From: Dave Chinner <email@example.com> To: Dan Williams <firstname.lastname@example.org> Cc: "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>, "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Re: [Ocfs2-devel] Question about the "EXPERIMENTAL" tag for dax in XFS Date: Tue, 2 Mar 2021 09:46:40 +1100 [thread overview] Message-ID: <20210301224640.GG4662@dread.disaster.area> (raw) In-Reply-To: <CAPcyv4jzV2RUij2BEvDJLLiK_67Nf1v3M6-jRLKf32x4iOzqng@mail.gmail.com> On Mon, Mar 01, 2021 at 12:55:53PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote: > On Sun, Feb 28, 2021 at 2:39 PM Dave Chinner <email@example.com> wrote: > > > > On Sat, Feb 27, 2021 at 03:40:24PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote: > > > On Sat, Feb 27, 2021 at 2:36 PM Dave Chinner <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote: > > > > On Fri, Feb 26, 2021 at 02:41:34PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote: > > > > > On Fri, Feb 26, 2021 at 1:28 PM Dave Chinner <email@example.com> wrote: > > > > > > On Fri, Feb 26, 2021 at 12:59:53PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote: > > > > it points to, check if it points to the PMEM that is being removed, > > > > grab the page it points to, map that to the relevant struct page, > > > > run collect_procs() on that page, then kill the user processes that > > > > map that page. > > > > > > > > So why can't we walk the ptescheck the physical pages that they > > > > map to and if they map to a pmem page we go poison that > > > > page and that kills any user process that maps it. > > > > > > > > i.e. I can't see how unexpected pmem device unplug is any different > > > > to an MCE delivering a hwpoison event to a DAX mapped page. > > > > > > I guess the tradeoff is walking a long list of inodes vs walking a > > > large array of pages. > > > > Not really. You're assuming all a filesystem has to do is invalidate > > everything if a device goes away, and that's not true. Finding if an > > inode has a mapping that spans a specific device in a multi-device > > filesystem can be a lot more complex than that. Just walking inodes > > is easy - determining whihc inodes need invalidation is the hard > > part. > > That inode-to-device level of specificity is not needed for the same > reason that drop_caches does not need to be specific. If the wrong > page is unmapped a re-fault will bring it back, and re-fault will fail > for the pages that are successfully removed. > > > That's where ->corrupt_range() comes in - the filesystem is already > > set up to do reverse mapping from physical range to inode(s) > > offsets... > > Sure, but what is the need to get to that level of specificity with > the filesystem for something that should rarely happen in the course > of normal operation outside of a mistake? Dan, you made this mistake with the hwpoisoning code that we're trying to fix that here. Hard coding a 1:1 physical address to inode/offset into the DAX mapping was a bad mistake. It's also one that should never have occurred because it's *obviously wrong* to filesystem developers and has been for a long time. Now we have the filesytem people providing a mechanism for the pmem devices to tell the filesystems about physical device failures so they can handle such failures correctly themselves. Having the device go away unexpectedly from underneath a mounted and active filesystem is a *device failure*, not an "unplug event". The mistake you made was not understanding how filesystems work, nor actually asking filesystem developers what they actually needed. You're doing the same thing here - you're telling us what you think the solution filesystems need is. Please listen when we say "that is not sufficient" because we don't want to be backed into a corner that we have to fix ourselves again before we can enable some basic filesystem functionality that we should have been able to support on DAX from the start... > > > There's likely always more pages than inodes, but perhaps it's more > > > efficient to walk the 'struct page' array than sb->s_inodes? > > > > I really don't see you seem to be telling us that invalidation is an > > either/or choice. There's more ways to convert physical block > > address -> inode file offset and mapping index than brute force > > inode cache walks.... > > Yes, but I was trying to map it to an existing mechanism and the > internals of drop_pagecache_sb() are, in coarse terms, close to what > needs to happen here. No. drop_pagecache_sb() is not a relevant model for telling a filesystem that the block device underneath has gone away, nor for a device to ensure that access protections that *are managed by the filesystem* are enforced/revoked sanely. drop_pagecache_sb() is a brute-force model for invalidating user data mappings that the filesystem performs in response to such a notification. It only needs this brute-force approach if it has no other way to find active DAX mappings across the range of the device that has gone away. But this model doesn't work for direct mapped metadata, journals or any other internal direct filesystem mappings that aren't referenced by inodes that the filesytem might be using. The filesystem still needs to invalidate all those mappings and prevent further access to them, even from within the kernel itself. Filesystems are way more complex than pure DAX devices, and hence handle errors and failure events differently. Unlike DAX devices, we