[v2,1/4] doc: networking: prepare offload documents for conversion into RST
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Message ID e993b00cd16b724973afba4790a6c17739365c2d.1546730285.git.ottosabart@seberm.com
State Accepted
Commit 1b23f5e9973abc2137ca615d770bf23d8e45b93c
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  • doc: network: integrate offload documents into doc tree
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Commit Message

Otto Sabart Jan. 5, 2019, 11:28 p.m. UTC
Add small number of markups which are sufficient for conversion
into reStructuredText.

Unfortunately there was necessary to restructure all sections
in checksum-offloads.txt file and create paragraphs separated
by newline. There also must not be a space at the
beginning of paragpraph.

There are no semantic changes.

Signed-off-by: Otto Sabart <ottosabart@seberm.com>
---
 .../networking/checksum-offloads.txt          | 179 ++++++++++--------
 .../networking/segmentation-offloads.txt      |  46 +++--
 2 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 95 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.txt b/Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.txt
index 27bc09cfcf6d..1a1cd94a3f6d 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.txt
@@ -1,122 +1,143 @@ 
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+===============================================
 Checksum Offloads in the Linux Networking Stack
+===============================================
 
 
 Introduction
 ============
 
-This document describes a set of techniques in the Linux networking stack
- to take advantage of checksum offload capabilities of various NICs.
+This document describes a set of techniques in the Linux networking stack to
+take advantage of checksum offload capabilities of various NICs.
 
 The following technologies are described:
- * TX Checksum Offload
- * LCO: Local Checksum Offload
- * RCO: Remote Checksum Offload
+
+* TX Checksum Offload
+* LCO: Local Checksum Offload
+* RCO: Remote Checksum Offload
 
 Things that should be documented here but aren't yet:
- * RX Checksum Offload
- * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY conversion
+
+* RX Checksum Offload
+* CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY conversion
 
 
 TX Checksum Offload
 ===================
 
-The interface for offloading a transmit checksum to a device is explained
- in detail in comments near the top of include/linux/skbuff.h.
+The interface for offloading a transmit checksum to a device is explained in
+detail in comments near the top of include/linux/skbuff.h.
+
 In brief, it allows to request the device fill in a single ones-complement
- checksum defined by the sk_buff fields skb->csum_start and
- skb->csum_offset.  The device should compute the 16-bit ones-complement
- checksum (i.e. the 'IP-style' checksum) from csum_start to the end of the
- packet, and fill in the result at (csum_start + csum_offset).
-Because csum_offset cannot be negative, this ensures that the previous
- value of the checksum field is included in the checksum computation, thus
- it can be used to supply any needed corrections to the checksum (such as
- the sum of the pseudo-header for UDP or TCP).
+checksum defined by the sk_buff fields skb->csum_start and skb->csum_offset.
+The device should compute the 16-bit ones-complement checksum (i.e. the
+'IP-style' checksum) from csum_start to the end of the packet, and fill in the
+result at (csum_start + csum_offset).
+
+Because csum_offset cannot be negative, this ensures that the previous value of
+the checksum field is included in the checksum computation, thus it can be used
+to supply any needed corrections to the checksum (such as the sum of the
+pseudo-header for UDP or TCP).
+
 This interface only allows a single checksum to be offloaded.  Where
- encapsulation is used, the packet may have multiple checksum fields in
- different header layers, and the rest will have to be handled by another
- mechanism such as LCO or RCO.
+encapsulation is used, the packet may have multiple checksum fields in
+different header layers, and the rest will have to be handled by another
+mechanism such as LCO or RCO.
+
 CRC32c can also be offloaded using this interface, by means of filling
- skb->csum_start and skb->csum_offset as described above, and setting
- skb->csum_not_inet: see skbuff.h comment (section 'D') for more details.
+skb->csum_start and skb->csum_offset as described above, and setting
+skb->csum_not_inet: see skbuff.h comment (section 'D') for more details.
+
 No offloading of the IP header checksum is performed; it is always done in
- software.  This is OK because when we build the IP header, we obviously
- have it in cache, so summing it isn't expensive.  It's also rather short.
+software.  This is OK because when we build the IP header, we obviously have it
+in cache, so summing it isn't expensive.  It's also rather short.
+
 The requirements for GSO are more complicated, because when segmenting an
- encapsulated packet both the inner and outer checksums may need to be
- edited or recomputed for each resulting segment.  See the skbuff.h comment
- (section 'E') for more details.
+encapsulated packet both the inner and outer checksums may need to be edited or
+recomputed for each resulting segment.  See the skbuff.h comment (section 'E')
+for more details.
 
