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From: "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@kernel.org>
To: "ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com" <ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com>
Cc: "dan.j.williams@intel.com" <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	"david@fromorbit.com" <david@fromorbit.com>,
	"hch@lst.de" <hch@lst.de>,
	"linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"nvdimm@lists.linux.dev" <nvdimm@lists.linux.dev>,
	"linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org" <linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org>,
	"rgoldwyn@suse.de" <rgoldwyn@suse.de>,
	"viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk" <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	"willy@infradead.org" <willy@infradead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v6.1 6/7] fs/xfs: Handle CoW for fsdax write() path
Date: Sun, 27 Jun 2021 22:09:19 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210628050919.GL13784@locust> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <OSBPR01MB2920922639112230407000E9F4039@OSBPR01MB2920.jpnprd01.prod.outlook.com>

On Mon, Jun 28, 2021 at 02:55:03AM +0000, ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH v6.1 6/7] fs/xfs: Handle CoW for fsdax write() path
> > 
> > On Thu, Jun 24, 2021 at 08:49:17AM +0000, ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com wrote:
> > > Hi Darrick,
> > >
> > > Do you have any comment on this?
> > 
> > Sorry, was on vacation.
> > 
> > > Thanks,
> > > Ruan.
> > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Shiyang Ruan <ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com>
> > > > Subject: [PATCH v6.1 6/7] fs/xfs: Handle CoW for fsdax write() path
> > > >
> > > > Hi Darrick,
> > > >
> > > > Since other patches looks good, I post this RFC patch singly to
> > > > hot-fix the problem in xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops->iomap_end() of v6
> > > > that the error code was ingored. I will split this in two
> > > > patches(changes in iomap and xfs
> > > > respectively) in next formal version if it looks ok.
> > > >
> > > > ====
> > > >
> > > > Introduce a new interface called "iomap_post_actor()" in iomap_ops.
> > > > And call it between ->actor() and ->iomap_end().  It is mean to
> > > > handle the error code returned from ->actor().  In this patchset, it
> > > > is used to remap or cancel the CoW extents according to the error code.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Shiyang Ruan <ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  fs/dax.c               | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
> > > >  fs/iomap/apply.c       |  4 ++++
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c |  3 +--
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_file.c      |  5 +++--
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c     | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.h     | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c      |  7 +++----
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c   |  3 +--
> > > >  include/linux/iomap.h  |  8 ++++++++
> > > >  9 files changed, 94 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
> > > > index 93f16210847b..0740c2610b6f 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/dax.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/dax.c
> > > > @@ -1537,7 +1537,7 @@ static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pte_fault(struct
> > > > vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
> > > >  	struct iomap iomap = { .type = IOMAP_HOLE };
> > > >  	struct iomap srcmap = { .type = IOMAP_HOLE };
> > > >  	unsigned flags = IOMAP_FAULT;
> > > > -	int error;
> > > > +	int error, copied = PAGE_SIZE;
> > > >  	bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
> > > >  	vm_fault_t ret = 0, major = 0;
> > > >  	void *entry;
> > > > @@ -1598,7 +1598,7 @@ static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pte_fault(struct
> > > > vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
