[v8,04/15] PM / EM: Expose the Energy Model in sysfs
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Message ID 20181016101513.26919-5-quentin.perret@arm.com
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • Energy Aware Scheduling
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Commit Message

Quentin Perret Oct. 16, 2018, 10:15 a.m. UTC
Expose the Energy Model (read-only) of all performance domains in sysfs
for convenience. To do so, add a kobject to the CPU subsystem under the
umbrella of which a kobject for each performance domain is attached.

The resulting hierarchy is as follows for a platform with two
performance domains for example:

   /sys/devices/system/cpu/energy_model
   ├── pd0
   │   ├── cost
   │   ├── cpus
   │   ├── frequency
   │   └── power
   └── pd4
       ├── cost
       ├── cpus
       ├── frequency
       └── power

In this implementation, the kobject abstraction is only used as a
convenient way of exposing data to sysfs. However, it could also be
used in the future to allocate and release performance domains in a more
dynamic way using reference counting.

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
---
 include/linux/energy_model.h |  2 +
 kernel/power/energy_model.c  | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 92 insertions(+)

Patch
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diff --git a/include/linux/energy_model.h b/include/linux/energy_model.h
index aa027f7bcb3e..55deab2b38dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/energy_model.h
+++ b/include/linux/energy_model.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@  struct em_cap_state {
  * em_perf_domain - Performance domain
  * @table:		List of capacity states, in ascending order
  * @nr_cap_states:	Number of capacity states
+ * @kobj:		Kobject used to expose the domain in sysfs
  * @cpus:		Cpumask covering the CPUs of the domain
  *
  * A "performance domain" represents a group of CPUs whose performance is
@@ -37,6 +38,7 @@  struct em_cap_state {
 struct em_perf_domain {
 	struct em_cap_state *table;
 	int nr_cap_states;
+	struct kobject kobj;
 	unsigned long cpus[0];
 };
 
diff --git a/kernel/power/energy_model.c b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
index d9dc2c38764a..5ec376d4f2f3 100644
--- a/kernel/power/energy_model.c
+++ b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
@@ -23,6 +23,82 @@  static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct em_perf_domain *, em_data);
  */
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(em_pd_mutex);
 
+static struct kobject *em_kobject;
+
+/* Getters for the attributes of em_perf_domain objects */
+struct em_pd_attr {
+	struct attribute attr;
+	ssize_t (*show)(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf);
+	ssize_t (*store)(struct em_perf_domain *pd, const char *buf, size_t s);
+};
+
+#define EM_ATTR_LEN 13
+#define show_table_attr(_attr) \
+static ssize_t show_##_attr(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf) \
+{ \
+	ssize_t cnt = 0; \
+	int i; \
+	for (i = 0; i < pd->nr_cap_states; i++) { \
+		if (cnt >= (ssize_t) (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(char) \
+				      - (EM_ATTR_LEN + 2))) \
+			goto out; \
+		cnt += scnprintf(&buf[cnt], EM_ATTR_LEN + 1, "%lu ", \
+				 pd->table[i]._attr); \
+	} \
+out: \
+	cnt += sprintf(&buf[cnt], "\n"); \
+	return cnt; \
+}
+
+show_table_attr(power);
+show_table_attr(frequency);
+show_table_attr(cost);
+
+static ssize_t show_cpus(struct em_perf_domain *pd, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(pd->cpus)));
+}
+
+#define pd_attr(_name) em_pd_##_name##_attr
+#define define_pd_attr(_name) static struct em_pd_attr pd_attr(_name) = \
+		__ATTR(_name, 0444, show_##_name, NULL)
+
+define_pd_attr(power);
+define_pd_attr(frequency);
+define_pd_attr(cost);
+define_pd_attr(cpus);
+
+static struct attribute *em_pd_default_attrs[] = {
+	&pd_attr(power).attr,
+	&pd_attr(frequency).attr,
+	&pd_attr(cost).attr,
+	&pd_attr(cpus).attr,
+	NULL
+};
+
+#define to_pd(k) container_of(k, struct em_perf_domain, kobj)
+#define to_pd_attr(a) container_of(a, struct em_pd_attr, attr)
+
+static ssize_t show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct em_perf_domain *pd = to_pd(kobj);
+	struct em_pd_attr *pd_attr = to_pd_attr(attr);
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	ret = pd_attr->show(pd, buf);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct sysfs_ops em_pd_sysfs_ops = {
+	.show	= show,
+};
+
+static struct kobj_type ktype_em_pd = {
+	.sysfs_ops	= &em_pd_sysfs_ops,
+	.default_attrs	= em_pd_default_attrs,
+};
+
 static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
 						struct em_data_callback *cb)
 {
@@ -102,6 +178,11 @@  static struct em_perf_domain *em_create_pd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
 	pd->nr_cap_states = nr_states;
 	cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(pd->cpus), span);
 
+	ret = kobject_init_and_add(&pd->kobj, &ktype_em_pd, em_kobject,
+				   "pd%u", cpu);
+	if (ret)
+		pr_err("pd%d: failed kobject_init_and_add(): %d\n", cpu, ret);
+
 	return pd;
 
 free_cs_table:
@@ -155,6 +236,15 @@  int em_register_perf_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
 	 */
 	mutex_lock(&em_pd_mutex);
 
+	if (!em_kobject) {
+		em_kobject = kobject_create_and_add("energy_model",
+						&cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj);
+		if (!em_kobject) {
+			ret = -ENODEV;
+			goto unlock;
+		}
+	}
+
 	for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
 		/* Make sure we don't register again an existing domain. */
 		if (READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu))) {