 A driver declares its offload capabilities in netdev->hw_features; see
- Documentation/networking/netdev-features.txt for more.  Note that a device
- which only advertises NETIF_F_IP[V6]_CSUM must still obey the csum_start
- and csum_offset given in the SKB; if it tries to deduce these itself in
- hardware (as some NICs do) the driver should check that the values in the
- SKB match those which the hardware will deduce, and if not, fall back to
- checksumming in software instead (with skb_csum_hwoffload_help() or one of
- the skb_checksum_help() / skb_crc32c_csum_help functions, as mentioned in
- include/linux/skbuff.h).
-
-The stack should, for the most part, assume that checksum offload is
- supported by the underlying device.  The only place that should check is
- validate_xmit_skb(), and the functions it calls directly or indirectly.
- That function compares the offload features requested by the SKB (which
- may include other offloads besides TX Checksum Offload) and, if they are
- not supported or enabled on the device (determined by netdev->features),
- performs the corresponding offload in software.  In the case of TX
- Checksum Offload, that means calling skb_csum_hwoffload_help(skb, features).
+Documentation/networking/netdev-features.txt for more.  Note that a device
+which only advertises NETIF_F_IP[V6]_CSUM must still obey the csum_start and
+csum_offset given in the SKB; if it tries to deduce these itself in hardware
+(as some NICs do) the driver should check that the values in the SKB match
+those which the hardware will deduce, and if not, fall back to checksumming in
+software instead (with skb_csum_hwoffload_help() or one of the
+skb_checksum_help() / skb_crc32c_csum_help functions, as mentioned in
+include/linux/skbuff.h).
+
+The stack should, for the most part, assume that checksum offload is supported
+by the underlying device.  The only place that should check is
+validate_xmit_skb(), and the functions it calls directly or indirectly.  That
+function compares the offload features requested by the SKB (which may include
+other offloads besides TX Checksum Offload) and, if they are not supported or
+enabled on the device (determined by netdev->features), performs the
+corresponding offload in software.  In the case of TX Checksum Offload, that
+means calling skb_csum_hwoffload_help(skb, features).
 
 
 LCO: Local Checksum Offload
 ===========================
 
 LCO is a technique for efficiently computing the outer checksum of an
- encapsulated datagram when the inner checksum is due to be offloaded.
-The ones-complement sum of a correctly checksummed TCP or UDP packet is
- equal to the complement of the sum of the pseudo header, because everything
- else gets 'cancelled out' by the checksum field.  This is because the sum was
- complemented before being written to the checksum field.
+encapsulated datagram when the inner checksum is due to be offloaded.
+
+The ones-complement sum of a correctly checksummed TCP or UDP packet is equal
+to the complement of the sum of the pseudo header, because everything else gets
+'cancelled out' by the checksum field.  This is because the sum was
+complemented before being written to the checksum field.
+
 More generally, this holds in any case where the 'IP-style' ones complement
- checksum is used, and thus any checksum that TX Checksum Offload supports.
+checksum is used, and thus any checksum that TX Checksum Offload supports.
+
 That is, if we have set up TX Checksum Offload with a start/offset pair, we
- know that after the device has filled in that checksum, the ones
- complement sum from csum_start to the end of the packet will be equal to
- the complement of whatever value we put in the checksum field beforehand.
- This allows us to compute the outer checksum without looking at the payload:
- we simply stop summing when we get to csum_start, then add the complement of
- the 16-bit word at (csum_start + csum_offset).
+know that after the device has filled in that checksum, the ones complement sum
+from csum_start to the end of the packet will be equal to the complement of
+whatever value we put in the checksum field beforehand.  This allows us to
+compute the outer checksum without looking at the payload: we simply stop
+summing when we get to csum_start, then add the complement of the 16-bit word
+at (csum_start + csum_offset).
+
 Then, when the true inner checksum is filled in (either by hardware or by
- skb_checksum_help()), the outer checksum will become correct by virtue of
- the arithmetic.
+skb_checksum_help()), the outer checksum will become correct by virtue of the
+arithmetic.
 