> > > >  	ret = dax_fault_actor(vmf, pfnp, &xas, &entry, false, flags,
> > > >  			      &iomap, &srcmap);
> > > >  	if (ret == VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
> > > > -		goto finish_iomap;
> > > > +		goto finish_iomap_actor;
> > > >
> > > >  	/* read/write MAPPED, CoW UNWRITTEN */
> > > >  	if (iomap.flags & IOMAP_F_NEW) {
> > > > @@ -1607,10 +1607,16 @@ static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pte_fault(struct
> > > > vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
> > > >  		major = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
> > > >  	}
> > > >
> > > > + finish_iomap_actor:
> > > > +	if (ops->iomap_post_actor) {
> > > > +		if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR)
> > > > +			copied = 0;
> > > > +		ops->iomap_post_actor(inode, pos, PMD_SIZE, copied, flags,
> > > > +				      &iomap, &srcmap);
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > >  finish_iomap:
> > > >  	if (ops->iomap_end) {
> > > > -		int copied = PAGE_SIZE;
> > > > -
> > > >  		if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR)
> > > >  			copied = 0;
> > > >  		/*
> > > > @@ -1677,7 +1683,7 @@ static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct
> > > > vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
> > > >  	pgoff_t max_pgoff;
> > > >  	void *entry;
> > > >  	loff_t pos;
> > > > -	int error;
> > > > +	int error, copied = PMD_SIZE;
> > > >
> > > >  	/*
> > > >  	 * Check whether offset isn't beyond end of file now. Caller is @@
> > > > -1736,12
> > > > +1742,15 @@ static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm_fault
> > > > +*vmf,
> > > > pfn_t *pfnp,
> > > >  	ret = dax_fault_actor(vmf, pfnp, &xas, &entry, true, flags,
> > > >  			      &iomap, &srcmap);
> > > >
> > > > +	if (ret == VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)
> > > > +		copied = 0;
> > > > +	if (ops->iomap_post_actor) {
> > > > +		ops->iomap_post_actor(inode, pos, PMD_SIZE, copied, flags,
> > > > +				      &iomap, &srcmap);
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > >  finish_iomap:
> > > >  	if (ops->iomap_end) {
> > > > -		int copied = PMD_SIZE;
> > > > -
> > > > -		if (ret == VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)
> > > > -			copied = 0;
> > > >  		/*
> > > >  		 * The fault is done by now and there's no way back (other
> > > >  		 * thread may be already happily using PMD we have installed).
> > > > diff --git a/fs/iomap/apply.c b/fs/iomap/apply.c index
> > > > 0493da5286ad..26a54ded184f 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/iomap/apply.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/iomap/apply.c
> > > > @@ -84,6 +84,10 @@ iomap_apply(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos,
> > > > loff_t length, unsigned flags,
> > > >  	written = actor(inode, pos, length, data, &iomap,
> > > >  			srcmap.type != IOMAP_HOLE ? &srcmap : &iomap);
> > > >
> > > > +	if (ops->iomap_post_actor) {
> > > > +		written = ops->iomap_post_actor(inode, pos, length, written,
> > > > +						flags, &iomap, &srcmap);
> > 
> > How many operations actually need an iomap_post_actor?  It's just the dax
> > ones, right?  Which is ... iomap_truncate_page, iomap_zero_range,
> > dax_iomap_fault, and dax_iomap_rw, right?  We don't need a post_actor for
> > other iomap functionality (like FIEMAP, SEEK_DATA/SEEK_HOLE, etc.) so adding
> > a new function pointer for all operations feels a bit overbroad.
> 
> Yes.
> 
> > 
> > I had imagined that you'd create a struct dax_iomap_ops to wrap all the extra
> > functionality that you need for dax operations:
> > 
> > struct dax_iomap_ops {
> > 	struct iomap_ops	iomap_ops;
> > 
> > 	int			(*end_io)(inode, pos, length...);
> > };
> > 
> > And alter the four functions that you need to take the special dax_iomap_ops.
> > I guess the downside is that this makes iomap_truncate_page and
> > iomap_zero_range more complicated, but maybe it's just time to split those into
> > DAX-specific versions.  Then we'd be rid of the cross-links betwee
> > fs/iomap/buffered-io.c and fs/dax.c.
> 
> This seems to be a better solution.  I'll try in this way.  Thanks for your guidance.

