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From: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
To: linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
Cc: alison.schofield@intel.com, keescook@chromium.org,
	ebiggers3@gmail.com, dhowells@redhat.com,
Subject: [PATCH v6 11/11] libnvdimm: add documentation for nvdimm security support
Date: Wed, 25 Jul 2018 13:59:33 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <153255237307.51274.5702807645252033322.stgit@djiang5-desk3.ch.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <153255001863.51274.11308713958786222873.stgit@djiang5-desk3.ch.intel.com>

Add theory of operation for the security support that's going into

Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
 Documentation/nvdimm/security |   70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 70 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/nvdimm/security

diff --git a/Documentation/nvdimm/security b/Documentation/nvdimm/security
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b776ef1f5e41
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/nvdimm/security
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
+1. Introduction
+With the introduction of Intel DSM v1.7 specification [1], security DSMs are
+introduced. The spec added the following security DSMs: "get security state",
+"set passphrase", "disable passphrase", "unlock unit", "freeze lock",
+"secure erase", and "overwrite". A security_ops data structure has been
+added to struct dimm in order to support the security operations and generic
+APIs are exposed to allow vendor neutral operations.
+2. Sysfs Interface
+The "security" sysfs attribute is provided in the nvdimm sysfs directory. For
+The "show" function of that attribute will display the security state for
+that DIMM. The following states are available: disabled, unlocked, locked,
+frozen, and unsupported.
+The "store" function takes several commands when the attribute is written to
+in order to support some of the security functionalities:
+update - enable security. Add or update current key.
+disable - disable enabled security and remove key.
+freeze - freeze changing of security states.
+erase - generate new ecryption key for DIMM and crypto-scrambles all existing
+	user data.
+3. Key Management
+The key is associted to the payload by the DIMM id. For example:
+# cat /sys/devices/LNXSYSTM:00/LNXSYBUS:00/ACPI0012:00/ndbus0/nmem0/nfit/id
+The DIMM id would be provided along with the key payload (passphrase) to
+the kernel.
+The security keys are managed on the basis of a single key per DIMM. The
+key "passphrase" is expected to be 32bytes long or padded to 32bytes. This is
+similar to the ATA security specification [2]. A key is initially acquired
+via the request_key() kernel API call and retrieved from userspace. It is up to
+the user to provide an upcall application to retrieve the key in whatever
+fashion meets their security requirements.
+The payload provided to the key can be a 32bytes payload or 64bytes payload
+when doing an "update". The payload is viewed as 64 bytes in the following
+[32 bytes new key data zero padded][32 bytes current key data zero padded]
+However, a 32bytes payload can be provided and will be assumed as the old
+key to be 32 bytes of 0s and the provided 32bytes payload is the new key.
+It is up to the user upcall function how that's presented as the key payload
+to the kernel.
+All the other security functions that require a provided key can accept a
+32bytes payload or 64bytes. If the payload is 64bytes, then second 32bytes
+will be ignored and the first 32bytes contains the expected "passphrase".
+4. Unlocking
+When the DIMMs are being enumerated by the kernel, the kernel will attempt to
+retrieve the key from its keyring. If that fails, it will attempt to
+acquire the key from the userspace upcall function. This is the only time
+a locked DIMM can be unlocked. Once unlocked, the DIMM will remain unlocked
+until reboot.
+[1]: http://pmem.io/documents/NVDIMM_DSM_Interface-V1.7.pdf
+[2]: http://www.t13.org/documents/UploadedDocuments/docs2006/e05179r4-ACS-SecurityClarifications.pdf

Linux-nvdimm mailing list

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-07-25 20:59 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 21+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-07-25 20:58 [PATCH v6 00/11] Adding security support for nvdimm Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:58 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] nfit: add support for Intel DSM 1.7 commands Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:58 ` [PATCH v6 02/11] libnvdimm: create keyring to store security keys Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:58 ` [PATCH v6 03/11] nfit/libnvdimm: store dimm id as a member to struct nvdimm Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:58 ` [PATCH v6 04/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add unlock of nvdimm support for Intel DIMMs Dave Jiang
2018-07-31 22:04   ` Alison Schofield
2018-07-31 22:48     ` Jiang, Dave
2018-07-25 20:58 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add set passphrase support for Intel nvdimms Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` [PATCH v6 06/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add disable passphrase support to Intel nvdimm Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` [PATCH v6 07/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add freeze security " Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` [PATCH v6 08/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add support for issue secure erase DSM " Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` [PATCH v6 09/11] nfit_test: add context to dimm_dev for nfit_test Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` [PATCH v6 10/11] nfit_test: add test support for Intel nvdimm security DSMs Dave Jiang
2018-07-25 20:59 ` Dave Jiang [this message]
2018-08-02 11:58 ` [PATCH v6 04/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add unlock of nvdimm support for Intel DIMMs David Howells
2018-08-02 12:00 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] nfit/libnvdimm: add set passphrase support for Intel nvdimms David Howells
2018-08-02 22:29   ` Dave Jiang
2018-08-03  0:28     ` Dave Jiang
2018-08-03  8:32     ` David Howells
2018-08-03 16:07       ` Dave Jiang
2018-08-03  8:28   ` David Howells

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