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From: Ilias Apalodimas <ilias.apalodimas@linaro.org>
To: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexanderduyck@fb.com>,
	Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@huawei.com>,
	"hawk@kernel.org" <hawk@kernel.org>,
	"davem@davemloft.net" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	"kuba@kernel.org" <kuba@kernel.org>,
	"pabeni@redhat.com" <pabeni@redhat.com>,
	"netdev@vger.kernel.org" <netdev@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net] skbuff: disable coalescing for page_pool recycling
Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 15:18:32 +0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAC_iWjJEbegY+Uxipxck97Qvrn7EY4fiBJ2dLTzqbgYReXebfg@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YkGjxox4gsJrWvJT@myrica>

Hi,

Apologies for chiming in late.

On Mon, 28 Mar 2022 at 15:02, Jean-Philippe Brucker
<jean-philippe@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> On Fri, Mar 25, 2022 at 02:50:46AM +0000, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> > > >     The problem is here: both SKB1 and SKB2 point to PAGE2 but SKB1 does
> > > >     not actually hold a reference to PAGE2.
> > >
> > > it seems the SKB1 *does* hold a reference to PAGE2 by calling
> > > __skb_frag_ref(), which increments the page->_refcount instead of
> > > incrementing pp_frag_count, as skb_cloned(SKB3) is true and
> > > __skb_frag_ref() does not handle page pool
> > > case:
> > >
> > > INVALID URI REMOVED
> > > rc1/source/net/core/skbuff.c*L5308__;Iw!!Bt8RZUm9aw!u944ZiA7uzBuFvccr
> > > rtR1xvondLNnkMf5xzM8xbbkosow-v5t-XdZJd6bMsByMx2Kw$
> >
> > I'm confused here as well. I don't see a path where you can take ownership of the page without taking a reference.
> >
> > Specifically the skb_head_is_locked() won't let you steal the head if the skb is cloned. And then for the frags they have an additional reference taken if the skb is cloned.
> >
> > >  Without coalescing, when
> > > >     releasing both SKB2 and SKB3, a single reference to PAGE2 would be
> > > >     dropped. Now when releasing SKB1 and SKB2, two references to PAGE2
> > > >     will be dropped, resulting in underflow.
> > > >
> > > >  (3c) Drop SKB2:
> > > >
> > > >       af_packet_rcv(SKB2)
> > > >         consume_skb(SKB2)
> > > >           skb_release_data(SKB2)                // drops second dataref
> > > >             page_pool_return_skb_page(PAGE2)    // drops one pp_frag_count
> > > >
> > > >                       SKB1 _____ PAGE1
> > > >                            \____
> > > >                                  PAGE2
> > > >                                  /
> > > >                 RX_BD3 _________/
> > > >
> > > > (4) Userspace calls recvmsg()
> > > >     Copies SKB1 and releases it. Since SKB3 was coalesced with SKB1, we
> > > >     release the SKB3 page as well:
> > > >
> > > >     tcp_eat_recv_skb(SKB1)
> > > >       skb_release_data(SKB1)
> > > >         page_pool_return_skb_page(PAGE1)
> > > >         page_pool_return_skb_page(PAGE2)        // drops second
> > > pp_frag_count
> > > >
> > > > (5) PAGE2 is freed, but the third RX descriptor was still using it!
> > > >     In our case this causes IOMMU faults, but it would silently corrupt
> > > >     memory if the IOMMU was disabled.
> >
> > I think I see the problem. It is when you get into steps 4 and 5 that you are actually hitting the issue. When you coalesced the page you ended up switching the page from a page pool page to a reference counted page, but it is being stored in a page pool skb. That is the issue. Basically if the skb is a pp_recycle skb we should be incrementing the frag count, not the reference count.
> > So essentially the logic should be that if to->pp_recycle is set but from is cloned then you need to return false. The problem isn't that they are both pp_recycle skbs, it is that the from was cloned and we are trying to merge that into a pp_recycle skb by adding to the reference count of the pages.
>
> I agree with this, the problem is switching from a page_pool frag refcount
> to a page refcount. I suppose we could change __skb_frag_ref() to increase
> the pp_frag_count but that's probably best left as future improvement, I
> don't want to break more than I fix here.

I would prefer if we managed to keep the skb bits completely agnostic
to page pool recycling (apart from the obvious pp_recycle flag which
belongs to an skb to begin with).

> I'll send a v2 with a check on
> (cloned(from) && from->pp_recycle)

Coalescing is helping a lot wrt to processing packets and speeding up
things,  so completely removing it from page pool allocated buffers is
not what we want.  Limiting that to cloned page pool allocated SKBs
sounds reasonable I guess.

Thanks
/Ilias

>
> Thanks,
> Jean
>
> >
> > > > A proper implementation would probably take another reference from the
> > > > page_pool at step (3b), but that seems too complicated for a fix. Keep
> > > > it simple for now, prevent coalescing for page_pool users.

      reply	other threads:[~2022-03-28 12:19 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-03-24 17:29 Jean-Philippe Brucker
2022-03-25  1:59 ` Yunsheng Lin
2022-03-25  2:50   ` Alexander Duyck
2022-03-28 12:02     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2022-03-28 12:18       ` Ilias Apalodimas [this message]

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