[2/4] clk: bcm283x: add driver interfacing with Raspberry Pi's firmware
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190604173223.4229-3-nsaenzjulienne@suse.de
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • cpufreq support for the Raspberry Pi
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Commit Message

Nicolas Saenz Julienne June 4, 2019, 5:32 p.m. UTC
Raspberry Pi's firmware offers and interface though which update it's
clock's frequencies. This is specially useful in order to change the CPU
clock (pllb_arm) which is 'owned' by the firmware and we're unable to
scale using the register interface.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>
---

Changes since RFC:
  - Moved firmware interface into own driver
  - Use of_find_compatible_node()
  - Remove error message on rpi_firmware_get() failure
  - Ratelimit messages on set_rate() failure
  - Use __le32 on firmware interface definition

 drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile          |   1 +
 drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c | 316 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 317 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c

Comments

Stefan Wahren June 5, 2019, 10:44 a.m. UTC | #1
Hi Nicolas,

Am 04.06.19 um 19:32 schrieb Nicolas Saenz Julienne:
> Raspberry Pi's firmware offers and interface though which update it's
> clock's frequencies. This is specially useful in order to change the CPU
> clock (pllb_arm) which is 'owned' by the firmware and we're unable to
> scale using the register interface.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>
> ---
>
> Changes since RFC:
>   - Moved firmware interface into own driver
>   - Use of_find_compatible_node()
>   - Remove error message on rpi_firmware_get() failure
>   - Ratelimit messages on set_rate() failure
>   - Use __le32 on firmware interface definition
>
>  drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile          |   1 +
>  drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c | 316 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 317 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> index 002661d39128..07abe92df9d1 100644
> --- a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_KONA)	+= clk-bcm21664.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK_IPROC)	+= clk-iproc-armpll.o clk-iproc-pll.o clk-iproc-asiu.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835-aux.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-raspberrypi.o
Hm, on the one side it would be nice to avoid building this driver in
case the firmware driver is disabled on the other side it would be good
to keep compile test.
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM_53573)	+= clk-bcm53573-ilp.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_CYGNUS)	+= clk-cygnus.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_HR2)	+= clk-hr2.o
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..485c00288414
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,316 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Nicolas Saenz Julienne
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clkdev.h>
> +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +
> +#include <soc/bcm2835/raspberrypi-firmware.h>
> +
> +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID		0x000000003
> +
> +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT	0x1
> +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT	0x2
how about using the BIT() macro?
> +
> +/*
> + * Even though the firmware interface alters 'pllb' the frequencies are
> + * provided as per 'pllb_arm'. We need to scale before passing them trough.
> + */
> +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE	2
> +
> +#define A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS		20
> +
> +struct raspberrypi_clk {
> +	struct device *dev;
> +	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
> +
> +	unsigned long min_rate;
> +	unsigned long max_rate;
> +
> +	struct clk_hw pllb;
> +	struct clk_hw *pllb_arm;
> +	struct clk_lookup *pllb_arm_lookup;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Structure of the message passed to Raspberry Pi's firmware in order to
> + * change clock rates. The 'disable_turbo' option is only available to the ARM
> + * clock (pllb) which we enable by default as turbo mode will alter multiple
> + * clocks at once.
> + *
> + * Even though we're able to access the clock registers directly we're bound to
> + * use the firmware interface as the firmware ultimately takes care of
> + * mitigating overheating/undervoltage situations and we would be changing
> + * frequencies behind his back.
> + *
> + * For more information on the firmware interface check:
> + * https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/wiki/Mailbox-property-interface
> + */
> +struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop {
> +	__le32 id;
> +	__le32 val;
> +	__le32 disable_turbo;
> +} __packed;
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_clock_property(struct rpi_firmware *firmware, u32 tag,
> +				      u32 clk, u32 *val)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop msg = {
> +		.id = clk,
> +		.val = *val,
> +		.disable_turbo = 1,
> +	};
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = rpi_firmware_property(firmware, tag, &msg, sizeof(msg));
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	*val = msg.val;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u32 val = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_STATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	return !!(val & RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT);
> +}
> +
> +
> +static unsigned long raspberrypi_fw_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
> +						 unsigned long parent_rate)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u32 val = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_RATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> +					 &val);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return val * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
> +}
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u32 val;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT | RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return 0;
