From: Tobias Waldekranz <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: Vladimir Oltean <email@example.com>
Cc: "Marek Behun" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Ansuel Smith" <email@example.com>,
firstname.lastname@example.org, "David S. Miller" <email@example.com>,
"Jakub Kicinski" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Andrew Lunn" <email@example.com>,
"Vivien Didelot" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Florian Fainelli" <email@example.com>,
"Alexei Starovoitov" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Daniel Borkmann" <email@example.com>,
"Andrii Nakryiko" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Eric Dumazet" <email@example.com>,
"Wei Wang" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Cong Wang" <email@example.com>,
"Taehee Yoo" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Björn Töpel" <email@example.com>,
"zhang kai" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Weilong Chen" <email@example.com>,
"Roopa Prabhu" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
"Di Zhu" <email@example.com>,
"Francis Laniel" <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC net-next 0/3] Multi-CPU DSA support
Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2021 23:06:27 +0200 [thread overview]
Message-ID: <email@example.com> (raw)
On Mon, Apr 12, 2021 at 17:35, Vladimir Oltean <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 12, 2021 at 02:46:11PM +0200, Tobias Waldekranz wrote:
>> On Sun, Apr 11, 2021 at 21:50, Vladimir Oltean <email@example.com> wrote:
>> > On Sun, Apr 11, 2021 at 08:01:35PM +0200, Marek Behun wrote:
>> >> On Sat, 10 Apr 2021 15:34:46 +0200
>> >> Ansuel Smith <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
>> >> > Hi,
>> >> > this is a respin of the Marek series in hope that this time we can
>> >> > finally make some progress with dsa supporting multi-cpu port.
>> >> >
>> >> > This implementation is similar to the Marek series but with some tweaks.
>> >> > This adds support for multiple-cpu port but leave the driver the
>> >> > decision of the type of logic to use about assigning a CPU port to the
>> >> > various port. The driver can also provide no preference and the CPU port
>> >> > is decided using a round-robin way.
>> >> In the last couple of months I have been giving some thought to this
>> >> problem, and came up with one important thing: if there are multiple
>> >> upstream ports, it would make a lot of sense to dynamically reallocate
>> >> them to each user port, based on which user port is actually used, and
>> >> at what speed.
>> >> For example on Turris Omnia we have 2 CPU ports and 5 user ports. All
>> >> ports support at most 1 Gbps. Round-robin would assign:
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 0
>> >> CPU port 1 - Port 1
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 2
>> >> CPU port 1 - Port 3
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 4
>> >> Now suppose that the user plugs ethernet cables only into ports 0 and 2,
>> >> with 1, 3 and 4 free:
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 0 (plugged)
>> >> CPU port 1 - Port 1 (free)
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 2 (plugged)
>> >> CPU port 1 - Port 3 (free)
>> >> CPU port 0 - Port 4 (free)
>> >> We end up in a situation where ports 0 and 2 share 1 Gbps bandwidth to
>> >> CPU, and the second CPU port is not used at all.
>> >> A mechanism for automatic reassignment of CPU ports would be ideal here.
>> >> What do you guys think?
>> > The reason why I don't think this is such a great idea is because the
>> > CPU port assignment is a major reconfiguration step which should at the
>> > very least be done while the network is down, to avoid races with the
>> > data path (something which this series does not appear to handle).
>> > And if you allow the static user-port-to-CPU-port assignment to change
>> > every time a link goes up/down, I don't think you really want to force
>> > the network down through the entire switch basically.
>> > So I'd be tempted to say 'tough luck' if all your ports are not up, and
>> > the ones that are are assigned statically to the same CPU port. It's a
>> > compromise between flexibility and simplicity, and I would go for
>> > simplicity here. That's the most you can achieve with static assignment,
>> > just put the CPU ports in a LAG if you want better dynamic load balancing
>> > (for details read on below).