have both internal and external references to the DAX device, and we can have both external and internal direct maps. Invalidating user data mappings is all dax devices need to do on unplug, but for filesystems it is only a small part of what we have to do when a range of a device goes bad. IOWs, there is no "one size fits all" approach that works for all filesystems, nor is there one strategy that is is optimal for all filesystems. Failure handling in a filesystem is almost always filesystem specific... > > > Ok, I think I set this discussion in the wrong direction implying any > > > mapping of this action to a "filesystem dead" event. It's just a "zap > > > all ptes" event and upper layers recover from there. > > > > Yes, that's exactly what ->corrupt_range() is intended for. It > > allows the filesystem to lock out access to the bad range > > and then recover the data. Or metadata, if that's where the bad > > range lands. If that recovery fails, it can then report a data > > loss/filesystem shutdown event to userspace and kill user procs that > > span the bad range... > > > > FWIW, is this notification going to occur before or after the device > > has been physically unplugged? > > Before. This will be operations that happen in the pmem driver > ->remove() callback. > > > i.e. what do we do about the > > time-of-unplug-to-time-of-invalidation window where userspace can > > still attempt to access the missing pmem though the > > not-yet-invalidated ptes? It may not be likely that people just yank > > pmem nvdimms out of machines, but with NVMe persistent memory > > spaces, there's every chance that someone pulls the wrong device... > > The physical removal aspect is only theoretical today. For actual pmem, maybe. But hotplug RAM is a thing; big numa machines that can hotplug nodes into their fabric and so have CPUs and memory able to come and go from a live machine. It's not a small stretch to extend that to having PMEM in those nodes. So it's a practical design concern right now, even ignoring that NVMe is hotplug.... > While the pmem > driver has a ->remove() path that's purely a software unbind > operation. That said the vulnerability window today is if a process > acquires a dax mapping, the pmem device hosting that filesystem goes > through an unbind / bind cycle, and then a new filesystem is created / > mounted. That old pte may be able to access data that is outside its > intended protection domain. So what is being done to prevent stale DAX mappings from being leaked this way right now, seeing as the leak you mention here doesn't appear in any way to be filesystem related? > Going forward, for buses like CXL, there will be a managed physical > remove operation via PCIE native hotplug. The flow there is that the > PCIE hotplug driver will notify the OS of a pending removal, trigger > ->remove() on the pmem driver, and then notify the technician (slot > status LED) that the card is safe to pull. That doesn't protect against pulling the wrong device, or having someone pull the device without first running an admin command that makes systems using DAX safe to pull the device.... And once you take into account that "pulling the wrong device" can happen, how does the filesystem tell tell the difference between a device being pulled and a drive cage just dying and so the drive just disappear from the system? How are these accidental vs real failures any different from the perspective of a filesystem mounted on that device? And then there is the elephant in the room: if there's a "human in the loop" step needed to hot unplug a pmem device safely, then why the hell is the filesystem on that device still mounted and the DAX applications still running? This just makes no sense at all from an operations perspective - if you know that you are about to do an unplug that will result in all your DAX apps and filesystems being killed (i.e. fatal production environment failure) then why haven't they all been stopped by the admin before the device unplug is done? Why does this "human in the loop" admin task require the applications and filesystems to handle this without warning and have to treat it as a "device failure" event when this can all be avoided for normal, scheduled, controlled unplug operations? The "unexpected unplug" is a catastrophic failure event which may have severe side effects on system operation and stability. Why would you design an unplug process that does not start with a clean, a controlled shutdown process from the top down? If we make the assumption that planned unplugs are well planned, organised and scheduled, then the only thing that an unplug event needs to mean to a filesystem is "catastrophic device failure has occurred". So from a system level, the way you are describing the way hot unplug events are supposed to occur and work looks completely screwed up to me. Exactly what use case do you have for pmem device hot-unplug from under a live filesystem that isn't considered a *catastrophic runtime device failure* by the filesystem? Cheers, Dave. -- Dave Chinner firstname.lastname@example.org _______________________________________________ Ocfs2-devel mailing list Ocfs2email@example.com https://oss.oracle.com/mailman/listinfo/ocfs2-devel