return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_set_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
> +				       unsigned long parent_rate)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u32 new_rate = rate / RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_RATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> +					 &new_rate);
> +	if (ret)
> +		dev_err_ratelimited(rpi->dev, "Failed to change %s frequency: %d",
> +				    clk_hw_get_name(hw), ret);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Sadly there is no firmware rate rounding interface. We borred it from
borrowed?
> + * clk-bcm2835.
> + */
> +static long raspberrypi_pll_round_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
> +				       unsigned long *parent_rate)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u64 div, final_rate;
> +	u32 ndiv, fdiv;
> +
> +	rate = clamp(rate, rpi->min_rate, rpi->max_rate);
> +
> +	div = (u64)rate << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> +	do_div(div, *parent_rate);
> +
> +	ndiv = div >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> +	fdiv = div & ((1 << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) - 1);
> +
> +	/* We can't use rate directly as it would overflow */
> +	final_rate = ((u64)*parent_rate * ((ndiv << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) + fdiv));
> +
> +	return final_rate >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> +}
> +
> +static void raspberrypi_fw_pll_off(struct clk_hw *hw)
> +{
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> +						   pllb);
> +	u32 val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
> +
> +	raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +				   RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
> +				   RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> +}
I'm not sure. Does this operation really make sense?
> +
> +static const struct clk_ops raspberrypi_firmware_pll_clk_ops = {
> +	.is_prepared = raspberrypi_fw_pll_is_on,
> +	.prepare = raspberrypi_fw_pll_on,
> +	.unprepare = raspberrypi_fw_pll_off,
> +	.recalc_rate = raspberrypi_fw_pll_get_rate,
> +	.set_rate = raspberrypi_fw_pll_set_rate,
> +	.round_rate = raspberrypi_pll_round_rate,
> +};
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_register_pllb(struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi)
> +{
> +	u32 min_rate = 0, max_rate = 0;
> +	struct clk_init_data init;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* Get min & max rates set by the firmware */
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MIN_CLOCK_RATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> +					 &min_rate);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to get %s min freq: %d\n",
> +			init.name, ret);
at this point init isn't initialized
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MAX_CLOCK_RATE,
> +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> +					 &max_rate);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to get %s max freq: %d\n",
> +			init.name, ret);
> +		return ret;
ditto
> +	}
> +
> +	dev_info(rpi->dev, "CPU frequency range: min %u, max %u\n",
> +		 min_rate, max_rate);
> +
> +	rpi->min_rate = min_rate * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
> +	rpi->max_rate = max_rate * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
I know we have to trust the firmware, but i would at least check that
min_rate and max_rate are greater than zero.
> +
> +	memset(&init, 0, sizeof(init));
> +
> +	/* All of the PLLs derive from the external oscillator. */
> +	init.parent_names = (const char *[]){ "osc" };
> +	init.num_parents = 1;
> +	init.name = "pllb";
> +	init.ops = &raspberrypi_firmware_pll_clk_ops;
> +	init.flags = CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE | CLK_IGNORE_UNUSED;
> +
> +	rpi->pllb.init = &init;
> +
> +	return devm_clk_hw_register(rpi->dev, &rpi->pllb);
> +}
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_register_pllb_arm(struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi)
> +{
> +	rpi->pllb_arm = clk_hw_register_fixed_factor(rpi->dev,
> +				"pllb_arm", "pllb",
> +				CLK_SET_RATE_PARENT | CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE,
> +				1, 2);
> +	if (IS_ERR(rpi->pllb_arm)) {
> +		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(rpi->pllb_arm);
> +	}
> +
> +	rpi->pllb_arm_lookup = clkdev_hw_create(rpi->pllb_arm, NULL, "cpu0");
> +	if (!rpi->pllb_arm_lookup) {
> +		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm_lookup\n");
> +		clk_hw_unregister_fixed_factor(rpi->pllb_arm);
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int raspberrypi_clk_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct device_node *firmware_node;
> +	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
> +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	firmware_node = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL,
> +					"raspberrypi,bcm2835-firmware");
> +	if (!firmware_node) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Missing firmware node\n");
> +		return -ENOENT;
> +	}
> +
> +	firmware = rpi_firmware_get(firmware_node);
> +	of_node_put(firmware_node);
> +	if (!firmware)
> +		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
> +
> +	rpi = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*rpi), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!rpi)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	rpi->dev = dev;
> +	rpi->firmware = firmware;
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_register_pllb(rpi);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Failed to initialize pllb, %d\n", ret);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = raspberrypi_register_pllb_arm(rpi);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm, %d\n", ret);
I think the error messages in raspberrypi_register_pllb_arm() are enough.
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct platform_driver raspberrypi_clk_driver = {
> +	.driver = {
> +		.name = "raspberrypi-clk",
> +	},
> +	.probe          = raspberrypi_clk_probe,
> +};
> +builtin_platform_driver(raspberrypi_clk_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Raspberry Pi firmware clock driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPLv2");
Nicolas Saenz Julienne June 5, 2019, 12:23 p.m. UTC | #2
Hi Stefan,
thanks for your review.