>> I agree. Unless you only have a few really wideband flows, a LAG will
>> typically do a great job with balancing. This will happen without the
>> user having to do any configuration at all. It would also perform well
>> in "router-on-a-stick"-setups where the incoming and outgoing port is
>> the same.
>> > But there is something which is even more interesting about Felix with
>> > the ocelot-8021q tagger. Since Marek posted his RFC and until Ansuel
>> > posted the follow-up, things have happened, and now both Felix and the
>> > Marvell driver support LAG offload via the bonding and/or team drivers.
>> > At least for Felix, when using the ocelot-8021q tagged, it should be
>> > possible to put the two CPU ports in a hardware LAG, and the two DSA
>> > masters in a software LAG, and let the bond/team upper of the DSA
>> > masters be the CPU port.
>> > I would like us to keep the door open for both alternatives, and to have
>> > a way to switch between static user-to-CPU port assignment, and LAG.
>> > I think that if there are multiple 'ethernet = ' phandles present in the
>> > device tree, DSA should populate a list of valid DSA masters, and then
>> > call into the driver to allow it to select which master it prefers for
>> > each user port. This is similar to what Ansuel added with 'port_get_preferred_cpu',
>> > except that I chose "DSA master" and not "CPU port" for a specific reason.
>> > For LAG, the DSA master would be bond0.
>> I do not see why we would go through the trouble of creating a
>> user-visible bond/team for this. As you detail below, it would mean
>> jumping through a lot of hoops. I am not sure there is that much we can
>> use from those drivers.
>> - We know that the CPU ports are statically up, so there is no "active
>> transmit set" to manage, it always consists of all ports.
>> - The LAG members are statically known at boot time via the DT, so we do
>> not need (or want, in fact) any management of that from userspace.
>> We could just let the drivers setup the LAG internally, and then do the
>> load-balancing in dsa_slave_xmit or provide a generic helper that the
>> taggers could use.
> It's natural of you to lobby for LAG defined in device tree, since I
> know you want to cover the problem for DSA links as well, not only for
> CPU ports. That is about the only merit of this solution, however, and I
> think we should thoroughly discuss DSA links in the first place, before
> even claiming that it is even the best solution for them.
I am quite sure I never said anything about having to define it in the
DT. The information ("port x, y and z are connected to the CPU") is
already there. What more would we need?
> First of all, DSA drivers can now look at a struct net_device *bond when
> they establish their link aggregation domains. If we have no struct
> net_device *bond we will have to invent a new and parallel API for LAG
> on CPU ports and DSA links. If we have to modify DSA anyway, I wonder
> why we don't strive to converge towards a unified driver API at least.
OK, I was thinking more along the lines of these LAGs being a driver
internal matter. I.e. when a driver sees two links between two chips, it
could just setup the LAGs without having to bother the DSA layer at
DSA would just have N rx handlers setup, and no matter which the
incoming master port was used, the same action would be taken (untag and
mux it to the right slave netdev as usual).
> Also, the CPU ports might be statically up, but their corresponding DSA
> masters may not. You are concentrating only on the switch side, but the
> DSA master side is what's more finicky. For example, I really don't want
> to see DSA implement its own xmit policies, that will get old really
> quick, I really appreciate being able to externalize the TX hashing to a
> separate driver, for which the user already has enough knobs to
> customize, than to shove that in DT.
Yeah if we need customizable hashing then I agree, we should go through
an existing LAG driver.
> Defining a LAG between the CPU ports in the device tree also goes
> against the idea that we should not define policy in the kernel.
> For that matter, I slept on the overall design and I think that if we
> were really purists, we should even drop the whole idea with 'round
> robin by default' in the static user-to-CPU port assignment scenario,
> and let user space manage _everything_. Meaning that even if there are
> multiple 'ethernet = ' phandles in the device tree, DSA will consider
> them only to the point of registering CPU ports for all of them. But we
> will keep the same dsa_tree_setup_default_cpu -> dsa_tree_find_first_cpu
> logic, and there will be only one CPU port / DSA master until user space
> requests otherwise. In this model, the crucial aspect of DSA support for
> multiple CPU ports will be the ability to have that netlink reconfiguration
> while the network is down (or has not even been set up yet). You can see
> how, in this world view, your proposal to define a LAG in the device
> tree does not smell great.