 LCO is performed by the stack when constructing an outer UDP header for an
- encapsulation such as VXLAN or GENEVE, in udp_set_csum().  Similarly for
- the IPv6 equivalents, in udp6_set_csum().
+encapsulation such as VXLAN or GENEVE, in udp_set_csum().  Similarly for the
+IPv6 equivalents, in udp6_set_csum().
+
 It is also performed when constructing an IPv4 GRE header, in
- net/ipv4/ip_gre.c:build_header().  It is *not* currently performed when
- constructing an IPv6 GRE header; the GRE checksum is computed over the
- whole packet in net/ipv6/ip6_gre.c:ip6gre_xmit2(), but it should be
- possible to use LCO here as IPv6 GRE still uses an IP-style checksum.
+net/ipv4/ip_gre.c:build_header().  It is *not* currently performed when
+constructing an IPv6 GRE header; the GRE checksum is computed over the whole
+packet in net/ipv6/ip6_gre.c:ip6gre_xmit2(), but it should be possible to use
+LCO here as IPv6 GRE still uses an IP-style checksum.
+
 All of the LCO implementations use a helper function lco_csum(), in
- include/linux/skbuff.h.
+include/linux/skbuff.h.
 
 LCO can safely be used for nested encapsulations; in this case, the outer
- encapsulation layer will sum over both its own header and the 'middle'
- header.  This does mean that the 'middle' header will get summed multiple
- times, but there doesn't seem to be a way to avoid that without incurring
- bigger costs (e.g. in SKB bloat).
+encapsulation layer will sum over both its own header and the 'middle' header.
+This does mean that the 'middle' header will get summed multiple times, but
+there doesn't seem to be a way to avoid that without incurring bigger costs
+(e.g. in SKB bloat).
 
 
 RCO: Remote Checksum Offload
 ============================
 
-RCO is a technique for eliding the inner checksum of an encapsulated
- datagram, allowing the outer checksum to be offloaded.  It does, however,
- involve a change to the encapsulation protocols, which the receiver must
- also support.  For this reason, it is disabled by default.
+RCO is a technique for eliding the inner checksum of an encapsulated datagram,
+allowing the outer checksum to be offloaded.  It does, however, involve a
+change to the encapsulation protocols, which the receiver must also support.
+For this reason, it is disabled by default.
+
 RCO is detailed in the following Internet-Drafts:
-https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-herbert-remotecsumoffload-00
-https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-herbert-vxlan-rco-00
-In Linux, RCO is implemented individually in each encapsulation protocol,
- and most tunnel types have flags controlling its use.  For instance, VXLAN
- has the flag VXLAN_F_REMCSUM_TX (per struct vxlan_rdst) to indicate that
- RCO should be used when transmitting to a given remote destination.
+
+* https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-herbert-remotecsumoffload-00
+* https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-herbert-vxlan-rco-00
+
+In Linux, RCO is implemented individually in each encapsulation protocol, and
+most tunnel types have flags controlling its use.  For instance, VXLAN has the
+flag VXLAN_F_REMCSUM_TX (per struct vxlan_rdst) to indicate that RCO should be
+used when transmitting to a given remote destination.
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/segmentation-offloads.txt b/Documentation/networking/segmentation-offloads.txt
index aca542ec125c..1794bfe98196 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/segmentation-offloads.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/segmentation-offloads.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,9 @@ 
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+===================================================
 Segmentation Offloads in the Linux Networking Stack
+===================================================
+
 
 Introduction
 ============
@@ -15,6 +20,7 @@  The following technologies are described:
  * Partial Generic Segmentation Offload - GSO_PARTIAL
  * SCTP accelleration with GSO - GSO_BY_FRAGS
 
+
 TCP Segmentation Offload
 ========================
 
@@ -42,6 +48,7 @@  NETIF_F_TSO_MANGLEID set then the IP ID can be ignored when performing TSO
 and we will either increment the IP ID for all frames, or leave it at a
 static value based on driver preference.
 
