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From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
To: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: cluster-devel <cluster-devel@redhat.com>, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>,
	Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba@redhat.com>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>,
	Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	"ocfs2-devel@oss.oracle.com" <ocfs2-devel@oss.oracle.com>
Subject: Re: [Ocfs2-devel] [RFC][arm64] possible infinite loop in btrfs search_ioctl()
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 12:15:43 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAHk-=wjvQWj7mvdrgTedUW50c2fkdn6Hzxtsk-=ckkMrFoTXjQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YWR2cPKeDrc0uHTK@arm.com>

On Mon, Oct 11, 2021 at 10:38 AM Catalin Marinas
<catalin.marinas@arm.com> wrote:
>
> I cleaned up this patch [1] but I realised it still doesn't solve it.
> The arm64 __copy_to_user_inatomic(), while ensuring progress if called
> in a loop, it does not guarantee precise copy to the fault position.

That should be ok., We've always allowed the user copy to return early
if it does word copies and hits a page crosser that causes a fault.

Any user then has the choice of:

 - partial copies are bad

 - partial copies are handled and then you retry from the place
copy_to_user() failed at

and in that second case, the next time around, you'll get the fault
immediately (or you'll make some more progress - maybe the user copy
loop did something different just because the length and/or alignment
was different).

If you get the fault immediately, that's -EFAULT.

And if you make some more progress, it's again up to the caller to
rinse and repeat.

End result: user copy functions do not have to report errors exactly.
It is the caller that has to handle the situation.

Most importantly: "exact error or not" doesn't actually _matter_ to
the caller. If the caller does the right thing for an exact error, it
will do the right thing for an inexact one too. See above.

> The copy_to_sk(), after returning an error, starts again from the previous
> sizeof(sh) boundary rather than from where the __copy_to_user_inatomic()
> stopped. So it can get stuck attempting to copy the same search header.

That seems to be purely a copy_to_sk() bug.

Or rather, it looks like a bug in the caller. copy_to_sk() itself does

                if (copy_to_user_nofault(ubuf + *sk_offset, &sh, sizeof(sh))) {
                        ret = 0;
                        goto out;
                }

and the comment says

         *  0: all items from this leaf copied, continue with next

but that comment is then obviously not actually true in that it's not
"continue with next" at all.

But this is all very much a bug in the btrfs
search_ioctl()/copy_to_sk() code: it simply doesn't do the proper
thing for a partial result.

Because no, "just retry the whole thing" is by definition not the proper thing.

That said, I think that if we can have faults at non-page-aligned
boundaries, then we just need to make fault_in_pages_writeable() check
non-page boundaries.

> An ugly fix is to fall back to byte by byte copying so that we can
> attempt the actual fault address in fault_in_pages_writeable().

No, changing the user copy machinery is wrong. The caller really has
to do the right thing with partial results.

And I think we need to make fault_in_pages_writeable() match the
actual faulting cases - maybe remote the "pages" part of the name?

That would fix the btrfs code - it's not doing the right thing as-is,
but it's "close enough' to right that I think fixing
fault_in_pages_writeable() should fix it.

No?