Again, I am suggesting no such thing.
> Of course, I will let Andrew be the supreme judge when it comes to
> system design. Simplicity done right is an acquired taste, and I'm
> absolutely open to admit that I'm not quite there yet.
> As for LAG on DSA links, yes that is going to be interesting. I see two
> - Similar to how mv88e6xxx just decides all by itself to use DSA instead
> of EDSA tags on the DSA links, maybe there simply are some things that
> the software data path and control path just don't need to care about.
> So I wonder, if there isn't any known case in which it wouldn't 'just
> work' for mv88e6xxx to detect that it has multiple routing ports
> towards the same destination switch, to just go ahead and create a LAG
> between them, no DSA involvement at all.
Right, this is similar to how I saw the CPU ports being managed as well.
> - I come from a background where I am working with boards with disjoint
> DSA trees:
> | LS1028A |
> | +------------------------------+ |
> | | DSA master for Felix | |
> | |(internal ENETC port 2: eno2))| |
> | +------------+------------------------------+-------------+ |
> | | Felix embedded L2 switch | |
> | | | |
> | | +--------------+ +--------------+ +--------------+ | |
> | | |DSA master for| |DSA master for| |DSA master for| | |
> | | | SJA1105 1 | | SJA1105 2 | | SJA1105 3 | | |
> | | | (swp1) | | (swp2) | | (swp3) | | |
> +-----------------------+ +-----------------------+ +-----------------------+
> | SJA1105 switch 1 | | SJA1105 switch 2 | | SJA1105 switch 3 |
> +-----+-----+-----+-----+ +-----+-----+-----+-----+ +-----+-----+-----+-----+
> |sw1p0|sw1p1|sw1p2|sw1p3| |sw2p0|sw2p1|sw2p2|sw2p3| |sw3p0|sw3p1|sw3p2|sw3p3|
> +-----+-----+-----+-----+ +-----+-----+-----+-----+ +-----+-----+-----+-----+
> You may find this setup to be a little bit odd, but the network
> interfaces in this system are:
> eno2, swp1, swp2, swp3, sw1p0-sw1p3, sw2p0-sw2p3, sw3p0-sw3p3.
> This is because the Felix switch has a dsa,member property of <0 0>,
> SJA1105 switch 1 is <1 0>, SJA1105 switch 2 is <2 0> and SJA1105 switch
> 3 is <3 0>. So each switch is the only switch within its tree. And that
> makes Felix the DSA master for 3 DSA switches, while being a DSA switch
> itself. This was done this way so that tag stacking 'just works': every
> packet is decapsulated of the Felix tag on eno2, then of the SJA1105 tag
> on swp1/swp2/swp3.
> This setup gives me a lot of visibility into Ethernet port counters on
> all ports. Because swp1, swp2, swp3, because are DSA masters, I see not
> only their port counters, but also the port counters of the SJA1105 CPU
> ports. Great.
> But with the ocelot-8021q tagger, imagine a scenario where I make Felix
> grok the DSA headers added by SJA1105 (which are also VLAN-based). Then
> tag stacking would no longer be necessary. I could convert the swp1,
> swp2, swp3 ports from being DSA masters into being out-facing DSA links,
> and their net devices would disappear. But then I would lose all
> visibility into them! And the strange part in my view is that this is a
> 100% software implementation-defined layout: if they're DSA masters
> they're net devices, if they're DSA links they aren't, when in fact it
> is the same hardware just configured differently.
> So my idea here is maybe we could unify DSA links and disjoint DSA trees
> by exposing net devices for the out-facing DSA links, just for the sake
> - port counters both ways
We have previously experimented with netdevs for dsa (and cpu) ports,
just to get to the counters. It seems like something that might be
better suited for devlink though. That way, regular users would not have
to be confused by netdevs that they can do very little with, but if you
know about the fabric underneath you can still get to them easily.
