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From: Eric Dumazet <>
To: Michal Kubecek <>, Eric Dumazet <>
Cc: netdev <>, Firo Yang <>
Subject: Re: possible race in __inet_lookup_established()
Date: Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:04:53 -0800
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 11/20/19 11:52 AM, Michal Kubecek wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 11:13:09AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 10:10 AM Michal Kubecek <> wrote:
>>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 08:12:10AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>>>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 12:39 AM Michal Kubecek <> wrote:
>>>>> Hello Eric,
>>>>> we are investigating a crash in socket lookup in a distribution kernel
>>>>> based on v4.12 but the possible problem we found seems to also apply to
>>>>> current mainline (or net) code.
>>>>> The common pattern is:
>>>>> - the crash always happens in __inet_lookup_established() in
>>>>>         sk_nulls_for_each_rcu(sk, node, &head->chain) {
>>>>>                 if (sk->sk_hash != hash)     <-----------------
>>>>>                         continue;
>>>>>   as sk is an invalid pointer; in particular, &sk->sk_nulls_node is null
>>>>>   so dereferencing sk->sk_hash faults
>>>>> - the reason is that previous sk value pointed to a listening socket
>>>>>   rather than an established one; as listening socket uses sk_node, end
>>>>>   of the chain is marked by a null pointer which is not detected as
>>>>>   a chain end by sk_nulls_for_each_rcu()
>>>>> - there is no socket matching skb which is a TCP pure ACK having
>>>>> as both source and destination
>>>>> - the chain pointed to by head variable is empty
>>>>> Firo Yang came with the theory that this could be a race between socket
>>>>> lookup and freing the socket and replacing it with a listening one:
>>>>> 1. CPU A gets a pointer to an established socket as sk in the
>>>>> sk_nulls_for_each_rcu() loop in __inet_lookup_established() but does not
>>>>> thake a reference to it.
>>>>> 2. CPU B frees the socket
>>>>> 3. Slab object pointed to by sk is reused for a new listening socket.
>>>>> This socket has null sk->sk_node->next which uses the same spot as
>>>>> sk->sk_nulls_node->next
>>>>> 4. CPU A tests sk->sk_nulls_node->next with is_a_nulls() (false) and
>>>>> follows the pointer, resulting in a fault dereferencing sk->sk_hash.
>>>>> Unless we missed something, there is no protection against established
>>>>> socket being freed and replaced by a new listening one while
>>>>> __inet_lookup_established() has a pointer to it. The RCU loop only
>>>>> prevents the slab object being reused for a different slab cache or
>>>>> something completely different but as established and listening sockets
>>>>> share the same slab cache, it does not protect us from switching from
>>>>> established to listening.
>>>>> As far as I can say, this kind of race could have happened for quite
>>>>> long but before your commit ou3b24d854cb35 ("tcp/dccp: do not touch
>>>>> listener sk_refcnt under synflood"), the worst that could happen would
>>>>> be switching to a chain in listener lookup table, following it to its
>>>>> end and then (most likely) restarting the lookup or failing. Now that
>>>>> established and listening sockets use different list types, replacing
>>>>> one with the other can be deadly.
>>>>> Do you agree that this race is possible or is there something we missed
>>>>> that would prevent it?
>>>> A listener is hashed on icsk_listen_portaddr_node, so I do not see how a
>>>> listener could be found in the establish chain ?
>>> It is not really in the chain. What we suspect is that between sk is
>>> assigned pointer to an established socket in __inet_lookup_established()
>>> and using sk->sk_nulls_node->next to go to the next (or stop if it's odd
>>> nulls value), this established socket could be freed and its slab object
>>> reused for a listening socket. As listening sockets no longer use a
>>> nulls hashlist but a normal hashlist, in the most common case where the
>>> socket is last in the chain, sk->sk_node->next (which occupies the same
>>> place as sk->sk_nulls_node->next) would be NULL so that is_a_nulls()
>>> does not recognize the chain end and the loop would go on to next socket
>>> in the chain.
>> I hear you, but where is the sk->sk_nulls_node->next would be set to
>> NULL exactly ?
> In __inet_hash() when the new listening socket is inserted into the
> listening hashtable:
> 	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) && sk->sk_reuseport &&
> 		sk->sk_family == AF_INET6)
> 		hlist_add_tail_rcu(&sk->sk_node, &ilb->head);
> 	else
> 		hlist_add_head_rcu(&sk->sk_node, &ilb->head);
> If the chain is empty, sk->sk_node->next will be set to NULL by either
> branch. And even if it's not, the loop in __inet_lookup_established()
> would follow the chain from listening hashtable and still get to the
> NULL end marker eventually.

Oh right, I was confused by icsk_listen_portaddr_node, but listener use two

Do you have a patch, or do you want me to work on a fix ?

  reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-20  8:39 Michal Kubecek
     [not found] ` <>
2019-11-20 18:10   ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 19:13     ` Eric Dumazet
2019-11-20 19:52       ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 20:04         ` Eric Dumazet [this message]
2019-11-20 20:49           ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 20:57             ` Eric Dumazet
2019-11-20 21:13               ` Michal Kubecek
2019-11-20 21:54                 ` Eric Dumazet

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