+
 UDP Fragmentation Offload
 =========================
 
@@ -54,6 +61,7 @@  UFO is deprecated: modern kernels will no longer generate UFO skbs, but can
 still receive them from tuntap and similar devices. Offload of UDP-based
 tunnel protocols is still supported.
 
+
 IPIP, SIT, GRE, UDP Tunnel, and Remote Checksum Offloads
 ========================================================
 
@@ -71,17 +79,19 @@  refer to the tunnel headers as the outer headers, while the encapsulated
 data is normally referred to as the inner headers.  Below is the list of
 calls to access the given headers:
 
-IPIP/SIT Tunnel:
-		Outer			Inner
-MAC		skb_mac_header
-Network		skb_network_header	skb_inner_network_header
-Transport	skb_transport_header
+IPIP/SIT Tunnel::
+
+             Outer                  Inner
+  MAC        skb_mac_header
+  Network    skb_network_header     skb_inner_network_header
+  Transport  skb_transport_header
 
-UDP/GRE Tunnel:
-		Outer			Inner
-MAC		skb_mac_header		skb_inner_mac_header
-Network		skb_network_header	skb_inner_network_header
-Transport	skb_transport_header	skb_inner_transport_header
+UDP/GRE Tunnel::
+
+             Outer                  Inner
+  MAC        skb_mac_header         skb_inner_mac_header
+  Network    skb_network_header     skb_inner_network_header
+  Transport  skb_transport_header   skb_inner_transport_header
 
 In addition to the above tunnel types there are also SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM and
 SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM.  These two additional tunnel types reflect the
@@ -93,6 +103,7 @@  header has requested a remote checksum offload.  In this case the inner
 headers will be left with a partial checksum and only the outer header
 checksum will be computed.
 
+
 Generic Segmentation Offload
 ============================
 
@@ -106,6 +117,7 @@  Before enabling any hardware segmentation offload a corresponding software
 offload is required in GSO.  Otherwise it becomes possible for a frame to
 be re-routed between devices and end up being unable to be transmitted.
 
+
 Generic Receive Offload
 =======================
 
@@ -117,6 +129,7 @@  this is IPv4 ID in the case that the DF bit is set for a given IP header.
 If the value of the IPv4 ID is not sequentially incrementing it will be
 altered so that it is when a frame assembled via GRO is segmented via GSO.
 
+
 Partial Generic Segmentation Offload
 ====================================
 
@@ -134,6 +147,7 @@  is the outer IPv4 ID field.  It is up to the device drivers to guarantee
 that the IPv4 ID field is incremented in the case that a given header does
 not have the DF bit set.
 
+
 SCTP accelleration with GSO
 ===========================
 
@@ -157,14 +171,14 @@  appropriately.
 
 There are some helpers to make this easier:
 
- - skb_is_gso(skb) && skb_is_gso_sctp(skb) is the best way to see if
-   an skb is an SCTP GSO skb.
+- skb_is_gso(skb) && skb_is_gso_sctp(skb) is the best way to see if
+  an skb is an SCTP GSO skb.
 
- - For size checks, the skb_gso_validate_*_len family of helpers correctly
-   considers GSO_BY_FRAGS.
+- For size checks, the skb_gso_validate_*_len family of helpers correctly
+  considers GSO_BY_FRAGS.
 
- - For manipulating packets, skb_increase_gso_size and skb_decrease_gso_size
-   will check for GSO_BY_FRAGS and WARN if asked to manipulate these skbs.
+- For manipulating packets, skb_increase_gso_size and skb_decrease_gso_size
+  will check for GSO_BY_FRAGS and WARN if asked to manipulate these skbs.
 
 This also affects drivers with the NETIF_F_FRAGLIST & NETIF_F_GSO_SCTP bits
 set. Note also that NETIF_F_GSO_SCTP is included in NETIF_F_GSO_SOFTWARE.