> - having a hook point for LAGs
> Now don't get me wrong, there are downsides too. For example, the net
> device would not be useful for the actual data path. DSA will not use it
> for packet processing coming from / going towards the leaves. You _could_
> still xmit packets towards an out-facing DSA link, and maybe it would
> even be less useless than xmitting them through a DSA master: if, when
> you send a packet through the DSA master, that will be untagged, the
> same isn't necessarily the case with a DSA link. You can maybe inject a
> FORWARD packet encapsulated in a FROM_CPU tag, and the semantics would
> be just 'do your thing'. I don't know.
There could be devices like that I suppose, mv88e6xxx is not one of them
though. There is no nesting of DSA tags (unless you set them up as
disjoint trees) AFAIK.
> So I would prefer exhausting the first approach, with private LAG setup
> on DSA links done in the driver, before even considering the second one.
What is the second approach?
next prev parent reply other threads:[~2021-04-12 21:06 UTC|newest]
Thread overview: 68+ messages / expand[flat|nested] mbox.gz Atom feed top
2021-04-10 13:34 [PATCH RFC net-next 0/3] Multi-CPU DSA support Ansuel Smith
2021-04-10 13:34 ` [PATCH RFC net-next 1/3] net: dsa: allow for multiple CPU ports Ansuel Smith
2021-04-12 3:35 ` DENG Qingfang
2021-04-12 4:41 ` Ansuel Smith
2021-04-12 15:30 ` DENG Qingfang
2021-04-12 16:17 ` Frank Wunderlich
2021-04-10 13:34 ` [PATCH RFC net-next 2/3] net: add ndo for setting the iflink property Ansuel Smith
2021-04-10 13:34 ` [PATCH RFC net-next 3/3] net: dsa: implement ndo_set_netlink for chaning port's CPU port Ansuel Smith
2021-04-10 13:34 ` [PATCH RFC iproute2-next] iplink: allow to change iplink value Ansuel Smith
2021-04-11 17:04 ` Stephen Hemminger
2021-04-11 17:09 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-11 18:01 ` [PATCH RFC net-next 0/3] Multi-CPU DSA support Marek Behun
2021-04-11 18:08 ` Ansuel Smith
2021-04-11 18:39 ` Andrew Lunn
2021-04-12 2:07 ` Florian Fainelli
2021-04-12 4:53 ` Ansuel Smith
2021-04-11 18:50 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-11 23:53 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 2:10 ` Florian Fainelli
2021-04-12 5:04 ` Ansuel Smith
2021-04-12 12:46 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 14:35 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 21:06 ` Tobias Waldekranz [this message]
2021-04-12 19:30 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 21:22 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 21:34 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 21:49 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 21:56 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 22:06 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 22:26 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 22:48 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 23:04 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 21:50 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 22:05 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 22:55 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 23:09 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 23:13 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 23:54 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-13 0:27 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-13 0:31 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-13 14:46 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-13 15:14 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-13 18:16 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-14 15:14 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-14 18:39 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-14 23:39 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-15 9:20 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-13 14:40 ` Tobias Waldekranz
2021-04-12 15:00 ` DENG Qingfang
2021-04-12 16:32 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 22:04 ` Marek Behun
2021-04-12 22:17 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-04-12 22:47 ` Marek Behun
-- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2019-08-24 2:42 Marek Behún
2019-08-24 15:24 ` Andrew Lunn
2019-08-24 17:45 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-24 17:54 ` Andrew Lunn
2019-08-25 4:19 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-24 15:40 ` Vladimir Oltean
2019-08-24 15:44 ` Vladimir Oltean
2019-08-24 17:55 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-24 15:56 ` Andrew Lunn
2019-08-24 17:58 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-24 20:04 ` Florian Fainelli
2019-08-24 21:01 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-25 4:08 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-25 7:13 ` Marek Behun
2019-08-25 15:00 ` Florian Fainelli
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