I started writing on Friday a patchset to apply this style cleanup both
to the directio and dax paths.  The cleanups were pretty straightforward
until I started reading the dax code paths again and realized that file
writes still have the weird behavior of mapping extents into a file,
zeroing them, then issuing the actual write to the extent.  IOWs, a
double-write to avoid exposing stale contents if crash.

Apparently the reason for this was that dax (at least 6 years ago) had
no concept paralleling the page lock, so it was necessary to do that to
avoid page fault handlers racing to map pfns into the file mapping?
That would seem to prevent us from doing the more standard behavior of
allocate unwritten, write data, convert mapping... but is that still the
case?  Or can we get rid of this bad quirk?

--D

> 
> > 
> > > > +	}
> > > >  out:
> > > >  	/*
> > > >  	 * Now the data has been copied, commit the range we've copied.
> > > > This diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
> > > > index
> > > > a5e9d7d34023..2a36dc93ff27 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
> > > > @@ -965,8 +965,7 @@ xfs_free_file_space(
> > > >  		return 0;
> > > >  	if (offset + len > XFS_ISIZE(ip))
> > > >  		len = XFS_ISIZE(ip) - offset;
> > > > -	error = iomap_zero_range(VFS_I(ip), offset, len, NULL,
> > > > -			&xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops);
> > > > +	error = xfs_iomap_zero_range(ip, offset, len, NULL);
> > > >  	if (error)
> > > >  		return error;
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c index
> > > > 396ef36dcd0a..89406ec6741b
> > > > 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
> > > > @@ -684,11 +684,12 @@ xfs_file_dax_write(
> > > >  	pos = iocb->ki_pos;
> > > >
> > > >  	trace_xfs_file_dax_write(iocb, from);
> > > > -	ret = dax_iomap_rw(iocb, from, &xfs_direct_write_iomap_ops);
> > > > +	ret = dax_iomap_rw(iocb, from, &xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops);
> > > >  	if (ret > 0 && iocb->ki_pos > i_size_read(inode)) {
> > > >  		i_size_write(inode, iocb->ki_pos);
> > > >  		error = xfs_setfilesize(ip, pos, ret);
> > > >  	}
> > > > +
> > > >  out:
> > > >  	if (iolock)
> > > >  		xfs_iunlock(ip, iolock);
> > > > @@ -1309,7 +1310,7 @@ __xfs_filemap_fault(
> > > >
> > > >  		ret = dax_iomap_fault(vmf, pe_size, &pfn, NULL,
> > > >  				(write_fault && !vmf->cow_page) ?
> > > > -				 &xfs_direct_write_iomap_ops :
> > > > +				 &xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops :
> > > >  				 &xfs_read_iomap_ops);
> > > >  		if (ret & VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC)
> > > >  			ret = dax_finish_sync_fault(vmf, pe_size, pfn); diff --git
> > > > a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c index
> > > > d154f42e2dc6..2f322e2f8544
> > > > 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c
> > > > @@ -761,7 +761,8 @@ xfs_direct_write_iomap_begin(
> > > >
> > > >  		/* may drop and re-acquire the ilock */
> > > >  		error = xfs_reflink_allocate_cow(ip, &imap, &cmap, &shared,
> > > > -				&lockmode, flags & IOMAP_DIRECT);
> > > > +				&lockmode,
> > > > +				(flags & IOMAP_DIRECT) || IS_DAX(inode));
> > > >  		if (error)
> > > >  			goto out_unlock;
> > > >  		if (shared)
> > > > @@ -854,6 +855,36 @@ const struct iomap_ops
> > > > xfs_direct_write_iomap_ops = {
> > > >  	.iomap_begin		= xfs_direct_write_iomap_begin,
> > > >  };
> > > >
> > > > +static int
> > > > +xfs_dax_write_iomap_post_actor(
> > > > +	struct inode		*inode,
> > > > +	loff_t			pos,
> > > > +	loff_t			length,
> > > > +	ssize_t			written,
> > > > +	unsigned int		flags,
> > > > +	struct iomap		*iomap,
> > > > +	struct iomap		*srcmap)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	int			error = 0;
> > > > +	struct xfs_inode	*ip = XFS_I(inode);
> > > > +	bool			cow = xfs_is_cow_inode(ip);
> > > > +
> > > > +	if (written <= 0) {
> > > > +		if (cow)
> > > > +			xfs_reflink_cancel_cow_range(ip, pos, length, true);
> > > > +		return written;
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > > +	if (cow)
> > > > +		error = xfs_reflink_end_cow(ip, pos, written);
> > > > +	return error ?: written;
> > > > +}
> > 
> > This is pretty much the same as what xfs_dio_write_end_io does, right?
> 
> It just handles the end part of CoW here.
> xfs_dio_write_end_io() also updates file size, which is only needed in write() but not in page fault.  And the update file size work is done in xfs_dax_file_write(), it's fine, no need to modify it.
> 
> > 
> > I had imagined that you'd change the function signatures to drop the iocb so
> > that you could reuse this code instead of creating a whole new callback.
> > 
> > Ah well.  Can I send you some prep patches to clean up some of the weird
> > iomap code as a preparation series for this?
> 
> Sure.  Thanks.
> 
> 
> --
> Ruan.
> 
> > 
> > --D
> > 
> > > > +
> > > > +const struct iomap_ops xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops = {
> > > > +	.iomap_begin		= xfs_direct_write_iomap_begin,
> > > > +	.iomap_post_actor	= xfs_dax_write_iomap_post_actor,