On Wed, 2019-06-05 at 12:44 +0200, Stefan Wahren wrote:
> Hi Nicolas,
> 
> Am 04.06.19 um 19:32 schrieb Nicolas Saenz Julienne:
> > Raspberry Pi's firmware offers and interface though which update it's
> > clock's frequencies. This is specially useful in order to change the CPU
> > clock (pllb_arm) which is 'owned' by the firmware and we're unable to
> > scale using the register interface.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>
> > ---
> > 
> > Changes since RFC:
> >   - Moved firmware interface into own driver
> >   - Use of_find_compatible_node()
> >   - Remove error message on rpi_firmware_get() failure
> >   - Ratelimit messages on set_rate() failure
> >   - Use __le32 on firmware interface definition
> > 
> >  drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile          |   1 +
> >  drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c | 316 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  2 files changed, 317 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> > index 002661d39128..07abe92df9d1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
> > @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_KONA)	+= clk-bcm21664.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK_IPROC)	+= clk-iproc-armpll.o clk-iproc-pll.o
> > clk-iproc-asiu.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835-aux.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-raspberrypi.o
> Hm, on the one side it would be nice to avoid building this driver in
> case the firmware driver is disabled on the other side it would be good
> to keep compile test.
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM_53573)	+= clk-bcm53573-ilp.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_CYGNUS)	+= clk-cygnus.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_HR2)	+= clk-hr2.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-
> > raspberrypi.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..485c00288414
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,316 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2019 Nicolas Saenz Julienne
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/clkdev.h>
> > +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> > +#include <linux/io.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > +
> > +#include <soc/bcm2835/raspberrypi-firmware.h>
> > +
> > +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID		0x000000003
> > +
> > +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT	0x1
> > +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT	0x2
> how about using the BIT() macro?
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Even though the firmware interface alters 'pllb' the frequencies are
> > + * provided as per 'pllb_arm'. We need to scale before passing them trough.
> > + */
> > +#define RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE	2
> > +
> > +#define A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS		20
> > +
> > +struct raspberrypi_clk {
> > +	struct device *dev;
> > +	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
> > +
> > +	unsigned long min_rate;
> > +	unsigned long max_rate;
> > +
> > +	struct clk_hw pllb;
> > +	struct clk_hw *pllb_arm;
> > +	struct clk_lookup *pllb_arm_lookup;
> > +};
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Structure of the message passed to Raspberry Pi's firmware in order to
> > + * change clock rates. The 'disable_turbo' option is only available to the
> > ARM
> > + * clock (pllb) which we enable by default as turbo mode will alter
> > multiple
> > + * clocks at once.
> > + *
> > + * Even though we're able to access the clock registers directly we're
> > bound to
> > + * use the firmware interface as the firmware ultimately takes care of
> > + * mitigating overheating/undervoltage situations and we would be changing
> > + * frequencies behind his back.
> > + *
> > + * For more information on the firmware interface check:
> > + * https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/wiki/Mailbox-property-interface
> > + */
> > +struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop {
> > +	__le32 id;
> > +	__le32 val;
> > +	__le32 disable_turbo;
> > +} __packed;
> > +
> > +static int raspberrypi_clock_property(struct rpi_firmware *firmware, u32
> > tag,
> > +				      u32 clk, u32 *val)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop msg = {
> > +		.id = clk,
> > +		.val = *val,
> > +		.disable_turbo = 1,
> > +	};
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = rpi_firmware_property(firmware, tag, &msg, sizeof(msg));
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	*val = msg.val;
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u32 val = 0;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_STATE,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return 0;
> > +
> > +	return !!(val & RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT);
> > +}
> > +
> > +
> > +static unsigned long raspberrypi_fw_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
> > +						 unsigned long parent_rate)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u32 val = 0;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_RATE,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> > +					 &val);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	return val * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u32 val;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT | RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
> > +
> > +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_set_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long
> > rate,
> > +				       unsigned long parent_rate)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u32 new_rate = rate / RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_RATE,
> > +					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
> > +					 &new_rate);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		dev_err_ratelimited(rpi->dev, "Failed to change %s frequency:
> > %d",
> > +				    clk_hw_get_name(hw), ret);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Sadly there is no firmware rate rounding interface. We borred it from
> borrowed?

