Netfilter-Devel Archive on
 help / color / Atom feed
From: "Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)" <>
To: Phil Sutter <>
Cc: "" <>
Subject: Re: Numen with reference to vmap
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 2019 15:42:00 +0000
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Hi Phil,

I can also minimize any impact by inserting a new rule in front of the old one, and then delete the old one. So in this case there should no any impact. Here is iptables rules I try to mimic:

// -A KUBE-SVC-57XVOCFNTLTR3Q27 -m statistic --mode random --probability 0.50000000000 -j KUBE-SEP-FS3FUULGZPVD4VYB
// !
// ! Endpoint 1 for KUBE-SVC-57XVOCFNTLTR3Q27
// !
// -A KUBE-SEP-FS3FUULGZPVD4VYB -p tcp -m tcp -j DNAT --to-destination
// !
// ! Endpoint 2 for KUBE-SVC-57XVOCFNTLTR3Q27
// !
// -A KUBE-SEP-MMFZROQSLQ3DKOQA -p tcp -m tcp -j DNAT --to-destination

As you can see SVC chain KUBE-SVC-57XVOCFNTLTR3Q27 load balance between 2 endpoints.

Thank you

On 2019-12-04, 10:19 AM, " on behalf of Phil Sutter" < on behalf of> wrote:

    On Wed, Dec 04, 2019 at 01:47:47PM +0000, Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk) wrote:
    > Thank you for your reply. It is very unfortunate indeed. Here is the scenario where I thought to use a non-anonymous vmap.
    > Each k8s service can have 0, 1 or more associated endpoints, backends (pods providing this service). 0 endpoint already taken care of in filter prerouting hook.  When there are 1 or more, proxy needs to load balance incoming connections between endpoints.I thought to create vmap per service with 1 rule per service . When an endpoint gets updated (add/deleted) which could happen anytime then the only vmap get corresponding update and my hope was that automagically load balancing will be adjusted to use updated endpoints list.
    > With what you explained, I am not sure if dynamic load balancing is possible at all. If numgen work only with static anonymous vmap and fixed modulus , the only way to address this dynamic nature of endpoints is to recreate service rule everytime when number of endpoints changes (recalculate modulus and entries in vmap). I suspect it is way less efficient.
    Well, if you have a modulus of, say, 5 and your vmap contains only
    entries 0 to 3 your setup is broken anyway. So I guess you will need to
    adjust modulus along with entries in vmap at all times.
    What is the iptables-equivalent you want to replace? Maybe that serves
    as inspiration for how to solve it in nftables.
    > What will happen to dataplane and packets in transit when the rule will be deleted and then recreated? I suspect it might result in dropped packets, could you please comment on the possible impact?
    Well, you could replace the rule in a single transaction, that would
    eliminate the timespan the rule doesn't exist. AFAICT, this is RCU-based
    so packets will either hit the old or the new rule then.
    Cheers, Phil

  reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-04  0:54 Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)
2019-12-04 10:18 ` Phil Sutter
2019-12-04 13:47   ` Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)
2019-12-04 15:17     ` Phil Sutter
2019-12-04 15:42       ` Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk) [this message]
2019-12-04 15:56         ` Phil Sutter
2019-12-04 16:13           ` Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)
2019-12-04 17:00             ` Phil Sutter
2019-12-04 17:31           ` Arturo Borrero Gonzalez
2019-12-04 17:49             ` Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)
2019-12-04 21:05               ` Serguei Bezverkhi (sbezverk)
2019-12-04 22:32             ` Phil Sutter

Reply instructions:

You may reply publically to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \ \ \ \ \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Netfilter-Devel Archive on

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror netfilter-devel/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 netfilter-devel netfilter-devel/ \
	public-inbox-index netfilter-devel

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:

AGPL code for this site: git clone