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From: Leon Romanovsky <leon@kernel.org>
To: Nadav Markus <nmarkus@paloaltonetworks.com>
Cc: Or Cohen <orcohen@paloaltonetworks.com>,
	davem@davemloft.net, netdev@vger.kernel.org, kuba@kernel.org,
	Xiaoming Ni <nixiaoming@huawei.com>,
	matthieu.baerts@tessares.net, mkl@pengutronix.de
Subject: Re: [PATCH] net/nfc: fix use-after-free llcp_sock_bind/connect
Date: Wed, 5 May 2021 14:39:55 +0300
Message-ID: <YJKEC6/AsN5dVClk@unreal> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CABV_C9OJ6v1deEknc+V3cJaT+CPjmzg6Wb06_Rsey3AXqOBNYg@mail.gmail.com>

On Wed, May 05, 2021 at 12:35:48PM +0300, Nadav Markus wrote:
> On Wed, May 5, 2021 at 7:46 AM Leon Romanovsky <leon@kernel.org> wrote:
> 
> > On Tue, May 04, 2021 at 07:01:01PM +0300, Or Cohen wrote:
> > > Hi, can you please elaborate?
> > >
> > > We don't understand why using kref_get_unless_zero will solve the
> > problem.
> >
> > Please don't reply in top-posting format.
> > ------
> >
> > The rationale behind _put()/_get() wrappers over kref is to allow
> > delayed release after all consumers are gone.
> >
> > In order to make it happen, the developer should ensure that consumers
> > don't have an access to the kref-ed struct. This is done with
> > kref_get_unless_zero().
> >
> > In your case, you simply increment some counter without checking if
> > nfc_llcp_local_get() actually succeeded.
> >
> 
> Hi Leon - as far as we understand, the underlying issue is not incrementing
> the kref counter without checking if the function nfc_llcp_local_get
> succeeded or not. The function itself increments the reference count.
> 
> The issue is that the nfc_llcp_local_put might be called twice on the
> llcp_sock->local field, however only one reference (the one that was gotten
> via nfc_llcp_local_get) is incremented. llcp_local_put will be called in
> two locations. The first one is just inside the bind function, if
> nfc_llcp_get_local_ssap fails. The second one is called unconditionally, at
> the socket destruction, at the function nfc_llcp_sock_free.
> 
> Hence, our proposed solution is to prevent the second nfc_llcp_local_put
> from attempting to decrement the kref count, by setting local to NULL. This
> makes sense, as we immediately do so after decrementing the single ref
> count we took when calling nfc_llcp_local_get. Since we are under the sock
> lock, this also should be race safe, as no one should access the
> llcp_sock->local field without this lock's protection.
> 
> >
> > For example, what protection do you have from races between
> > llcp_sock_bind(),
> > nfc_llcp_sock_free() and llcp_sock_connect()?
> >
> 
> As we replied, the llcp_sock->local field is protected under the lock sock,
> as far as we understand.
> 
> >
> > So in case you have some lock outside, it is unclear how use-after-free
> > is possible, because nfc_llcp_find_local() should return NULL.
> > In case, no lock exists, except reducing race window, you didn't fix
> > anything
> > and didn't sanitize lcp_sock too.
> >
> 
> We don't quite get what race are we talking about here - our trigger
> program doesn't even utilize threads. All it has to do is to
> cause nfc_llcp_local_get to fail - this can be seen clearly in our original
> trigger program. To clarify, the two sockets that are created there point
> to the same nfc_llcp_local struct (via their local field). The destruction
> of the first socket causes the reference count of the pointed object to
> drop to zero (since the code increments the ref count of the object from 1
> to 2, but dercements it twice). The second socket later attempts to
> decrement the ref count of the same (already freed) nfc_llcp_local object,
> causing a kernel crash.


So at the end, we are talking about situation where _get()/_put() are
protected by the lock and local can't disappear. Can you please help me to find
this socket lock? Did I miss it in bind path?

net/socket.c:
  int __sys_bind(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *umyaddr, int addrlen)
    sock->ops->bind(..)
     llcp_sock_bind(..)

And if we put lock issue aside, all your change can be squeezed to the following:

diff --git a/net/nfc/llcp_sock.c b/net/nfc/llcp_sock.c
index a3b46f888803..cc9ee634269d 100644
--- a/net/nfc/llcp_sock.c
+++ b/net/nfc/llcp_sock.c
@@ -99,7 +99,6 @@ static int llcp_sock_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen)
        }

        llcp_sock->dev = dev;
-       llcp_sock->local = nfc_llcp_local_get(local);
        llcp_sock->nfc_protocol = llcp_addr.nfc_protocol;
        llcp_sock->service_name_len = min_t(unsigned int,
                                            llcp_addr.service_name_len,
@@ -108,13 +107,11 @@ static int llcp_sock_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen)
                                          llcp_sock->service_name_len,
                                          GFP_KERNEL);
        if (!llcp_sock->service_name) {
-               nfc_llcp_local_put(llcp_sock->local);
                ret = -ENOMEM;
                goto put_dev;
        }
        llcp_sock->ssap = nfc_llcp_get_sdp_ssap(local, llcp_sock);
        if (llcp_sock->ssap == LLCP_SAP_MAX) {
-               nfc_llcp_local_put(llcp_sock->local);
                kfree(llcp_sock->service_name);
                llcp_sock->service_name = NULL;
                ret = -EADDRINUSE;
@@ -122,6 +119,7 @@ static int llcp_sock_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen)
        }

        llcp_sock->reserved_ssap = llcp_sock->ssap;
+       llcp_sock->local = nfc_llcp_local_get(local);

        nfc_llcp_sock_link(&local->sockets, sk);


Thanks

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-04  7:15 Or Cohen
2021-05-04  8:12 ` Leon Romanovsky
2021-05-04 16:01   ` Or Cohen
2021-05-05  4:46     ` Leon Romanovsky
     [not found]       ` <CABV_C9OJ6v1deEknc+V3cJaT+CPjmzg6Wb06_Rsey3AXqOBNYg@mail.gmail.com>
2021-05-05 11:30         ` Nadav Markus
2021-05-05 11:39         ` Leon Romanovsky [this message]
     [not found]           ` <CABV_C9PscjqNPTbK0JuNGsgCAX-xYg9=GG1KNyOh3hQU1TuzWQ@mail.gmail.com>
2021-05-05 14:17             ` Leon Romanovsky
2021-05-05 14:31               ` Or Cohen
2021-05-04  7:16 Or Cohen
2021-05-04 19:10 ` patchwork-bot+netdevbpf
2021-05-05  4:50   ` Leon Romanovsky

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