Yes

> > + * clk-bcm2835.
> > + */
> > +static long raspberrypi_pll_round_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long
> > rate,
> > +				       unsigned long *parent_rate)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u64 div, final_rate;
> > +	u32 ndiv, fdiv;
> > +
> > +	rate = clamp(rate, rpi->min_rate, rpi->max_rate);
> > +
> > +	div = (u64)rate << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> > +	do_div(div, *parent_rate);
> > +
> > +	ndiv = div >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> > +	fdiv = div & ((1 << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) - 1);
> > +
> > +	/* We can't use rate directly as it would overflow */
> > +	final_rate = ((u64)*parent_rate * ((ndiv << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) + fdiv));
> > +
> > +	return final_rate >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void raspberrypi_fw_pll_off(struct clk_hw *hw)
> > +{
> > +	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
> > +						   pllb);
> > +	u32 val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
> > +
> > +	raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
> > +				   RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
> > +				   RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
> > +}
> I'm not sure. Does this operation really make sense?

You're right, I implemented it mindlessly as I saw the API available in the
firmware interface. I'll remove both prepare and unprepare as one is redundant
and the other harmful (though I wonder what whould happen if called).

Regards,
Nicolas

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
index 002661d39128..07abe92df9d1 100644
--- a/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_KONA)	+= clk-bcm21664.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK_IPROC)	+= clk-iproc-armpll.o clk-iproc-pll.o clk-iproc-asiu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-bcm2835-aux.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM2835)	+= clk-raspberrypi.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM_53573)	+= clk-bcm53573-ilp.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_CYGNUS)	+= clk-cygnus.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CLK_BCM_HR2)	+= clk-hr2.o
diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..485c00288414
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-raspberrypi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,316 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Nicolas Saenz Julienne
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clkdev.h>
+#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+
+#include <soc/bcm2835/raspberrypi-firmware.h>
+
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID		0x000000003
+
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT	0x1
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT	0x2
+
+/*
+ * Even though the firmware interface alters 'pllb' the frequencies are
+ * provided as per 'pllb_arm'. We need to scale before passing them trough.
+ */
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE	2
+
+#define A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS		20
+
+struct raspberrypi_clk {
+	struct device *dev;
+	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
+
+	unsigned long min_rate;
+	unsigned long max_rate;
+
+	struct clk_hw pllb;
+	struct clk_hw *pllb_arm;
+	struct clk_lookup *pllb_arm_lookup;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Structure of the message passed to Raspberry Pi's firmware in order to
+ * change clock rates. The 'disable_turbo' option is only available to the ARM
+ * clock (pllb) which we enable by default as turbo mode will alter multiple
+ * clocks at once.
+ *
+ * Even though we're able to access the clock registers directly we're bound to
+ * use the firmware interface as the firmware ultimately takes care of
+ * mitigating overheating/undervoltage situations and we would be changing
+ * frequencies behind his back.
+ *
+ * For more information on the firmware interface check:
+ * https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/wiki/Mailbox-property-interface
+ */
+struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop {
+	__le32 id;
+	__le32 val;
+	__le32 disable_turbo;
+} __packed;
+
+static int raspberrypi_clock_property(struct rpi_firmware *firmware, u32 tag,
+				      u32 clk, u32 *val)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_firmware_prop msg = {
+		.id = clk,
+		.val = *val,
+		.disable_turbo = 1,
+	};
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = rpi_firmware_property(firmware, tag, &msg, sizeof(msg));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	*val = msg.val;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u32 val = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_STATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return 0;
+
+	return !!(val & RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT);
+}
+
+
+static unsigned long raspberrypi_fw_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
+						 unsigned long parent_rate)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u32 val = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
+					 &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return val * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
+}
+
+static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u32 val;
+	int ret;
+
+	val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT | RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int raspberrypi_fw_pll_set_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