next prev parent reply other threads:[~2021-03-01 22:47 UTC|newest] Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested] mbox.gz Atom feed top 2021-02-26 0:20 [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 00/10] fsdax, xfs: Add reflink&dedupe support for fsdax Shiyang Ruan 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 01/10] fsdax: Factor helpers to simplify dax fault code Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-03 9:13 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 02/10] fsdax: Factor helper: dax_fault_actor() Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-03 9:28 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-12 9:01 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 03/10] fsdax: Output address in dax_iomap_pfn() and rename it Shiyang Ruan 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 05/10] fsdax: Replace mmap entry in case of CoW Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-03 9:30 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-03 9:41 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-03 9:44 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-03 9:48 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 08/10] fsdax: Dedup file range to use a compare function Shiyang Ruan 2021-02-26 8:28 ` Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-03 8:20 ` Joe Perches 2021-03-03 8:45 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-03 9:04 ` Joe Perches 2021-03-03 9:39 ` hch 2021-03-03 9:46 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-04 5:42 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [RESEND PATCH v2.1 " Shiyang Ruan 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 09/10] fs/xfs: Handle CoW for fsdax write() path Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-03 9:43 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-03 9:57 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-03 10:43 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-04 1:35 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-02-26 0:20 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 10/10] fs/xfs: Add dedupe support for fsdax Shiyang Ruan 2021-02-26 9:45 ` [Ocfs2-devel] Question about the "EXPERIMENTAL" tag for dax in XFS ruansy.fnst 2021-02-26 19:04 ` Darrick J. Wong 2021-02-26 19:24 ` Dan Williams 2021-02-26 20:51 ` Dave Chinner 2021-02-26 20:59 ` Dan Williams 2021-02-26 21:27 ` Dave Chinner 2021-02-26 22:41 ` Dan Williams 2021-02-27 22:36 ` Dave Chinner 2021-02-27 23:40 ` Dan Williams 2021-02-28 22:38 ` Dave Chinner 2021-03-01 20:55 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-01 22:46 ` Dave Chinner [this message] 2021-03-02 0:32 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-02 2:42 ` Dave Chinner 2021-03-02 3:33 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-02 5:38 ` Dave Chinner 2021-03-02 5:50 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-02 3:28 ` Darrick J. Wong 2021-03-02 5:41 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-02 7:57 ` Dave Chinner 2021-03-02 17:49 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-04 23:40 ` Darrick J. Wong 2021-03-01 7:26 ` Yasunori Goto 2021-03-01 21:34 ` Dan Williams [not found] ` <firstname.lastname@example.org> 2021-03-03 9:29 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 04/10] fsdax: Introduce dax_iomap_cow_copy() Christoph Hellwig [not found] ` <email@example.com> 2021-03-03 9:31 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 06/10] fsdax: Add dax_iomap_cow_copy() for dax_iomap_zero Christoph Hellwig [not found] ` <firstname.lastname@example.org> 2021-02-26 4:14 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 07/10] iomap: Introduce iomap_apply2() for operations on two files Darrick J. Wong 2021-02-26 8:11 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-02-26 8:25 ` Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-04 5:41 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [RESEND PATCH v2.1 " Shiyang Ruan 2021-03-11 12:30 ` Christoph Hellwig 2021-03-09 6:36 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v2 00/10] fsdax, xfs: Add reflink&dedupe support for fsdax Xiaoguang Wang 2021-03-10 1:32 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-09 16:19 ` Goldwyn Rodrigues 2021-03-10 1:26 ` ruansy.fnst 2021-03-10 12:30 ` Neal Gompa 2021-03-10 13:02 ` Matthew Wilcox 2021-03-10 13:36 ` Neal Gompa 2021-03-10 13:55 ` Matthew Wilcox 2021-03-10 14:21 ` Goldwyn Rodrigues 2021-03-10 14:26 ` Matthew Wilcox 2021-03-10 17:04 ` Goldwyn Rodrigues 2021-03-11 0:53 ` Dan Williams 2021-03-11 8:26 ` Neal Gompa 2021-03-13 13:07 ` Adam Borowski 2021-03-13 16:24 ` Neal Gompa 2021-03-13 22:00 ` Adam Borowski
Reply instructions: You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email using any one of the following methods: * Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client, and reply-to-all from there: mbox Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style * Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to switches of git-send-email(1): git send-email \ --in-reply-to=20210301224640.GG4662@dread.disaster.area \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --firstname.lastname@example.org \ --email@example.com \ --subject='Re: [Ocfs2-devel] Question about the "EXPERIMENTAL" tag for dax in XFS' \ /path/to/YOUR_REPLY https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html * If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header via mailto: links, try the mailto: link
This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox; as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).