
	const bt_event *event;

	if (bt_message_get_type(msg) != BT_MESSAGE_TYPE_EVENT) {
		goto end;
	}

	event = bt_message_event_borrow_event_const(msg);
	puts(bt_event_class_get_name(bt_event_borrow_class_const(event)));

end:
	return;
}

/*
 * Runs the trace processing graph `graph`, our relay sink component
 * transferring its consumed messages to `*relay_data`.
 *
 * See <https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-graph.html#api-graph-lc-run>.
 */
static int run_graph(bt_graph * const graph,
		struct relay_data * const relay_data)
{
	bt_graph_run_once_status status;

	while (true) {
		uint64_t i;

		/*
		 * bt_graph_run_once() calls the consuming method of
		 * our relay sink component (relay_consume()).
		 *
		 * relay_consume() consumes a batch of messages from the
		 * `flt.utils.muxer` component and stores them in
		 * `*relay_data`.
		 */
		status = bt_graph_run_once(graph);
		assert(status != BT_GRAPH_RUN_ONCE_STATUS_AGAIN);
		if (status != BT_GRAPH_RUN_ONCE_STATUS_OK) {
			break;
		}

		/* Handle each consumed message */
		for (i = 0; i < relay_data->msg_count; i++) {
			const bt_message * const msg = relay_data->msgs[i];

			handle_msg(msg);

			/*
			 * The message reference `msg` is ours: release
			 * it now.
			 */
			bt_message_put_ref(msg);
		}
	}

	return status == BT_GRAPH_RUN_ONCE_STATUS_END ? 0 : -1;
}

/*
 * Reads the CTF trace located in the directory `argv[1]`, printing one
 * event name per line to the standard output.
 */
int main(const int argc, const char * const * const argv)
{
	int ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
	struct relay_data relay_data = { 0 };
	bt_graph *graph;

	assert(argc == 2);

	/* Create the trace processing graph */
	graph = create_graph(argv[1], &relay_data);
	if (!graph) {
		ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
		goto end;
	}

	/* Run the graph, printing one event name per line */
	if (run_graph(graph, &relay_data)) {
		ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
	}

end:
	bt_graph_put_ref(graph);
	return ret;
}
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Build as such:

    $ cc -Wextra -Wall -o read-ctf-example read-ctf-example.c \
         $(pkg-config babeltrace2 --cflags --libs)

Feel free to ask us any questions.

Philippe Proulx
EfficiOS Inc.
https://www.efficios.com/

> 
> -- Steve
> 
>> 
>> Phil
>> 
>> [1]: https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/
>> [2]:
>> https://babeltrace.org/docs/v2.0/libbabeltrace2/group__api-graph.html#gaa8432f03a967d01b764fb1bc959c8e89
>> 
>> >
>> > Thanks,
>> >
>> > Mathieu
>> >
>> > --
>> > Mathieu Desnoyers
>> > EfficiOS Inc.
>> > http://www.efficios.com
>> > _______________________________________________
>> > lttng-dev mailing list
>> > lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org
> > > https://lists.lttng.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/lttng-dev
_______________________________________________
lttng-dev mailing list
lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org
https://lists.lttng.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/lttng-dev

      reply	other threads:[~2021-06-19  3:42 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-14 20:00 Mathieu Desnoyers via lttng-dev
2021-06-15 15:13 ` Philippe Proulx via lttng-dev
2021-06-15 15:57   ` Steven Rostedt via lttng-dev
2021-06-19  3:42     ` Philippe Proulx via lttng-dev [this message]

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