             Linus

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  reply	other threads:[~2021-10-11 19:16 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 100+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-27 16:49 [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 00/19] gfs2: Fix mmap + page fault deadlocks Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 01/19] iov_iter: Fix iov_iter_get_pages{, _alloc} page fault return value Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-09 11:09   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 02/19] powerpc/kvm: Fix kvm_use_magic_page Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 03/19] gup: Turn fault_in_pages_{readable, writeable} into fault_in_{readable, writeable} Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 19:08   ` Al Viro
2021-09-03 14:56   ` Filipe Manana
2021-09-28 15:02     ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-28 16:37       ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-09-28 20:41         ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 04/19] iov_iter: Turn iov_iter_fault_in_readable into fault_in_iov_iter_readable Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 18:53   ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 18:57     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-08-27 19:16       ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 20:56   ` Kari Argillander
2021-08-28 17:13     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 05/19] iov_iter: Introduce fault_in_iov_iter_writeable Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 18:49   ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 19:05     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-08-27 19:23       ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 19:33         ` Linus Torvalds
2021-08-27 19:37           ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 21:48             ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 21:57               ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 23:22                 ` Luck, Tony
2021-08-28  2:20                   ` Luck, Tony
2021-08-28 21:47                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-08-28 22:04                     ` Al Viro
2021-08-28 22:11                       ` Al Viro
2021-08-28 22:19                         ` Al Viro
2021-08-28 22:51                           ` Al Viro
2021-08-29 18:44                             ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-08-29 19:46                               ` Al Viro
2021-08-29 19:51                                 ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-08-28 22:20                         ` Tony Luck
2021-08-29  1:40                           ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-08-30 15:41                             ` Luck, Tony
2021-08-28 22:23                       ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-08-28 19:28               ` [Ocfs2-devel] [RFC][arm64] possible infinite loop in btrfs search_ioctl() Al Viro
2021-08-31 13:54                 ` Catalin Marinas
2021-08-31 15:28                   ` Al Viro
2021-08-31 16:01                     ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-11 17:37                     ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-11 19:15                       ` Linus Torvalds [this message]
2021-10-11 21:08                         ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-11 23:59                           ` Linus Torvalds
2021-10-12 17:27                             ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-12 17:58                               ` Linus Torvalds
2021-10-18 17:13                                 ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-21  0:46                             ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-10-21 10:05                               ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-21 14:42                                 ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-10-21 17:09                                   ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-21 18:00                                     ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-10-22 18:41                                       ` Catalin Marinas
2021-10-25 19:37                                         ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-10-22  2:30                                   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-10-22  9:34                                     ` Catalin Marinas
2021-08-29  0:58               ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 05/19] iov_iter: Introduce fault_in_iov_iter_writeable Al Viro
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 06/19] gfs2: Add wrapper for iomap_file_buffered_write Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 07/19] gfs2: Clean up function may_grant Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 08/19] gfs2: Eliminate vestigial HIF_FIRST Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 09/19] gfs2: Remove redundant check from gfs2_glock_dq Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 10/19] gfs2: Introduce flag for glock holder auto-demotion Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 11/19] gfs2: Move the inode glock locking to gfs2_file_buffered_write Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 12/19] gfs2: Eliminate ip->i_gh Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 13/19] gfs2: Fix mmap + page fault deadlocks for buffered I/O Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 14/19] iomap: Fix iomap_dio_rw return value for user copies Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-03 18:54   ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-09-09 11:17   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 15/19] iomap: Support partial direct I/O on user copy failures Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-03 18:54   ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-09-09 11:20   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-09-28 15:05     ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 16/19] iomap: Add done_before argument to iomap_dio_rw Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 18:30   ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-08-27 20:15     ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 21:32       ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-08-27 21:49         ` Andreas Grünbacher
2021-08-27 22:35         ` Linus Torvalds
2021-09-03 18:47           ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-09-03 18:53   ` Darrick J. Wong
2021-09-09 11:30   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-09-09 17:22     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-09-10  7:36       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 17/19] gup: Introduce FOLL_NOFAULT flag to disable page faults Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-09 11:36   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-09-09 17:17     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-09-10  7:24       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 18/19] iov_iter: Introduce nofault " Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 18:47   ` Al Viro
2021-08-27 19:56     ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 16:49 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 19/19] gfs2: Fix mmap + page fault deadlocks for direct I/O Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-08-27 17:16 ` [Ocfs2-devel] [PATCH v7 00/19] gfs2: Fix mmap + page fault deadlocks Linus Torvalds
2021-09-01 19:52   ` Andreas Gruenbacher
2021-09-03 15:52     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-09-03 18:25       ` Al Viro
2021-09-03 18:47         ` Linus Torvalds
2021-09-03 19:51       ` Andreas Grünbacher
2021-09-03 15:07 ` Filipe Manana

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