+				       unsigned long parent_rate)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u32 new_rate = rate / RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
+					 &new_rate);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err_ratelimited(rpi->dev, "Failed to change %s frequency: %d",
+				    clk_hw_get_name(hw), ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Sadly there is no firmware rate rounding interface. We borred it from
+ * clk-bcm2835.
+ */
+static long raspberrypi_pll_round_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
+				       unsigned long *parent_rate)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u64 div, final_rate;
+	u32 ndiv, fdiv;
+
+	rate = clamp(rate, rpi->min_rate, rpi->max_rate);
+
+	div = (u64)rate << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
+	do_div(div, *parent_rate);
+
+	ndiv = div >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
+	fdiv = div & ((1 << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) - 1);
+
+	/* We can't use rate directly as it would overflow */
+	final_rate = ((u64)*parent_rate * ((ndiv << A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS) + fdiv));
+
+	return final_rate >> A2W_PLL_FRAC_BITS;
+}
+
+static void raspberrypi_fw_pll_off(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi = container_of(hw, struct raspberrypi_clk,
+						   pllb);
+	u32 val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
+
+	raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+				   RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
+				   RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID, &val);
+}
+
+static const struct clk_ops raspberrypi_firmware_pll_clk_ops = {
+	.is_prepared = raspberrypi_fw_pll_is_on,
+	.prepare = raspberrypi_fw_pll_on,
+	.unprepare = raspberrypi_fw_pll_off,
+	.recalc_rate = raspberrypi_fw_pll_get_rate,
+	.set_rate = raspberrypi_fw_pll_set_rate,
+	.round_rate = raspberrypi_pll_round_rate,
+};
+
+static int raspberrypi_register_pllb(struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi)
+{
+	u32 min_rate = 0, max_rate = 0;
+	struct clk_init_data init;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Get min & max rates set by the firmware */
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MIN_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
+					 &min_rate);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to get %s min freq: %d\n",
+			init.name, ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(rpi->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MAX_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID,
+					 &max_rate);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to get %s max freq: %d\n",
+			init.name, ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	dev_info(rpi->dev, "CPU frequency range: min %u, max %u\n",
+		 min_rate, max_rate);
+
+	rpi->min_rate = min_rate * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
+	rpi->max_rate = max_rate * RPI_FIRMWARE_PLLB_ARM_DIV_RATE;
+
+	memset(&init, 0, sizeof(init));
+
+	/* All of the PLLs derive from the external oscillator. */
+	init.parent_names = (const char *[]){ "osc" };
+	init.num_parents = 1;
+	init.name = "pllb";
+	init.ops = &raspberrypi_firmware_pll_clk_ops;
+	init.flags = CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE | CLK_IGNORE_UNUSED;
+
+	rpi->pllb.init = &init;
+
+	return devm_clk_hw_register(rpi->dev, &rpi->pllb);
+}
+
+static int raspberrypi_register_pllb_arm(struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi)
+{
+	rpi->pllb_arm = clk_hw_register_fixed_factor(rpi->dev,
+				"pllb_arm", "pllb",
+				CLK_SET_RATE_PARENT | CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE,
+				1, 2);
+	if (IS_ERR(rpi->pllb_arm)) {
+		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm\n");
+		return PTR_ERR(rpi->pllb_arm);
+	}
+
+	rpi->pllb_arm_lookup = clkdev_hw_create(rpi->pllb_arm, NULL, "cpu0");
+	if (!rpi->pllb_arm_lookup) {
+		dev_err(rpi->dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm_lookup\n");
+		clk_hw_unregister_fixed_factor(rpi->pllb_arm);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int raspberrypi_clk_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct device_node *firmware_node;
+	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
+	struct raspberrypi_clk *rpi;
+	int ret;
+
+	firmware_node = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL,
+					"raspberrypi,bcm2835-firmware");
+	if (!firmware_node) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Missing firmware node\n");
+		return -ENOENT;
+	}
+
+	firmware = rpi_firmware_get(firmware_node);
+	of_node_put(firmware_node);
+	if (!firmware)
+		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+
+	rpi = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*rpi), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!rpi)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	rpi->dev = dev;
+	rpi->firmware = firmware;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_register_pllb(rpi);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Failed to initialize pllb, %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_register_pllb_arm(rpi);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Failed to initialize pllb_arm, %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver raspberrypi_clk_driver = {
+	.driver = {
+		.name = "raspberrypi-clk",
+	},
+	.probe          = raspberrypi_clk_probe,
+};
+builtin_platform_driver(raspberrypi_clk_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Raspberry Pi firmware clock driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPLv2");