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > >  static int
> > > >  xfs_buffered_write_iomap_begin(
> > > >  	struct inode		*inode,
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.h index
> > > > 7d3703556d0e..fbacf638ab21 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.h
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.h
> > > > @@ -42,8 +42,32 @@ xfs_aligned_fsb_count(
> > > >
> > > >  extern const struct iomap_ops xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops;  extern
> > > > const struct iomap_ops xfs_direct_write_iomap_ops;
> > > > +extern const struct iomap_ops xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops;
> > > >  extern const struct iomap_ops xfs_read_iomap_ops;  extern const
> > > > struct iomap_ops xfs_seek_iomap_ops;  extern const struct iomap_ops
> > > > xfs_xattr_iomap_ops;
> > > >
> > > > +static inline int
> > > > +xfs_iomap_zero_range(
> > > > +	struct xfs_inode	*ip,
> > > > +	loff_t			offset,
> > > > +	loff_t			len,
> > > > +	bool			*did_zero)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	return iomap_zero_range(VFS_I(ip), offset, len, did_zero,
> > > > +			IS_DAX(VFS_I(ip)) ? &xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops
> > > > +					  : &xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops); }
> > > > +
> > > > +static inline int
> > > > +xfs_iomap_truncate_page(
> > > > +	struct xfs_inode	*ip,
> > > > +	loff_t			pos,
> > > > +	bool			*did_zero)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	return iomap_truncate_page(VFS_I(ip), pos, did_zero,
> > > > +			IS_DAX(VFS_I(ip)) ? &xfs_dax_write_iomap_ops
> > > > +					  : &xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops); }
> > > > +
> > > >  #endif /* __XFS_IOMAP_H__*/
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c index
> > > > dfe24b7f26e5..6d936c3e1a6e 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iops.c
> > > > @@ -911,8 +911,8 @@ xfs_setattr_size(
> > > >  	 */
> > > >  	if (newsize > oldsize) {
> > > >  		trace_xfs_zero_eof(ip, oldsize, newsize - oldsize);
> > > > -		error = iomap_zero_range(inode, oldsize, newsize - oldsize,
> > > > -				&did_zeroing, &xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops);
> > > > +		error = xfs_iomap_zero_range(ip, oldsize, newsize - oldsize,
> > > > +				&did_zeroing);
> > > >  	} else {
> > > >  		/*
> > > >  		 * iomap won't detect a dirty page over an unwritten block (or a
> > > > @@
> > > > -924,8 +924,7 @@ xfs_setattr_size(
> > > >  						     newsize);
> > > >  		if (error)
> > > >  			return error;
> > > > -		error = iomap_truncate_page(inode, newsize, &did_zeroing,
> > > > -				&xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops);
> > > > +		error = xfs_iomap_truncate_page(ip, newsize, &did_zeroing);
> > > >  	}
> > > >
> > > >  	if (error)
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c index
> > > > d25434f93235..9a780948dbd0 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_reflink.c
> > > > @@ -1266,8 +1266,7 @@ xfs_reflink_zero_posteof(
> > > >  		return 0;
> > > >
> > > >  	trace_xfs_zero_eof(ip, isize, pos - isize);
> > > > -	return iomap_zero_range(VFS_I(ip), isize, pos - isize, NULL,
> > > > -			&xfs_buffered_write_iomap_ops);
> > > > +	return xfs_iomap_zero_range(ip, isize, pos - isize, NULL);
> > > >  }
> > > >
> > > >  /*
> > > > diff --git a/include/linux/iomap.h b/include/linux/iomap.h index
> > > > 95562f863ad0..58f2e1c78018 100644
> > > > --- a/include/linux/iomap.h
> > > > +++ b/include/linux/iomap.h
> > > > @@ -135,6 +135,14 @@ struct iomap_ops {
> > > >  			unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap,
> > > >  			struct iomap *srcmap);
> > > >
> > > > +	/*
> > > > +	 * Handle the error code from actor(). Do the finishing jobs for extra
> > > > +	 * operations, such as CoW, according to whether written is negative.
> > > > +	 */
> > > > +	int (*iomap_post_actor)(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
> > > > +			ssize_t written, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap,
> > > > +			struct iomap *srcmap);
> > > > +
> > > >  	/*
> > > >  	 * Commit and/or unreserve space previous allocated using
> > iomap_begin.
> > > >  	 * Written indicates the length of the successful write operation
> > > > which
> > > > --
> > > > 2.31.1
> > >

  reply	other threads:[~2021-06-28  5:09 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <OSBPR01MB2920A2BCD568364C1363AFA6F4369@OSBPR01MB2920.jpnprd01.prod.outlook.com>
2021-06-15  7:21 ` Shiyang Ruan
2021-06-24  8:49   ` ruansy.fnst
2021-06-25 22:18     ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-06-28  2:55       ` ruansy.fnst
2021-06-28  5:09         ` Darrick J. Wong [this message]
2021-06-29 11:25           ` ruansy.fnst
2021-06-29 21:01             ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-07-08 23:16           ` Dave Chinner
2021-07-09 12:36         ` [PATCH v6.2 6/7] dax: Introduce dax_iomap_ops for end of reflink Shiyang Ruan

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